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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Solar Energy Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Boost Converter Modeling of Photovoltaic Conditioning System for MPPT
Choi, Ju-Yeop ; Choy, Ick ; Song, Seung-Ho ; An, Jin-Ung ; Lee, Dong-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1~13
Photovoltaic conditioning systems normally use a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique to deliver the highest possible power to the load continuously when variations occur in the insolation and temperature. A unique method of tracking the maximum power points (MPPs) and forcing the boost converter system to operate close to these points is presented through deriving small-signal model and transfer function of boost converter considering input capacitor. This paper aims at modeling boost converter including fairly large equivalent series resistance(ESR) of input reservoir capacitor by state-space-averaging method and PWM switch model and compares both methods using Bode plots. In the future, properly designed controller for compensation will be constructed in 3kw real system for maximum photovoltaic power tracking control.
A Study on the Economic Evaluation of Photovoltaic System in the Residential Building
Choi, Jeong-Min ; Ju, Jai-Wook ; Kim, Dong-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 14~21
The demand and installation for photovoltaic system(namely, PV) has grown steadily in Korea. However, the PV system has a various economic viability according to the PV system characteristic variables such as inverter efficiency, miscellaneous power conditioning losses, azimuth and slope of PV array, PV tracking mode, and so on. The other variables are the monthly consumed electric energy and economic related factor such as initial cost, government subsidy, maintenance cost, inflation rate, energy cost escalation rate, discount rate, etc. Therefore, this study is to present economic evaluation of PV system with those concerned factors by calculating internal rate of return, year-to-positive cash flow and net present value indices.
Compensation of Sun Tracking Error caused by the Heliostat Geometrical Error through the Canting of Heliostat Mirror Facets
Park, Young-Chil ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 22~31
Canting is the optical alignment of mirror facets of heliostat such that the heliostat could focus the energy as a unit concentrator. Canting could improve the optical performance of heliostat and thus improves the efficiency of heliostat and ultimately improves the efficiency of the solar thermal power plant. This study discusses the effect of mirror canting, especially off-axis canting, used to compensate the sun tracking error caused by the heliostat geometrical errors. We first show that the canting could compensate the sun tracking error caused by the heliostat geometrical errors. Then we show that the proper canting time could exist, depending on the heliostat location. Finally we show how much the sun tracking performance could be improved by canting, by providing RMS sun tracking error. The limitation and caution of using canting to improve the sun tracking performance are also discussed.
Simulation of Radiative Property Effects on Radiant Cooling of Opaque Surface
Byun, Ki-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 32~38
The effects of surface radiative properties on the radiant cooling of opaque surfaces under clear sky condition are studied. Two types of surfaces, one gray and the other selective, are compared. For the nighttime cooling, black surface gives the lowest plate temperature and on the other hand the ideal selective surface gives the highest temperature. The reverse is true when there is an insolation. Equivalent radiative heat transfer coefficient of radiant cooling without convection is about
for the range of values studied. The surface with black within the
band else zero emissivity could be regarded as a black surface for the nighttime radiant cooling purposes. However, lower band limit of
is preferred to
for small insolation situations.
A Study on the Insulation Performance of the Super window considering the evaluation of Building Energy Rating
Jang, Cheol-Yong ; Ahn, Byung-Lip ; Kim, Chi-Hoon ; Hong, Won-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 39~44
Entering in the time of high oil price, seriousness of an energy effect sector has given a huge impact and the importance of energy is growing. Especially, building energy occupying 24% of total demand of energy is expected to be possible to reduce energy demand more than other section. To reduce the building energy consumption, this study analyzes function and thermal performance of Super window by heat experimental apparatus. Super window is a 2-track low-e glazing window for high insulation efficiency. By applying the results of this experiment to building energy efficience rating tool, this study compares energy efficiency rates depending on a region.-Jeju, South, Central. And it shows how much does Super window reduce Building energy consumption.
Development and application of an assessment tool for outdoor thermal environment
Lim, Jong-Yeon ; Chang, Hyun-Jae ; Song, Doo-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 45~55
Deterioration of the outdoor thermal environment in urban areas has become worse and worse due to the urbanization and overpopulation, etc. Most of existing researches about thermal environment are focused on the indoor environment in which the radiation heat exchange is relatively constant. However, the outdoor thermal environment is changed with time passages, because the thermal environment is highly effected by solar radiation. Thus, to simulate the outdoor thermal environment with accuracy, the solar radiation calculation should be considered, and the radiation heat exchange between building surface and ground surface should be calculated. The purpose of this study is to develop the simulator that can be possible to evaluate the outdoor thermal environment and pedestrian thermal comfort. In this paper, a new method which is coupled with convective heat transfer simulation and radiative heat transfer simulation will be proposed. And the coupled simulation method will be described through case study for outdoor thermal environment. From the results of simulation, the coupled simulation proposed in this study can assess the outdoor thermal environment with accuracy.
