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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Solar Energy Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Effect of Wind Speed up by Seawall on a Wind Turbine
Ha, Young-Cheol ; Lee, Bong-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Goo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.001
In order to identify positive or negative effect of seawall on wind turbine, a wind tunnel experiment has been conducted with a 1/100 scaled-down model of Goonsan wind farm which is located in West coast along seawall. Wind speedup due to the slope of seawall contributed to about 3% increment of area-averaged wind speed on rotor-plane of a wind turbine which is anticipated to augment wind power generation. From the turbulence measurement and flow visualization, it was confirmed that there would be no negative effect due to flow separation because its influence is confined below wind turbine blades' sweeping height.
Effects of Phase Change Material Floor Heating Systems using Direct Solar Gain on Cooling Load
Kim, Soo-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.009
In this research, the effect of a heating system, which is powered by direct solar energy accumulated in phase change material (PCM) as heat storage material installed on the floor surface, on the cooling load was studied. Cooling load of a test building designed for this research was measured with fan coil unit and factors affecting it were also estimated. Experiments were performed with and without PCM installed on the building floor to understand the effect of the PCM on the cooling load. Additionally, to confirm the experiments results, the prediction calculation formula by average outside temperature and integrated solar radiation was composed using multivariate regression model. The results suggested that the heating system with PCM on the floor surface has the potential to shift electric power peak by radiating heat, stored during the daytime in it, at night, not increasing the total cooling load much.
Simulation and Model Validation of a Parabolic Trough Solar Collector for Water Heating
Euh, Seung-Hee ; Kim, Dae Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 17~26
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.017
The aim of this study is to analyze the performance of a parabolic trough solar collector (PTC) for water heating and to validate the model performance. The simulated model was compared, calibrated and verified with the experimental results. RMSE (Root mean square error) was used to calibrate the convective heat transfer coefficient between the absorber pipe and the ambient air which was the main factor affecting the heat transfer associated with the PTC. The calibrated model was better fitted with the experimental model. The maximum, minimum and mean deviation between the measured and predicted water temperatures differed only
respectively in the calibrated model. RMSE values were decreased from 0.5389 to 0.4910, 0.0134 to 0.0125 and R-squared was increased from 0.9955 to 0.9956 after calibration. The temperature of water was increased from
in 12hour test. The thermal efficiency of the collector was calculated to be 55%. The calibrated model showed good agreement with the experimental data for model validation.
Technology of selective absorber coatings on solar collectors using black chromium
3 sulfate acid on substrates
Ohm, Tae-In ; Yeo, Woon-Tack ; Kim, Dong-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.027
One of the most important factors that have a large influence on performance of the solar water heater system is performance of the solar collector, more detailedly, coating technology on the surface of the solar collector, which can provide high solar absorptance and low emittance. The core of the coating technology is to coat solar selective surfaces. In this study, various performance experiments are carried out using
coating technology. Here, IGBT(Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) of 5000A-15V was used as the surface processing rectifier which can stably output power and also can control voltage and current. The plating solution mainly contains black chrome
concentration, H-y Conductivity, N-u Complex, NF Additive and NC-2 Wetter. Before applying the black chrome coating on the copper plate, optimal conditions are provided by using various preprocessing methods such as removal of fat, activation, electrolytic polishing, nickel strike, copper sulfate plating and bright neckel plating, and then the automatic continuous coating experiment are performed according to plating time and cathode current density. In the experiment, after the removal of fat, chemical polishing, nickel strike and activation processes as the preprocessing methods, the black chrome coating was performed in a plate solution temperature of
and a cathode current density of
for 90 seconds. The thickness of chrome and nickel on the coated plate is
respectively. As a result of the coating experiment, it showed the most excellent performance having a high solar absorptance of 98% and a low emittance of
when the black chrome surface had a thickness of
A study on reducing temperature rise of twin-glass evacuated tube solar collector during summer time
Bai, Sang-Eun ; Bai, Cheol-Ho ; Nam, Hyun-Kyu ; Shin, Ki-Yeol ; Yoo, In-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 36~41
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.036
The reflection plate in twin-glass evacuated tube solar collector is controlled to reduce the overheat during the summer time. The sliding type and folding types are suggested and tested. The sliding type changes the plate angle and the folding type changes the opening angle of the reflection plate. By scattering the focus of the reflected radiation from the reflection plate, the temperature rise of the working fluid can be reduced. The sliding type shows the best results in overheat reduction. When solar radiation is 900
, the temperature rise in one sliding type collector is reduced about
compared to that of the normal solar collector. When this method is applied to seven series-collectors in the field, the reduction of temperature rise during the summer time should be significant.
A Study on Pill Temperature Control method and Hydrogen Production with 2-step Thermochemical Cycle Using Dish Type Solar Thermal System
Kim, Chul-Sook ; Kim, Dong-Yeon ; Cho, Ji-Hyun ; Seo, Tae-Beom ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 42~50
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.042
Solar thermal reactor was studied for hydrogen production with a two step thermochemical cycle including T-R(Thermal Reduction) step and W-D(Water Decomposition) step. NiFe2O4 and Fe3O4 supported by monoclinic ZrO2 were used as a catalyst device and Ni powder was used for decreasing the T-R step reaction temperature. Maintaining a temperature level of about
, for 2-step thermochemical reaction, is important for obtaining maximum performance of hydrogen production. The controller was designed for adjusting high temperature solar thermal energy heating the foam-device coated with nickel- ferrite powder. A Pill temperature control system was designed based on 2-step thermochemical reaction experiment data(measured concentrated solar radiation and the temperature of foam device during experiment). The cycle repeated 5 times, ferrite conversion rate are 4.49~29.97% and hydrogen production rate is 0.19~1.54mmol/g-ferrite. A temperature controller was designed for increasing the number of reaction cycles related with the amount of produced hydrogen.
