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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Civil Engeneers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6D - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6C - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6B - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 6A - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5D - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5C - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5B - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5A - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4D - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4C - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4B - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4A - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3D - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3C - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3B - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3A - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2D - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2C - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2B - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2A - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1D - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1C - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1B - Feb 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1A - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Development of Regression-based Bike Direct Demand Models
Lee, Kyu Jin ; Kim, Keun Wook ; Choi, Keechoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 489~496
Bike system is one of the green transportation systems and spotlighted recently. In the TOD (Transit-Oriented Development) based transportation and urban planning, bike system will be the major part as linkage modes. In this paper, bike demand estimation model was firstly established in Korea, with considering of personal and household characteristics of traveller, social and economic characteristics of city, weather conditions, and so on. The model reflects population density, the number of students except elementary school students, the number of vehicles, the length of bike roads, and monthly income. The adjusted
was 0.738: the model is highly fitted. The results of this paper yield bike demand estimation in the urban planning area: further estimated results will be using to determine economic feasibility and size of bike facility. In other words, this paper is expected to provide the theoretical basis that supporting justification and investment efficiency of bike plans, which are actively progressed recently.
Development of Pedestrian Safety Index - Focused on Gyeongnam Province -
Kim, Kyung Whan ; Oh, Il Seong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 497~509
Walking is basic and important means of transportation for human. Although recently safety for pedestrians relating to traffic safety is considered to be important, efforts and interest for pedestrian safety are very unsatisfactory. Thus, it is needed to develop a pedestrian safety index which could be used to plan pedestrian safety program and to reduce/prevent pedestrian accidents. In this study, the Pedestrian Safety Index about 10 cities in Gyeongnam Province was developed using 5 factors highly influencing on pedestrian safety, which are the five year average pedestrian accidents per 100,000 population, the year 2009 pedestrian accidents per 100,000 population, crosswalk signal obey rate, jaywalking rate, and the year 2009 pedestrian accidents for children under 14 years and the elderly over 65 years. The perfect score for the index is 100. As the score becomes nearer to 100, pedestrian safety becomes better. The pedestrin safeties of Changwon, Gimhae and Masan are good and those of Sachon and Tongyong are bad. Tongyong's low score at the index is due to high pedestrian accidents rate only and Sachon's low score is due to high pedestrian accidents rate and jaywalking. At the pedestrian safety index of 10 counties of Gyeongnam Province, the pedestran safeties of Hamyang and Hapchon are good and those of Haman, Hadong and Gosung are bad.
Development of Truck Axle Load Estimation Model Using Weigh-In-Motion Data
Oh, Ju Sam ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 511~518
Truck weight data are essential for road infrastructure design, maintenance and management. WIM (Weigh-In-Motion) system provides highway planners, researchers and officials with statistical data. Recently high speed WIM data also uses to support a vehicle weight regulation and enforcement activities. This paper aims at developing axle load estimating models with high speed WIM data collected from national highway. We also suggest a method to estimate axle load using simple regression model for WIM system. The model proposed by this paper, resulted in better axle load estimation in all class of vehicle than conventional model. The developed axle load estimating model will used for on-going or re-calibration procedures to ensure an adequate level of WIM system performance. This model can also be used for missing axle load data imputation in the future.
A Study on Type of Location Characteristics of Transfer Stations Using Data on Traffic Cards - Focused on Daegu City -
Kim, Ki-Hyuk ; Lee, Seung-Cheol ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 519~526
In this study, the characteristics of transfer station are analyzed using the data of public transportation. The traffic card of Daegu does not include boarding information. The boarding data are calculated using traffic card data and the BMS data. It is found that transfer has increased by the distance from CBD and the numbers of routes, and decresed by the waiting time. Oneway ANNOVA are carried out to find the optimal number of clusters. Three clusters are chosen in this study. The center of the first cluster shows 2.99, so it has a characteristic of CBD. The second is 6.73, the outskirts of town, and the third is 12.78, the outlying areas.
A Method for Locating Bus Stops Considering Traffic Safety at Signalized Intersections
Lee, Jung-Hwan ; Kwon, Sung-Dae ; Park, Je-Jin ; Ha, Tae-Jun ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 527~538
Currently, the only established criteria is on the location of bus stops on principal roads where uninterrupted flow mainly occurs. There are no clear guidelines on any method to locating bus stops considering the characteristics of bus operation and pedestrians. If the location or exterior of a bus stop is inappropriate, road users including bus drivers and pedestrians will be caused serious dangerous and inconvenience. In this study, the research below was performed in order to propose rational criteria for the location of bus stops integrated with or separated from speed-change lanes at signalized intersections considering smooth traffic flow and the characteristics of bus operation and pedestrians as well as traffic safety : First, the appropriate length of each of the near-side and far-side bus stops was calculated by categorizing bus stops to be constructed into those integrated with speed-change lanes and those separated from speed-change lanes. Secondly, the appropriate length of each of the bus stops divided into near-side bus stops and far-side bus stops and integrated with or separated from speed-change lanes was selected by considering the characteristics of pedestrians. Thirdly, whether the construction locations of bus stops were appropriate or not was determined based on the appropriate length of bus stops integrated with or separated from speed-change lanes, which was calculated and selected by considering traffic flow and the characteristics of pedestrians and considering traffic safety. The method for locating bus stops considering traffic flow, the characteristics of pedestrians, and traffic safety will be able to help suggestion criteria of bus stop and the location of safe and pleasant bus stops.
