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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association (KTA)
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A study on the longitudinal optimum separated distance of tunnel face in 2-arch tunnel
Lee, Min-Kyu ; Jeong, Ji-Su ; Lee, Sung-Ki ; Lee, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 323~330
Recently, due to the effective land utilization and environmental protection, the construction of 2-arch tunnel has been gradually increased. In spite of this tendency, the mechanical information for the 2-arch tunnel, especially such as its behavior characteristics and mechanism are not enough. Therefore in this study, the theoretical and numerical studies on the behavior characteristics of 2-arch tunnel are carried out and longitudinal optimum separated distance of tunnel face is proposed by considering the analysis results from the behavior of advanced excavation of tunnel and stress of central pillar. As a result, longitudinal optimum separated distance of tunnel face is in 0.5D for the better safety of 2-arch tunnel by rapidly decreasing the stress concentration of central pillar.
Behavior of tunnel under the influence of pre-loading on braced wall during the adjacent ground excavation
Kim, Il ; Lee, Sang-Duk ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 331~341
Pre-loads could be imposed on the braced wall to prevent the horizontal displacements during the ground excavation adjacent to the existing tunnel. For this purpose, new pre-loading system through which large pre-loads could be applied to the braced wall was used in the model tests. Large scale model tests were performed in the real scale test pit which was 2.0 m in width and 6.0 m in hight and 4.0 m in length. Test ground was constructed by sand. Model tunnel in 1.2 m diameter was constructed before test ground excavation. Test ground was excavated adjacent to existing tunnel and was braced. To investigate the effect of pre-loading, tests without pre-load were also performed. During the ground excavation were the behavior of braced wall, test tunnel, and ground measured. Model tests were also numerically analysed and their results were compared to that of the real scale tests. As a result, it was found that the stability of the existing tunnel was greatly enhanced when the horizontal displacements of braced wall was reduced by applying pre-load larger than the design load.
A study on the vehicle fire property using the large scale calorimeter
Yoo, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Heung-Youl ; Shin, Hyun-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 343~349
The reduced scale fire test provides basic data but it is not enough to analysis real fire problem directly because there is no exact analogy theory between a real fire and the reduced scale model. Therefore we have developed the large scale calorimeter in order to the real scale fire test. This advanced large scale calorimeter used for physical properties such as a heat release rate, based upon consumption of
method. Using this large scale calorimeter, we cameo out the real scale vehicle fire test in order to evaluation for heat release rate. We obtained the calculated result for HRR
and this result is very similar to the PIARC candidate HRR. It is approve that this facility has the reliability and it is capable of applying to the advance fire research in the future.
Structural design method of the steel brush type loading platen adopted in multi-axial compression experiments
SaGong, Myung ; Lee, Jun-S. ; Kim, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 351~359
Multi-axial compression tests have been frequently conducted to evaluate the in situ properties of rock masses and the mechanical behaviors of rock strata through the model tests. Without the proper boundary condition for the model tests, the mechanical behavior of rock mass would deviate, as can be expected, from the in situ conditions. The boundary condition will affect the internal stress distribution of the specimens and cause some distortion on the measurement. In this study, a design process regarding the steel brush, which has been employed for multi-axial compression test to reduce the frictional restraint along the specimen/loading platen interface, is introduced. The individual brushes are regarded as a simple column and beam to calculate the cross-sectional size and length of the brushes in consideration of the buckling capacity and the allowable deflection.
A study on ground surface settlement due to groundwater drawdown during tunnelling
Yoo, Chung-Sik ; Kim, Sun-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 361~375
This paper presents the results of investigation on tunnelling-induced ground surface settlement characteristics in water bearing ground using finite element (FE) stress-pore pressure coupled analysis. Fundamental interaction mechanism of ground and groundwater lowering was first examined and a number of influencing factors on the results of the coupled FE analysis were identified. A parametric study was then conducted on the influencing factors such as rock type, thickness of soil layer, permeability of shotcrete lining, among others. The results indicate that the tunneling-induced groundwater drawdown results in a deeper and wider settlement trough than without groundwater drawdown, and that the Error function approach does not yield satisfactory result in predicting a settlement profile. The results of analysis are summarized so that the relationship between the settlement and the influencing factors can be identified.
A simulation analysis on the effect of counterbeam lighting for the tunnel entrance zones
Lee, Young-Q ; Lee, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 377~385
Drivers passing through a tunnel fare some difficulties caused by the visual differences between outside and inside of the tunnel. The blackhole phenomenon at a tunnel entrance lone severely decreases the driver's visibility during the daytime. A counterbeam lighting is generally recommended for the prevention of it. This paper simulates an entrance zone with a blackhole phenomenon to verify the effect of counterbeam lighting. Even though the tunnel lighting is important, It Is not easy to consider many lighting alternatives at the stage of tunnel design due to the complexity of tunnel renditions. This paper is expected to contribute improving the visibility in tunnels, especially at the entrance zone.
A study on the stability analysis for asymmetry parallel tunnel with rock pillar
Kim, Do-Sik ; Kim, Young-Geun ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 387~401
Recently, because of the restriction of land for construction and interference of adjacent structure, parallel tunnels with small clearance have been planned and constructed in many sites. In this case, the stability of pillar at center part is very important factor to satisfy the stability of tunnel structure under the construction. In this paper, numerical analyses for the asymmetry parallel tunnels with a narrow width of pillar have been carried out to search for the optimum reinforcement measure for rock pillar and verify the stability of tunnel. Rock pillar between each single tunnel is supposed to be under heavy load by rock mass. The analysis of stress state at rock pillar at various cases for construction conditions is required to investigate the structural behaviour of tunnels and stability of the pillar. Strength-stress ratio is calculated based on the failure theory of rock and the safety factor of tunnel is computed with strength reduction technique. Through these numerical results, reasonable reinforcement measures for rock pillar at parallel tunnel were established and recommended.
Guidedwave-induced rockbolt integrity using Fourier and wavelet transforms
Lee, In-Mo ; Kim, Hyun-Jin ; Han, Shin-In ; Lee, Jong-Sub ;
Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association, volume 9, issue 4, 2007, Pages 403~413
As rock bolts become one of the main support systems in tunnels and underground structures, the integrity of the rock bolts affects the safety of these types of structures. The purpose of this study is the evaluation of rock bolt integrity using Fourier and wavelet transforms of the guided ultrasonic waves. After five rock bolt specimens with various defect ratios are embedded into a large scale concrete block, guided waves are generated by a PZT (lead zirconate titanate) element and measured by an acoustic emission (AE) sensor. The captured signals are analyzed in the frequency domain using the Fourier transform, and in the time-frequency domain using the wavelet transform based on a Gabor wavelet. The spectrum obtained from the Fourier transform shows that a portion of high frequency contents increases with increase in the defect ratio. Peak values in the time-frequency domain represent the interval of travel time of each echo. The energy velocities of the guided waves increase with the defect ratio. This study shows that the spectrum ratio and the energy velocity may be indicators fur the evaluation of rock bolt integrity.