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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Application of risk analysis and assessment considering tunnel stability and environmental effects in tunnel design
Kim, Young-Geun ; Kim, Do-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~15
Recently, because of the various factors by uncertainty of underground, the risks in tunnelling have been occurred increasingly. Therefore, it is very important to estimate and control the risks considering geotechnical conditions for tunnel stability and environmental problems by tunnel construction. In this study, the risk analysis for tunnel stability was carried out by classifying the risk factors such as ground support capacity, ground settlement, the inflow of groundwater into the tunnel and the damage by the earthquake. Also, the risk assessment for the environmental problems was performed by calculating the vibration and noise by blasting and the drawdown of the groundwater level caused by tunnel construction. Each risk factor was evaluated quantitatively based on the probabilistic and statistic technique, then it was analyzed the distribution characteristic along overall tunnel site. Finally, it was evaluated that how much each risk factor influences on the construction cost with a period for tunnel construction, so it is possible to perform reasonable tunnel design which was capable of minimizing the risks in the tunnel construction.
The study on mechanical properties of PC panel with steam curing condition
Ma, Sang-Joon ; Jang, Pil-Sung ; Shiin, Jin-Yong ; Nam, Kwan-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 17~24
Many problems exist in the current cast in place concrete lining used in domestic tunnel construction. Especially, the crack of tunnel lining brings about a social and economic problem. It has a lot of influence on stability of structure and the fine finish of lining. So enormous repair-work and reinforcement of tunnel lining could occur an running out of government's budget. In our country, there are domestic production enterprises which produce a special pre-cast concrete product, but the technical level of them is still far behind compared to developed countries. Also, optimum steam coring method is important for the production of high quality product. But there is no regulation of steam curing method in our country. This study is to investigate the properties of PC panel according to the variation of steam curing conditions such as presteaming time and rate of temperature rise. The result shows that the optimum presteaming time of steam curing method in PC panel is more than 1 hour and the desirable rate of temperature in curing chamber is about
A numerical comparison study on the estimation of relaxed rock mass height around subsea tunnels with the existing suggested methods
You, Kwang-Ho ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 25~36
When constructing subsea underground structures, the influence of high water and seepage pressure acting on the structures can not be neglected. Thus hydro-mechanical coupled analysis should be performed to estimate the behavior of the structures precisely In practice, relaxed rock load is generally used for the design of tunnel concrete lining. A method based on the distribution of local safety factor around a tunnel was proposed for the estimation of a height of relaxed rock mass (
). In this study, the validation of the suggested method is investigated in the framework of hydro-mechanical coupled analyses. It was suggested that inducing inflow by pumping through a drainage well gave more reliable results than inducing inflow with shotcrete hydraulic characteristics in case of rock condition of Class III. In this study, therefore, inducing inflow by pumping through a drainage well are adopted in estimating
due to a tunnel excavation with the rock condition of Class I, III, and V. Also the estimated
results are compared with those of the existing suggested methods. As the result of this study, it is confirmed that estimating
based on the distribution of local safety factor around a tunnel can be effectively used even for the case of hydro-mechanical coupled analysis. It is also found that inducing inflow pumping through a drainage well gives more precise and consistent Hrelaxed of a subsea structure.
A study on the flow behavior around shallow tunnels and its numerical modelling
Shin, Jong-Ho ; Choi, Min-Gu ; Kang, So-Ra ; Nam, Taek-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 37~47
Design and construction of tunnels require understanding the influence of groundwater. Particularly, it is essential to know how the drainage conditions at the tunnel boundary affect flow behavior of ground adjacent to the tunnels. In this study flow behavior of a leaking tunnel was investigated using physical model tests for tunnel depths and various hydraulic boundary conditions. Particular concerns were given to flow lines toward tunnels. Test results showed that the boundary conditions hardly influence on flow patterns and time required to reach steady state conditions. It is revealed that with an increase in water depth, flow lines concentrated to the drain holes. The physical tests were numerically simulated. Numerical results showed that the flow behavior was represented appropriately by considering filter-drain hole drainage rather than boundary drainage all over the lining.
