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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6D - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5D - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5C - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5B - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5A - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4D - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3D - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2D - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1D - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study on CDM Possibility Assessment of Transport Sector
Park, Jin Young ; Kim, DongJun ; Oh, Seung Hwoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 175~184
Transport sector takes charge of about 20 percent of energy consumption and GHG(Green House Gas) emission in Korea. One of the efficient strategy of reducing GHG is introducing CDM(Clean Development Mechanism), which is one of GHG reduction systems in Kyoto Protocol. Nowadays many tries have done to regist transport policies as CDM in transport sector, however, a lot of things should be investigated to regist CDM in advance. The aim of this paper is assessment of CDM possibility in transport sector. First of all, we review steps and criteria to CDM registration, and select 4 CDM possibility assessment index in transport sector: as follows additionality, methodology, emission calculation, and monitoring. Also, we analyze registed projects and methodologies in transport sector. To assess CDM possibility in transport sector, quantitative and qualitative assessments are carried out in this study. 18 transport policies are categorized as 4 groups and possibility of 18 transport policies are examined. Several policies can reduce GHG, however, they are not fit to regist as a CDM. On the contrary many transport policies have possibility to regist. In addition, we have done questionnaire survey, 'fuel change' policies have high possibility to CDM. However transport policies related to haman activity, like as TOD, have lower possibility. As a result, we can find that enough CDM possibility assessment should be carried out before CDM registration in transport sector.
Construction Method of Time-dependent Origin-Destination Traffic Flow for Expressway Corridor Using Individual Real Trip Data
Yu, Jeong Whon ; Lee, Mu Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 185~192
More practical outputs and insights can be obtained through transportation analysis considering the time-dependent traffic movements. This study proposes a method of constructing time-dependent O-D trip tables for expressway corridor using real-world individual trip data. In this study, time-dependent O-D trip tables for the nationwide highway network are constructed based on toll collection system data. The proposed methodology is to convert nationwide time-dependent O-D trip tables into Korean expressway corridor O-D trip tables in order to deal with the computational complexity arising from simulating a large-scale traffic network. The experiment results suggest that actual individual trip record data can be used to effectively construct time-dependent O-D trip tables. They also imply that the construction of time-dependent O-D trip tables for the national highway networks along with those for Korean expressway developed in this study would make transportation analysis more practical and applicable to real-time traffic operation and control.
The Influence of Traffic Information based on VMS(Variable Message Sign) on the Selection of Drivers' Route
Jung, Hun Young ; Son, Su Ran ; Lee, Jeong Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 193~201
The provision of traffic information plays an important role in increasing social benefit not only by saving travel time for individuals but also by improving the efficiency of road operation. VMS(Variable Message Sign) helps on-wheel drivers easily understand the road situation, and also provides real-time traffic information to people on the streets. However, it has not been sufficiently studied on how traffic information based on VMS influences on the drivers' selection of route. This study investigated how drivers use VMS traffic information and how they are satisfied with it. Then, the model of drivers' route selection was specified with the types of traffic information and the expected travel time to examine the influence on the selection of drivers' route. The model was estimated and analyzed in three types according to the condition of detour roads, and the rate of route change and the degree of sensitivity was calculated from the estimation. The results of analysis are as follows. the
type model showed the 10% of route change for the travel time saving of 5minutes, and the 81.6% of route change for the travel time saving of 20minutes. The
type led to the range of route change from 14.2% to 92.7% over the 5 through 20 minutes of travel time saving. The
model resulted in the 99.1% of route change. The sensitivity of route change showed the highest for the travel time saving of 11 minutes with the
type model, 9 minutes with the
type model, and 5 minutes with the
type model respectively.
Effectiveness Analysis of Lane Balancing in Urban Areas
Chang, Iljoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 203~208
Traffic demand is continuously increasing due to the development of urban areas in Korea. To cope with this, many efforts have been done including constructions of new roadways and increasing the number of lanes of the existing roadways. Those efforts, however, have been performed for only a short segment of target links having similar traffic characteristics. As a result, most urban cities experience bottle-neck phenomena which lead decreasing flow speed and increasing possibilities of accidents. Thus, this study aims to analyze problems of bottle-neck phenomena and effects of balancing number of lanes along the same corridor having similar traffic characteristics. For this, Route 32 passing the city of Daejeon in Korea has been selected as a case study, and a micro-simulation tool, VISSIM, has been adopted for the analysis. The results show that balanced number of lanes along the same corridor with similar traffic characteristics can increase flow speeds and enhance safety.
