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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6D - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5D - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5C - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5B - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5A - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4D - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3D - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2D - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1D - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Construction of Transfer Pedestrian Concierge Service Based on Context-Awareness
Kang, Kyung Hoon ; Lee, Seung Taek ; Oh, Seung ; Kim, Hwang Bae ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 1~6
The Context-Awareness technology which can provide the appropriate information to the human after estimating a lot of information exceeds the time and space in the ubiquitous environment is being developed now. GIS (Geographic Information System) and LBS (Location Based Services) based context awareness is one of these kinds of technology. The context awareness based transfer guide service which can provide useful information, according to the different information which was got from different sensors which were set in different places, to the pedestrian who is using the transfer center will be introduced in this paper. About the result of the service prototype which was tested in test-bed, the context awareness information such as the inside location and density calculation's accuracy is 90%, and the response time of the service is in 10 seconds, and also, the reliability will be higher if more advanced based infra will be used, so it is consider that it can be used to provide service enough.
Estimation and Application of the Value of Travel Time by Time Period: A Case Study of Downtown Highway Expansion Project
Lee, Jae-Young ; Choi, Keechoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 7~15
The travel time value is important factor for the evaluation of feasibility the transportation facility investment. The existing method for calculation of the travel time for each mode uses daily average trip purpose. So the value of travel time is constant because it is estimated with only daily average proportion. This daily constant time value can distort the results of future demands of toll roads or economic appraisals for the projects. The proportion of the trip purpose varies by time periods. Accordingly the value of travel time also varies by time periods. In this study, times periods are classified as morning peak, evening peak, business time off-peak, and non-business time off-peak. And trip purpose proportions are sorted by each time period from raw data of Seoul household trip study, then the value of travel time for each time period is estimated with these sorted purpose proportions. A case study of Seoul Jung-gu and Yongsan-gu performed with newly estimated time value by time periods. The result of benefit calculation with the daily constant time value is overestimated approximately annual 2.5 billion Won compared by time values by time periods. The demands of toll roads are also overestimated with the existing daily constant time value by daily 3,500 vehicles and total revenue of toll roads are overestimated by annually 1 billion Won. In conclusion, the value of travel time by each time period enables the more precise economic evaluation of the transportation facility investment projects, mode choice behavior, and route choice behavior especially for toll roads.
A Study on Korean-English Legend Configuration for Guide Signs
Lee, Jae-Young ; Choi, Keechoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 17~24
In recent, the enhancement of guide signs system for expressway were studied. And newly suggested signs in that research show left-right bilingual (Korean/English) configuration of 2 destinations whereas existing signs showed top-bottom configuration. However the new configuration have not been evaluated with discreet examination. In this study, several bilingual configuration designs are developed and evaluated with human factors experiment. Therefore the design with the shortest legibility time were chosen as a best design. As a result, the fact that the change of Korean/English configuration shows different results of the legibility time was confirmed. The guide sign with left-right bilingual (Korean/English) configuration of 2 destinations showed less legibility time than that of the existing signs with top-bottom configuration.
Acceptability of a Freeway Travel Reservation Strategy
Chung, Younshik ; Song, Taijin ; Kim, Youngho ; Kang, Seong-Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 25~32
The objective of this study is to propose a new strategy, called "freeway travel reservation strategy", to mitigate freeway traffic congestion by using advanced traffic technologies and traffic demand management policies, and to analyze its acceptability. Motorist surveys were carried out to accomplish the acceptability analysis. As a result, 73% of respondents agreed with the proposed strategy, and an increase in the inconvenience for using freeway during the major Korean Holidays, in the age, in the number of family members, and in household income resulted in higher acceptability. Additionally, married or female respondents tended to have higher acceptability. Such results can be practical for developing policies to successfully operate the proposed strategy in the future.
