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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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Study on improving method of arranging trapezoidal pre-cast segment lining in shield tunnel
Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Kang, Kyung-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~18
This study is about an arrangement method of trapezoidal pre-cast segment lining that can be applied in shield tunnel construction. Trapezoidal segment lining is formed by assembling tapered pre-cast concrete segments taking advantage of the tapered shape of pre-cast segments upon delivery on site. By calculating tapering of the segments manufactured in single type and rotating the segments when putting them together, a variety of tunnel alignments can be arranged in the most efficient way. Once the design criteria and tunnel alignment (straight or curved) is analyzed, the sequence of assembling trapezoidal segments in compliance with tunnel alignment will be computed. On site an operator can utilize the softwareto automatically determine sequential arrangement of trapezoidal segments. When the actual arrangement of segmental lining is different from the computed output, the operator can input the actually measured values to coincide the computerized calculation with the real status of assembly. Then the adjustment will be the basis of subsequent arrangement of segments, thus the continuity of work can be guaranteed.
A detection algorithm for the installations and damages on a tunnel liner using the laser scanning data
Yoon, Jong-Suk ; Lee, Jun-S. ; Lee, Kyu-Sung ; SaGong, Myung ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 19~28
Tunnel management is a time-consuming and expensive task. In particular, visual analysis of tunnel inspection often requires extended time and cost and shows problems on data gathering, storage and analysis. This study proposes a new approach to extract information for tunnel management by using a laser scanning technology. A prototype tunnel laser scanner developed was used to obtain point clouds of a railway tunnel surface. Initial processing of laser scanning data was to separate those laser pulses returned from the installations attached to tunnel liner using radiometric and geometric characteristics of laser returns. Once the laser returns from the installations were separated and removed, physically damaged parts on tunnel lining are detected. Based on the plane formed by laser scanner data, damaged parts are detected by analysis of proximity. The algorithms presented in this study successfully detect the physically damaged parts which can be verified by the digital photography of the corresponding location on the tunnel surface.
A simulation analysis on the probeam lighting for the visibility at a tunnel with whitehole phenomenon
Lee, Young-Q ; Lee, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 29~36
Despite the role of tunnels in today's roadway environment, the study on tunnel lighting is still scant. Drivers passing through a tunnel face some difficulties caused by the visual differences between outside and inside of the tunnel. The whitehole phenomenon at a tunnel exit-zone severely decreases the driver's visibility in the daytime. A probeam lighting is generally recommended for the prevention of it. This paper simulates an exit-zone with a whitehole phenomenon to verify the effect of probeam lighting. Even though the tunnel lighting is important, it is not easy to consider enough number of lighting alternatives at the stage of tunnel design due to the complexity of tunnel conditions. This paper is expected to contribute improving the visibility in tunnels, especially at the exit-zone.
Analysis and structural behavior of shield tunnel lining segment
Jung, Du-Hwoe ; Lee, Hwan-Woo ; Kim, Gwan-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 37~47
The shield tunneling method has been increasingly employed to minimize environmental damages and civil complaints in the populated and developed area. A lining segment, which is a main structure of the shield tunnel, consists of joints. Conventional foreign and domestic design data have been commonly used for design practices without a specific verification of structural analysis models, design load, and the effect of soil characteristics on the performance of lining segment. In this study, the suitability of existing analytic models used for the design of shield tunnel lining segment has been evaluated through a comparison between analytical and numerical solutions. Based on the evaluation of their suitability performed in the study, a full-circumferential beam jointed spring model (1R-S0) is proposed for design practices by considering user's convenience, the applicability of field conditions and the accuracy of analysis result. By using the proposed model, the parameter analysis was performed to investigate the effects of joint stiffness, ground rigidity, joint distribution and the number of joints on the behavior of lining segment. Parameters considered in the investigation have been appeared to affect the behavior of lining segment. Among those parameters, joint stiffness has been appeared to have the most significant effect on the bending moment and displacement of lining segment.
