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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Solar Energy Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 32, Issue spc3 - Jun 2012
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Wind Power Generation Using Vertical Exhaust Air Duct of the High-Rise Apartments
Lee, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Seong-Yong ; Hwang, Jung-Ha ; Park, Jin-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.001
The purpose of this study was to promote the utilization of wind velocity of kitchen and bathroom exhaust ducts for wind power generation in high-rise apartments. The research content can be summarized as follows: 1) Nine high-rise apartments were examined for the installation of kitchen and bathroom exhaust ducts located in the pipe shaft (PS) section. After selecting simulation candidates, a simulation was performed with the STAR-CCM+ Ver 5.06 program. 2) Of nine high-rise apartments, seven had kitchen and bathroom exhaust ducts, whose cross section was in the range of
. The area ratio between the exhaust ducts and PS section (cross section of exhaust duct/area of PS section
100) was on average 3.2%. 3) The simulation results were analyzed. As a result, the smaller cross section kitchen and bathroom exhaust ducts had, the more advantages there were for increasing exhaust wind velocity. If an out air inlet duct is installed to the old kitchen and bathroom exhaust ducts, it will increase exhaust wind velocity by 3.01~3.98m/s and contribute to the proper wind velocity level (3.0m/s). 4) When the simultaneous usage rate between the kitchen and bathroom exhaust fan increased from 20% to 60%, exhaust wind velocity increased. The "entire house holds" condition for exhaust fan operation provided more even exhaust wind velocity than the "some house holds" condition. 5) Exhaust wind velocity increased in the order of amplified (T-3), induced (T-2) and vertical (T-1) top of kitchen and bathroom exhaust ducts. Of them, the amplified type (T-3) was under the least influence of external wind velocity and thus the most proper for kitchen and bathroom exhaust duct tops.
Roof-attached Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Module's Thermal Characteristics
Kim, Kyung-Soo ; Kang, Gi-Hwan ; Yu, Gwon-Jong ; Yoon, Soon-Gil ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.011
To expect accurately the maximum power of solar cell module under various installation conditions, it is required to know the performance characteristics like temperature dependence. Today, the PV (photovoltaic) market in Korea has been growing. Also BIPV (building integrated photovoltaic) systems are diversified and become popular. But thermal dependence of PV module is little known to customers and system installers. In IEC 61215,a regulation for testing the crystalline silicon solar cell module, the testing method is specified for modules. However there is limitation for testing the module with diverse application examples. In extreme installation method, there is no air flow between rear side of module and ambient, and it can induce temperature increase. In this paper, we studied the roof type installation of PV module on the surface of one-axis tracker system. We measured temperature on every component of PV module and compared to open-rack structure. As a result, we provide the foundation that explains temperature characteristics and NOCT (nominal operation cell temperature) difference. The detail description will be specified as the following paper.
Analysis of effect on power system considering the maximum penetration limit of wind power
Myung, Ho-San ; Kim, Bong-Eon ; Kim, Hyeong-Taek ; Kim, Se-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 19~25
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.019
About supply and demand to see that you need to match, the limitations of wind power capacity is low demand and the commitment of the general generator will exist between the minimum generation. if the turbine's output can be controlled, The limitation of wind power capacity will be adopted based on instant power generation. Namely, The minimum limits of wind power generation based load operation by calculating the amount that is higher than if the output should be restricted to highest operation. in this paper, we committed to the demand for low enough that the combination of the general generator of wind power capacity to accommodate the operation of determining whether the limit is intended to. For this, power system analysis program PSS/E was used, Jeju system by implementing the model simulations were performed.
Compensation of PV Module Current for Reduction of Mismatch Losses in PV Systems
Ahn, Hee-Wook ; Park, Gi-Yob ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 26~32
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.026
A current compensation method to reduce the mismatch loss in PV systems is proposed as a way to increase the power generation efficiency. A dc-dc converter is used to supply currents to irregular modules in a PV string and is powered from the string output. The converter's voltage conversion ratio is adjusted so that all the modules in the string are operated at the maximum power point. The power rating and size of the converter can be reduced since only the current difference between the regular and irregular module may be supplied. The compensated string shows very little voltage mismatch compared to other regular strings. The validity of the proposed method is verified through a simulation and experiments in a prototype PV system.