A Study on the Measures on the Decrease of the Traffic Accidents Based on the Attitude Changes of Intra-City Bus Drivers Following the Implementation Semi-Public Management System of Intra-City Bus
Choi, Jae Won ; Jung, Heon Young ; Jang, Seok Yong ; Ko, Sang Seon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 33~42
The types of the accidents caused by intra-city buses and the changing tendencies of driving attitudes are analyzed before-and-after semi-public management system of intra-city bus system is implemented. On the basis of analysis, the measures on the decrease of traffic accidents are considered and the results are as follows. First, it showed that the traffic accidents decreased generally as a result of definition of the progresses of traffic accidents of intra-city buses before-and-after the system is implemented and with the passing of time after the system was operated. Second, the factors which influence the decrease of traffic offenses before-and-after semi-public management system of intra-city bus are the decease of violation, safe driving duty and the job security. Also the cause which mostly influence to the decrease of traffic accidents is defined. Finally, the measures of decrease of traffic accidents are arranged and proposed as a result of PROXSCAL method.
A Study on the Development of a Technique to Predict Missing Travel Speed Collected by Taxi Probe
Yoon, Byoung Jo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 43~50
The monitoring system for link travel speed using taxi probe is one of key sub-systems of ITS. Link travel speed collected by taxi probe has been widely employed for both monitoring the traffic states of urban road network and providing real-time travel time information. When sample size of taxi probe is small and link travel time is longer than a length of time interval to collect travel speed data, and in turn the missing state is inevitable. Under this missing state, link travel speed data is real-timely not collected. This missing state changes from single to multiple time intervals. Existing single interval prediction techniques can not generate multiple future states. For this reason, it is necessary to replace multiple missing states with the estimations generated by multi-interval prediction method. In this study, a multi-interval prediction method to generate the speed estimations of single and multiple future time step is introduced overcoming the shortcomings of short-term techniques. The model is developed based on Non-Parametric Regression (NPR), and outperformed single-interval prediction methods in terms of prediction accuracy in spite of multi-interval prediction scheme.
A Study on the Conversion for Early Free of charge on the Toll Road - In the place of Changwon Tunnel -
Choi, Yang Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 51~63
This study suggests that prior to construction of the 2nd Changwon tunnel and implementation of the demanded free of charge on Changwon tunnel, it is recommended to improve the traffic facilities and management of the traffic condition in order to create an efficient road that will keep traffic flow to a minimum and maintain the facilities proper working order. It has been generally accepted that the 2nd Changwon tunnel is necessary to construct and open as soon as possible. This is due to the service level of current traffic volume in the Changwon tunnel pay toll road which have been so congested that the fees have increased causing a public complaint to be filed, demanding a early free of charge be implemented for the Changwon tunnel. Furthermore, the objective and impartial analysis of the traffic situation based on a simulation of the alternative and traffic congestion fees has been provided to make the early free of charge on toll road as soon as possible. Finally, careful attention should be paid to seek to make the early free of charge on toll road in order to minimize the damages both specified and unspecified that may arise the prompt settlement of construction repayments and security of minimum management fees should be given priority over other alternatives.
Determining Ideal Distance between Consecutive Exit Ramps
Lee, Seongkwan Mark ; Lee, Ki Young ; Jang, Jung Hwa ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 65~72
When an expressway intersects another expressway, a unique connector needs to be designed between the two consecutive exit ramps. In such a case, it is important to design a connector such that there is enough distance for drivers to find their way safely. A current design manual in Korea prescribes the minimum length of the connector as 240 m. In this research, we have suggested a method for calculating the minimum length of a connector in order to check the feasibility of the currently prescribed length. For this purpose, we have attempted to determine the total perception-reaction time and lane-changing time required by a driver. For determining the driver's perception-reaction time, we have used the driver's decision time in addition to the conventional 2.5 s of perception-reaction time for stopping sight distances. We have considered both the design speed and the average travel speed for the calculation of the length. To evaluate the accuracy of the new method, we have chosen four sites on expressways for which relatively high accident rates were recorded. As a result, we could verify that the current limit (240 m) was sufficient for drivers to be able to change lanes in the given specific geometry. However, the prescribed limit should be revised in case the drivers' decision time is considered to be their perception-reaction time. All new approaches for calculating the ideal length of a connector have been carried out by taking into account the design speed as well as the average travel speed. Owing to the characteristics of the specific geometry for two consecutive exit ramps and the large difference between the design speed and the average travel speed in the objective areas, it is more realistic to use the proposed method by keeping the decision time equal to a driver's perception-reaction time, in order to determine the ideal distance that should be maintained between two consecutive exit ramps.
