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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Solar Energy Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Development of Multi Effect Distillation for Solar Thermal Seawater Desalination System
Joo, Hong-Jin ; Hwang, In-Seon ; Kwak, Hee-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.001
This study was accomplished to evaluate the performance of Multi Effect Distillation(MED) for solar thermal desalination system. It was designed Multi effect distillation with
/day capacity and Shell&Tube type heat exchanger. Also, The effective heat transfer of Shell&Tube heat exchanger was used Cu(90%)-Ni(10%) corrugated tube. The parameters relating to the performance of Multi Effect Distillation are known as hot water flow rate. The experimental conditions for each parameters were
for sea water inlet temperature,
/hour sea water inlet volume flow rate,
for hot water inlet temperature, 2.4, 3.6, and
/hour for hot water inlet volume flow rate, respectively. The results are as follows, Development for Multi effect distillation was required about 40kW heat and 35kW cooling source to produce
/day of fresh water. Based on the results of this study, It makes possible to secure economics of desalination system with solar energy which is basically needed development of high efficiency fresh water generator.
A Study on the Optimal Design of Large-scale Photovoltaic Array
Hwang, In-Ho ; Kim, Eui-Hwan ; Ahn, Kyo-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 8~14
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.008
Recently, a number of large-scale photovoltaic(PV) power generation system has been installed all over the world. Thus, in order to improve the system efficiency, the optimal design of the large-scale PV systems has become an important issue. DC cable loss of PV array is one of the design factors related to the system efficiency. This paper introduces the array design method of a 500kW Photovoltaic power plant. Three types of the PV array are suggested. Also, string cables, sub-array cables and array cables are designed within 1% of voltage drop in the line, and the DC cable losses are analyzed. The results of this paper show that the DC cable loss of large-scale PV array can be reduced by adopting a proper sub-array design method.
Performance Analysis of Ammonia-Water Regenerative Rankine Cycles for Use of Low-Temperature Energy Source
Kim, Kyoung-Hoon ; Han, Chul-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.015
It is a great interest to convert more energy in the heat source into the power and to improve the efficiency of power generating processes. Since the efficiency of power generating processes becomes poorer as the temperature of the source decreases, to use an ammonia-water mixture instead of water as working fluid is a possible way to improve the efficiency of the system. In this work performance of ammonia-water regenerative Rankine cycle is investigated for the purpose of extracting maximum power from low-temperature waste heat in the form of sensible energy. Special attention is paid to the effect of system parameters such as mass fraction of ammonia and turbine inlet pressure on the characteristics of system. Results show that the power output increases with the mass fraction of ammonia in the mixture, however workable range of the mass fraction becomes narrower as turbine inlet pressure increases and is able to reach 16.5kW per unit mass flow rate of source air at
A Study on the Calculation Process of Carbon Dioxide Emission for Buildings with Life Cycle Assessment
Jeong, Young-Sun ; Huh, Jung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.023
International cooperation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is expected to provide a big crisis and a great opportunity at the same time for our industry that heavily consumes energy. To cope actively with the international environmental regulation, such as the Framework Convention on Climate Change, quantitative measurement of the volume of greenhouse gases emitted by various industries and quantitative prediction of the greenhouse gas emissions of the future are becoming more important than anything else at the national level. This study aims to propose the calculation process of carbon dioxide(
) emission for building in life cycle. This paper describes and compares 9 different tool for environmental load estimation with LCA. This study proposed the calculation process for quantitatively predicting and assessing
emissions during the life cycle of buildings based on the life cycle assessment(LCA). The life cycle steps of buildings were divided into the design/supervision, new construction, repair, renovation, use of operating energy in buildings, maintenance, and reconstruction stage in the life cycle inventory analysis and the method of assessing the environmental load in each stage was proposed.