A Comparative Study on Four-Legged Roundabout and Five-Legged Roundabout
Kim, Dong Nyong ; Choi, Dae Kyu ; Park, Soon Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 209~215
Roundabout has circular traffic island in the intersection center and is kind of intersection where the automobile bypass circular traffic island. In Korea, the provisional Roundabouts Design Guidelines were published in 2004 by MLTM (Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs). This guideline did not discussed domestic traffic circumstance. It just only introduced foreign instances and their guidelines. In addition, the recent National Competitiveness roundabouts as part of the green growth has been concentrated on the interest. In this paper, 90 degree of the 4-legged roundabout was compared with 72 degree, 45 degree, and 30 degree 5-legged roundabouts by micro simulation VISSIM. As a result of analysis, average travel time is decreased when the inscribed circle diameter become bigger the roundabout. 5-legged roundabout until 2,000 volume per hour evaluated to be similar effect at 90 degree of 4-legged roundabout.
A Study on the Analysis of Bicycle Road Service Level by Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System
Kim, Kyung Whan ; Jo, Gyu Boong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 217~225
Currently our country has very serious problems of traffic congestion and urban environment due to increasing automobile ownership. Recently, our concern about environmentally sustainable transportation and green transportation is increasing, so the government is pushing ahead the policy of bicycle using activation. So it is needed to develop a model to analyze the service level of bicycle roads more realistically. In this study, a neuro-fuzzy inference model to analyze the service level of bicycle roads was built selecting the width of bicycle roads, the number of conflicts during cycling and pedestrian volume, which have fuzzy characteristics, as input variables. The predictability of the model was evaluated comparing the surveyed and the estimated. The values of the statistics,
, MAE and MSE were 0.987, 0.142, 0.032. Therefore, It may be judged that the explainability of the model is very high. The service levels of bicyle roads estimated by the model are 1~3 steps lower than KHCM assessments. The reason may be explained that the model estimates the service level considering the width of bicycle roads and the number of conflicts simultaneously besides pedestrian volume.
A Study on Psychological Responses and Evaluation of Degree of Satisfaction for Drivers to Traffic Informations Using Driving Simulator
Hong, Ji Yeon ; Lim, Joon Bum ; Song, Byung Kun ; Lee, Soo Beom ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 227~235
At present, the characteristics of drivers are not properly considered when informations are provided via VMS even though the Variable Message Signs(VMS) are one of the key information provision medias on the roads. In this study, the driver's psychological response(stress index) was evaluated using a driving simulator for the position of the VMS provided, the contents of the VMS provided, the size of characters on VMS, and types of VMS expression. It was appeared that the stress is the least when the position of the VMS provided 1.5km proceeded from exit, the contents of the VMS provided are time information and types of VMS expression are character form respectively and the size of characters on VMS is appeared not important. In addition, the change of the users' satisfaction level was measured when increasing the numbers of VMS on unit distance and the size of characters. The size of character was almost not effected in similar to the result of stress index and the satisfaction level increased when increasing the number of VMS on the unit distance. The results of this research can be utilized as basic data for the ITS system design and operation stages.
A Study on Analysis Method of Asphalt Plug Joint using FEM
Moon, Kyoung-Tae ; Park, Philip ; Park, Sang-Yeol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 237~245
Asphalt Plug Joint(APJ) is a new type of expansion joint that it's application are increased in USA as well as several European countries. APJ's' advantages are cheap construction and maintenance costs, and simple construction and securing of excellent flatness. However, APJ's usability is hindered because it showed a problem of premature failure. Research for solving this problem has been progressed, and FEM analysis among existing researches was peformed. However, the behavior of APJ was insufficiently analyzed and the reliability of the analysis was much low, since the material showing complicated behavior was oversimplified, Therefore, a material model was proposed and its effectiveness was confirmed by comparing it with actual behavior in order to improve the reliability of FEM analysis in this paper. ABAQUS program was used for FEM analysis, and an elasto-plastic model and a viscous-plastic model as the material model of APJ were suggested on the base of experiment results of APJ material performed by Bramel et al. The elasto-plastic model was defined by time-independent analysis since it didn't consider time and strain rate, and the viscous-plastic model was defined by time-dependent analysis since it considered. Influence of various elements affecting the behavior of APJ was investigated, and it was confirmed that the time-dependent analysis showed better result closed to actual behavior than the time-independent analysis.