The Research on the Yeonggwang Offshore Wind Farm Generated Energy Prediction
Jeong, Moon-Seon ; Moon, Chae-Joo ; Jeong, Gwan-Seong ; Choi, Man-Soo ; Jang, Yeong-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.033
As the wind farms in large scale demand enormous amount of construction cost, minimizing the economic burden is essential and also it is very important to measure the wind resources and forecast annual energy production correctly to judge the economic feasibility of the proposed site by way of installing a Met mast at or nearby the site. Wind resources were measured by installing a 80[m] high Met mast at WangdeungYeo Island to conduct the research incorporated in this paper and offshore wind farm was designed using WindPRO. Wind farm of 100[MW] was designed making use of 3 and 4.5[MW] wind generator at the place selected to compare their annual energy production and capacity factor applying the loss factor of 10[%] and 20[%] respectively to each farm. As a result, 336,599[MWh] was generated by applying 3[MW] wind generator while 358,565 [MWh] was produced by 4.5[MW] wind generator. Difference in the energy production by 3[MW] generator was 33,660 [MWh] according to the loss factor with the difference in its capacity factor by 3.8[%]. On the other hand, 23 units of 4.5 [MW] wind generators showed the difference of annual energy production by 35,857 [MWh] with 4.0[%] capacity factor difference.
Neural Network Application for Geothermal Heat Pump Electrical Load Prediction
Anindito, Satrio ; Kang, Eun-Chul ; Lee, Euy-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 42~49
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.042
Evaluation of Lighting Energy Saving Rate in a Small Office Space
Kim, Han-Yong ; Yun, Gyeong ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 50~58
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.050
The objective of this study is to evaluate the lighting dimming rates with various parameters of the building skin in a small office. We compared to simulated workplane illuminance and measured workplane illuminance for the base model. After that, the five veriables(the presence of vertical wall in double skin facade, the presence of windowsill, window to wall ratio(WWR), window visible transmittance, the width of double skin facade) were applied to base model, and we analyzed the simulated lighting energy saving rates. The results are listed as below. The simulated workplane illuminance results are similar to the measurement. Simulated illuminance was smaller than measured illuminance by 16.5%(60 lx). In accordance with applicable building skin parameters, lighting energy saving rate results are summarized as follows. Lighting energy saving rate of case1(windowsill height 0.7m) is higher than that of base case(windowsill and vertical wall) by 7.3% and the lighting energy saving rate of case2(no vertical wall) is higher than that of base case by 7.6% and the lighting energy saving rate of case3(no windowsill and vertical wall) is higher than that of base case by 12.4%. The lighting energy saving rate is increased by 2.3%, when window visible transmittance is increased from 70% to 86%. The lighting energy saving rate is increased by 4.6%, when we changed the WWR 70% to 90%. lighting energy savings rate is increased by 6.5%, when the width of double skin facade is reduced from 1m to 0.3m.
Performance Analysis of Solar Heating System for High Solar Fraction using TRNSYS
Sohn, Jin-Gug ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.059
In this paper, performances of solar hot water supply systems are parametrically analyzed with the variations of solar collector area, slope of collector and volume of storage. All simulations are conducted by using TRNSYS computer program. Average solar fractions, collector efficiencies and temperatures of storage are investigated monthly as well as annually. For system analysis, the maximum value of monthly average solar fractions has a limitation of 90 percent. As a result, the designed solar thermal system with
storage volume could provide almost an annual average solar fraction of 72 percent. By increasing the storage volume to
, the annual solar fraction of system increases up to 73 percent.
A Detailed Analysis of Solar Energy Resources in Korean Peninsula Using a Satellite
Jo, Dok-Ki ; Yun, Chang-Yeol ; Kim, Kwang-Deuk ; Kang, Young-Heack ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 68~76
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.068
Since the solar energy resource is the main input for sizing any solar energy utilization system, it is essential to utilize the solar radiation data as an application and development of solar energy system increase. It will be necessary to understand and evaluate the insolation data. The Korea Institute of Energy Research(KIER) has begun collecting horizontal global insolation data since May, 1982 at 16 different locations in Korea and for the more detailed analysis, images taken by geostationary satellite may be used to estimate solar irradiance fluxes at earth's surface. It is based on the empirical correlation between a satellite derived cloud index and the irradiance at the ground. From the results, the measured data has been collected at 16 different stations and estimated using satellite at 44 different stations over the Korean peninsula from 1982 to 2010. The Result of analysis shows that the annual-average daily global radiation on the horizontal surface is 3.66
and estimated solar radiation fluxes show reliable results for estimating the global radiation with average deviation of -7.2 to +3.7 % from the measured values.
