Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Jul 2016
Volume 18, Issue 3 - May 2016
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Mar 2016
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Identification of damage states and damge indices of single box tunnel from inelastic seismic analysis
Park, Duhee ; Lee, Tae-Hyung ; Kim, Hansup ; Park, Jeong-Seon ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 119~128
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.119
In a performance-based design, the structural safety is estimated from pre-defined damage states and corresponding damage indices. Both damage states and damage indices are well defined for above-ground structures, but very limited studies have been performed on underground structures. In this study, we define the damage states and damage indices of a cut-and-cover box tunnel which is one of typical structures used in metro systems, under a seismic excitation from a series of inelastic frame analyses. Three damage states are defined in terms of the number of plastic hinges that develop within the structure. The damage index is defined as the ratio of the elastic moment to the yield moment. Through use of the proposed index, the inelastic behavior and failure mechanism of box tunnels can be simulated and predicted through elastic analysis. In addition, the damage indices are linked to free-field shear strains. Because the free-field shear strain can be easily calculated from a 1D site response analysis, the proposed method can be readily used in practice. Further studies are needed to determine the range of shear strains and associated uncertainties for various types of tunnels and site profiles. However, the inter-linked platform of damage state - damage index - shear wave velocity - shear strain provides a novel approach for estimating the inelastic response of tunnels, and can be widely used in practice for seismic designs.
The effect of formation of spherical underground cavity on ground surface settlement : Numerical analysis using 3D DEM
Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Lee, Hang-Lo ; Song, Ki-Il ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 129~142
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.129
The underground cavity known as one of the reasons of ground surface settlement is a discontinuous character. Therefore, it is limited to analyze with continuum analysis. In this research, The spherical underground cavity affecting the ground surface settlement is studied with Discrete Element Method. Ground properties, depth and diameter of the spherical underground cavity are chosen as factors of the spherical underground cavity and the effect of the each factor variations on the ground surface settlement is analyzed. Relative depth to the diameter of the spherical underground cavity is also studied. The result of the research suggests the basis of underground cavity collapse prediction and standard of support.
Geotechnical investigation on causes and mitigation of ground subsidence during underground structure construction
Choi, Shin-Kyu ; Back, Seung-Hun ; An, Jun-Beom ; Kwon, Tae-Hyuk ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 143~154
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.143
This study investigated the occurrences, causes, and mitigation of the recent ground subsidence and underground cavity generation events in Korea. Two main causes of ground subsidence are (1) the soil erosion by seepage during tunneling and earth excavation and (2) the damage of underground pipes. The main cause of the soil erosion during tunneling was the uncontrolled groundwater flow. Especially, when excavating soft grounds using a tunnel boring machine (TBM), the ground near TBM operation halt points were found to be the most vulnerable to failure. The damage of underground pipes was mainly caused by poor construction, material deterioration, and differential settlement in soft soils. The ground subsidence during tunneling and earth excavation can be managed by monitoring the outflow of groundwater and eroded soils in construction sites. It is expected that the ground subsidence by the underground pipe damage can be managed or mitigated by life cycle analysis and maintenance of the buried pipes, and by controlling the earth pressure distribution or increasing the bearing capacity at the upper ground of the buried pipes.
Experimental study on the behavior of retaining wall according to underground excavation distance
Park, Jong-Deok ; Ahn, Chang-Kyun ; Kim, Do-Youp ; Lee, Seok-Won ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 155~164
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.155
The changes in earth pressure and ground settlement due to the underground excavation nearby the existing retaining wall according to the separation distance between underground excavation and retaining wall, were studied experimentally. A soil tank having 160 cm in length and 120 cm in height, was manufactured to simulate the underground excavation like tunnel by using 5 separated bottom walls. The variation of earth pressure was measured according to the excavation stages by using 10 separated right walls simulating the retaining wall. The results showed that the earth pressure was changed by the lowering of first bottom wall(B1), however the earth pressure was not changed significantly by the lowering of third bottom wall(B3) since B3 had sufficient separation distance from retaining wall. Lowering of first bottom wall(B1) induced the decrease of earth pressure in lower part of retaining wall, on the contrary, lowering of first bottom wall(B1) induced the increase of earth pressure in middle part of retaining wall proving the arching effect.
Performance evaluation of lattice girder depending on the quality of steel
Jung, Hyuk-Sang ; Shin, Young-Wan ; Song, Ki-Il ; Shin, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 165~173
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.165
This paper dealt with contents on the performance evaluation of standardized steel and non-standardized steel of lattice girder. Lattice girder is arch type tunnel supports made of structural steel bar and it is girder used to ensure the stability of tunnel by suppressing any transformation of ground as much as possible during tunnel excavation. The performance evaluation of lattice girder can be conducted through bending strength test, tensile strength test and tunnel standard specification specifies that welding structural steel with over 500MPa yield strength shall be used. However, it is difficult to distinguish visually between standardized steel and non-standardized steel onsite if low-quality structural steel is used. Accordingly, this paper conducted performance evaluation of standardized steel and non-standardized steel of lattice girder to point out the issue of deteriorated yield strength of non-standardized steel, while proposed a method of verifying yield strength onsite.
Experimental study on the applicability of liquid air as the refrigerant in artificial ground freezing for subsea tunnels
Son, Young-Jin ; Choi, Hyeungchul ; Moon, Hung-Man ; Choi, Hangseok ; Ko, Tae Young ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 175~181
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.175
In this paper, the liquid air was selected as the refrigerant in artificial ground freezing to be used for rapid ground freezing and to reduce the risk of suffocation and the applicability of liquid air was verified. In order to evaluate the stability of the liquid air, the oxygen concentration of mixtures with liquid nitrogen and liquid oxygen was experimentally examined to meet the oxygen concentration criteria in the Occupational Safety and Health Act. In addition, the effects of the mixture ratio of liquid nitrogen and liquid oxygen, pressure and flow rate change in the storage vessel on the oxygen concentration in the liquid air were investigated. As a result, the ratio of liquid nitrogen and liquid oxygen 8: 2 was shown to meet the oxygen concentration standards. Pressure and flow rate change in the storage vessel did not have significant effects on the oxygen concentration in the liquid air.
