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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Nov 2010
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Sep 2010
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Jul 2010
Volume 12, Issue 3 - May 2010
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Mar 2010
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
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Deformation analysis of shallow tunneling with unconsolidated soil using nonlinear numerical modeling
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Young-Su ; Yoo, Ji-Hyeung ; Jeong, Yun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 105~116
The estimation of surface settlement, ground behavior and tunnel displacement are the main factors in urban tunnel design with shallow depth and unconsolidated soil. On deformation analysis of shallow tunnel, it is important to identify possible deformation mechanism of shear bands developing from tunnel shoulder to the ground surface. This paper investigated the effects of key design parameter affecting deformation behavior by numerical analysis using nonlinear model incorporating the reduction of shear stiffness and strength parameters with the increment of the maximum shear strain after the initiation of plastic yielding. Numerical parametric studies are carried out to consider the reduction of shear stiffness and strength parameters, horizontal stress ratio, cohesion and shotcrete thickness.
Effect of apparent cohesion in unsaturated soils on the ground behavior during underground excavation
Lee, In-Mo ; Jung, Jee-Hee ; Kim, Kyung-Ryeol ; Kim, Do-Hoon ; Hyun, Ki-Chang ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 117~127
Gound excavation is frequently executed in unsaturated soil conditions. In this paper, the effect of apparent cohesion in unsaturated soils on the ground behavior during underground excavation is studied. The VPPE (Volumetric Pressure Plate Extractor) test, the unsaturated triaxial test and the trap-door test were carried out to figure out how the behavior of soils varies depending on the variation of apparent cohesion. The test results show that the ground behavior is almost identical if the soil is either fully dry or fully saturated. However, if the soil is partially-saturated with the increase of water content, the ground behaves quite differently. In summary, the apparent cohesion in unsaturated soils plays key roles when excavating underground structures.
Earth pressures acting on vertical circular shafts considering arching effects in c-
soils : II. Lab. Model Tests
Kim, Do-Hoon ; Cha, Min-Hyuck ; Lee, Dea-Su ; Kim, Kyung-Ryeol ; Lee, In-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 129~144
The earth pressure acting on the vertical shaft is less than that acting on the retaining wall due to three dimensional arching effect. Thus, it might be essential to estimate the earth pressure actually acting on the shaft when designing the vertical shaft. In this paper, large-sized model tests were conducted as Part II of companion papers to verify the newly suggested earth pressure equation proposed by Kim et al. (2009: Part I of companion papers) that can be used when designing the vertical shaft in cohesionless soils as well as in c-
soils and multi-layered soils. The newly developed model test apparatus was designed to be able to simulate staged shaft excavation. Model tests were performed by varying the radius of vertical shaft in dry soil. Moreover, tests on c-
soils and on multi-layered soils were also performed; in order to induce apparent cohesion to the cohesionless soil, we add some water to the dry soil to make the soil partially-saturated before depositing by raining method. Experimental results showed a load transfer from excavated ground to non-excavated zone below dredging level due to arching effect when simulating staged excavation. It was also found that measured earth pressure was far smaller than estimated if excavation is done at once; the final earth pressure measured after performing staged excavation was larger and matched with that estimated from the newly proposed equation. Measured results in c-
soils and in multi-layered soils showed reduction in earth pressures due to apparent cohesion effect and showed good matches with analytical results.
A study on the stability analysis for grouting reinforcement in a subsea tunnel
You, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, Eun-Hye ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 145~155
Recently interest in subsea tunnels is increasing nationwide and the construction of a subsea tunnel is taking place. For the stability of such a subsea tunnel, grouting is necessary for the water barrier and reinforcement of the tunnel. In this study, therefore, it was investigated how the grouting reinforcement had an effect on the stability of a subsea tunnel located in a great depth. To this end, Hydro-mechanical coupled analyses were performed for a sensitivity analysis in terms of different grouting range, rock class, shotcrete thickness, coefficient of lateral earth pressure, grouting thickness, and pumping existence for the rock classes I, III, and V. FLAC-2D ver. 5.0 was used for the numerical analyses. It was came to the conclusion that the effect of the increased water pressure due to the water barrier of the grouting should be considered as well as the strength improved effect in designing grouting reinforcement of subsea tunnels.
Behavior of arch slab in the shallow tunnel constructed perpendicular to slope by semi-cut-and-cover method
Yang, Jae-Won ; Lee, Sang-Duk ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 157~164
Recently, the number of shallow tunnel construction increases to improve the structural safety and environment-friendliness. In semi-cut-and-cover Method, ground is excavated to the crown arch level and arch slab is set to backfill before the excavation of lower face. In this study, laboratory model tests was performed to clarify the behavior of the arch slab constructed perpendicular to the slope. Results show that Arch slab is affected by perpendicular to the slope and bedrocks. Negative moment at the upper part of the arch slab at hillside and positive moment at the upper part at the other side are generated as perpendicular to the slope increases. Reaction load at the hillside support was larger than that at the other side.
Development of design charts for concrete lining in a circular shaft
Shin, Young-Wan ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 165~175
Recently, requirement of a long subsea tunnel has increased due to political, economical and social demands such as saving of distribution costs, improvement of traffic convenience, and regional development. Road and railroad tunnel need a shaft for construction and ventilation because of increase of tunnel length. Shaft diameter, lining sectional thickness and rebar quantity have to be determined for design of concrete lining in the shaft. A lot of structural analyses are needed for optimal design of concrete lining considering shaft diameter, load conditions and ground conditions. Design charts are proposed by structural analyses for various conditions in this study. A sectional thickness and rebar quantity can be easily determined using the proposed design charts.
Suggestion for the improvement of the field measurements on the shotcrete lining
Kim, Hak-Joon ; Park, Si-Hyun ; Bae, Gyu-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 177~192
The field measurements on the shotcrete lining are usually performed during the tunnel construction. However, the credibility of the measurements is not certain because of the non-stress related strains occurring in the shotcrete, the uncertainty of the deformation modulus of the shotcrete, and the intrinsic difficulties involved in the strain measurements in the shotcrete. The problem related to the field measurements on the shotcrete is investigated using the review of the previous studies and the field measurement performed for this study. A method for the correction of stress measurements at the shotcrete lining, considering the non-stress related strains, is suggested using the literature review and the actual measurements obtained from the non-stress shotcretes. The deformation modulus used for the calculation of the stress acting on the shotcrete is also suggested.
Mechanical behaviour of waterway culvert structure assembled by precast segments
Lee, Gyu-Phil ; Hwang, Jae-Hong ; Shin, Hyu-Sung ; Hong, Se-Kyun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2010, Pages 193~200
Due to the characteristic of culvert structure, the standard section of the culvert has been established and applied in field. However, this becomes a limitation in selecting a section design corresponding to various field conditions although it can improve the design and applicability of culvert structure. In order to overcome this limitation, we have developed the design and application technology of culvert structure corresponding to the field conditions that various shapes of culvert structure can be covered by assembly of precast segments. Because the structural characteristics of assembling-type waterway culvert structure, the thickness of structure and amount of reinforcing rods can vary according to the fixation or internal hinge status in the connection part of precast segments. This has a strong influence on the applicability and economic efficiency of culvert structure. Accordingly, in order to suggest a reasonable modeling technique of segment connection parts, this study has conducted the field experiment and numerical analysis. According to the results of field experiment and numerical analysis, the slab, wall and base slab with mortar splice sleeves have shown that the assembling-type of waterway culvert structure behaves like an integrated structure.