A Study on the Estimating Direct Normal Insolation Using Horizontal Global Insolation for Solar Thermal Generation System Installation in Korea
Jo, Dok-Ki ; Yun, Chang-Yeol ; Kim, Kwang-Deuk ; Kang, Young-Heack ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 77~87
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.077
Images taken by geostationary satellite may be used to estimate solar irradiance fluxes at earth's surface. It is based on the empirical correlation between a satellite derived cloud index and the irradiance at the ground. For the validation, estimated direct normal Insolation is compared with observed direct normal Insolation at 16 sites over the Korean peninsular from January 1982 to December 2010. Estimated direct normal Insolation shows reliable results with average deviation of -5.4 to +5.9% from the measured values and the yearly averaged direct normal Insolation of Korean peninsula was turned out to be 2.93
A Simulation Study on the Annual Heating Performance of the Seawater-Source Screw Heat Pump
Baik, Young-Jin ; Kim, Min-Sung ; Chang, Ki-Chang ; Lee, Young-Soo ; Kim, Hyeon-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 88~95
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.088
In this study, in order to utilize the seawater as a heat source at Gangneung city near the East Sea in Korea, an annual heating performance of a screw heat pump was simulated. For a simulation, the maximum heating capacity of heat pump was assumed at 3.5 MW. An ambient temperature at Gangneung city was calculated from the TMY2 weather data, while the seawater temperature was calculated from the regression equation based on the measurement by the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute of Korea. The heating load was assumed linearly dependent on the ambient temperature, while the maximum heating load was assumed to appear when the ambient temperature is below
, which is the temperature of TAC 2.5% for heating at Gangneung city. A heat pump performance at full-load was calculated from the regression equation, which involves refrigerant's evaporating and condensing temperatures, based on a commercial screw compressor performance map. A heating supply temperature which determines refrigerant's condensing temperature was assumed linearly dependent on the heating load. A performance degradation due to the part-load operation of heat pump was also considered. Simulation results show that an annual heating coefficient of performance (
) of a seawater-source screw heat pump is approximately 2.8 and that it is necessary to improve part-load performance to increase an annual performance of the heat pump.
A study on analysis of energy consumption of Detached house by U-value and SCs of windows and Building Orientation
Jeong, Su-Hui ; Park, Hyo-Sun ; Lee, Byung-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 96~103
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.096
Annual energy consumption in detached houses are affected mainly by thermal performance of envelope. In particular the performance of glasses are critical due to global wanning and climatic change. Therefore, this research analyzes annual consumption of cooling and heating energy with various combination of U-value, shading coefficient and building orientation. The simulation results shows that shading coefficient of glazing contributes to the changes of proportion of heating and cooling energy demand and the optimized shading coefficient for minimizing energy consumption varies with buildings orientation.
A Computational Analysis on Candela Distribution Curves and Performance Prediction of a Fiber Optic Dish Daylighting System by Photopia
Oh, Seung-Jin ; Han, Hyun-Joo ; Jeon, Young-Il ; Chun, Won-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 104~113
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.104
A set of candela distribution curves(CDCs) were generated for a fiber optic dish daylighting system by Photopia under clear sky conditions at different solar altitudes. The candela distribution curves were then exported to Radiance for photometric analysis of a windowless lecture room. Observations were made on the Radiance rendered illuminance images, which provided photo realistic scenes varying with solar altitudes. If no tracking error were assumed, the daylight collection efficiency of the system remained at a constant value of 68.4% during its operation. Higher the solar altitude angle, greater in photometric quantities were observed, which are represented by candela(cd) and total lumens(lm). In all cases considered, however, the angle of light distribution remained fixed reflecting the solar tracking feature of the system. The illuminance uniformity on the workplane lingered around 0.12, which is quite low. This is quite a contrast to its average value of 0.68 of the
area directly below the terminal device (diffuser) of the system. The maximum illuminance of 1,340lux was obtained at a solar altitude of 80 degrees.