Circular Fresnel POF(Plastic Optical Fiber) Daylighting System Performance Evaluation Study
Kang, Eun-Chul ; Choi, Yong-Jun ; Yoon, Kwang-Sik ; Lee, Euy-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 31~36
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.031
CF(Circular Fresnel) POF(Plastic Optical Fiber) daylighting system is a beam daylighting system utilizing solar direct beam radiation. In this study, a CF POF daylighting system has been introduced, developed and applied to KIER test buildings. The CF POF daylighting system consists of three parts: light collector, light transmitter and light diffuser. The light collector includes a Circular Fresnel lens focusing solar direct illuminance by sun tracking. The light transmitter contains the POF cable which has light transmission loss of 4.5% per meter. The light diffuser has about 80% diffuser efficiency. This study aims to evaluate of POF daylighting system performance. At the results of a CFPOF system performance evaluation, the theoretical CFPOF system efficiency was 41.9% and the actual CFPOF system efficiency at the KIER test building was 37.5%. The difference was due partly to the connecting efficiency.
Optimization of Drive-in Temperature at Doping Process for Mono Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell
Cho, Sung-Jin ; Song, Hee-Eun ; Yoo, Kwon-Jong ; Yoo, Jin-Soo ; Han, Kyu-Min ; Kwon, Jun-Young ; Lee, Hi-Deok ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 37~43
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.037
In this paper, the optimized doping condition of crystalline silicon solar cells with
area was studied. To optimize the drive-in temperature in the doping process, the other conditions except variable drive-in temperature were fixed. These conditions were obtained in previous studies. After etching
of the surface to form the pyramidal structure, the silicon nitride deposited by the PECVD had 75~80nm thickness and 2 to 2.1 for a refractive index. The silver and aluminium electrodes for front and back sheet, respectively, were formed by screen-printing method, followed by firing in 400-425-450-550-
five-zone temperature conditions to make the ohmic contact. Drive-in temperature was changed in range of
to obtain the sheet resistance
intervals. Solar cell made in
as the drive-in temperature revealed 17.1% conversion efficiency which is best in this study. This solar cells showed
of the current density, 627 mV of the open circuit voltage and 79.3% of the fill factor.
Quantitative Analysis of the Condensation Characteristics with Solar Radiations and Inner Temperature of the Tilted Box
Lee, Cheun-Gi ; Koh, Young-Ha ; Kim, Byung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 44~50
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.044
The solar radiation, inner temperature of the tilted box and the amount of condensed water were measured to find the most effective purified water production system. The inner temperature of the tilted box was related with solar radiation that was affected by sunshine and cloud. With analyzing those relationships of the solar radiation, inner box temperature, the angle of tilted boxes and amounts of water condensation optimal collecting system area could be calculated.
An Evaluation of Uncertainty for Reference Standards Solar Radiation Data
Kim, Sang-Yeob ; Jo, Dok-Ki ; Yun, Chang-Yeol ; Kim, Kwang-Deuk ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.051
The energy makes the basic element which improves the quality of life with motive power of industry and life. However, using the fossil fuel resources was restricted through it's abuse and exhaustion, and that cause a global warming resultingly. According to the reason, the world increased the interest that are stability and use of new and renewable energy which is clean energy with environment. Therefore, the property data of new and renewable is needed for developing and supplying the energy. In other words, the data of new and renewable energy becomes the standards for supply and evaluation of new and renewable energy with development of industry and technology. Also, the necessity came to the fore as the reference and standards of new and renewable energy data. Therefore, in this study, we evaluate and collect the solar radiation data as the new and renewable data and process the collected data through the standards for valuation. We evaluate uncertainty with standards which are NREL, WMO, and GUM. Whereby the data becomes reference standards data and gains the credibility. For the reliability data, we correct the measuring instrument with correction period. Using the DQMS and SERI QC, we efficiently manage and evaluate the solar radiation data. As a result, we evaluate uncertainty as 1,120 case about 16 area. we achieve credibility of data from evaluated solar radiation data and provide an accurate information to user. The annual average of horizontal radiation presents between 1,484 and 4,577, then the uncertainty evaluates from 163 to 453. The error of uncertainty presents smaller than the measurement values. So, we judge a credibility of data by expression of reliability quantitatively. In additional, the reference standards data which is possible to approach anywhere will be used for the supporting related industry and policy making.
