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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6D - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5D - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5C - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5B - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5A - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4D - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3D - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2D - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1D - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Model for Predicting Accidents at a Unsignailzed Intersections in a Community Road
Chang, Iljoon ; Kim, Jang Wook ; Lee, Hyeong Rok ; Lee, Soo Beom ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 343~353
The unsignalized intersections in a community road in the city of Seoul have 3,753 traffic accidents(9%) of total 41,702 cases in 2008, not high in the occurrence rate of traffic accidents, but seem to have a quite high potential of accidents due to the unreasonable and insufficient operation of systems and facilities in the part of traffic foundations. In particular, the un-signalized intersections in a community road have an insufficient measure for safety as compared to the crossroads with signals, and there are few analysis of traffic accidents and domestic researches on the model of affecting factors. Our country also has no concept of passing priority in operating a crossroad without signals, differently from foreign countries, so the researches and safety measures for improving the safety of a crossroad without signals in a community road are urgent. Therefore, This study set out to analyze the road conditions, traffic conditions, and traffic environment conditions on unsignalized intersection, to identify the elements that would impose obstructions in safety, and develop a traffic accident prediction model to evaluate the safety of an unsignalized intersection using the correlation between the elements and an accident. In addition, the focus was made on suggesting appropriate traffic safety policies by dealing with the danger elements in advance and on enhancing the safety on intersection in developing a traffic accident prediction model for an unsignalized intersection.
A Dynamic OD Construction Methodology using Vehicle Trajectory in Ideal C&R Communication Environment
Lee, Jungwoo ; Choi, Keechoo ; Park, Sangwook ; Son, Bumsoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 355~361
In order to properly evaluate ITS services exposed in SMART Highway project, a confident dynamic origin-destination (OD) is inevitably needed. This paper used WAVE communication information as a part of call and response (C&R) communication which constitutes core part of the technology for constructing OD. This information includes node information and vehicle information (e.g., latitude and longitude) as well as trajectory data and sample path volume date calculated using node information and vehicle information. A procedure developed to construct a dynamic OD and to validate OD is consist of 1) making toy network and one-hour 00 (random distribution), 2) collecting link information and vehicle information, 3) constructing five-minute OD, and 4) validating estimated OD result using traffic volume and travel time simultaneously. The constructed OD is about 84.79% correct within less than 20% error range for 15min traffic volume, and about 85.42%, within less than 20% error rate of 15 min travel time. Some limitations and future research agenda have also been discussed.
Design Guidelines of Road Cross Sectional Elements Based on the Satisfaction of Sensibility Cognition
Seo, Im Ki ; Lee, Byung Joo ; Lee, Jae Sun ; Namgung, Moon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 363~373
With rapid economic development, general demand and interest in surroundings that consist of our lives have grown gradually. In addition, as there has been increased social interest in creating landscape of roads, which considers all important factors from the user's view including accessibility, safety, and psychological stability, efforts to improve quality of roads are required. Therefore it is needed to establish standards on safe and comfort road design based on sensibility satisfaction of road users rather than based on standardized road design guidance from the engineering perspective. To this end, research was carried out to analyze sensibility satisfaction of users about road landscape focused on elements of road cross section in a city. It identified relation between sensibility satisfaction and the elements by using principal and cluster analysis, and the multiple regression models. It also found that user's satisfaction about roads and a road landscape is high with road width (3~5 meters), clear zone (2.2~3.9 meters), road central garden (1.05~1.9 meters), shoulder (0.55~1.43 meters), median (0.65~1.625 meters), the number of travel lanes (2~5), height of trees at the central garden (6.4~15 meters) and height of buildings surrounding roads (18~44 meters or 6~15 floors).
