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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6D - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5D - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5C - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5B - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5A - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4D - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3D - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2D - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1D - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Rational Sectional Force and Design Improvement of Abutment Wing-Wall
Chung, Wonseok ; Kim, Minho ; An, Zu-Og ; Choi, Hyukjin ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 145~152
Current Bridge Specification for Highway Bridges adopts a simplified method to determine sectional forces of abutment wing by dividing its area into four sections. This simplified method was developed in Japan when numerical analysis was not mature and computer resources were expensive. This simplified method has been with us without modification. This study evaluates the problem of current design practice to improve the design guideline for abutment wing. In this study, a finite element model of abutment wing based on shell elements was developed to obtain accurate sectional force. In addition, foreign design specifications regarding abutment wing were thoroughly examined. It has been observed that sectional forces obtained from the simplified method produce inaccurate results under various geometric shapes. Thus, it is recommended that two dimensional plate analyses should be adopted for future design of abutment wing wall.
Development of Non-linear Analysis Model for Torsional Behavior of Composite Box-Girder with Corrugated Steel Webs
Ko, Hee Jung ; Moon, Jiho ; Lee, Hak-Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 153~162
Composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs has been widely used in civil engineering practice as an alternative of conventional pre-stressed concrete box-girder because the efficiency of pre-stressing can be increased and weight reduction of superstructure can be achieved by replacing concrete webs as a corrugated steel webs. However, most of previous researches were limited in shear and flexural behavior of such girder so that the torsional behaviors of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs are not fully understood yet and it needs to be investigated. Some of previous researchers developed the nonlinear theory for torsional analysis of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs. However, their theories were developed by ignoring the tensile behavior of concrete. Thus, there are certain limitations in analysis of serviceability such as cracking moment and torsional stiffness of the girder. This paper presents the analytical model for torsional behavior of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs considering tensile behavior of concrete. Based on the proposed analytical model, nonlinear torsional analysis program of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs was developed. Then, for verification of validation of the developed model, test for the girder was conducted and the results were compared with those of analytical model. Finally, parametric study was conducted and the effects of tensile behavior of concrete on the torsional behavior of the girder were discussed.
Effects of Post-Tensioning Tendons and Vehicle Speeds on Dynamic Response of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Tied Arch Girder
Roh, Hwasung ; Hong, Sanghyun ; Park, Kyunghoon ; Lee, Jong Seh ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 163~172
The CFTA girder developed is a concrete filled steel tubular system with arched shape and external post-tensioning (PT) tendons which control the initial camber and the bending stress of the girder. In the present study the effects of the PT tendons on the dynamic behavior of the girder subjected to a moving vehicle load are numerically investigated. Various levels for the tendon quantity and the tendon forces are considered, using the existing FE model of the girder. The vehicle considered is a DB-24 truck and is modeled with two tracks-three axles. Equivalent-load pulse time histories are applied to each node to simulate the moving vehicle, depending on the time of arrival and the discretization. The vehicle speeds are varied from 40 km/hr to 100 km/hr with increment of 20 km/hr. The analysis results show that the tendon forces do not produce any influences on the dynamic responses of the girder. However the dymamic deflection of the girder increases when a smaller amount of tendons is used. The Dynamic Amplification Factors (DAF) are evaluated based on the static and dynamic responses. Much lower values of the DAF are obtained, even no tendons applied, than those provided by the design criteria of the AASHTO LRFD and the Korea Highway Standard Specification.
Image Processing Technique for Measuring the Static Displacement of Bridges from General Inspection Photograph
Cho, Jun Sang ; Huh, Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 173~180
This paper aims to propose an image processing technique for measuring the static displacement of bridges from general inspection photograph; the color, shape, and spatial transformations of an arbitrary image stored in bridge management system database are used. This study is verified by using numerical analyses with experiments; the results demonstrate that the static displacement of bridges are measured by proposed technique. Moreover, this technique is able to obtain the static structural response of the bridge with changes in temperatures.
Free Vibrations of Timoshenko Beam with Elastomeric Bearings at Two Far Ends
Lee, Byoung Koo ; Lee, Tae Eun ; Park, Chang Eun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 181~187
This paper deals with free vibrations of the Timoshenko beam supported by two elastomeric bearings at two far ends. The ordinary differential equation governing free vibrations of such beam is derived, in which both effects of rotatory inertia and shear deformation are included as the Timoshenko beam theory. Also, boundary conditions of the free end are derived based on the Timoshenko beam theory. The ordinary differential equation is solved by the numerical methods for calculating natural frequencies and mode shapes. Both effects of the rotatory inertia and shear deformation on natural frequencies are extensively discussed. Also, relationships between natural frequencies and slenderness ratio, foundation modulus and bearing length are presented. Typical mode shapes of bending moment and shear force as well as deflection are given in figures which show the positions of maximum amplitudes and nodal points.