Hydrologic Performance Change of Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Rainfall Condition Change
Park, Wan-Soon ; Lee, Chul-Hyung ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 56~61
The effects of design parameters for small scale hydro power(SSHP) plants due to climate change have been studied. The model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is used in this study. The results from analysis far rainfall conditions based on KIER model show that the capacity and load factor of SSHP site had large difference between the period. Especially, the hydrologic performance of SSHP site due to rainfall condition of recent period varied in design flowrate sensitively. However climate change gave small effect in load factor of existing SSHP plant. And also, the methodology represented in this study can be used to decide the primary design specifications of SSHP sites.
A study on wind source interpolation based on shape of complex topography
Cheang, Eui-Heang ; Moon, Chae-Joo ; Kim, Eui-Sun ; Chang, Young-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 62~68
There has been a continuous increase in the utilization and utility value of renewable energy such as wind power generation in modem society. Wind condition is the absolute variable to the energy volume in the case of a wind power generation system. For this reason, wind power generators have already been installed in areas where wind velocity is high and the possibility of danger is very low. In other words, instability is likely if the wind velocity in an area is high and where a wind power generation system can be built. On the contrary, low wind velocity is possible in an area with high stability. Therefore, the design and manufacture of a wind power generation system should be carried out in a more complicated topography in order to secure a bigger market. This study examines and suggest how topography affects wind shear by analyzing the measured data in order to predict wind power generation more reliably.
The Development of the Monitoring System for Power performance using the Lab View
Ko, Seok-Whan ; Jang, Moon-Seok ; Ju, Young-Chul ; Lee, Yoon-Sub ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 69~74
Monitoring system is an absolutely-required system for assessing a performance and fatigue load of the wind turbine in an on-shore wind energy experimental research complex. It was implemented for the purpose of monitoring the wind information measured from a meteorological tower at the monitoring house, and of utilizing the measured data(fatigue data and electric analyzing data of wind turbine)for the performance assessment, by using the LabVIEW program. Then, by adding the performance assessment-related data acquired from the wind turbine during the performance assessment and the data recorder for synchronizing the data of meteorological tower, the system(BusDAQ) was implemented. Because it transmitted the data by converting the output 'RS-232' of data logger which measures the wind condition into CAN protocol, the data error rate was minimized. Also, This paper is introduced to make the best use of the developed monitoring system and to explain about construct of the system and detailed data communication of its system.
Output Power Analysis of Active Frequency Drift Method for Anti-Islanding
Lee, Ki-Ok ; Choi, Ju-Yeop ; Choy, Ick ; Yu, Gwon-Jong ; An, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 75~80
Recently, as the grid-connected photovoltaic power conditioning systems (PVPCS) are installed in many residential areas, these have raised potential problems of network protection on electrical power system. One of the numerous problems is an Islanding phenomenon. In this paper, active frequency drift (AFD) method, one of the anti-islanding methods which is analyzed by current magnitude compensation and calculation of RMS value of the output power is proposed and verified by simulation.
Evaluation of the Outdoor Radiant Thermal Environment by Building Scale and Block Type of Office Building in Summer
Park, Su-Jin ; Jung, Sun-Young ; Yoon, Seong-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 81~87
The purpose of this study is to evaluate of the outdoor thermal environment by building scale and block type as variable factors. In this study, 18 cases of office in central business district that have different condition are compared about their surface temperature, HIP(Heat Island Potential), and MRT(Mean Radiant Temperature). They are simulated with 3-dimension numerical simulation software named Hoyano-model. The output results contain visualized distribution chart and numerical data. The results of evaluation are as follows. (1)The surface temperature of the building becomes higher as building coverage ratio is higher but floor area ratio is lower. In same conditions, unified block type is maximum
higher than divided block type. (2)HIP shows different daily pattern as block type. During daytime, divided block type is much higher than unified block type but after sunset, it is changed. (3)MRT shows different distribution pattern as sunlight moves expecially at noon. (4)As the results of this study, cases that have high floor area ratio condition show lower surface temperature by tendency to stay low indoor temperature in office building and big rate of windows on building surface.
Improving the power of PV module by a surface cooling system
Kim, Dae-Hyun ; Kim, Dong-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 88~93
This study was conducted to improve the power of PV module using a surface cooling system One of the unique characteristics of PV module is power drop as a module surface temperature increases due to the characteristics of crystalline silicon used in a solar cell. To overcome the output power reduction by temperature effect, module surface cooling using water circulation was performed. By cooling effect, module surface temperature drops maximally
predicting more than 10% power enhancement. Maximum deviation of voltage and current between a control and cooled module differed by 5.1 V and O.9A respectively. The maximum power enhancement by cooling system was 12.4% compared with a control module. In addition, cooling system can wash the module surface by water circulation so that extra power up of PV module can be achieved by removing particles on the surface which interfere solar radiation on the cells. Cooling system, besides, can reduce the maintenance cost and prevent accidents as a safety precaution while cleaning works. This system can be applied to the existing photovoltaic power generation facilities without any difficulties as well.