Reduction Effect of CO
Emission on BIS Using Tier 3 Methodology - A Case Study on Daejun-Chungjoo Project -
Chung, Younshik ; Song, Taijin ; Kim, Jeongwan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 375~381
This study presents an analysis of
emission reduction effect on bus information system (BIS) which is operated to improve various services of bus transit such as rapid and on-time service. Although the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released three methodological types of models for analyzing the amount of greenhouse gas reduction, this study used the Tier 3 method that is the most concrete one. A case study was performed to a 8.3 km section of Daejun-Chungjoo BIS system, and dataset required to the Tier 3 method was obtained from ITS-based surveillance systems. The study result showed that the reduction effect of
on BIS operation was yearly
. Therefore, such effect can be potentially useful to a measurement of effectiveness (MOE) of BIS projects hereafter.
A Study of Blind Spot Analysis for Public Transportation by Level of Service (LOS) in Public Transportation Supply Service
Chang, Kyung Uk ; Kim, Hwang Bae ; Kim, Young Seok ; Oh, Jae Hak ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 383~389
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the blind spot for public transportation by level of service(LOS) in public transportation supply service. For the purpose, we proposed indices of service coverage area, service frequency and hours of service and analysis method for them. Service coverage area analysis is to decide station location and network design for the maximum beneficiary area. Moreover, we can use the service frequency is for the maximum service frequency decision and hours of service is for the minimum operation hours. The results of this study are applied to the plan of minimum supply service, minimum service frequency and minimum operation hours for city and national public transportation plan.
Measures of Reducing Traffic Accidents by Aging Bus Drivers
Choi, Jae Won ; Jung, Hun Young ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 391~401
The Implementation Semi-Public Management System of Intra-City Bus brings improvements of the position stability, work environment and welfare of the bus drivers. As these benefits prevent drivers' job changes, average age of the drivers increases. Some side effects such as fatality increase after the implementation of the new system are becoming social problems. To minimize such problems, it is necessary to prepare the measurements reflected drivers' age increase and driving characteristics of old drivers to decrease traffic accidents of intra-city buses. The existing measurements are mostly simple policy. To get over such limitations, this study grasped driving characteristics by surveys and driving aptitude test targeting old drivers and non-old drivers who brings about traffic accidents actually. As a result, the characteristics of the old drivers were understood precisely. The measures of decrease of the traffic accidents are suggested by the analysis of the behavior characteristics of the old drivers through the structural equation model.
Suggestion of Delineators Considering Traffic Safety at Curve Sections
Kwon, Sung-Dae ; Lee, Suk-Ki ; Jeong, Jun-Hwa ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 403~412
On a curve radius, there is speed deviation because a driver who is on the curve radius can have visual distortion. The curve radius can be more dangerous than a straight radius by many reasons. Especially, visibility paralysis of delineator that is because of night and bad weather. Can pervert the information about curve sections, it threatens safety. More over accident risk is increased by influence to travel speed. Therefore, it needs to build and control delineators for driver's visibility. Therefore, this study focus on finding the two types of delineator(the retro-reflection and inside-lighting delineator) by insight-surveying and the operating speed are compared by survey and operating speed. Finally, inside-lighting delineator will be selected in terms of safety at the curve sections. The inside-lighting delineator was more effective than the retro-reflection delineator on visibility, the necessity of reduction of speed and will reduce the hazard at curve sections. Also, the study analyzes safety is guaranteed by the slight reduction of speed when the driver enters a curve radius with inside-lighting delineator. As a result, the inside-lighting delineator can give the information about horizontal and vertical profile effectively, so it can reduce the accident risk. And it can use to improve traffic safety on curve radius.