Effect of hydraulic lining-ground interaction on subsea tunnels
Shin, Jong-Ho ; Park, Dong-In ; Joo, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 49~57
One of the most important design concerns for undersea tunnels is to establish design water load and flow rate. These are greatly dependent on the hydraulic factors such as water head, cover depth, hydraulic boundary conditions. In this paper, the influence of the hydraulic design factors on the ground loading and the inflow rate was investigated using the coupled finite element method. A horse shoe-shaped tunnel constructed 30 m below sea bottom was adopted to evaluate the water head effect considering various water depth for varying hydraulic conditions and relative permeability between lining and ground. The effect of cover depth was analysed for varying cover depth with the water depth of 60 m. The results were considered in terms of pore water pressure, ground loading and flow rate. Ground loading increases with an increase in water head and cover depth without depending on hydraulic boundary conditions. This points out that in leaking tunnels an increase in water depth increases seepage force which consequently increases ground loading. Furthermore, it is identified that an increase in water head and cover depth increases the rate of inflow and a decrease in the permeability ratio reduces the rate of inflow considerably.
An experimental study on performance of concrete with constituent materials of shotcrete
Kim, Sang-Myung ; Shin, Jin-Yong ; Ma, Sang-Jun ; Nam, Kwan-Woo ; Kim, Ki-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 59~68
The experiment was carried out to investigate the influence of coarse aggregate, admixture, and accelerator on the properties of concrete. As the maximum size of coarse aggregate decreased from 13 mm to 8 mm, fluidity of fresh concrete declined but compressive strength and dynamic modulus of elasticity of hardened concrete increased remarkably. The mechanical properties of concrete substituted silica fume to the plain concrete improved, the compressive strength of that substituted blast furnace slag increased slightly. The hydration reaction and compressive strength of specimen with sodium luminate type accelerator were high at initial, but specimen with alkali free type accelerator improved largely in 28 days.
Evaluation of phase velocity in model rock mass using wavelet transform of surface wave
Lee, Jong-Sub ; Ohm, Hyon-Sohk ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Lee, In-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 69~79
Prediction of ground condition ahead of tunnel face might be the most important factor to prevent collapse during tunnel excavation. In this study, a non-destructive method to evaluate the phase velocity in model rock mass using wavelet transform of surface wave was proposed aiming at ground condition assessment ahead of tunnel face. Model tests using gypsum as a rocklike material composed of two layers were performed. A Piezoelectric actuator with frequencies ranging from 150 Hz to 5 kHz was selected as a harmonic source. The acceleration history was measured with two accelerometers. Wavelet transform analysis was used to obtain the dispersion curves from the measured data. The experimental results showed that the near-field effects can be neglected if the distance between two receivers is chosen to be three times the wavelength. A simple inversion method using weighted factor based on the normal distribution was proposed. The inversion results showed that the predicted phase velocity agreed reasonably well with the measured one when the wavelength influence factor was 0.2. The depth of propagation of surface wave was from 0.42 to 0.63 times the wavelength. The range of wavelength varying with phase velocity in dispersion curve matched well with that estimated by inversion technique.
Estimation of the optimum TBM disc cutter spacing by the dynamic fracture modeling
You, Sang-Hwa ; Chang, Soo-Ho ; Cho, Jung-Woo ; Jeon, Seok-Won ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 81~90
It is of great importance to determine the optimum cutter spacing in TBM. In order to determine the optimum cutter spacing, a series of cutting tests by linear cutting machine (LCM) are performed with changing cutter space. This study showed that a numerical method for estimating the optimum cutter spacing could be developed by AUTODYN-3D in order to overcome the limitation of LCM test. By using this method, the optimum cutter spacing of Hwangdeung granite was estimated.
A numerical comparative study on induced drainage modelling in 2D hydro-mechanical coupled analysis
You, Kwang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 1, 2008, Pages 91~104
In tunnels, safety factor concept has been suggested to estimate their stability quantitatively. It is merely limited in the framework of mechanical analysis. However safety factor concept has not been applied in hydro-mechanical coupled analyses due to their modelling complexity. Recently studies on this topic are being actively made. In this study, induced drainage modelling methods for hydro-mechanical coupled analyses are compared and analyzed to estimate safety factor of a subsea tunnel exactly. To this end, methods both controlling hydraulic characteristic of shotcrete and using a drainage well are considered. Sensitivity analysis were carried out on rock class, thickness of shotcrete, and hydraulic properties of rock mass. As the results of this study, it turned out that the induced drainage modelling using a drainage well would give more reliable results than that of controlling hydraulic characteristic of shotcrete in estimating tunnel stability in hydro-mechanical coupled analyses.