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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6D - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6C - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6B - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 6A - Dec 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5D - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5C - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5B - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 5A - Oct 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4D - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4C - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4B - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 4A - Aug 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3D - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3C - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3B - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 3A - Jun 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2D - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2C - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2B - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 2A - Apr 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1D - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1C - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1B - Feb 2010
Volume 30, Issue 1A - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Study on Advisory Safety Speed Model Using Real-time Vehicular Data
Jang, JeongAh ; Kim, HyunSuk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 443~451
This paper proposes the methodology about advisory safety speed based on real-time vehicular data collected from highway. The proposed model is useful information to drivers by appling seamless wireless communication and being collected from ECU(Engine Control Unit) equipment in every vehicle. Furthermore, this model also permits the use of realtime sensing data like as adverse weather and road-surface data. Here, the advisory safety speed is defined "the safety speed for drivers considering the time-dependent traffic condition and road-surface state parameter at uniform section", and the advisory safety speed model is developed by considering the parameters: inter-vehicles safe stopping distance, statistical vehicle speed, and real-time road-surface data. This model is evaluated by using the simulation technique for exploring the relationships between advisory safety speed and the dependent parameters like as traffic parameters(smooth condition and traffic jam), incident parameters(no-accident and accident) and road-surface parameters(dry, wet, snow). A simulation's results based on 12 scenarios show significant relationships and trends between 3 parameters and advisory safety speed. This model suggests that the advisory safety speed has more higher than average travel speed and is changeable by changing real-time incident states and road-surface states. The purpose of the research is to prove the new safety related services which are applicable in SMART Highway as traffic and IT convergence technology.
Comparative Study on the Estimation Methods of Traffic Crashes: Empirical Bayes Estimate vs. Observed Crash
Shin, Kangwon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 453~459
In the study of traffic safety, it is utmost important to obtain more reliable estimates of the expected crashes for a site (or a segment). The observed crashes have been mainly used as the estimate of the expected crashes in Korea, while the empirical Bayes (EB) estimates based on the Poisson-gamma mixture model have been used in the USA and several European countries. Although numerous studies have used the EB method for estimating the expected crashes and/or the effectiveness of the safety countermeasures, no past studies examine the difference in the estimation errors between the two estimates. Thus, this study compares the estimation errors of the two estimates using a Monte Carlo simulation study. By analyzing the crash dataset at 3,000,000 simulated sites, this study reveals that the estimation errors of the EB estimates are always less than those of the observed crashes. Hence, it is imperative to incorporate the EB method into the traffic safety research guideline in Korea. However, the results show that the differences in the estimation errors between the two estimates decrease as the uncertainty of the prior distribution increases. Consequently, it is recommended that the EB method be used with reliable hyper-parameter estimates after conducting a comprehensive examination on the estimated negative binomial model.
Estimation of Road User Costs Caused by Work Zones and Economic Analysis in the Feasibility Study
Lee, Seunghyeon ; Lee, Jaeyoung ; Choi, Keechoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 461~465
The objective of this study is to calculate road user costs that caused by the expansion work of metropolitan arterial highway and to analyze the costs that affect economic feasibility evaluation. "Taerung~Guri IC" section of Bukbu Expressway was selected as a case study. As a result, it shows that these costs could be a factor for determining economic feasibility for some projects. However, decreased capacity and free-flow speed are seriously different as period, type, length and traffic volume of work zones. These factors that decrease traffic capacity and free-flow speed should be deeply researched in the future.
Delay Predicting Modeling of Urban Freeway using Lane-based Characteristics
Kim, Tae Gon ; Jeong, Yu Na ; Hassouna, Fady M.A. ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 467~476
Travel delay (TD) denotes a time difference between the running time of vehicle with a normal speed and the travel time of vehicle with a reduced speed for traversing the same segment of roadway, and is sometimes used as a measure of time delayed in the junction or bottleneck areas of roadway. Urban freeways in the foreign countries are often suffering from traffic delay within the entrance and exit ramp junction influence areas, as a freeway with the speed limit of 80 km/h or higher only during the rush hours, but those in our country are especially experiencing severe traffic delay on the mainline segments as well as within the entrance and exit ramp junction influence areas, as a freeway with the speed limit of 80 km/h or less regardless of the rush hours. So, the purpose in this study is to develop the models that could predict the travel delay within the ramp junction influence areas of urban freeway having the geographical features which differ from the expressway, and also examine the validity of the travel delay predictive models developed.