Analysis about Speed Variations Factors and Reliability of Traffic Accident Collision Interpretation
Lim, Chang-Sik ; Choi, Yang-Won ; Jeong, Ho-Kyo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 539~546
Traffic accident collision interpretation is composed of various shapes, and speed variations working to the vehicle during collision are utilized as a very important factor in evaluating collision degrees between vehicles and safety of passengers who got in the vehicle. So, methods of interpreting results on speed variations utilizing simulation programs on the collision interpretation become necessary. By the way, reliability evaluation on each program is being required because various collision interpretations simulations are spread widely. This study utilized collision interpretation programs such as EDSMAC and PC-CRASH adopting completely different physical approaches, and then carried out collision experiments of one-dimensional front and two-dimensional right angle while changing values of a lot of collision factors such as vehicle's weight, center of gravity, rolling resistance, stiffness coefficient, and braking forces among early input conditions. Also, the study recognized effects of collision factors to speed variations as output results during crashing. As a result of this research, two simulation programs showed same speed variations together on the vehicle's weight, center of gravity, and braking forces. Stiffness coefficient of the vehicle reacted to EDSMAC only, and rolling resistance coefficient did not affect any particular influences on speed variations. However, there appeared a bit comparative differences from the speed variation's values, and this is interpreted as responding outcomes by applying fixed properties values to each simulation program plainly. Therefore, reliability on analysis of traffic accident collisions shall be improved by doing speed analysis after taking the fixed value of simulation programs into consideration.
A Study of Origin and Destination Decision for a Direct Bus Line in a City with Transit Mobility and Potential Demand
Chang, Kyung Uk ; Kim, Hwang Bae ; Park, Hong Sik ; Park, Seon Bok ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 547~553
This study has redefined the concepts of mobility indexes and potential demand, standards to evaluate areas with the worst public transportation system and applied the relevant indexes to select the areas with the worst public transportation mobility and present a method to set direct public transportation lines between these regions. The mobility indexes and indexes to evaluate potential demand were applied to select the regions with the worst public transportation systems in four metropolitan cities and case studies were carried out on direct lines provided between these regions. The analysis results showed that in public transportation mobility blind spots, public transportation takes much longer than driving an automobile or public transportation services are not provided. In addition, the analysis showed that a direct lines system to solve such worst off regions should be built to have public transportation take as much time as driving an automobile by establishing lines for automobiles only, minimize time lost from hopping up and down a bus and maximize connections.
A Study on the Factors Affecting on the Life of Bonded Concrete Overlay Pavement using the LTPP Data of U.S.A
Lee, Seung Woo ; Son, Hyeon Jang ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 555~564
More than sixty percentages of the highway constructed by concrete pavements in South Korea and over half of the concrete pavements were twenty years or older. The most of South Korea road is hard to provide a bypass in conditions of network of roads. Asphalt concrete overlay has been used for the overlay of aged concrete pavement. However, the cost of maintenance and rehabilitation in an asphalt overlay is expensive by early damage. Therefore, bonded concrete overlay was recently attempted in South Korea as an alterative method of rehabilitation for aged concrete pavement. Hence, it needed to investigate the factors to find performance of the bonded concrete overlay life. However, there is no performance data of the concrete overlay in South Korea. This study was to make a database of an affecting of the pavement life and draws statistical analysis of the performance data on the LTPP (Long Term Pavement Performance) database of U.S.A.
A Study on Field Application of Preventive Maintenance Method for Flexible Pavements
Kim, Nakseok ; Jin, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 565~569
This paper presents minimum area repair method that is one of the preventive maintenance techniques in asphalt concrete pavements. In this method, a 70cm-width as an effective repair zone was suggested considering the conventional longitudinal damages (rutting and fatigue cracking) in early stages. In addition, the repair zone can be readjusted according to the pavement damage levels. A field test bed was constructed to verify the adaptness for the repair method. Test results revealed that the minimum area repair method can be adopted as a preventive maintenance technique in flexible pavements to recover an appropriate serviceability level. The preventive maintenance method may be one of the major maintenance methods of flexible pavements with an appropriate application. It is also noted that the method may be a long term maintenance cost effective and pavement life ensuring one.
Estimating Unsaturated Shear Strength and Yield Load of Compacted Aggregate Sub-base Materials
Jeon, Hye-Ji ; Park, Seong-Wan ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 571~576
In general, conventional road pavements are designed under the assumption that the shear strength of geomaterials are under saturated state. In reality, however, most of the pavement geomaterials exists under the unsaturated state. To deal with this gap between saturated and unsaturated conditions, in this paper, unsaturated shear strength was estimated using the results from the triaxial compression test and soil-water characteristics curves. Then, yield loads were assessed using 2-Dimensional finite element method with the selected nonlinear elastic model and the Mohr-Coulomb yield criteria. In addition, various unsaturated condition and surface layer effects on the yield load of granular materials were identified. Therefore, the results demonstrated would provide a possibility to estimate bearing capacity of paved or unpaved roads using unsaturated soil mechanics.
