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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6D - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5D - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5C - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5B - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5A - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4D - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3D - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2D - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1D - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Frequency Analysis of Meteorologic Drought Indices using Boundary Kernel Density Function
Oh, Tae Suk ; Moon, Young-Il ; Kim, Seong Sil ; Park, Gu Sun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 87~98
Recently, occurrence frequency of extreme events like flood and drought is increasing due to climate change by global warming. Especially, a drought is more severer than other hydrologic disasters because it causes continuous damage through long period. But, ironically, it is difficult to recognize the importance and seriousness of droughts because droughts occur for a long stretch of time unlike flood. So as to analyze occurrence of droughts and prepare a countermeasure, this study analyzed a meteorologic drought among many kinds of drought that it is closely related with precipitation. Palmer Drought Severity Index, Standard Precipitation and Effective Drought Index are computed using precipitation and temperature material observed by Korean Meteorological Administration. With the result of comparative analysis of computed drought indices, Effective Drought Index is selected to execute frequency analysis because it is accordant to past droughts and has advantage to compute daily indices. A Frequency analysis of Effective Drought Index was executed using boundary kernel density function. In the result of analysis, occurrence periods of spring showed about between 10 year and 20 year, it implies that droughts of spring are more frequent than other seasons. And severity and occurrence period of droughts varied in different regions as occurrence periods of the Youngnam region and the southern coast of Korea are relatively shorter than other regions.
Application of Detention and Infiltration-based Retention Hybrid Design Technique to Oncheon Stream
Choi, Chi Hyun ; Kim, Eungseock ; Kim, Jin Kwan ; Kim, Sangdan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 99~108
In this study a hybrid design scheme for the purpose of designing infiltration-based retentions and a detention is applied to reproduce urban hydrologic regime to natural hydrologic regime. The proposed method is based on the NRCS-CN stormwater estimation technique, and applied to determine the size for stormwater control facilities on the Oncheon stream as an example. Urban area, corresponding to less than 70 m height of the Oncheon stream basin area is targeted. The results indicate that the proposed scheme is very useful to reproduce its undeveloped flow-duration curve.
Flow Characteristics Induced by Shift and Modification of Submerged Weir at Han River Estuary
Baek, Kyong Oh ; Yim, Dong Hee ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 109~119
In this study, the flow characteristics of Han River Estuary were investigated by using a two-dimensional numerical model according to the assumption of shift and modification of the Shingok submerged weir. The two-dimensional analysis has contributed to our understanding of the hydraulic effects induced by shift of the weir on the topography, especially wetlands. The tide and flow discharge of 2007 were adopted as an input data for the simulation. The tidal data contained both spring and neap tide, and the flow discharge condition was divided into monsoon and normal seasons. The boundaries of this study were Hangang Bridge, Tongil Bridge, and Yu island. The simulation results showed that influence area of seawater changed depending on the weir shift, and the water level at particular station fluctuated according to the condition of tide and flow discharge.
Trend Analyses of Intensity and Duration of Typhoons That Influenced the Korean Peninsula during Past 60 Years
Oh, Ji Hee ; Suh, Kyung-Duck ; Kim, Young-Oh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 121~128
The paper presents trend analyses of the past 60-year-data of intensity (central pressure) and duration of the typhoons that influenced the Korean Peninsula. The singular spectrum analysis was employed to extract the trends. The result of linear regression of the trend component shows that the intensity of typhoons is slightly increased. A long-term change with period of about 30 years was detected, and thus the original series were separated into two sub-periods of 30 years. For these sub-periods, normal and Gumbel distributions of central pressure and duration of typhoons were estimated. The results show that during the second sub-period the overall intensity of typhoon was increased but the occurrence of extreme typhoons remains unchanged. The duration also showed an obvious increase during the second sub-period.
