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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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A new element elimination model to predict fire-induced damage on an underground structure
Chang, Soo-Ho ; Choi, Soon-Wook ; Bae, Gyu-Jin ; Ahn, Sung-Youll ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 313~327
Thermo-mechanical coupled behavior of an underground structure during a fire accident have not been fully understood yet. Moreover, when such a thermo-mechanical coupled behavior is not considered in numerical analyses based on conventional heat transfer theory, fire-induced damage zone in an underground structure can be considerably underestimated. This study aims to develop a FEM-based numerical technique to simulate the thermo-mechanical coupled behavior of an underground structure in a fire accident. Especially, an element elimination model is newly proposed to simulate fire-induced structural loss together with a convective boundary condition. In the proposed model, an element where the maximum temperature calculated from heat transfer analysis is over a prescribed critical temperature is eliminated. Then, the proposed numerical technique is verified by comparing numerical results with experimental results from real fire model tests. From a series of parametric studies, the key parameters such as critical temperature, element size and temperature-dependent convection coefficients are optimized for the RABT and the RWS fire scenarios.
Evaluation of fire-proofing performance of reinforced concrete tunnel lining coated by newly developed material
Park, Hae-Genn ; Kim, Jang-Ho Jay ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 329~336
Efficient traffic network is required in urban area for good living condition. However, dense traffic network creates traffic jam and gives bad influences to the ground environment. Therefore, advanced use of underground and tunnel is required. But, in the last 20 years many tunnel fire accidents have occurred all over the world. Increase of tunnels and increase of traffics result in increase of tunnel fire. Tunnel fire creates damage to people and to the tunnel structure. Also, tunnel fire creates a big economical loss. In a mountain tunnel, the stability of the tunnel will not be disturbed by fire although the tunnel lining will get a severe damage. However, in a shield tunnel or immersed tube tunnel, cut and cover tunnel, there is a high possibility that tunnel itself will collapse by fire because their tunnel concrete lining is designed as a structural member. The aim of this experimental research is to verify the fire protection performance of newly developed cementitious material compared with the broadly used existing products in Europe and Japan. For the experiments, the general NATM tunnel concrete linings with the newly developed material were tested using fire loading curve of RABT (Maximum peak temperature is
) and RWS (Maximum peak temperature is
). From the test results, the newly developed fire protection material applied with 30 mm thickness showed good fire-proofing performance under RABT fire loading.
A study on the application of the critical strain concept by using the displacements occurring before excavation in tunneling
Park, Si-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 337~347
Critical strain is a new material property of the ground. Critical strain concept which was established in tunnel engineering can be applied to deformation limits in the ground due to tunneling by using the measured displacement at the tunnel construction site. In this study, quantitative evaluations for the tunnel stability are conducted by analysing the displacement results obtained at the construction field. Especially, critical stain concept was reviewed from a total displacement point of view using the displacements occurring before excavation. As a results, the variation characteristics of the tunnel stability are presented on the critical strain diagram with or without the preceeding displacements.
Stability analysis of closely-spaced tunnel using RFEM
Kim, Sang-Gyun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 349~360
In this paper, the modeling procedure of random field with an elasto-plastic finite element algorithm and probability of failure on closely-spaced tunnel were investigated. Local average subdivision (LAS) method which can generate discrete random variables fast and accurately as well as change the resolution in certain region was used. And correlated value allocating and weighted average method were suggested to implement geometrical characteristics of tunnel. After the probability of failure on the test problem was thoroughly investigated using random finite element method, the results were compared with the deterministic strength reduction factor method and single random variable method. Of particular importance in this work, is the conclusion that the probability of failure determined by simplified probabilistic analysis, in which spatial variability is ignored by assuming perfect correlation, can be estimated from the safety factor determined by strength reduction factor method. Also, single random variable method can lead to unconservative estimates of the probability of failure.
Evaluation of pore water pressure on the lining during tunnel operation
Shin, Jong-Ho ; Shin, Yong-Suk ; Choi, Kyu-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 361~369
Control of ground water is one of the most important factors for long-term operation of tunnel because most of tunnel is located in the ground. In case of leakage tunnel, there is no pore water pressure on the lining when the drainage system is properly working. After long-term operation, however, the pore water pressure can be developed on the lining due to the deterioration of the drainage system. The increased pore water pressure on the lining is termed here as 'residual pore water pressure'. Residual pore water pressure can be measured by piezometer, but it is generally not allowed because of damages of drainage system. Therefore, an indirect and nondestructive method is required for evaluating the residual pore water pressure. Moreover, understanding of pore water pressure is needed during healthy operation of the lining. In this study, a new method for evaluation of pore water pressure on the lining during operation is proposed using theoretical and numerical analysis. It is shown that the method is particularly useful for stability investigation of pore water pressure on the lining during operation using theoretical analysis with normalized pore water pressure curve.