Evaluation of Structural Performance and Improvement of Screw Thread Shape on 1,300 MPa High Strength Bolts
Han, Jong Wook ; Kim, Jin Ho ; Park, Young Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 189~198
Although high strength bolts with tensile strength of 1,000 MPa are mainly used in steel structure construction sites throughout the world, new high strength bolts are required owing to the installation of continuous long-span bridges resulting from the development and distribution of high strength steel and ultra-thick steel plates. Currently, high strength bolts with tensile strength of 1,300 MPa are being used. However, as they tend to place a large load on a small section of space, a high strength bolt of high structural performance and screw thread shape with less stress concentration is thought to be more effective. This study conducted analyses in order to develop an improved screw thread shape relative to the KS screw thread shape. A new screw thread shape with less stress concentration and effective load distribution at the time of fastening bolts and nuts was provided upon analysis of the characteristics of screw thread shape. Additionally, in an experimental study, the structural performance of high strength bolts with tensile strength of 1,300 MPa was investigated. The results revealed that the new screw thread shape was more effective than the existing screw thread shape in terms of structural performance and mitigating the stress concentration.
A Study for the Evaluation of Ship Collision Forces for the Design of Bridge Pier I : Mean Collision Force
Lee, Gye Hee ; Hong, Kwan Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 199~206
In Korea, the current design codes for the bridge vessel collision load are based on AASHTO LRFD code which derived from the mean collision forces of the Woisin's test. To estimate the conservativeness of the code, in this study, the mean forces of head on collisions were evaluated from the mass-acceleration relationship of vessel and the deformation-kinetic energy relationship of bow those obtained from the series of nonlinear finite element analysis, and the mean forces were compared to that in AASHTO design code. As results, the variations of the mean forces versus the sizes of vessels were represented similar tendency, even those of the code are very conservative. However, the variations of mean collision force versus those of collision speeds were dominated by the plastic deformation of bow and it was differ from those of the code that have linear relationship with the collision speeds.
Analysis on Bond Characteristics of Reinforcements for UHPC Hybrid Cable-Stayed Bridge Deck Joints
Seonwoo, Yoon Ho ; Park, Sung Kyun ; Kwahk, Im Jong ; Yoon, Young Soo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 207~214
Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC), which is characterized by its high strength and advanced ductile behavior that is much superior to those of convention concrete, is a useful material to make thinner and longer bridges. The precast segmental construction method utilizing UHPC has been mainly studied because cast-in-place UHPC is very difficult and complicate to be achieved. As a part of those research, the structural performance evaluation of different types of joint connection method for hybrid cable-stayed bridge utilizing UHPC by using nonlinear analyses is performed in this study. The bond stress at joint is obtained by section force analyses for a 600 m cable-stayed bridge deck, and compared with the required bond stress at joint. Analysis results show that the U Type connection and straight type connection resist the highest ultimate load and bond strength, respectively. In addition, all considered joint connection systems satisfy the bond performances at joint required in the final stage of cable-stayed bridge utilizing UHPC.
Development of Precast Hollow Concrete Columns with Non-Shrink Mortar Grouting Type Splice Sleeve
Cho, Jae-Young ; Lee, Young-Ho ; Kim, Do-Hak ; Park, Jong-Heon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 215~225
In general, the precast columns can obtain its homogeneous quality as they are produced in a factory with a hollow concrete block type by using high strength concrete, so that they can generate the reduction of dead load. Such a method of precast hollow concrete columns is already implemented in USA and Japan and used for connecting between blocks which use PC tendons. However, it is inevitable to have uneconomical construction with excessive cost in early stage when PC tendons are used. This study aims to develop an economical precast column with high quality and constructability which consists of only splice sleeve and general reinforcing bar without using PC tendons in order to reduce the construction period and cost. To achieve this goal, this study tested the performance of total 5 minimized models in the experiment with the variables such as hollowness, diameter of main reinforcement bar and cross-sectional size for the cross section of precast column by using grouting type splice sleeve which is a new type joint rebar. And it also verified the performance of column in the experiment for a large-sized model in order to overview its applicability by excluding large scale effect.