Characterization of the Variability of Summer Extreme Precipitation According to the Local Features
Kim, Gwangseob ; Kim, Jong Pil ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 129~146
Characterization the regional impact of the variability of summer extreme precipitation and the rain days over several thresholds (i.e. 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 mm/day) in South Korea was performed using daily precipitation data of 59 weather stations operated by Korean Meteorological Administration (KMA). To consider the local features of weather stations, we characterized the variability according to the difference of elevations, latitudes, longitudes, river basins, inland or shore area, and the ratio of urbanization. The results showed that the summer extreme precipitation is sensible to the geographical effect which is similar to that of the annual precipitation. Rain days over thresholds have increased during 1973-2009 while the annual rain days have decreased. This indicate that the concentration of precipitation in summer season will be intensified in the future. Increase of summer precipitation amount and number of extreme rain days is higher in inland area, urbanized area, and Han-River basin than that of shore area, unurbanized area, and the other river basins respectively.
A Simplified Model for Physical Habitat Simulation in Evaluation of Environmental Flow
Im, Dongkyun ; Choi, Youngwoo ; Choi, Sung-Uk ; Kang, Hyeongsik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 147~154
Physical habitat assessment models based on Instream Flow Incremental Methodology have been developed as a decision making tool to estimate appropriate discharge for environmental flow and water use management. These models, however, require extensive knowledge on various academic disciplines, complicated input data, and empirical data. We propose a Simplified Habitat (SIMHAB) simulation model for the estimation of physical structure of fish habitat and environmental flow at the planning stage. SIMHAB is applied to a river system for which physical and ecological data are available, and its applicability is investigated. Simulated results appeared to be similar to field survey data and those of such models as PHABSIM and River2D. However, SIMHAB requires much less input data. As such, the proposed model, SIMHAB can easily be applicable to river restoration projects including designing of physical habitat, estimation of environmental flow, and water resource management.
Development of a Soil Moisture Estimation Model Using Artificial Neural Networks and Classification and Regression Tree(CART)
Kim, Gwangseob ; Park, Jung-A ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 155~163
In this study, a soil moisture estimation model was developed using a decision tree model, an artificial neural networks (ANN) model, remotely sensed data, and ground network data of daily precipitation, soil moisture and surface temperature. Soil moisture data of the Yongdam dam basin (5 sites) were used for model validation. Satellite remote sensing data and geographical data and meteorological data were used in the classification and regression tree (CART) model for data classification and the ANNs model was applied for clustered data to estimate soil moisture. Soil moisture data of Jucheon, Bugui, Sangjeon, Ahncheon sites were used for training and the correlation coefficient between soil moisture estimates and observations was between 0.92 to 0.96, root mean square error was between 1.00 to 1.88%, and mean absolute error was between 0.75 to 1.45%. Cheoncheon2 site was used for validation. Test statistics showed that the correlation coefficient, the root mean square error, the mean absolute error were 0.91, 3.19%, and 2.72% respectively. Results demonstrated that the developed soil moisture model using CART and ANN was able to apply for the estimation of soil moisture distribution.
Application of Depth-averaged 2-D Numerical Model for the Evaluation of Hydraulic Effects in River with the Riparian Forest
Kim, Ji Sung ; Kim, Won ; Kim, Hyea Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 165~173
In this study, FESWMS FST2DH model was used to analyze the change of flow characteristics after making the riparian forest. The additional flow resistance is calculated based on the drag-force concept acting on each tree and the lateral momentum transfer between planted and non-planted zone could be satisfactorily reproduced by parabolic turbulence model in this depth-averaged 2-D numerical model. For model validation, the simulated velocities were compared with the measured data, showing good agreement in both tree density cases of experiments. The previous method using a proper Manning's n coefficient gives reasonable solutions only to evaluate the conveyance, but the calculated approach velocity at each tree was different from realistic value. The proposed procedure could be widely used to evaluate hydraulic effects of riparian trees in practical engineering.
