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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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Theoretical and Numerical Study on the Support Pressure for Tunnel Face Stability in Shield TBM Construction
Kim, Kwang-Jin ; Koh, Sung-Yil ; Choo, Seuk-Yeun ; Kim, Jong-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 197~204
A large sectional tunnelling method using Shield TBM is expected to be popular as domestic demand of long tunnel gets growing. Although a shield tunnelling method has been recognized as prominent method in consideration of stability and applicability in shallow and poor ground, the cases of accident and constructional trouble have been often happened due to unexpected poor ground condition, or selection and use of improper shield machine. Especially, troubling cases at tunnel face are frequently occurred, so supporting pressure control of tunnel face would be the main issue for securing safer and more efficient tunnel excavation using Shield TBM. In this point, we carried out the numerical feed-back analysis to compare the ground deformation pattern with theoretical result at tunnel face.
A study on the Change of Uniaxial Compressive Strength and Young's Modulus According to the Specimen Size of Intact Material
Lee, Seung-Woo ; Song, Jae-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 205~217
Rock and discontinuities are main factors consisting of a rock mass and the physical properties of each factor have direct effects on the mechanical stability of artificial structures in the rock mass. Because physical properties of the rock and discontinuities change a lot according to the size of test materials, a close attention is needed when the physical properties, obtained from laboratory tests, are used for the design of field structures. In this study, change of physical properties of intact materials due to the change of their size are studied. Six kinds of artificial materials including crystal, instead of an intact rock, are adopted for the study to guarantee the homogeneity of specimen materials even with relatively large size. Uniaxial strength and Young's modulus of each artificial material are checked out for a size effect and compared with the predicted values by Buckingham's theorem - dimensional analysis. A numerical analysis using PFC (Particle Flow Code) is also applied and primary factors influencing on the size effect are investigated.
A Study on Determination of the Optimum Round Length for Weak Rock Tunnel
Lee, Young-Zoo ; Kim, Chang-Yong ; Kim, Kwang-Yeom ; Lee, Sung-Won ; Schubert, Wulf ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 219~225
Although the round length for tunnel excavation has a major technical and economical impact in conventional tunnelling, there is no coherent procedure available for its determination. In this study, the influence of round length on the behaviour modes of weak rock tunnel was investigated by numerical analyses. Quantitative estimation of the behaviour modes of the face and the unsupported span was established by use of the safety factor for the face stability and the conditional chart. In addition, the optimum round length in the tunnel design stage was investigated based on the detail construction information such as cycle time and material costs. Although this proposed method has some restrictions, it is expected to provide useful information for the optimization of the tunnel excavation, especially in design stage.
A Study on Controlling of Cracks Occurred at Crown of Tunnel Concrete Lining using Model Test
Jeon, Joong-Kyu ; Jeon, Chan-Ki ; Kim, Nag-Young ; Kim, Su-Man ; Lee, Jong-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 227~235
The problematic issue of cracking, water shedding in tunnel is recently coming out in the view of the structural stability. Hence, the assessment is required for the existing tunnels to achieve the structural soundness of tunnels, and their safety and maintenance. In this study, fracture behaviour and displacement of a tunnel concrete lining using steel fiber reinforcement concrete was investigated. The specimens were fabricated in single lining for a model of real road tunnel. As parameters, load condition, thickness of lining, whether or not rear cavity in crown, and a ratio of steel fiber in concrete were taken. From these factors, the load for crack and fracture, displacement, and the pattern of crack were looked into for the structural stability of a tunnel concrete lining.