Evaluating Unsaturated Hydraulic Properties of Compacted Geomaterials in Road Foundations (I) : Laboratory Test
Park, Seong-Wan ; Sung, Yeol-Jung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 73~82
Generally, an unsaturated condition was not considered to predict the long-term strength and drainage behaviors on compacted road foundations. However, it is logical way to consider the unsaturated condition and hysteresis behavior on road foundations like subbase and subgrade. For more quantitative analysis, rational experimental approach requires proper laboratory tool and material model, and hydraulic properties of pavement geomaterials under unsaturated conditions. In this study, therefore, laboratory data from the soil-water characteristic curve tests were used to predict suction and unsaturated permeability on pavement foundations and the results were analyzed based on the nonlinear fitting model considered. In addition to that, the unsaturated moisture capacity of each material is discussed.
Evaluating Unsaturated Hydraulic Properties of Compacted Geomaterials in Road Foundations (II) : Numerical Analysis
Sung, Yeol-Jung ; Park, Seong-Wan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 83~90
A need still exists that the unsaturated condition is to be considered when evaluating the infiltration and drainage capacity for compacted geomaterials in road foundation or embankments. For this reason, numerical analysis were used to analyze the time-dependent unsaturated infiltration and drainage condition depending on various geomaterial types. Therefore, laboratory data from the soil-water characteristic curve tests on geomaterials were adopted from previous studies. In addition, the unsaturated permeability was estimated using SWCC. Then the infiltration and drainage performance of unsaturated compacted soils were evaluated under various conditions based on the proposed method. The results demonstrated that the effect of initial suction and SWCC path on each material could be substantial and the proper application on analysis is very important to enhance the prediction on each capacity.
Examination of Color Difference in Elastic Pavement that uses EPDM Chip using Ultraviolet Ray Accelerated Weathering Test
Hong, Chang Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 91~98
Recently, the usage of elastic paving using EPDM Chip instead of pedestrian sidewalk blocks or permeable concrete used mostly for pedestrian walk, trails and in parks has been increassed as it can absorb impact during walking and produce wide range of colors and designs. However, the properties of EPDM Chip including elasticity and durability are decreased when exposed to ultraviolet ray and scenic paving functions through various colors are lowered due to the yellowing phenomenon. In this study, ultraviolet ray accelerated weathering test has been conducted to analyze the color changes in EPDM Chip and polyurethane resin, which are the main ingredients of elastic paving, when exposed to ultraviolet ray. The color differences are quantitatively analyzed through the color value coordination of the colored space by using the color difference scheme. The experimental results show that the color changes in BL polyurethane resin which is used most frequently at present was larger than that of EPDM Chip. Moreover, the total color difference,
, of BC polyurethane resin are 3.162 on the
day of commencement of acceleration, which is 6 times greater color change resistance against ultraviolet ray than that of BL polyurethane resin with total color difference of 20.639. Therefore, the usage of BC polyurethane resin, which is manufactured to have chain-type molecular structure by using the isocyanate as the HMDI at the time of producing polymer, as binder in elastic paving with EPDM Chip is found to be a highly efficient method of restraining the color changes due to the ultraviolet ray.
Development of Business Model for Partnership Support Management (PSM) in Private Infrastructure Projects
Jung, Pyung Ki ; Baek, Hyeon Gi ; Seo, Jong Won ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 99~109
In order to maintain construction industry and to improve efficiency, the Korean government legislated private investment system. Private sector takes advantages by adopting CM (Construction Management) project system, however, public sector has relatively less capability and experience than private sector. In this paper, PSM (Partnership Support Management) is addressed in order to actively strengthen the project capabilities for public sector. PSM maintains existing CM project system because it is a concept of expended business model of CM. PSM needed to categorize the private participated project into 5 phases; project development phase, project announcement phase, project evaluation phase, project agreement phase and agreement changing phase. PSM business structure and business process considering stakeholder's interrelationship and participation are suggested in this research. Suggested PSM business model may not only increase a comprehensive understanding of government and project capability, but also may reduce work load and responsibilities for project momentum of private participation in infrastructure.