Comparison of the Thermal Environment in the Downtown Location and the Outskirt Site base on the Field Observations in the Summer
Jung, Im-Soo ; Choi, Dong-Ho ; Lee, Bu-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 94~101
This study which is the fundamental work to investigate the property of urban climate compared the property of thermal environment in the downtown location and the outskirt site based on the field observation in the summer. We analysed thermal environment in the downtown location mainly by distributional characteristics during day and night with changes and correlation analysis of the air temperature, the globe temperature and the surface temperature through the simultaneous observation of the property of thermal environment at two places in real time. The summary of finding in this study is as follows. (1)It is observed on the day chosen by sample that diurnal air temperature range in the downtown location is
, and diurnal air temperature range in the Outskirt site is
, so, we found that the diurnal air temperature range in the outskirt site is
higher than in the downtown location. (2)In comparison of the globe temperature after sunset, we found the change of more sudden temperature drops in the outskirt site than in the downtown location. (3)It is observed on the days chosen by sample that the average of globe temperature range is
, the average of surface temperature range is
, and air temperature range is
, thus, the we found that the average of air temperature is
higher than globe temperature and the surface temperature. (4)After the consideration of air temperature and globe temperature distribution, the highest temperature reaching time of globe temperature is one hour earlier than air temperature in the downtown location, on the other hand, although the highest temperature reaching time of globe temperature in the outskirt sites is one hour later than in the downtown location, the timelag found in the downtown location was not found in the outskirt site.
Comparative analysis of the global solar horizontal irradiation in typical meteorological data
Yoo, Ho-Chun ; Lee, Kwan-Ho ; Kang, Hyun-Gu ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 102~109
The research on meteorological data in Korea has been carried out but without much consistency and has been limited to some areas only. Of relatively more importance has been the area in the utilization of the solar energy, however, the measurement of the global solar horizontal irradiation has been quite limited. In the current study, the actually measured value of the global solar horizontal irradiation from the meteorological data and the theoretically calculated value of the global solar horizontal irradiation from the cloud amount will be analyzed comparatively. The method of analysis will employ the standard meteorological data drafted by the Korean Solar Energy Society, the standard meteorological data from the presently used simulation program and the corresponding results have been compared with the calculated value of the global solar horizontal irradiation from the cloud amount. The results of comparing the values obtained from MBE(Mean Bias Error), RMSE(Root Mean Squares for Error), t-Statistic methods and those from each of the standard meteorological data show that the actually measured value of the meteorological data which have been converted into standard meteorological data with the help of the ISO TRY method give the monthly average value of the global solar horizontal irradiation. These values compared with the monthly average value from the IWEC from the Department of Energy of the USA show that the value of the global solar horizontal irradiation in the USA is quite similar. In the case of the values obtained from calculation from the cloud amount, the weather data provided by TRNSYS, except only slight difference, which means that the actually measured values of the global solar horizontal irradiation are significant. This goes to show that in the case of Korea, the value of the global solar horizontal irradiation provided by the Korea Meteorological Administration is will be deemed correct.
A Study on the Mock-up test for applying BIPV in the external curtain Wall
Lee, Han-Myoung ; Oh, Min-Suk ; Kim, Hway-Suh ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 29, issue 6, 2009, Pages 110~118
This research is an experimental study on BIPV Power performance of See-through a-si and Light-through applying external curtain wall. In case of See-through a-si Photovoltaic, appropriateness of facade applying standard(
)area photovoltaic was examined. Transparent performance was also investigated through Power simulation according to angles and seasons of See-through a-si and Light-through Photovoltaic so that Power output was surveyed with using designed and manufactured Mock-up. When comparing See-through a-si to Light-through Photovoltaic for simulation Power output on angles based on full south aspect, which the result was that See-through a-si Power output according to Light-through Power output was the highest of 65.5% when applying a 90 degree angle. Monthly accumulated average Power output during winter seasons (December, January and February) applying a vertical plane on full south aspect was analyzed, which results in 66.37W/h of See-through a-si and 139.1 W/h of Light-through. See-through a-si Power output showed 47.7% in comparison with Light-through transparent. Also monthly, hourly average Power efficiency according to solar radiation during winter seasons (December, January and February) was that 4.7% of See-Through a-si and 9.8% of Light-through.