Annual Performance Evaluation of Direct Expansion Vertical Closed-Loop Ground Source Heat Pump for Residential Application
Kim, Min-Sung ; Baik, Young-Jin ; Ra, Ho-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 114~122
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.114
Vertical closed-loop ground source heat pump systems(GSHP) have been installed widely in Korea since it can extract moderate temperature level of geothermal heat in a small area. As a ground heat exchanger, a vertical closed -loop type with brine circulation is mostly preferred since it is simple and less harmful to ground environment. However, it requires a secondary heat exchange loop between the refrigerant in a heat pump and the brine. By adding a geothermal heat exchanger in the secondary heat exchange loop, circulation pumps should be attached and the temperature difference between refrigerant and ground is increased, which are important parts of performance degradation. In this paper, annual and seasonal performances of direct expansion(DX) geothermal heat pump were estimated mathematically as an alternative of classical indirect geothermal heat pump based on the annual performance evaluation. As results, DX geothermal heat pump showed 43% higher annual performance than the classical U-tube geothermal heat pump.
Analysis and Calculation of Hourly Surface Temperature Based on Typical Meterorological Data for Major Cities in Korea
Lee, Kwan-Ho ; Cho, Hyun-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 123~128
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.123
Computer simulation of buildings and solar energy systems is being used increasingly in energy assessments and design. The purpose of our work is to predict the surface temperature on inclined surfaces based on ISO-TRY typical weather data. To reach this goal, three studies were performed. They consisted of quantifying the accuracy of various well-known three models. The first type of models calculated diffuse horizontal irradiations from global ones and the second type models computed global irradiations on inclined planes from diffuse and global components on a horizontal surface. The third type of model calculated long-wave radiation and surface temperature from ISO-TRY typical weather data. The proposed model can provide an alternative to building designers in estimating the surface temperature and solar irradiation on inclined surfaces where only the typical meteorological data are available.
Performance Evaluation of An Azimuth Tracking Prismatic Daylighting System
Sung, Tae-Kyung ; Lee, Chung-Sik ; Lee, Eul-Young ; Park, Yeon-Min ; Joung, Che-Bong ; Kim, Byung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.129
This thesis introduced an azimuth tracking prismatic daylighting system. The system improved several issues of the previous passive prismatic daylighting system: low efficiency at sunrise and sunset, glare effect and polarized. The system was developed to track the movement of sun with azimuth tracking device, and it has its own power from the attached solar cells. We compared the with previous passive one in terms with system efficiency and daylighting factors(DF).
An Evaluation and Prediction of Performance of Road Snow-melting System Utilized by Ground Source Heat Pump
Choi, Deok-In ; Hwang, Kwang-Il ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 138~145
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.138
Because of the climate changes and the development of building technologies, the cooling loads have been increased. Among the various renewable energies, geothermal energy is known as very useful and stable energy for heating and cooling of building. This study proposes a road snow-melting system of which heat is supplied from GSHP(Ground source heat pump) in viewpoint of the initial investment and annual running performance, which is also operating as a main facility of heating and cooling for common spaces. The results of this study is as followings. From the site measurement, it is found out that the road surface temperature above the geothermal heating pipe rose up to
, which is the design temperature of road snow-melting, after 2 hours' operation and average COP(Coefficient of performance) was estimated as 3.5. The reliability of CFD has confirmed, because the temperature difference between results of CFD analysis and site measurement is only
and the trend of temperature variation is quite similar. CFD analysis on the effect of pavement materials clearly show that more than 2 hours is needed for snow-melting, if the road is paved by ascon or concrete. But the road paved by brick is not reached to
at all. To evaluate the feasibility of snow-melting system operated by a geothermal circulation which has not GSHP, the surface temperature of concrete-paved road rise up to
after 2 hour and 40 minutes, and it does never increase to
. And the roads paved by ascon and brick is maintained as below
after 12 hours geothermal circulation.
A Development of Dedicated Data Logger for Wind Resource of Small Wind Power Generator
Youn, Young-Chan ; Jeong, Moon-Seon ; Kim, Sang-Man ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Moon, Chae-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 146~152
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.146
To install a wind power generator, the survey on the wind environment resources must be conducted in advance. The survey on the wind environment resources is to collect and analyze data regarding the wind speed and direction on a data logger. The data logger consists of a sensor, signal processing circuit and storage device. According to the analysis of the stored data, the amount of power generation by the types of generators can be predicted and the most optimal generator including safety grade can be selected, and in case of installing a generator in the future, it can be utilized as basic data regarding supporting base and foundation construction method of survey points. Data logger was developed for a small wind power generator that is suitable for the international standard(IEC 61400) by using DSP-F28335 micro controller in this paper. It was developed to measure the wind speed of 1 [m/s]~17 [m/s], the wind direction of 0 [
], and temperature of -30 [
], and the comparative experiment with other companies' data loggers was conducted, and an error was measured to be less than
[m/s] for wind speed and less than +1 [
] for wind direction.