Analyzing Environmental Impacts in Construction Project at Different Ownership - Focus on Express Road Pavement Process -
Jang, Woo Sik ; Park, Heedae ; Han, Seung Heon ; Jeon, Jong Seo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 111~117
In the wake of increased concerns on reduction of greenhouse emission which started with United Nation's Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Kyoto protocol, Korean government is making various efforts under the represented slogan "Low Carbon, Green Growth". Therefore, it is inevitable that construction industry also follow the Korea government's slogan and the international trend in environmental problems. This study identified several main construction materials and equipments of civil construction projects and suggested a environmental cost estimation method and related estimation standards (Public and private owners are distinguished). A case analysis of a real road construction project is also performed and characteristics according to the owner type is compared. This study analyzed the environmental impact to total construction cost variations. In the result, public owner required 11~16% of extra budget and private owner required 19~22% of extra costs. This study is limited in consideration of environmental factors and carbon trading prices.
Strategy Development for Expanding High-speed Railway into both Korean Domestic Market and Foreign Market
Park, Heedae ; Park, Hyung Keun ; Jang, Hyeon Seok ; Han, Seung Heon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 119~126
High-speed railway raises global interests with the growing concerns on the green development and the green energy. However, since most of the infrastructure investment of Korea was focused on the highway projects for last forty years, the investment on the railway has been limited around 40~50% of that of the highway projects. In addition, due to the world economy crisis and unsatisfactory support of existing policy for the private investment project, the private investment is given a small deal of weight on the social overhead capital investment. Meanwhile, despite the world high-speed railway market is growing rapidly and the Korean contractors have won the international construction contracts over 70 billion USD, past records of railway projects are very rare. Therefore, it is required to develop strategies for encouraging private investment in the domestic market to achieve efficient high-speed railway development and for advancing into foreign high-speed railway market. This study carried out data collection and market analysis for both domestic and foreign market respectively. Through a structured questionnaire survey and expert interviews, contractors' perceptions on the high-speed railway market and needs for the government support are collected. Summary of strategies drawn from this study are as follows: 1) carrying out BTL high-speed railway projects and revising related policies; 2) upwarding incentive level for the private pre-investment projects considering the contractors' credit rating; 3) carrying out Honam-Jeju submarine railway project; 4) establishing a efficient consortium model for foreign market; 5) improving the capacity of the Korea Railway Association that support Korean contractors' foreign advancement; and 6) expand the budget for Global Infra-fund.
A Basic Study on Vehicle Load Analyzing System for Embedded Road
Jo, Byung-Wan ; Yoon, Kwang-Won ; Park, Jung-Hoon ; Kim, Heoun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 127~132
Load managing method on road became necessary since overloaded vehicles occur damage on road facilities and existing systems for preventing this damage still show many problems. Accordingly, efficient managing system for preventing overloaded vehicles could be organized by using the road itself as a scale by applying genetic algorithm to analyze the load and the drive information of vehicles. First of all, accurate analysis of load using the behavior of road itself is needed for solving illegal axle manipulation problems of overloaded vehicles and for installing intelligent embedded load analyzing system. Accordingly in this study, to use the behavior of road, the transformation was measured by installing underground box type indoor model and indoor experiment was held using genetic algorithm and 10% error were checked.
An Exploratory Analysis of Locational Characteristics Impact on the Discrepancy between Predicted vs. Actual Demand of Rail Transit
Eo, Yu Ra ; Kang, Myounggu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 133~139
We built subway stops in order to meet demand. To do so, a standardized method is used to predict the demand. However, in some subway stops there are only few people moving around sparsely, but in some other stops there are too many people crammed in a crowd. The gap between forecasting and actual uses varies from 10% to more than 1,000%. This study is aimed to find out where this discrepancy between predicted vs. actual demand for urban rail transit comes from. Specifically, 40 subway stops in Seoul Metropolitan Area, which were opened last 10 years, are examined. This study suggests that, for better forecasting, we need to consider stops' locational characteristics as well as weekday commute-oriented exogenous factors. Locational characteristics includes; whether a stops is a terminal and/or weekend tourism node. There seems no "one size fits all" solution for transit demand forecasting; locational characteristics need to be reflected.