Numerical Analysis for Three-Dimensional Tsunami Force Acting on Multi-Onshore Structures
Lee, Kwang Ho ; Ha, Sun Wook ; Lee, Kui Seop ; Kim, Do Sam ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 175~185
This study investigates tsunami force acting on a group of onshore structures numerically by using three-dimensional one-field model for immiscible multi-phase flows, which is based on Navier-Stokes solver. In particular, we studied on the characteristics of tsunami with respect to the arrangement of onshore structures and the distance from seawall trough numerical experiments. For validation of the numerical method used in this study to calculate tsunami force, numerical results for tsunami force on the structures in coastal area are compared with available experimental data. Furthermore, a detail study on the efficiency of the numerical method is performed for the estimation of tsunami force based on the hydrostatic and hydrodynamic methods in which the numerical results are used. The obtained results are compared to the previous experimental one and design criteria. Considering both experimental results and numerical analysis results, semi-empirical formula by regression analysis is proposed. As a result, it was confirmed that the numerical analysis is effective to estimate on tsunami force acting on onshore structures.
Removal of Nitrate Nitrogen for Batch Reactor by ZVI Bipolar Packed Bed Electrolytic Cell
Jeong, Joo Young ; Park, Jeong Ho ; Choi, Won Ho ; Park, Joo Yang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 187~192
Nitrate nitrogen is common contaminant in groundwater aquifers, its concentration is regulated many countries below 10 mg/L as N (As per WHO standards) in drinking water. An attempt was made to get optimal results for the treatment of nitrate nitrogen in groundwater by conducting various experiments by changing the experimental conditions for ZVI bipolar packed bed electrolytic cell. From the experimental results it is evident that the nitrate nitrogen removal is more effective when the reactor conditions are maintained in acidic range but when the acidic environment changes to alkaline due to the hydroxide formed during the process of ammonia nitrogen there by increasing the pH reducing the hydrogen ions required for reduction which leads to low effectiveness of the system. In the ZVI bipolar packed bed electrolytic cell, the packing ratio of 0.5~1:1 was found to be most effective for the treatment of nitrate nitrogen because ZVI particles are isolated and individual particle act like small electrode with low packing ratio. It is seen that formation of precipitate and acceleration of clogging incrementally for packing ratio more than 2:1, decreasing the nitrate nitrogen removal rate. When the voltage is increased it is seen that kinetics and current also increases but at the same time more electric power is consumed. In this experiment, the optimum voltage was determined to be 50V. At that time, nitrate nitrogen was removed by 94.9%.
Estimation of Habitat Suitability Index of Fish Species in the Geum River Watershed
Kang, Hyeongsik ; Im, Dongkyun ; Hur, Jun Wook ; Kim, Kyu-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2B, 2011, Pages 193~203
With the recent growth of environmental and ecological interests, various river restoration and habitat environment creation projects are being carried out. For this, the estimation of the habitat flow discharge is important. In U.S. and Europe nations, The instream flow incremental methodology (IFIM) has been used to estimate the habitat discharge. IFIM is the method that can be applied to evaluate the flow discharge for the suitable habitat. To use the IFIM in river, a habitat suitability index(HSI) for the target organism is needed. However, HSIs for only two species of Zacco platypus and Zacco temminckii were proposed from the field monitoring. Thus, for the estimation of the ecological flow rate for a group of fish, the development of the HSIs for various fish are necessary. In this study, physical data such as water level and flow rate, chemical data such as acidity and dissolved oxygen, and life data such as fish types and population are collected in Keum river watershed. Based on the 2,736 field data, HSIs for the following 6 fish are developed: Zacco platypus, Zacco temminckii, Microphysogobio yaluensis, Coreoleuciscus splendidus, Pungtungia herzi, Pseudogobio esocinus. Through the comparison with HSIs in the literature, the developed HSIs are modified. Also, the limits of Froude number, pH, and DO for 6 fish are proposed. The HSIs developed in this study can be utilized as a essential data for performing river project evaluations.