A Criterion on the Selection of Optimal Mass Transport System by Transportation Corridor based on GIS Buffering Analysis
Kim, ManWoong ; Kim, Sigon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 477~483
The existing mass transport system, with its limited capacity and the saturated road networks, has given cause for a new means of transport to be developed, and strong demands for such new means of transport are observed more than ever. However, the traffic authority is seeking a new transport system that focuses more on LRT(Light Rail Transit), a downsized version of the existing urban railroad, rather than one that is appropriate to solve the traffic problems. Moreover, local governments are experiencing difficulties in planning their own mass transportation(bus or urban railroad) as they have no specified criteria for selecting a mass transport system. Accordingly, there has been an increasingly loud voice that calls for criteria to determine which mass transport system befits each transportation corridor. This paper develops a mass-transport demand forecasting model based on the GIS Buffering analysis of each transportation corridor in the city, sets up the capacity for each mass transport system and presents the criteria for selecting an optimal mass transport system for each transportation corridor. It also presents a methodology that identifies necessary and sufficient conditions for selection and evaluation, since it is most important to select the optimal mass-transport system that can meet the demand by each mass-transportation corridor.
The Effect of Illegal Parking on Residential Area Roads and Arterial Roads on Traffic
Hwang, In Cheol ; Kang, Il Hyeong ; Lim, Soo Gil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 485~496
An increase in number of vehicles owned by individuals worsens the conditions of parking in residential areas. So to speak, the pedestrians' safety is seriously threatened by illegally parked vehicles on the residential area roads. As a result, the number of vehicle-to-pedestrian accidents has been increasing annually. Also, illegal parking on arterial roads is increasingly becoming common, especially by cooommercial trucks. However, no solution has been found to reduce or eliminate accidents caused by vehicles illegally parked on readside. The result of this study provides the solutions to enhance the safety of residential area roads and arterial roads, from viewpoints of both long-term and short-term, by collecting data about the status of illegal parking and addressing critical problems.
Estimation of Mean Life and Reliability of Highway Pavement Based on Reliability Theory
Do, Myung-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 497~504
In this paper, the author presents a reliability estimation technique to analyze the effects of traffic loads on pavement mean life based on the national highway database of Suwon and Uijeongbu region from 1999 to 2008. The estimation of the mean life, its standard deviation and reliability for pavement sections are calculated by using an appropriate distribution, Lognormal distribution, based on reliability theory. Furthermore, the probability paper method and Maximum likelihood estimation are both used to estimate parameters. The author found that mean life of newly constructed sections and over-layed sections is about 6.5 to 7.9 years and 7.3 to 9.1 years, respectively. The author also ascertained that the results of cumulative failure probability for pavement life between the proposed methods and observed data are similar. Such an assessment methodology and measures based on reliability theory can provide useful information for maintenance plans in pavement management systems as long as additional life data on pavement sections are accumulated.
Predicting Long-Term Deformation of Road Foundations under Repeated Traffic Loadings
Park, Seong-Wan ; An, Dong Seok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 505~512
Generally, the repeated traffic loading condition should be considered to predict the long-term deformation on road foundations or foundation systems. However, it is not easy to estimate long-term deformation on multi-layered system like roads and railways. For more quantitative analysis, mechanistic-empirical approach requires proper analytical tool, material's model, and material properties of foundation geomaterials under both traffic and environmental loadings. In this study, therefore, laboratory data from the long-term repeated load triaxial tests were used to predict accumulated deformation on pavement foundations and the results were analyzed based on the nonlinear models and stress state considered. All these results are presented and verified on laboratory based scale using the finite element analysis with the deformation characteristics of foundation geomaterials at various stress states.