A Study on the Changes the Urban Space at Station Influenced Areas by the Open of Incheon Urban Railroad Line 1
Ahn, Jung Geun ; Park, Man Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 141~148
City of Incheon opened rapid transit(urban railroad line 1) in 1999 in order to relieve traffic congestion on major arterials. This research analyzed urban space changes of each station influenced area by examining the changes of residents, industrial employees, and floor area ratios before and after the open of Incheon urban railroad line 1. Analysis of variance was applied to change of station influence area. This research found out that the types of central business and agricultural station influence area had been changed significantly after the open of urban railroad. However, the residential, semi-residential, and suburban type of station influence area had not been changed after the open of urban railroad. Thus, it is necessary to provide diverse facilities for inducing residents and employees to the station influence area of residential and semi-residential. Furthermore, the suburban type of station influence area which is difficult to develop naturally by the law of Green Belt is needed to develop station influence area simultaneously with the construction of a station building.
The Study on the dweller's Expressions of Apartment Facility Management in accordance with Built Year
Choi, Yeol ; Ha, Kyu Yang ; Kim, Jong-Gyeong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 149~155
The aim of this study is to grasp how the dwellers of apartment cognize the real condition of the management such as general control of janitor office or management of maintenance, environment, account and imposing price of management. The analysed results of recognition are as following. First, as the dwellers judged that the janitors are incapable to control dispute among the households, it needs to develop the ability to cope with the demand of control dispute by various curriculum. There should be more strict management of parking lot for the handicapped. Second, it needs to establish the plan to improve maintenance of the rest facility. Third, as dwellers thought the management expenses not to be made public clearly, it needs to use various way, not only by neighborhood meeting but also information system such as establishing web page or E-mail notice for better announcement of the settled matters such as management expenses. Forth, the audit result of management expenses and the measures conducted after audit should be reported widely, contract of construction work services needs to be publicized by neighborhood meeting or other information system.
A Study on the Improvement of Pedestrian Environment for Greenways Construction
Han, Yujin ; Kang, Junmo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 157~166
This study is to mention necessity of building Green-way by foreign theoretical backgrounds and analyzing cases of internal and external, and is purposed on assessment of projects in operation internal by above necessity. For these assessments, looking into cases of green-way plan of external and defining issues by comparing with internal cases to suggest solutions. Green-way planning methods can be classified in physical and non-physical aspects. From among these, for case of non-physical method, its environments of each nation, region, local are all different from each other and can not be turned into a numerical value and quantification, as well. Therefore, analyzing and suggesting the directions on the basis of physical method. Understanding the improvements degree of physical environment of before and after implementation of projects by using successful cases of external similar to actual state of internal. By these process, inflecting to suggest a seek way of applied to internal projects. Local aspects, doesn't have the specific analyzed data of improvement of pedestrian environment and building green-way and are shortage of implementation of projects also. For that reason this study is to look into the status and plans of building green-way in Seoul and analyzing the 7 completed region cases. And suggesting issues of projects and the direction of national and local green-way projects.
Integrated GPS Network Adjustment for Determining KGD2002 Coordinate Sets
Lee, Young-Jin ; Jung, Kwang-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 1D, 2011, Pages 167~173
This paper analyzes the procedure of calculating how the results of national control points (triangulation points), based on Bessel datum, have been transformed into those of KGD2002, based on the world geodetic system. GPS and EDM data observed from 1974 to 2008 were used for this purpose. A large-scale integrated GPS network was constructed to estimate the results of KGD2002 and new national control points about 12,000 were decided through multiple stages of data processing. The accuracy of these results is
(95%) in the horizontal direction and
(95%) in the vertical direction. The adjusted results verified by the construction of an integrated GPS/EDM network were compared with the results of KGD2002. In conclusion, the bulletin results are thought to be appropriate because the coordinate differences (RMSE) are
in horizontal and vertical directions respectively.