A Study on Associations among Number of Bidders, Contract Award Rate and Profitability on International Construction
Sohn, Tae-Hong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 247~253
In 2009, the Korean international construction industry showed a great performance, totaling 49.1 billion of contract and then this achievement has been considered a key milestone presenting that the international construction industry is one of the primary export industries of Korea. However, because of the construction firms' equalized levels of technology and price competitiveness, the competition among bidders is becoming more intensive. Moreover, this changing market circumstance leads construction firms to apply for bidding with the lowest price that could not meet the expected profitability of a project. Therefore, to develop various strategies based on project characteristics becomes one of the critical capabilities that construction firms should possess. Based on these motives, this study is aimed to investigate associations among number of bidders, contract award rate, profitability on international projects. For the correlation analysis, a set of data is structured by collecting all projects ranging from 1993 to 2009, excluding projects funded by official development and domestic funds. The number of bidders were grouped depending on project characteristics such as market regions, project types, bidding types, and order organization types. As the result of correlation analysis, contract award rate increases as the number of bidders increase, but the relationship between the number of bidders and profitability is negative. Understanding the correlations among variables can be employed in developing strategies to improve construction firms' competitiveness in the international construction market.
Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) for Eco-Design in a Wastewater Reuse Facility
Lee, Sin-Won ; Kim, Sung-Keun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 255~266
In order to evaluate the environmental load occurring from the whole life cycle of a facility, LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) adopted by ISO is not only applied as an individual product but rather a complicated system involving buildings and/or infrastructure in a wide range of scope. The introducing of LCA to a wastewater reuse facility will assist to understand not only the treatment of water contaminants but also the overall system related to the interaction of involved, potential issues. This research implemented LCA for the establishment of the wastewater reuse facility. The results show that a fresh water aquatic Eco-toxicological Impact (88.3%) is the largest environment concern and the maintenance & operation phase has the most impact on the environment utilizing life cycle for the wastewater reuse facility. The civil works and chemical treatments in the maintenance & operation phase led to the biggest environmental impact. The results of this research can provide pertinent data of investigating opportunities for environmental improvement not limited to public officers regulating environmental policies, and could be used to make decisions for an environmentally sound and sustainable design in the initial phase of construction.
Analysis on Effect of Construction Facilities depending on a Scenario of Sea Level Rise around Jeju Coastal Area
Lee, Dong Wook ; Bu, Yang Su ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 267~274
In this study, around Jeju area where climatic change is most considerably appearing in Han Peninsula, we prepared sea level rise height caused by sea level rise (Seogwipo 5.6 mm/yr, Jeju 5.3 mm/yr) and a sea level rise scenario for the case when an enlarged typhoon attacks during high water ordinary spring tide, and evaluated flooding area and effect on road and facility using Digital Elevation Model(DEM) and GIS Spatial Analysis Technique. As a result, the flooding areas were shown to be 2.9
in 2040, 5.4
in 2070, and maximum 5.4
in 2100. Analyzing the effect of flooding on each type of road, the local roads(Gun-do) were shown to be mostly affected. The most flood effected facilities were individual houses. Especially, as there is a possibility for casualties to occur due to disaster in Hwabuk-dong because the effect of flooding on individual houses in this area was shown to be high. In addition, flood on port facilities will considerably affect logistic and marine activities. This study is thought to be a basic data which can be utilized for establishment of strategic coping measures and policies of government affiliated organizations through analysis of effect of sea level rise on construction field.
Development of Supply Chain Management Education Programs for the Construction Industry
Lee, Tai Sik ; Park, Eun Soo ; Lee, Dong Wook ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 275~284
In the process of supply chain management (SCM), the supply chain outside of the production line contributes up to 60~70% of value added. Faced with ever increasing competition, companies are exercising the efforts for cost reduction and process improvement. At the center of the efforts is the reengineering of supply chain for the improvement of customer orientation and customer satisfaction. In spite of the need, the contractual hierarchy with subcontractors stands in the implementation of SCM in the construction industry. Although the construction industry has its own unique characteristics, The process of SCM can be adopted into the industry for improving the effectiveness of the business process. This study presents the methods that can foster SCM professionals through the development of SCM professional education contents, and suggests the activations for applying construction SCM.
Improvement for Asset Management of Sewage Treatment Facilities
Park, Ha Jin ; An, Man Sun ; Cho, Nam Ho ; Kim, Kyong Ju ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 285~293
Sewage treatment facilities are growing rapidly in quantitatively and qualitatively. However, privatization such as up-size and professionalism, etc. are insufficient, compared to global companies' cases. Infrastructure Asset management has not been applied widely despite of sewage treatment facilities are one of the most critical social infrastructure. Maintenance, repair, and rehabilitation (R&R) practices of sewage treatment facilities have been studied and infrastructures asset management techniques have been applied. Cost model which makes it possible to calculate managerial costs such as major cost, etc. needs to be developed only with project basic information when proceeding new sewage treatment facility construction and management and overseas sewage project. Effects to converse major repair cost into capital, application of sewage treatment facility's asset management, expected effects, etc. were analyzed and suggested an alternative on the improvements of legal system.