Experimental Study on the Pore Clogging Phenomenon of Porous Concrete
Nam, Jung-Man ; Yun, Jung-Mann ; Kim, Seung-Hyun ; Song, Young-Suk ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 577~584
A series of field and laboratory permeability tests were performed to investigate the pore-clogging phenomenon of porous concrete used for pavement materials of a road. The field permeability tests were conducted for 37 study points in Jeju city, using the porous concretes with 13mm of maximum coarse aggregate (
). The results show that the service life of porous concrete is about 22 months when the permeability of the porous concrete is designed for 0.01 cm/sec. Some specimens were made with the purpose of recreating pore-clogging phenomenon. Tests were done for injected concentration of pore-clogging materials or size of maximum coarse aggregates (
). The test results demonstrated that relatively long in service life experienced with small amount of injected concentration of pore-clogging materials, whereas relatively short in service life experienced with a reduction in size of maximum coarse aggregates (
). In conclusion, the service life of porous concrete is in proportion to the concentration of pore-clogging material but it is in inverse proportion to the size of maximum coarse aggregate (
). Thus, the persisting period of porous concrete can be determined with respect to concentration of pore-clogging materials or size of maximum coarse aggregates (
Understanding TOT and Divestiture PPP Project in China's Water Market: Centered on SWOT Matrix
Choi, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 585~594
A variety of PPP (Public-Private Partnerships) schemes including BOT, TOT (Transfer-Operate-Transfer), and divestiture has been employed in the Chinese water sector. Although the two latter emerging models have been implemented in their full applications lately, there has been no follow-up for identification of opportunities and challenges inherent in those schemes in relation to the market participation of foreign investor. This study undertakes in-depth analysis on the TOT and divestiture projects in the SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) matrix and measures the level of agreement on each SWOT through a survey among the Chinese water market experts. The findings can be used to support foreign investors in managing the weaknesses and threats that, unless properly managed, can be evolved into potential project risks, while fully benefiting from the strengths and opportunities of the two schemes.
Conceptual Cost Estimation Model Using by a Parametric Method for High-speed Railroad
Lee, Young Joo ; Jang, Seong Yong ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 595~601
There is currently applied to the unit cost per a distance (KRW/km) for estimating the conceptual cost of civil work on basic planning stage of high speed railroad. This unit cost is an arithmetic average value based on historical data, which could be in big error. It also is difficult to explain the deficiency comparing the estimated cost derived from next basic design stage. This study provides the conceptual estimation model using by the parametric method and regression analysis. Independent variables are the distance and the geological materials (earth, weathered rock, soft-rock, hard-rock), extracting from the actual data to 36 contracts. The deviation between the unit costs estimated using the developed model and the actual cost data is presented in the range from -0.4% to +31%. This range is acceptable compared the typical range "-30% to + 50%". This model will improve the accuracy of existing method and be expected to contribute to effective total cost management and the economic aspects, reduce the financial expenditure.
Correlation Analysis on the Duration and CO
Emission Following the Earth-work Equipment Combination
Kim, Byungsoo ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 603~611
After Kyoto Protocol was adopted for green gas reduction, each nations are stepping up efforts to reduce
of a typical green gas. Construction industry also is trying
reduction with the techniques of two types which are software and hardware techniques. The software technique are Passive Design considered green gas emission and the environment impact assessment by LCA. The hardware techniques are adjustment of equipment system and development of eco- friendly material. But, it is nonexistent that a study related to
emission considered detail process in construction industry. This study analyzed the correlation of equipment combination,
emission and duration by calculate
emission follow to equipment combination on earth-work which is the process emitted most
among railway bedding construction.
Comparison of Environmental Index by Nation's Income and the Similarity Analysis against Environmental Performance Index
Choi, Yeol ; Kim, Dong In ; Kim, Sang Sub ;
Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers, volume 31, issue 4D, 2011, Pages 613~622
The aim of this study is to provide fundamental references for the establishment of environmental policies by using and evaluating EPI (Environmental Performance Index). Data of EPI for this study come from the 2010 World Economic Forum. By using these variables, we have comparison analysis of EPI of 163 countries. Next, the object of similarity analysis using MDS is the OECD countries and shown on PREMAP, drawing the position of each nation in environmental category and environmental policy index. The result of this study shows that there are differences in environmental policy index according to each nation's income and furthermore, similarity analysis makes it possible to locate environmental policy index of each nation in an awareness, which would help to set directions of policies concerning environment through the comparison with other advanced countries. But it could be more worth investigating time-series analysis for the change of environment-related variables because EPI has been just four times published since its first announcement in 2002. Despite, such limits would be overcome through continuous data collected over time.