Economic Feasibility Analysis for Introducing Integrated Management System for Supporting Underground Construction
Baek, Hyeon Gi ; Jang, Yong Gu ; Seo, Jong Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 513~522
Underground construction for traffic networks, complexes, and storage facilities has risen as an effective land use plan for dealing with emerging problems such as overcrowded urban cities and traffic jams. This paper performed an economic feasibility analysis of the development of the integrated field management system which provides field workers and managers with 3D-based location tracking and clear communication during underground construction works. To conduct the analysis, processes and problems of field management for underground construction were analyzed and deduction in accidents and field management costs and productivity improvement were estimated as expected benefits. Based on computed benefits and costs, an economic analysis was conducted using Benefit/Cost ratio(B/C), Net Present Value(NPV), and Internal Rate of Return(IRR) and then sensitivity analysis was performed to cope with the uncertainty of assumed variables.
The Influence Analysis of Support Working Expenses for Yongdam Dam Area Considering the Resolution of Digital Topographic Map
Lee, Geun Sang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 523~531
A dam is effective in stable supply of water required in daily life and reduced damage from floods, but there are problems as a lot of land or houses are submerged. Therefore many projects have been conducted in order to improve and support daily life environment surrounding a dam. This study has focused on analyzing how to calculate support working expenses for Dam area by using GIS spatial overlay in addition to effects of scale of a topographic map and reached the following conclusion. First, as a result of areal error in submerged area by scale based on a 1/3,000 digital topographic map, it has been found that a 1/5,000 digital topographic map is 9.5 times more accurate than a 1/25,000 digital topographic map in the total of areal error. Second, as a result of areal error in area surrounding a dam, it has been found that a 1/5,000 digital topographic map is 7.4 times more accurate than a 1/25,000 digital topographic map in the total of areal error. Third, as a result of error of support expense for submerged area, it has been found that a 1/5,000 digital topographic is 15.9 times, 14.7 times and 15.9 times more effective than a 1/25,000 digital topographic map in terms of the total error of support expense, standard error and the total support expense error on the entire project costs in submerged area. In addition, as a result of analysis on error of support expense for area surrounding a dam, it has been found that a 1/5,000 digital topographic map was 10.7 times, 9.6 times and 10.6 times more effective, respectively, in the total error of support expense, standard error and the total error of support expense for the entire project costs in area surrounding a dam compared to a 1/25,000 digital topographic map. Lastly, as a result of error of the entire project costs for area surrounding a dam, it has been found that a 1/5,000 digital topographic map was 1.4 times, 1.3 times and 1.4 times more effective, respectively, in the total error of support expense, standard error and the total error of the entire project costs compared to a 1/25,000 digital topographic map, but it was not much different from the result of calculating areal error in submerged area or area surrounding a dam because population item didn't consider areal concept.
The Comparative Analysis of Reservoir Capacity of Chungju Dam based on Multi Dimensional Spatial Information
Lee, Geun Sang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 30, issue 5D, 2010, Pages 533~540
Dam is very important facility in water supply and flood control. Therefore study needs to analyze reservoir capacity accurately to manage Dam efficiently. This study compared time series reservoir capacity using multi-dimensional spatial information to Chungju Dam reservoir and major conclusions are as follows. First, LiDAR and multi beam echo sounder survey were carried out in land zone and water zone of Dam reservoir area. And calibration process was performed to enhance the accuracy of survey data and it could be constructed that multi dimensional spatial information which was clearly satisfied with the standard of tolerance error by validation with ground control points. Reservoir capacity by water level was calculated using triangle irregular network from detailed topographic data that was constructed by linked with airborne LiDAR and multi beam echo sounder data, and curve equation of reservoir capacity was developed through regression analysis in 2008. In the comparison of the reservoir capacity of 2008 with those of 1986 and 1996, the higher water level goes, total reservoir capacity of 2008 showed decrease because of the increase of sediment in reservoir. Also, erosion and sediment area could be analyzed through calculating the reservoir capacity by the range of water level. Especially the range of water level as 130.0~135.0 which is the upper part of average water level, showed the highest erosion characteristics during 1986~2008 and 1996~2008 and it is considered that the erosion of reservoir slant by heavy rainfall is major reason.