Basic Study on the Characteristics of Wooden Sidewalk Pavement Material using Wood Waste Chip
Choi, Jae Jin ; Song, Jin Woo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 413~420
An experiment was conducted to suggest the road pavement material combining wooden chip crushed from little useful roots and branches from logging sites or wood waste from construction sites with urethane resin. For the specimen, the mass ratio of urethane resin to construction wood waste chip/lumber waster chip was set to three different levels of 0.5, 0.75, and 1.0, which was measured, mixed with mixer, and molded; 7 days after, tensile strength test, elasticity test using golf balls and steel balls, permeability coefficient measurement, and flammability test were executed. As the result, the tensile strength of the specimen at the dry state in the air exhibited the range of 0.2-1.1MPa, and there was no change after 7 days of aging. When submerged in water, however, the strength was partially diminished; the diminishing rate was greater for less urethane resin usage, and therefore it appears desirable to set the mass ratio of resin to the wood waste chip over 0.75 to consider the moisture intrusion by precipitation and such. As the result of elasticity test, the GB and SB coefficients of the specimen using wood waste chips and urethane resin were measured to be low at below 20%, exhibiting excellent elasticity as road pavement material. Also, the permeability coefficient was over 0.5mm/sec for specimens of all combinations, exceeding the standard value required after construction for permeable pavement material, and the flammability of wood-type pavement material was evaluated to have no practical issues.
Static Analysis of Actual Bridges for Application of Thin Polymer Concrete Deck Pavements
Jeong, Young Do ; Kim, Jun Hyung ; Lee, Suck Hong ; Jeong, Jin Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 421~431
In this paper, actual bridges constructed with SMA (Stone Mastic Asphalt) deck pavement and virtual bridges substituted the deck pavement with polymer concrete under the same conditions were statically analyzed to investigate applicability of the thin polymer concrete bridge deck pavements. PSC (prestressed Concrete) girder bridge, steel box girder bridge, PSC box girder bridge, and RC (Reinforced Concrete) rahmen bridge constructed with the SMA deck pavement were analyzed and compared to evaluate various types of the bridge. The bridge deck and pavement were assumed to be fully bonded and the stress and deformation during the construction were ignored while those due to pavement weight and vehicle loading were analyzed. According to the analysis results, the stress and deformation of the bridges using the polymer concrete due to the pavement weight were smaller than those using the SMA because of smaller self weight due to lighter unit weight and thinner thickness of the pavement. The stress and deformation of the bridges using the polymer concrete due to the vehicle loading were larger than those using the SMA because of the smaller area moment of inertia due to the thinner pavement thickness. In case that the pavement weight and vehicle loading applied simultaneously, the stress and deformation of the bridges using the polymer concrete were smaller because effect of self weight reduction was more dominant. Investigation of performance of the bridge deck pavement and analysis of economical efficiency are warranted.
Computing Procedure of Daily Average Air Temperature using Field Data and Frost Index Calibration for Anti-Frost Heave Layer Design
Cho, Myung-Hwan ; Kim, Nakseok ; Shim, Jaepill ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 433~439
The frost depth(frost penetration) is used to install anti-frost heave layers in pavement designs. The freezing index is calculated by an annual accumulated value of multiplying the period of time with temperatures below zero, and the corresponding temperature. Therefore, the DAAT(daily average air temperature) calculation method may play an effect on the FI(freezing index). The Weather Observatory used to supply 4 average air temperatures per day, but currently supplies 8 per day. With this study, we divided the southern part(below FI=
) of the Korean peninsula into 6 areas according to site conditions(low embankment, embankment-cutting slope, and the cutting slope) and established a field measurement system for 15 positions to check the effects on the result of FI according to differing DAAT calculation methods. The air temperatures obtained by the field measurement system was used to calculate and compare the FI. As a result, the freezing index calculated based on the
is normally greater by 3% than the one on
. In addition, the calibration equation for the freezing index using air temperatures was proposed through the research.
