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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Nov 2015
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Sep 2015
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Jul 2015
Volume 17, Issue 3 - May 2015
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Mar 2015
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
An experimental study on the static behavior of advanced composite materials drainage pipe member for an undersea tunnel
Shin, Jong-Ho ; Kim, Kang-Hyun ; Kim, Doo-Rae ; Ji, Hyo-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 65~74
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.065
In order to design an advanced composite materials drainage pipe structures for an undersea tunnel, mechanical properties for the lamina types of the structural member must be predetermined. It is also reported that the size effect of the specimen is significant. In this study the tensile tests for the lamina types of the structural member are conducted at the room temperature (
) and the seawater temperature (
). In addition, the mechanical properties are predicted by theory based on the rule of mixtures and elasticity solution technique. The predicted mechanical properties are compared with test results obtained by a test method. In the design of an advanced composite materials drainage pipe structural members for an undersea tunnel, the used mechanical properties must be applied at the room temperature with considering the modified factors. These are to be offered the datum for the design an advanced composite materials drainage pipe structures for an undersea tunnel.
Application of non-destructive method for evaluation of soil nail length
Kim, Ki-Hong ; Kim, Nag-Young ; Lee, Jong-Sub ; Yu, Jung-Doung ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 75~90
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.075
As soil nails support a ground by the friction between nails and soils being reinforced, the length of soil nails is important factor for a ground stability. Thus, the soil nail length has to be accurately evaluated in order to secure a ground stability. The goal of this study is to suggest the applicability of the non-destructive method as the basic research for the evaluation of the soil nail length. First, the elastic and electromagnetic waves are adopted to select an applicable method for the soil nails connected by the coupler. Test results show that while the ultrasonic waves are not detected due to the coupler, the electromagnetic waves are free for the influence of the coupler. Second, electromagnetic waves are measured for combined soil nails with the length of 1 m~15 m for the investigation of the characteristics of electromagnetic waves. The travel time of the electromagnetic wave increases with an increase in the soil nail length. In addition, the ground cable is used to apply the electromagnetic waves to pre-installed soil nails. Test results show that the travel time of the electromagnetic wave by using the ground cable increases with an increase in soil nail length. This study demonstrates that the electromagnetic wave may be a promising method for the evaluation of the soil nail length.
A study on the effect of the locations of pile tips on the behaviour of piles to adjacent tunnelling
Lee, Cheol-Ju ; Jeon, Young Jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 91~105
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.091
In the current work, a series of three-dimensional (3D) finite element analyses have been performed to study the effects of the locations of pile tips on the behaviour of single piles to adjacent tunnelling. In the numerical modelling, several key issues, such as tunnelling-induced pile head settlements, axial pile forces, interface shear stresses and apparent factors of safety have been studied. When the pile tips are inside the influence zone which considers the relative pile tip location with respect to the tunnel position, tunnelling-induced pile head settlements are larger than those computed from the greenfield condition. However, when the pile tips were outside the influence zone, an opposite trend was observed. When the pile tips were inside the influence zone, tunnelling-induced tensile pile forces developed; however, when the pile tips were outside the influence zone, tunnelling-induced compressive pile forces were mobilised, associated with larger settlements of the surrounding soil than the pile settlements. It has been shown that the increases in the tunnelling-induced pile head settlements have resulted in reductions of the apparent factor of safety by about 50% when the pile tips are inside the influence zone, therefore severly affecting the serviceability of piles. The pile behaviour, when considering the location of pile tips with regards to the influence zone, has been analysed in great detail by taking the tunnelling-induced pile head settlements, axial pile force and apparent factor of safety into account.
Electromagnetic wave shielding effectiveness of steel fiber reinforced concrete
Lee, Gyu-Phil ; Chang, Soo-Ho ; Choi, Soon-Wook ; Bae, Gyu-Jin ; Park, Young-Taek ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 107~115
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.107
As TBM construction method is widely applied to construct underground transmission lines, increasing attention has been drawn to SFRC(steel fiber reinforced concrete) segment with respect to structural characteristics. Health hazards of electromagnetic wave which the underground transmission lines emit has emerged, and there is a concern that electromagnetic wave can be amplified because a segment characteristic such as electrical conductivity is changed by steel fibers. In order to analyze correlation between steel fiber dosage and electromagnetic wave, the specimens were fabricated on three conditions to perform experimental tests. From the measured data, it is proven that there is no correlation between the electromagnetic wave and steel fiber reinforced concrete.
The effect of a risk factor on quantitative risk assessment in railway tunnel
Yoo, Ji-Oh ; Kim, Jin-Su ; Rie, Dong-Ho ; Shin, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 117~125
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.117
Quantitative risk assessment (QRA) of railway is to create a variety of scenario and to quantify the degree of risk by a result of the product of accident frequency and accident. Quantitative risk Assessment is affected by various factors such as tunnel specifications, characteristics of the fire, and relation of smoke control and evacuation direction. So in this study, it is conducted that how the way of smoke control and the relation of smoke control and evacuation direction affect quantitative risk assessment with variables (the tunnel length (2, 3, 4, 5, 6 km) and the slope (5, 15, 25‰)). As the result, in a train fire at the double track tunnel (Area =
), it is most efficient to evacuate to the opposite direction of smoke control regardless of the location of train in train fire. In addition, under the same condition, index risk in mechanical ventilation up to 1/10.