Analysis of New & Renewable Energy Application and Energy Consumption in Public Buildings
Lee, Yong-Ho ; Seo, Sang-Hyun ; Kim, Hyung-Jin ; Cho, Young-Hum ; Hwang, Jung-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 153~161
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.153
This study conducted a survey and field investigation on the application of the Public Obligation System for new & renewable energy in public buildings, as well as energy consumption of each building according to their uses. The findings are as follows: (1) Since the introduction of the Public Obligation System (until June 30, 2011), there was average 1.4 new & renewable energy facilities established at 1,433 places. Preference for solar energy facilities was the highest at 57.8%. (2) The revised act sets the obligatory supply percentage of new & renewable energy for each public building: it is 9.0% for a tax office, 4.2% for a dong office, 8.2% for a public health center, and 12.6% for a fire station. All the public buildings except for fire stations failed to meet 10% expected energy consumption, a revised standard. (3) Energy consumption of each public building was 120.6TOE for a tax office, 124.3TOE for a dong office, 166.4TOE for a public health center, and 174.6TOE for a fire station. The energy consumption was comprised of 80% electric power, 18% urban gas, and 1% oil. (4) Electric power consumption per person in the room was high at a dong office, and fuel consumption per person in the room was high at a public health center. In addition, electric power consumption per unit space was high at a public health center, and fuel consumption per unit space was high at a fire station. (5) In all the four public buildings, power load had the highest basic unit percentage at average 55%, being followed by heating load (21.2%), cooling load (15%), and water heating load (7%). A tax office and fire station had 2% load due to cooking facilities.
A Study on the Greenhouse Gas Intensity of Building Groups and Regional in Korea
Lee, Chung-Kook ; Suh, Seung-Jik ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 162~169
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.162
Our country set the mid-term reduction goal of greenhouse gases up to 2020 in accordance with Bali roadmap agreed in 2007 through the negotiation with UNFCCC in 2009 and specified the proper goal as by the Basic Act on Green Growth that went into effect at April, 2010. First of all the enlargement of green building construction has been suggested as a worldwide strategy to achieve the green house gas reduction. Building area is one of most important sectors for the countermeasure of climate change agreement and the achievement of national green house gas reduction goal and the need to reduce its green house gases has been increased accordingly. The objective of the study is to examine the status and characterization of mass energy consumption local governmental buildings' green house gas emissions depending on usage (hotel, school, apartment, hospital) through the green house gas emission source unit analysis. The result indicated that the energy source unit was proportional to green house gas source unit and hotel showed the highest green house gas emission source unit per open area of construction unit, followed by hospital, apartment, and then school. In case of apartment, green house gas emission source unit per open area of construction unit decreased as year went on. Meanwhile school building showed a striking increase in the annual energy source unit.
Experimental Study on Dispersion and Thermal Properties of Nanofluids based on POE Oil
Lee, K.S. ; Lee, K.A. ; Lee, J.S. ; Lee, H.Y. ; Park, S.J. ; Lee, Y.S. ; Kim, S. ; Jang, S.P. ; Kim, Jeong-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 32, issue 3, 2012, Pages 170~177
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2012.32.3.170
To apply the nanofluids into the general vapor compression cycle, basically have to know the thermal properties including thermal conductivity and dynamic viscosity. And needs to show the dispersion characteristics for various nanofluids and concentrations. So, firstly this study showed experimentally the thermal properties for various concentration (0.1%~0.7%, as mass balance) and temperature(
, and CuO nanofluids using base fluid as POE oil that has used in the scroll compressor for various refrigeration system. From the results, the dynamic viscosity of nanofluids was considerably changed from the base POE oil. And, the dispersion characteristics of various nanofluids using the simple methods like as analyzing the RGB value or measuring the sinking height of nanofluids were showed experimentally. Through the results, the dispersion characteristics of
nanofluid was better than those of
, and CuO nanofluids not considering the real refrigeration cycle rurming conditions.