Prediction of Equivalent Stress Block Parameters for High Strength Concrete
Lee, Do Hyung ; Jeon, Jeongmoon ; Jeong, Minchul ; Kong, Jungsik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 227~234
Recently, a high strength concrete of more than 40 MPa has been increasingly used in practice. However, use of the high strength concrete may influence on design parameters, particularly stress distribution. This is very true since the current everyday practice employs equivalent rectangular stress distribution that is derived from normal strength concrete. Subsequently, the stress distribution seems to be reevaluated and then a new distribution with new parameters needs to be suggested for the high strength concrete. For this purpose, linear and multiple regression analyses have been carried out in term of using experimental data for the high strength concrete of 40 to 80 MPa available in literatures. Accordingly, new parameters associated with the stress distribution have been proposed and employed for the design of flexural and compressive members. Comparative design examples indicate that designs with new parameters reduce section dimensions compared to those with the current code parameters for concrete strengths of 40 to 70 MPa. In particular, for compressive members, design with new parameters exhibit conservative compressive force compared to those with the current code parameters.
Design and Full Size Flexural Test of Spliced I-type Prestressed Concrete Bridge Girders Having Holes in the Web
Han, Man Yop ; Choi, Sokhwan ; Jeon, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 235~249
A new form of I-type PSC bridge girder, which has hole in the web, is proposed in this paper. Three different concepts were combined and implemented in the design. First of all, a girder was precast at a manufacturing plant as divided pieces and assembled at the construction site using post-tensioning method, and the construction period at the site will be reduced dramatically. In this way, the quality of concrete can be assured at the manufacturing factory and concrete curing can be well controlled, and the spliced girder segments can be moved to the construction site without a transportation problem. Secondly, a numerous number of holes was made in the web of the girder. This reduces the self-weight of the girder. But more important thing related to the holes is that about half of the total anchorages can be moved from the girder ends into individual holes. The magnitude of negative moment developed at girder ends will be reduced. Also, since the longitudinal compressive stresses are reduced at ends, thick end diaphragm is not necessary. Thirdly, Prestressing force was introduced into the member through multiple stages. This concept of multi-stage prestressing method overcomes the prestressing force limit restrained by the allowable stresses at each loading stage, and maximizes the magnitude of applicable prestressing force. It makes the girder longer and shallower. Two 50 meter long full scale girders were fabricated and tested. One of them was non-spliced, or monolithic girder, made as one piece from the beginning, and the other one was assembled using post-tensioning method from five pieces of segments. It was found from the result that monolithic and spliced girder show similar load-deflection relationships and crack patterns. Girders satisfied specific girder design specification in flexural strength, deflection, and live load deflection control limit. Both spliced and monolithic holed web post-tensioned girders can be used to achieve span lengths of more than 50m with the girder height of 2 m.
Effect of Natural Jute Fiber on Bond between Polyolefin Based Macro Fiber and Cement Matrix
Lee, Jin-Hyung ; Park, Chan-Gi ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 251~260
In this study, the effect of natural jute fiber volume fraction on the bond characteristics of polyolefin based macro fiber in natural jute fiber reinforced cement composites, including bond strength, interface toughness, and microstructure analysis are presented. The experimental results on polyolefin based macro fiber pullout test of different conditions are reported. Natural jute fiber volume fractions ranging from 0.1% to 0.2% are used in the mix proportions. Pullout tests are conducted to measure the bond characteristics of polyolefin based macro fiber from natural jute fiber reinforced cement composites. Test results are found that the incorporation of natural jute fiber can effectively enhance the polyolefin based macro fiber-cement matrix interfacial properties. The bond strength and interface toughness between polyolefin based macro fiber and natural jute fiber reinforced cement composites increases with the volume fraction of natural jute fiber. The microstructural observation confirms the findings on the interface bond mechanism drawn from the fiber pullout test results.
Longitudinal Vibration Mechanism of Grouted PSC Tendon
Kim, Byeong Hwa ; Jang, Jung Bum ; Lee, Hong Pyo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3A, 2011, Pages 261~267
This study reveals the longitudinal vibration mechanism of tendon embedded in a prestressed concrete. The extensional and torsional displacements of the strand are coupled, and the applied prestress level of tendon affects not only axial rigidity but also torsional rigidity. Measuring the elastic wave velocity of tendon, the applied prestress level of tendon could be evaluated. This is because the elastic wave velocity is a function of extensional and torsional rigidity. Using the experimental results for the six prsteressed concrete beams with different prestress levels, the longitudinal vibration mechanism and the effect of prestress level have been examined. To estimate the system ridigities of tendon, a system identification algorithm has been newly developed. The estimated system rigidities have been compared with the available results of related previous study.