Setting of the range for shear strength of fault cores in Gyeongju and Ulsan using regression analysis
Yun, Hyun-Seok ; Moon, Seong-Woo ; Seo, Yong-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 127~140
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.127
A fault is one of the critical factors that may lead to a possible ground collapse occurring in construction site. A fault core, however, possibly acting as a failure plane in whole fault zone, is composed of fractured rock and gouge nonuniformly distributed and thus can be characterized by its wide range of shear strength which is generally acquired by experimental method for stability analysis. In this study, we performed direct shear test and grain size distribution analysis for 62 fault core samples cropped from 12 different spots located in the vicinity of Kyongju and Ulsan, Korea. As a result, the range of shear strength representing the characteristics of fault cores in the study regions is determined with regard to vertical stress using a regression analysis for experiment data. The weight ratio of gravels in the samples is proportional to the shear strength and that of silt and clay is in inverse proportion to the shear strength. For most samples, the coefficient of determination is over 0.7 despite of inhomogeneity of them and consequently we determined the lower limit and upper limit of the shear strength with regard to the weight ratio by setting the confidence interval of 95%.
Variation of abrasive feed rate with abrasive injection waterjet system process parameters
Joo, Gun-Wook ; Oh, Tae-Min ; Kim, Hak-Sung ; Cho, Gye-Chun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 141~151
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.141
A new rock excavation method using an abrasive injection waterjet system has been developed to enhance the efficiency and reduce the vibration of tunnel excavation. The abrasive feed rate is an important factor for the cutting performance and the economical efficiency of waterjet-based excavation. In this study, various experiments were performed to explore the effects of major process parameters for both the abrasive feed rate and the suction pressure occurring inside the mixing chamber when the abrasives are inhaled. Experimental results reveal that the abrasive feed rate is affected by geometry parameters (abrasive pipe height, length, and tortuosity), abrasive parameters (abrasive particle size), and jet energy parameters (water pressure and water flow rate). In addition, the relation between the cutting performance and the abrasive feed rate was discussed on the basis of the results of an experimental study. The cutting performance can be maximized when the abrasive feed rate is controlled appropriately via careful management of major process parameters.
A study on the characteristics for temporary ventilation of long subsea tunnels - focused on the current situation and improvement requirements
Jo, Hyeong-Je ; Chun, Kyu-Myung ; Kim, Jong-Won ; Lee, Ju-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 153~166
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.153
Long subsea tunnel to be built below the seabed, as compared to the general railway tunnel, is subject to many restrictions in terms of spatial limitation when vertical or inclined shafts are built for the purpose of ventilation and fire safety. So, the construction of some artificial island is required to provide ventilation. But, because of construction difficulty and cost increase, it is necessary to minimize the artificial island construction. The longer ventilation distance is, the more fresh air requirement is needed. When supply airflow becomes excessive, duct size is restricted by the limitations of structure clearance and fan pressure and power increase exponentially. Therefore, in order to build a long subsea tunnel, it is necessary to overcome these practical problems and to develop technical solution that can keep the comfortable condition of tunnel environment during construction. In this study, as on ventilation method development suitable for long subsea tunnel, through comparison of temporary ventilation capacity calculation methods during construction phase, domestic and abroad, the application of Swiss SIA 196 code is found suitable for long subsea tunnel. And, through experiment on leakage of the duct connector, we confirmed that the leakage ratio per 100 m of domestic duct connection type is between 1.5~3.0%. Based on S-class duct of SIA 196 code, ventilation distance is 10.2 km, So, ventilation distance can be longer if duct connection method is improved. So, we confirmed that the improvement of leakage ratio is key issue in the construction-phase ventilation of long subsea tunnel.
Safe tunneling method using numerical modeling of rock blocks in long tunnels
Hwang, Jae-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 167~174
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.167
Since about 70 percent of the territory is mountainous, more tunnels are constructed in Korea for maximizing the development efficiency. With the increasing number of tunnel construction, safe construction in tunnels has been emerged as the utmost important subject. Recently, the number of long tunnel construction is steeply increased because of the request for high speed and straight road. In this study, a safe tunneling method using numerical modeling of rock blocks in long tunnels is proposed, and then applied to the long tunnel based on real discontinuity information observed in situ. It is possible to detect key blocks all along the tunnel exactly by using the numerical analysis program developed for the safe tunneling method using numerical modeling of rock blocks. This computer simulation method with user-friendly interfaces can calculate not only the stability of rock blocks but also the design of supplementary supports.
Development of a trench shield machine for the near-surface railway construction
Lee, So-Oh ; Sagong, Myung ; Kim, Sang-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 175~187
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2015.17.2.175
In this paper, the development of trench shield machine for near-surface railway construction were presented. The Near-surface railway can be constructed by cut and cover construction method, because it is installed at the depth of 5~7 m below roads. The cut and cover construction method mostly use temporary supports. The limitation of the cut and cover method is high installation cost and long construction period. To overcome these disadvantages, development of the trench shield machine is proposed and expected to shorten the construction time and cost of near-surface railway system. The sliding retaining wall of trench shield equipment replaces the role of temporary support (solider piles and lagging) and excavator equiped to the bottom front of the machine shorten the excavation time. This paper deals with design of the bit attached to the excavator and required capacity of the motor.