An Experimental Study on Indoor Thermal Characteristics in accordance with the Use of Windows and Blinds in Double Skin Facade in Summer
Kim, Dong-Kyun ; Yoon, Kap-Chun ; Kang, Jae-Sik ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.059
This paper is focused on the effect of indoor temperature rise according to the use of windows and blinds in double skin facade in summer. For the experiment, we set up the mock-up of double skin facede and measuring temperature and solar radiation. Total 7 cases were used for measuring solar transmittance and indoor temperature rise. When the venetian blind was not installed, solar transmittance was 44.5%, and solar transmittance for the case that installed the venetian blind (angle 0) was 22.5%. Cases that opened inner and outdoor windows for ventilation showed lower indoor temperature rise than cases with closed windows. In addition, Case 5 (opened inner and outdoor windows with the venetian blind (angle 0) to reduce solar transmittance) indicated lower indoor temperature rise than Case 3(opened inner and outdoor windows). Consequently, Case 5 which uses inner and outdoor window for ventilation and venetian blind to reduce solar transmittance is the most effective way to reduce indoor temperature rise among all cases tested in this research.
A Study on Score Comparison between Preliminary and Main Certification of Green Building Certification Criteria for Educational Facilities
Lee, Hyun-Woo ; Choi, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 68~77
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.068
The concern of green building has been increased with an environmental problem or a rising oil price by industrialization. Therefore offices, schools and some buildings are expected to acquire the green building certification increasingly, but the information such as a process of green building certification, the state of certificated buildings, a score as specific clauses on green building certification is to seek. For not only school facilities make an effect to an student's learning achievement, but is the place where adolescents in a period of growth almost spend their life, eco-friendly school facilities is absolutely required. For this reason, systematizing the information related with the green building certification is to be needed in school field as well Therefore the effort to systematize certification management of eco-friendly school and provide information of certificated building, certification application procedure and sources related with certification for convenience is needed. Also reference material to decrease an inefficient time and expenses and to systematize certification evaluation is be able to beneficial. On the study, for such as the purpose above-mentioned, as the appraisal standard with 12 selected schools randomly is arranged. Based on the assessed scores table, features or something in common as a cause of the score change between preliminary and main certification is to be classified and anaylized.
A Study on Comparison between Korea Green Building Rating System and LEED 2009 in Office Building
Lee, Hyun-Woo ; Choi, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 78~86
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.078
Recently due to the crisis of environment and resources, construction industry that effects a lot on nature than any other industries is essentially required to consider environment element through the life cycle. With the increase in the demand for sustainable and environmentally-friendly development, Green Building Certification System came into force in 2002. Lots of advanced countries and Korea have been running green building certification system. But many people of Korea is getting interested in LEED. We spend too much money to get a LEED Certification. So we need to develop our own green building certification that fits our environment. In this study, we are going to compare GBCC with LEED to develop our Green Building Rating System.
A Change of Yearly Atmospheric Clearness Index in Korea
Jo, Dok-Ki ; Yun, Chang-Yeol ; Kim, Kwang-Deuk ; Kang, Young-Heack ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 87~92
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.087
Since the atmospheric clearness index is main factor for evaluating atmosphere environment, it is necessary to estimate its characteristics all over the major cities in Korea. We have begun collecting clearness index data since 1982 at 16 different cities and considerable effort has been made for constructing a standard value from measured data at each city. The new clearness data will be extensively used by evaluating atmospheric environment as well as by solar application system designer or users. Yearly mean 64% of the atmospheric clearness index was evaluated for clear day all over, and significant difference of horizontal global insolation is observed between 1982~1986 and 1987~1991, 1992~1996, 1997~2001, 2002~2009 through 16 different cities in Korea.