Earth pressure of vertical shaft considering arching effect in layered soils
Lee, In-Mo ; Moon, Hong-Pyo ; Lee, Dea-Su ; Kim, Kyung-Ryeol ; Cho, Man-Sub ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 49~62
A new earth pressure equation acting on the vertical shafts in cohesionless soils has been proposed by modifying the equations proposed by others. In order to verify the modified equation, model tests which can control uniform wall displacement with depth to radial direction were conducted. Model tests were performed with three different wall friction angles and two different relative densities. The measured values were larger than estimated values when assuming
; smaller than those when assuming
. The parameter,
is the ratio of tangential stress to vertical stress and is the most critical value in proposed equation. A method which can estimate the earth pressure on vertical shafts in layered soils is also proposed by reasonably assuming the failure surface of layered soils and using the modified equation. In order to verify the proposed method, in-situ measurement data have been collected from the three in-situ vertical shafts installed in layered soils. Most of earth pressures converted from measured data match reasonably well with estimated values using proposed method.
The application of simplified risk assessment for tunnel
Kim, Sang-Hwan ; Lee, Chung-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 63~74
Unexpected ground conditions have always been a major problem for the construction of tunnel. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the risk capacity before and/or during construction of new tunnel. This paper presents the simplified risk assessment system using modified stability number (N), namely Underground Risk Index (URI) system, to evaluate the tunnel risk possibility in the design stage. URI is a scoring system for risk possibility by rating the each appraisal elements. The modified stability number (N) which is one of risk factor in the Interaction Matrix parameters such as RQD, UCS, weathering, overburden, stability number, ground water-table, RMR, permeability and so on, is used in the system. In addition, the case study is performed in order to verify the applicability of URI-system in practice.
Integrity evaluation of rock bolt grouting using ultrasonic transmission technique
Han, Shin-In ; Lee, Jong-Sub ; Lee, Yong-Jun ; Nam, Seok-Woo ; Lee, In-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 75~82
As one of the main support systems, rock bolts play a crucial role in the reinforcement of tunnels. Numerical and experimental studies using a transmission method of ultrasonic guided waves are performed to evaluate the integrity of rock bolts encapsulated by grouting paste. Numerical simulations using "DISPERSE" are carried out for the selection of the optimal experimental setup, i.e. non-destructive testing (NDT) system of the rock bolt. Based on results of the numerical simulation, the calculated frequency range for NDT testing is between 20kHz and 70kHz with the first longitudinal L(1) mode. Laboratory transmission tests are performed by attaching the piezo electric sensor at the tip of the rock bolt before embedding. Both of analytical and experimental results show that the amplitude of signals as well as the wave velocity increases with increase in the defect ratio of grouting paste. The defect in grouting paste means that the space around the rock bolt is not fully filled with the grouting paste. Experimental results also show that the increase of the wave velocity is more sensitive to the defect ratio increase than that of the amplitude. This study demonstrates that the transmission technique of ultrasonic guided waves may be a valuable tool in the evaluation of the rock bolt integrity.
A numerical study on the safety of tunnel face using face bolting method
Ra, Jee-Hyun ; Yoon, Ji-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 83~89
As tunnel excavation generats stress release, a stability security of tunnel face is mainly important in case of tunnel excavation in the weak grounds. Using the steel bar or glass fiber pipe which had regular hardness, a face bolt method to reinforce previously is applied to an excavation object tunnel face aspect among measures methods regarding this. Therefore, used
Ver. 2.1 on 5 Case of 0.5D (2EA), 1.0D, 1.5D, 2.0D with the length and 6 Case of 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100EA with the number of the bolt that a face bolt method was installed at these papers in the necessary weak grounds in order to review applicability of the tunnel face reinforcement method that used these face bolts, and executed three dimension continuous analysis.
Pillar load and ground deformation in 2-arch tunnel in the jointed rock mass
Lee, Sang-Duk ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 1, 2007, Pages 91~97
Loads on the pillar and ground deformation in 2-arch tunnel, which is excavated in the rock mass with regular discontinuities, depending on the dips of discontinuities and the construction sequences were experimentally studied. Large scale model tests in the biaxial test facility were performed. Tested model (width 3.3m, height 3.0m, and length 0.45m) for 2-arch tunnel in 1/10 scale were built with various dips. Test results show that discontinuities have greate affects on the behavior of the 2-arch tunnel, especially on the pillar loads and ground deformation.