A Study on the Permeability through Concrete using RF Wireless Module for Reinforced Concrete Structure
Jo, Byung-Wan ; Park, Jung-Hoon ; Yoon, Kwang-Won ; Kim, Heoun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 295~302
Ubiquitous is an information communication environment which peoples could connect on network without being conscious of the network and computer condition at anytime and anywhere. Presently, advanced technology, digital cities and eco-friendly cities using Ubiquitous technology are being focused through out the world. As recent information industry and communication technology have developed remarkably, studies on intelligent structures and structural maintenance methods by combining a general idea of connecting all objects on network by interpolating computers which is called Ubiquitous Computing, and USN(Ubiquitous Sensor Network) are being attempted. In this paper, a basic experiment on penetration of RF(Radio Frequency) sensor nodes using an experimental sample setting concrete and reinforcing bar as variables is studied to estimate the possibility of applying wireless sensor networks in structures. The spring of reinforcing bars, concrete thickness, intensity of radio frequency were set up as variables, transmitting and receiving distance were checked vertically and horizontally. Moreover, Spectrum Analyzer was used for checking the magnitude of the frequency used in order to measure the reduction of radio wave exactly. The radio wave reduction was numerically analyzed, and the influence of the wavelength was analysed as well. As a result, the penetration depth in concrete without reinforcing bars was 45cm, and in reinforced concretes which reinforcing bars placed at spacing of 5cm and 15cm, the penetration depth were 37cm and 45cm each. No influence on radio wave penetration depth were found when the spacing of reinforcing bars in the reinforced concrete structures becomes over 15cm.
A Differential Pricing Model for Industrial Land based on Locational Characteristics
Shim, Jae Heon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 303~314
This paper proposes a differential pricing model for industrial land based on locational characteristics, using Support Vector Regression (SVR) as a land pricing methodology. The initial selling price of industrial land is set based on the total cost of site development that comprises the land acquisition cost and tax, land development expense, infrastructure installation cost, labor cost, migration expense, selling and administrative expense, capital cost, and so on. However, the current industrial land pricing method unreasonably applies the same price per square meter to all parcels within an industrial complex without considering differences in price depending on the location of each parcel. Therefore, this paper proposes an empirical land pricing model to solve this irrationality and verifies its validity and applicability.
An Establishment of Guideline and Evaluation Items for Before-and-After Study in Railroad Construction Projects
Kim, Yeon Kyu ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 315~322
The Korea government set a Act called as Before and After Study for a huge SOC projects in order to check their feasibility again at the time of design, construction and completion period. However, the evaluation items and analysis method are so vague that its effectiveness has been challenged. Especially railroad projects need to be evaluated differently by railroad construction types and rolling stocks. This paper suggests the evaluation items as a common items and exclusive items on the type of construction and rolling stocks. Also data collection in the standardized form and GIS techniques and are introduced to analyze evaluation items effectively.
Comparison between FFT and LSC Method for the Residual Geoid Height Modeling in Korea
Lee, Dong Ha ; Yun, Hong Sic ; Suh, Yong Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 323~334
In this study, we performed the residual geoid modeling using the FFT and LSC methods in context of application of R-R (Remove and Restore) technique as a general technique for gravimetric geoid model in order to propose the effective way of geoid determination in Korea. For this, a number of data compiled for residual geoid modeling by the multi-band spherical FFT method with Stoke's formula and LSC method as known as statistical method. The geometric geoidal heights obtained from 503 GPS/Levelling data were used for inducing the various elements and proper computation process which should be considered for improving the accuracy of residual geoid modeling. Finally, we statistically compared the results of residual geoid heights between FFT and LSC methods and reviewed then the proper way of residual geoid modeling to the region of Korea. As the results of comparison, LSC method is not suitable for residual geoid modeling in Korea due to the noise and lack of gravity observations and the effects of local characteristics, while FFT method by applying Stokes' integral with proper cap size and modified kernel which provides the better accuracy of residual geoid heights up to 10 cm more than those of LSC method.
Geotechnical Information Application System Using 3D Geo-Spatial Information Technique
Lee, Ji-Young ; Jang, Yong-Gu ; Kang, In-Joon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 2D, 2011, Pages 335~342
Geotechnical Information which had been constructing and offering by Minister of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) has been target on the whole of country. Today, the 100,000 number of geotechnical data has been managed as 2d GIS database. But, it is difficult to apply this database for analyzing and designing geotechnical works. In this paper, we have developed Geotechnical Information Application System (GIAS) based 3d geo-spatial information technique for the effective uses. First, GIAS based on GIS framework was implemented to effectively find out spatial geologic structure of study area. Second, we invited some experts from each field and listened their opinions. According to the surveying on the applicability-ratio, the experts showed higher interest in this system. In this study, it was verified that the 3d GIS-based system was very useful for the usability-ratio.