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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Nov 2010
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Sep 2010
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Jul 2010
Volume 12, Issue 3 - May 2010
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Mar 2010
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Research on the support system and reinforcement range of cross passage tunnel
Jung, Min ; Han, Ki-Hwan ; Park, Jin-Won ; Baek, Kyung-Min ; Moon, Hoon-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 201~213
Recently, plans of tunnel and construction have increased. Unfortunately, the more we have tunnels, the more we have accidents in there. Because an accident or a fire in the tunnel is fatal to user safety, social concerns are focusing on the disaster prevention facilities. Cross passage tunnel is regarded as one of the useful disaster prevention facilities, which is increasing, while there were only few studies about the support system. This study tried to verify whether the support system is appropriate or not with empirical methods-theoretical methods and back analysis using measurement data. Additionally, we also looked into the range of reinforcement in accordance with strength/stress ratio of rock mass.
An experimental study of smoke extraction efficiency along with ventilation building location in the mad tunnel
Rie, Dong-Ho ; Kim, Ha-Young ; Yoon, Chan-Hoon ; Kim, Jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 215~222
An experimental study was carried out on a reduced scale model tunnel to investigate the efficiency of disaster prevention at underground and ground ventilation equipments for the fire in road tunnels. Based on Froude modeling, the 1/50 scaled model tunnel (20 m long) was manufactured. The vertical shafts that are used in the analysis of efficiency of disaster prevention are the two models that had considered when the real tunnels are designed and the amounts of smoke exhaust are applied the miniature of the real tunnels' smoke exhaust, 560 and
. As the result of analysis, it is the possible the emissions of the entire quantity of CO gas through the vertical shafts. In the ground ventilation equipments, the concentration of CO is discharged 2.23~2,73 ppm smaller than the underground ventilation equipments. And the temperature rise in the ground ventilation equipments is
lower than in the underground ventilation equipments because of a cooling effect of the surface of the tunnel wall. As a result of analysis of CO concentration and the temperature rise in the modeling ventilation equipment, the position of ground ventilation equipment is more effective than the underground ventilation equipment in disaster prevention measures.
Variation of time-dependent convection beat transfer coefficients in beat transfer analysis at various initial beating rates of tunnel fire scenarios
Choi, Soon-Wook ; Chang, Soo-Ho ; Lee, Jun-Hwan ; Ahn, Sung-Yol ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 223~237
The initial heating rate is well known as one of the most influencing factors on the occurrence of spalling and the loss of strength in concrete after fire initiation. In this study, a series of fire tests were carried out at different initial heating rates to find out its effects on the deterioration of tunnel structural members. Heat transfer analyses combined with an element elimination model were also carried out to verify its applicability in the same conditions as the fire tests. Moreover, the convection heat transfer coefficients compatible with fire test results were derived from parametric studies. In this course, their time-dependent variations were also analyzed at different initial heating rates. Finally, a numerical formula to estimate the heat transfer coefficients at the various initial heating rates was proposed by the interpolation of the results of numerical analyses.
Developing a method of processing terrestrial laser scan data for efficient extraction of tunnel cross sections
Han, Soo-Hee ; Cho, Seong-Ha ; Kim, Sang-Min ; Heo, Joon ; Sohn, Hong-Gyoo ; You, Kwang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 239~245
The present study is about an efficient extraction of tunnel cross sections from huge point cloud achieved by a terrestrial laser scanner. A method, using a hash-based data structure, is introduced, by which point clouds, potentially composing cross sections, are extracted along a tunnel center line. The center line is estimated by linking points which are drawn in the middle of pseudo cross sections based on the hash-based data structure. Point clouds of a same thickness are extracted at a same interval along the center line. In result, it took less than 3 seconds and 124 MB of memory to extract, out of the 7.5 million points, the point clouds of 1 m interval and 0.1 m thickness. A manual operation, however, was needed to fix the outliers on the center line and to select both start and end points on it.
Analysis of the peak particle velocity and the bonding state of shotcrete induced by the tunnel blasting
Hong, Eui-Joon ; Chang, Seok-Bue ; Song, Ki-Il ; Cho, Gye-Chun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 247~255
Bonding strength of shotcrete is a significant influential factor which plays the role of collapse prevention of tunnel crown and of debonding prevention of shotcrete induced by the blasting vibration. Thus, the evaluation of the shotcrete bonding state is one of the core components for shotcrete quality control. In this study, the peak particle velocities induced by blasting were measured on the shotcrete in a tunnel construction site and its effect on the bonding state of shotcrete is investigated. Drilling and blasting technique was used for the excavation of intersection tunnel connecting the main tunnel with the service tunnel. Blast-induced vibrations were monitored at some points of the main tunnel and the service tunnel. The shotcrete bonding state was evaluated by using impact-echo test coupled with the time-frequency domain analysis which is called short-time Fourier transformation. Analysis results of blast-induced vibrations and the time-frequency domain impact-echo signals showed that the blasting condition applied to the excavation of intersection tunnel hardly affects on the tunnel shotcrete bonding state. The general blasting practice in Korea was evaluated to have a minor negative impact on shotcrete quality.
Aseismic design concept for underground space based on site response analysis
Park, Inn-Joon ; Yoo, Ji-Hyeung ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 257~264
This study proposed the aseismic design concept for underground space based on site response analysis and laboratory tests. The results of this study showed that the location of the control points of input motions such as design response spectra and time history of acceleration and the assumption of bedrock properties such as elasticity or rigidity play an important role in aseismic design of underground space. Therefore, the appropriate ground response model among models applying motions such as free surface motion, bedrock motion, or bedrock outcropping motion must be utilized to provide reasonable boundary conditions of underground space under earthquake loading and practical aseismic design.
New hybrid stochastic-deterministic rock block analysis method in tunnels
Hwang, Jae-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 265~274
In many tunnels, falling or sliding of rock blocks often occur, which cannot be predicted because of the complexity of rock discontinuities and it has brought an exponential increase in costs and time to manage. It is difficult to estimate the properties of rock masses before the tunnel excavation. The observational design and construction method in tunnels has been becoming important recently. In this study, a new hybrid stochastic-deterministic rock block analysis method for the prediction of the unstable rock blocks before the tunnel excavation is proposed, and then applied to the tunnel construction based on actual rock discontinuity information observed in the field. The comparisons and investigations with the analytical results in the tunnel construction have confirmed the validity and applicability of this new hybrid stochastic-deterministic rock block analysis method in tunnels.
Key block analysis method for observational design and construction method in tunnels
Hwang, Jae-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 12, issue 3, 2010, Pages 275~283
Recently, the observational design and construction method in tunnels has been becoming important. Rock masses include various discontinuities such as joints, faults, fractures, bedding planes, and, cracks. The behavior of tunnels in hard rocks, therefore, is generally controlled by various discontinuities. In this study, a new key block analysis method for observational design and construction method in tunnels is proposed, and then applied to the actual tunnel with a super-large cross-section. The proposed analysis method considers finite persistence of discontinuities. The new analysis method can handle concave and convex shaped blocks. To demonstrate the applicability of this key block analysis method for observational design and construction method in tunnels, the analysis results are examined and compared with those of the conventional method.