Development of a laboratory testing method for evaluating the loading capability of lattice girder
Kim, Dong-Gyou ; Bae, Gyu-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 371~382
The objective of this study is to develop the laboratory testing method for evaluating the loading capacity of lattice girder used for support in tunnel structure. 3-point flexible strength test and 4-point flexible strength test were performed on three types of lattice girder, such as
, mainly used in Korea. Two types of loading position for each flexible strength test were used to analyze the behavior of load-deformation. The loading distribution in the lattice girder was analyzed by means of strains measured by strain gauges attached on chords and diagonal bars. In 3-point flexible strength test, the difference of the average of maximum flexible strength according to loading position had the range from 10% to 33%. In 4-point flexible strength test, the average of maximum flexible strength according to loading position was almost no difference. The difference between the average of maximum flexible strengths obtained from 3-point and 4-point flexible strength tests was from 13.56 to 31.55%. The load applied on the lattice girder was concentrated to the main chord in 3-point flexible strength test. The load applied on the lattice girder in 4-point flexible strength test was distributed to three chords and diagonal bars.
An experimental study on the improving reliability of grouting by using p-q-t chart analyzing technique
Chon, Byung-Sik ; Choi, Dong-Chan ; Kim, Jin-Chun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 383~395
The grouting is one of the improved techniques which is aim to decrease the permeability and to strengthen the soft ground. But The grouting method has many problems about a suitability of grouting procedure and an effectiveness of grouting after grouting work because of a technical characteristic operated inside the soil. The grouting
chart of a typical index about grouting rate and time alteration of grouting pressure is one method to estimate the suitability of grouting factor with monitoring during grouting procedure. This study is automatic grouting system (AGS) which can control the testing and grouting procedures. It can make the detailed
chart and analyze the grouting characters of the ground by comparing the detailed pattern of
chart with standard pattern. If using the
chart derived from AGS in the grouting work, it is an objective standard estimating the suitability of grouting factor with grouting materials, grouting method, grouting rate and grouting pressure, as results it expects successfully to improve reliability of the grouting work.
A study on hydraulic back analysis for an urban tunnel site and stability analysis based on hydro-mechanical coupling analysis
Park, Inn-Joon ; Song, Myung-Gyu ; Shin, Uyu-Soung ; Park, Yong-Su ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 397~404
Excessive amount of groundwater flowed into tunnel, while constructing Incheon international airport railway. Tunnel passes under subway line no. 2 with only 1.76 m below. To protect the existing structure, TRcM excavation method was applied. As station and construction shaft are already constructed, which are located back and forth of TRcM section, 86.4 ton per day of groundwater inflow is against expectation. To identify mechanism of excessive water inflow, hydraulic back analyses were performed. Then, hydro-mechanical coupled analysis were also performed with the hydrogeologic parameters identified, whose results are investigated for checking the stability of adjacent structures to the tunnel under construction. And a number of mechanical analyses were also performed to check the hydro-mechanical coupling effect. The result from the mechanical analysis shows that subsidence and tunnel ceiling displacement will be 0.85 mm and 1.32 mm. The result of hydro-mechanical couple analysis shows that subsidence and maximum tunnel ceiling displacement will be 1.2 mm and 1.72 mm. Additional displacements caused by groundwater draw down were identified, however, displacement is minute.
Application of resistivity monitoring with tunnel excavation area
Ahn, Hee-Yoon ; Jeong, Jae-Hyeung ; Cho, In-Ky ; Kim, Jung-Ho ; Rae, Gyu-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 405~420
Resistivity survey is one of the widely used methods for the investigation of stability of the ground or bedrock around tunnel and is also used as an essential base data for stability and reduction of construction cost through first-hand approximation of rock quality at design step. Generally, the analysis of resistivity survey data is performed by single measurement. When distribution variation of groundwater around a tunnel over time is necessary for maintenance of a tunnel, resistivity monitoring is very useful survey method to grasp distribution variation of groundwater. So we performed the grid line resistivity survey to monitoring resistivity variation for six times. And we also tried to evaluate application possibility of the resistivity monitoring for construction safety through providing detailed information on fault zones.
Coupled analysis for the stability estimation of a subsea tunnel in discontinuous rock masses using sensitivity analysis
You, Kwang-Ho ; Lee, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 10, issue 4, 2008, Pages 421~430
In discontinuous rock masses, hydraulic-mechanical coupled analyses are required since groundwater flow in joints have a great influence on the stability of a subsea tunnel. In this study, a sensitivity analysis was performed based on coupled analysis to verify the routine which can estimate the safety factor of a tunnel in discontinuous rock mass. To this end, 324 cases of numerical calculations were performed with a commercial program, UDEC-2D. As a result, it was confirmed that the proposed routine for coupled analysis in discontinuous rock mass could give a reasonable result for the estimation of safety factor of a tunnel. Therefore, it is expected that the safety factor estimation method used in this study can be effectively applied for the stability estimation of a subsea tunnel in discontinuous rock masses.