Performance Measurement Method of Several Types of Photovoltaic Module Depending on Efficiency
Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kang, Gi-Hwan ; Yu, Gwon-Jong ; Yoon, Soon-Gil ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 93~99
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.093
To guarantee more exact maximum power of solar cell module, it is absolutely required to have performance characteristics of various solar cells. Today, there are many types of solar simulator for large area measurement. But it is very opaque how to select the best one for various solar cell module like crystalline silicon solar cell, high efficiency solar cell, amorphous silicon thin film solar cell, CdTe and CIGS solar cell module. So, in this paper 4 types of photovoltaic module were selected to compare the electrical characteristics by changing light pulse duration time and voltage scan direction. Light pulse duration time was varied from 10msec to 800msec. And two types of voltage scan directions, Voc->Isc and Isc->Voc were selected. From this results, optimum measuring condition was suggested and electrical variation was analysed for each types of solar cell module. The detail description is specified as the following paper.
Emission Reduction Method through Correlation Analysis of Design Parameters in Buildings
Lee, Hyun-Woo ; Chae, Min-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 100~106
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.100
This study proposes a
emission reduction method through correlation analysis of a sample building. First, energy saving factors of heating, cooling, lighting were determined for the correlation analysis and
emission contribution rate of the design parameters have been analyzed. Then optimal combination of each design parameter has been drawn. Heat transfer coefficient of walls and windows, air permeability, windows area ratio, and shading devices were selected as applicable energy saving factors of the sample building. Also computer simulation was conducted using experimental design by Orthogonal Arrays of the statistical method. And the contribution rate was estimated by Analysis of Variance-ANOVA. As a result, the
emission in heating was reduced to 51.9%; in cooling to 16.8%; and in lighting to 2% compared to the existing building. The majority of the reduction was presented by heating energy.
Hydrogen production with high temperature solar heat thermochemical cycle using NiFe
Lee, Jin-Gyu ; Shin, Il-Yoong ; Seo, Tae-Beom ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 107~114
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.107
Two-step thermochemical cycle using ferrite-oxide(
) device was investigated. The
(g) was converted into
in the first experiment which was performed using a dish type solar thermal system. However the experiment was lasted only for 2 cycles because the metal oxide device was sintered and broken down. Another problem was that the reaction was taken place mainly on a side of the metal oxide device. The
, which was widely known as a material preventing sintering, was applied on the metal oxide device. The ferrite loading rate and the thickness of the metal oxide device were increased from 10.67wt% to 20wt% and from 10mm to 15mm, respectively. The chemical reactor having two inlets was designed in order to supply the reactants uniformly to the metal oxide device. The second-experiment was lasted for 5 cycles, which was for 6 hours. The total amount of the
production was 861.30mL.
A Study on the Energy Consumption Analysis and Improvement of Busan City Public Building
Kim, Sam-Uel ; Kim, Se-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 115~120
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.115
The energy used in Korea is strongly dependent on that produced by foreign countries. Accordingly, saving energy is more important than ever, because of the rise of international oil prices and depletion of oil resources. The development of energy efficient buildings is required especially for public buildings in Korea. In this study, the energy use of public buildings is identified. Then, the analysis of energy usage through regional offices in Busan City offers energy saving measures for public buildings.
A Study on making standards on Performance Criteria and Specialized Factors for Bio-Hosing
Lee, Hyun-Woo ; Kim, Sam-Uel ; Kim, Won-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 31, issue 1, 2011, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2011.31.1.121
The concept of bio-housing comes from the new social and culture housing trends. Previous research have shown standards on performance criteria for bio-housing. However some criteria on that research were overlapped because they were merged from various current housing assessment systems. This current research looks on the duplication of criteria which were impossible to evaluate current housing assessment, and make specialized factors for bio-housing developments. Finally the research shows the magnitude of factors for bio-housing performance criteria.