A Study on the Utilization Improvements by Function Analysis of the Construction CALS
Kang, LeenSeok ; Han, DongHo ; Park, NamJin ; Moon, HyounSeok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 441~450
Recent construction projects consist of large and complex facilities, which project management information system (PMIS) is used for managing construction cost and schedule. The ministry of land, transport and maritime affairs (MLTM) is using a continuous acquisition and life-cycle support (CALS) system for managing the public construction projects. This study attempts to survey some problems of the CALS system in practical application, and then suggests the new functions to improve practical application of the CALS system. All functions in each menu were analyzed in the practical application aspect. All projects ordered from MLTM should use the CALS system as a PMIS, but the practical application is limited in partial functions and special working group. And the utilization of system is focused on simple tasks and report process. One of main reason is that the system is using numerical data rather than graphical data. This study suggests new functions and a visualized management method that can improve the practical applicability using a 4D object in each current functions.
Implementation of Time Management; Based on Road Construction Projects
Lee, Kyu-Sun ; Park, Hee-Sung ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 451~456
There is a relationship between effective time management and project success. Therefore, advanced time management techniques have recently been introduced. This paper investigates the current time management practices for road construction sites and proposes lean construction practices to effectively implement time management. This would be helpful to establish an effective schedule plan. Also, an efficient construction site time management system can be developed base on this fundamental research. Furthermore, future research should be performed to investigate the performance of lean construction.
Productivity Analysis on the Standard Quantity-Per-Unit Costing Method and Work Crew Combination Method : Focused on Non-Vibration Mass Excavation Method
Lee, Dong Wook ; Cho, Hong Jun ; Lee, Keun Jo ; Kim, Nam-Sik ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 457~468
Recently, the non-vibration mass excavation method is used on sewage pipes and road construction sites in Jeju. However, a construction cost estimation based on the unit quantity does not provide a proper unit price. In this study, a comparison of the productivity of the standard quantity-per-unit costing method and the one of the work crew combination method was made based on the site monitoring of the non-vibration mass excavation method that is used in construction sites near Jeju. For this, data of 35 sites were collected: a regression equation was derived from the 30 data, and verification was carried out through the remaining 5 data. The analysis concluded that a day's workload is
. In addition, a combination of the equipment considering the site conditions and the amount of labor, which varies with the number of work crew was obtained in order to estimate the construction cost of the work crew combination method. The construction cost was calculated based on the one-day workload (
) derived from the regression analysis. The cost then was analyzed and compared with the standard quantity-per-unit costing method.
Using Multilevel Model for Evaluation on Community Support Program
Kim, Dong Hyun ; Jung, Juchul ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 469~476
The purposes of research is to understand the need of and the effectiveness of multilevel model to evaluate community support program in watershed areas. If the properties of policy target have hierarchical characteristics, the multilevel analysis is an adequate method to evaluate and test the effectiveness of policy. Also, the technique of multilevel modeling is extended to testing the relevance between performance appraisal and policy effectiveness. The case study of watershed region's community support program was estimated using satisfaction and economic aid level of policy target. This research has three results. First, the multilevel analysis should be used in nested data structure to estimate the effect of policy intervention. Second, the indexes of multilevel modeling should be used complementally to that of the traditional index approach. Third, the spatial hierarchical structure should be considered as the hierarchical structure in policy evaluation.
The Impacts of Time-Varying Accessibility of Facilities on Housing Price Change by the Modified Repeat Sales Model - The Case of Subway Line 9 in Seoul -
Sung, Hyun-Gun ; Kim, Jin-Yo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 3D, 2011, Pages 477~487
The modified repeat-sales model is employed in this study in order to identify differentiating impacts of time-varying accessibility characteristics on housing price. The results demonstrate that accessibility measures have very differential impacts on housing price over time. The improvement of accessibility through newly built facilities and apartment complex has either increased or decreased housing price. For example, the new subway line 9 has positive impact on housing price nearby, therefore price gap between subway access area and the other parts has been increased. The impact of the wide area facilities such as shopping center and hospital are decreased because they can be used more easily by the new subway line before. However, the small service area facility such as elementary school doesn't lose their impact even though subway accessibility extremely increased. The results imply that new facilities in existing residential site can affect not only housing price but also the other facilities' impact of housing price.