DEA optimization for operating tunnel back analysis
An, Joon-Sang ; Kim, Byung-Chan ; Moon, Hyun-Koo ; Song, Ki-Il ; Su, Guo-Shao ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 183~193
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.183
Estimation of the stability of an operating tunnel through a back analysis is a difficult concept to analyze. Specially, when a relatively thick lining is constructed as in case of a subsea tunnel, there will be a limit to the use of displacement-based tunnel back analysis because the corresponding displacement is too small. In this study, DEA is adopted for tunnel back analysis and the feasibility of DEA for back analysis is evaluated. It is implemented in the finite difference code FLAC3D using its built-in FISH language. In addition, the stability of a tunnel lining will be evaluated from the development of displacement-based algorithm and its expanded algorithm with conformity of several parameters such as stress measurements.
A knowledge-based study on design of NATM lining for subsea tunnels
Sin, Chunwon ; Woo, Seungjoo ; Yoo, Chungsik ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 195~211
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.195
This paper concerns a study of a knowledge-based NATM tunnel lining design for subsea tunnels. Concept for tunnel automation designing system, the development of Artificial Neural Network based technology of the tunnel design system, the learning process and verification of the technology forecasting member forces were described. The design system is the series of process which can predict segmental lining member forces by ANN(artificial neural network system), analyze suitable section for the designated ground, construction and tunnel conditions using a FEM(finite element analysis). The lining member forces are predicted based on the ANN quickly and it helps designers determine its segmental lining dimension easily.
Dynamic shear behavior of geosynthetic-soil interface considering thermalchemical factors
Jang, Dong-In ; Kwak, Chang-Won ; Park, Inn-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 213~220
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.213
The needs for the utilization of space in the urban ara due to the increasing population and traffic volume. A Double-deck tunnel can be an appropriate solution. Geosynthetics are inevitably installed between ground and tunnel lining, therefore, geosynthetic-soil interface is also comprises. Dynamic shear behavior of geosynthetic-soil interface affects the dynamic behavior of tunnel, and experimental study is required since the behavior is very complicated. In this study, chemical factors such as acid and basic element in the groundwater and temperature are considered in the laboratory test. Multi-purpose Interface Apparatus(M-PIA) is utilized and submerging periods are 60 and 960 days. Consequently, dynamic shear degradation of geosynthetic-soil interface considering chemical and thermal factors are verified.
Performance estimation depending on the insert size of conical picks by linear cutting test
Choi, Soon-Wook ; Kang, Tae-Ho ; Chang, Soo-Ho ; Lee, Cheol-Ho ; Lee, Gyu-Phil ; Kim, Chang-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 221~233
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.221
In order to estimate the performance of a conical cutter depending on the insert size, this study measured forces acting on conical cutters with different cutter spacings, penetration depths and skew angles using slim and heavy conical cutters. When cutter spacings ranged from 12 to 27 mm, the deviations of mean cutter forces with cutter depths appeared smaller compared to other cutter spacings. When skew angle is
, the optimal S/d ratio was obtained in the range of 4 to 4.5 for which specific energy of cutting was minimized. It were usually found in the range of 1 to 5. However, when skew angle is
, the optimal S/d ratio was obtained in the range of 1 to 3. The simple comparison results shows that the performance of slim cutter was superior to that of heavy cutter, but the use of heavy cutter can be effective, considering the cutter consumption and cutter damage when the strength of the ground is high enough.
Assessment of elastic-wave propagation characteristics in grouting-improved rock mass around subsea tunnels
Kim, Ji-Won ; Hong, Eun-Soo ; Cho, Gye-Chun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 235~244
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.235
Grouting is frequently used before the construction of subsea tunnels to mitigate problems that can occur in weak ground zones such as joints, faults or unconsolidated settlements during construction. The grout material injected into rock mass often flows through the discontinuities present in the host rock and hence, joint properties such as its distribution, roughness and thickness greatly affect the properties of grouting-improved rocks. The grouting-improved zones near subsea tunnels are also subjected to high water pressures that can cause long-term weathering in the form of changes in grout microstructure and crack formation and lead to subsequent changes in ground properties. Therefore, an assessment method is needed to accurately measure changes in the grouting-improved zones near subsea tunnels. In this study, the elastic wave propagation characteristics in grouting-improved rocks were tested for various axial stress levels, curing time, joint roughness and thickness conditions under laboratory conditions and the results were compared with wave velocity standards in different Korean rock mass classification systems to provide a basis for inferring improvement in grouted rock-mass.
Analysis on prediction models of TBM performance: A review
Lee, Hang-Lo ; Song, Ki-Il ; Cho, Gye-Chun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 245~256
DOI : 10.9711/KTAJ.2016.18.2.245
Prediction of TBM performance is very important for machine selection, and for reliable estimation of construction cost and period. The purpose of this research is to analyze the evaluation process of various prediction models for TBM performance and applied methodology. Based on the solid literature review since 2000, a classification system of TBM performance prediction model is proposed in this study. Classification system suggested in this study can be divided into two stages: selection of input parameter and application of prediction techniques. We also analyzed input and output parameters for prediction model and frequency of use. Lastly, the future research and development trend of TBM performance prediction is suggested.