Experimental Study on the Improvement of Shotcrete Performance by Addition of Calcium Aluminate Based Accelerator and Metakaolin
Bae, Gyu-Jin ; Chang, Soo-Ho ; Park, Hae-Geun ; Won, Jong-Pil ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 237~247
The use of high-performance shotcrete lining is indispensable to improve long-term durability of a tunnel and to apply the single-shell tunnelling method. Among a lot of shotcrete admixtures, pozzolan materials such as silica fume have positive effects on increasing the strength and the durability of shotcrete. It is also well known that a cement-based accelerator is much faster in setting time and more eco-friendly than conventional accelerators. This study aimed to improve the properties of wet-mix shotcrete by incorporating with Metakaolin and the calcium aluminate based accelerator. To compare Metakaolin with silica fume, mixing ratios of each material were varied as 4% and 8% of cement weight. Moreover, Metakaolin was blended with silica fume, and their binder was also set to 4% and 8% of cement weight. At each mixing condition, setting time, compressive strength, flexural strength, permeability and freezing-thawing resistance were measured. From the experiments, it was revealed Metakaolin could be a substituting material for silica fume.
Effect of Spatial Distribution of Geotechnical Parameters on Tunnel Deformation
Song, Ki-Il ; Cho, Gye-Chun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 249~257
The spatial distribution of design parameters greatly affects tunnel behavior during and after construction, as well as in the long-term temporal responses. However, the tunnel design parameters commonly used in numerical modeling tend to be representative or average values of global-scale properties. Furthermore, the uncertainty and spatial variation of the design parameters increase as the tunnel scale increases. Consequently, the probability of failure also increases. In order to achieve structural stability in large-section tunnels, the design framework must take into consideration the quantitative effect of design parameter variations on tunnel behavior. Therefore, this paper suggests a statistical approach to numerical modeling to explore the effect of spatially distributed design parameters in a circular tunnel. Also, the effect of spatial variation in the lining strength is studied in this paper. The numerical results suggest that the deformation around the tunnel increases with an increase in the variation of the design parameters.
Corrosion Prediction of a Cement Mortar-Grouted Rockbolt by Measuring Its Chloride Diffusion Coefficient
Bae, Gyu-Jin ; Chang, Soo-Ho ; Kim, Dong-Gyou ; Park, Hae-Geun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 259~271
This paper aims to predict the corrosion of a fully cement-grouted rockbolt induced by chloride diffusion in a cement mortar grout. From the viewpoint of the long-term durability, a rockbolt may be deteriorated by chemical components, such as sulphate and chloride, in groundwater. Especially, the steel rod of a rockbolt is corroded mainly by chloride. The rockbolt corrosion results in the volume expansion of a rod and then the cracking of a cement grout. In this study, the chloride diffusion coefficient of a cement mortar grout was used to evaluate the possibility of rockbolt corrosion by chloride, and to predict the long-term durability of a rockbolt. The electric acceleration test method was adopted to measure the chloride diffusion coefficient. In addition, a simple pullout testing system was newly proposed to measure the pullout capacity of a rockbolt more easily in a laboratory condition. From the experiments, it was showed that the chloride could diffuse in the cement grout more easily than in ordinary concrete materials. As a result, it was considered that a rockbolt might be easily corroded in a short term by the diffusion of chemical components with high concentration, although it was fully grouted.
A Study on failure mechanism and load-bearing capacity of single-shell tunnel lining
Shin, Hyu-Soung ; Kim, Dong-Gyou ; Chang, Soo-Ho ; Bae, Gyu-jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 273~287
This study investigates the failure mechanism and load-carrying capacity of a single-shell lining which has no disturbance in transfer of shear force, with respect to a conventional double-shell lining which has separation between layers of shotcrete lining and secondary concrete lining by water-proof membrane. In order to evaluate the capacity, a 2-D numerical investigation is preliminarily carried out and then real-scale loading tests with tunnel lining section specimens are performed on the condition given by the numerical investigation. In the test, a concentrated load is applied for considering a released ground load or rock wedge load. Through this study, it appears that the single-shell lining takes the load-bearing capacity 20% higher than in case of the double-shell lining. In addition, a possibility of a composite single-shell shotcrete layer composed by multiple bonded layers partly involving different contents of high-capacity additives is shown thereby leading to use of less amount of the high-capacity additives on the condition of taking a similar load-bearing capacity.