Evaluation of the Thermal Performance and Condensation Resistance of a Steel Frame Curtain Wall System
Kim, Sun Sook ; Cho, Bong Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 51~57
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.051
Metal curtain wall systems are widely used in high-rise commercial and residential buildings. While aluminum is the most frequent used frame material, steel framing is also reemerging as a high-performance material in glazed curtain walls due to less thermal conductivity and design flexibility. The purpose of this study is to evaluate thermal performance of a steel frame curtain wall system by comparing with a aluminum frame curtain wall system. The thermal transmittance was measured according to KS 2278, and condensation resistance was calculated by the test results according to KS F 2295. The steel framing test specimen showed lower thermal transmittance and temperature descending factor compared to the aluminum framing test specimen.
An analysis of the deformation of PV module under different mechanical loads
Choi, Ju-Ho ; Jung, Tea-Hee ; Song, Hee-Eun ; Kim, Il-Soo ; Chang, Hyo-Sik ; Kang, Gi-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 58~66
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.058
Recently, PV module that the most important part of the photovoltaic system is more widened to lower manufacturing costs for module. However, the broad PV module results to the serious mechanical damage corning from installation circumstances such as snow, wind etc of snow and finally lead to the dramatic degradation of the electrical behavior of PV module. In this paper, 3 kinds of PV modules that consist of the different thickness and area of front glass and the diverse cross sectional structures of the frame are prepared for this experiment. The drooped length and electrical outputs of the PV modules are measured by means of applying 600Pa mechanical load to the PV modules from 1200Pa to 5400Pa base on the mechanical load test procedure of K SC IEG 61215 standard. The simulation data are obtained by the simulation tool as ANSYS and those are validate by comparing with the those experimental results figure out relations between the deformation and the constituent part of PV module.
A Study on BIPV system generation matching by electricity load characteristic of Building
Park, Jae-Wan ; Shin, U-Cheul ; Kim, Dae-Gon ; Yoon, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.067
These days, although thermal energy is decreasing, electric energy is increasing in building. Also, it is very important to research and distribute BIPV(Building Integrated photovoltaic) because our society consider electricity more significant than other energy in building. Therefore, in this paper, our research team analyzed difference between BIPV yield and building energy consumption through experimental research. As a result, yearly building energy consumption was 104,602.4kWh and BIPV yield was 105,267kWh. And then, totally counterbalanced time took up 26%, reduced electric load time took up 16%. In other words, peak load could be reduced up to 42% by BIPV. As a result, yearly building energy consumption was 104,602.4kWh and BIPV yield was 105,267kWh. And then, totally counterbalanced time took up 26%, reduced electric load time took up 16%. In other words, peak load could be reduced up to 42% by BIPV.
A Study on generation characteristics of building integrated Photovoltaic system
Park, Jae-Wan ; Shin, U-Cheul ; Kim, Dae-Gon ; Yoon, Jong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 75~81
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.075
In this study, we analyze the performance characteristics of Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) system of K Research Building which was designed with the aim of zero carbon building. In addition, BIPV system, which is consist of three modules; G to G(Glass to Glass), G to T(Glass to Tedlar/Crystal) and Amorphous, has 116.2kWp of total capacity, and is applied to wall, window, atrium and pagora on roof. Therefore, in this paper, our research team analyzed BIPV yield and generation characteristic. BIPV yield was 112,589kWh a year from January 2012 to December 2012. And after applying PV panels on the building, the power from the best setting angle,
, of panel was compared. In addition, when the PV was attached practically on the building, the generation power was analyzed. BIPV modules in this study the relationship between module setting angle, type of modules ect. and power characteristics plans to identify.
Concentration Error Assessment by Comparison of Solar Flux Measurement and Modeling
Chai, Kwan-Kyo ; Yoon, Hwan-Ki ; Lee, Hyun-Jin ; Lee, Seong-Uk ; Kim, Si-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 82~90
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.082
Concentration errors critically affect the performance of solar concentrator, so their evaluation is important to the concentrated solar power technology. However, the evaluation is very challenging because error sources are various and not easy to measure individually. Therefore, the integrated effect of concentration errors is often more interesting and useful for large-scale applications. In the present work, we analytically investigate and classify various concentration error sources and then explain that the effect of various concentration errors can be represented in terms of a root mean square value of reflector surface slope error. We present an indirect approach to assessing the reflector surface slope error by comparing solar flux measurement data with modeling calculations. We apply the approach for solar furnaces with different thermal capacity and investigate its advantages and disadvantages.
Experimental Study on Performance of MEMS(Multi-Effect-Multi-Stage) Distiller for Solar Thermal Desalination
Joo, Hong-Jin ; Jeon, Yong-Han ; Kwak, Hee-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 91~98
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.091
In this study, we have carried out development and performance evaluation of optimized MEMS(Multi-Effect-Multi-Stage) fresh water generator with
for solar thermal desalination system. The developed MEMS was composed of high temperature part and low temperature part. This arrangement has the advantage of increasing the availability of solar thermal energy. The MEMS consists of 2 steam generators, 5 evaporators, and 1 condenser. Tubes of heat exchanger used for steam generators, evaporators and condenser were manufactured by corrugated tubes. The performance of the MEMS was tested through in-door experiments, using an electric heater as heat source. The experimental conditions for each parameters were
for sea water inlet temperature to condenser,
/hour sea water inlet volume flow rate,
for hot water inlet temperature to generator of high temperature part, 3.6 4.8, 6.0
for hot water inlet volume flow rate. As a result, The developed MEMS was required about 85 kW heating source to produce
of fresh water. It was analyzed that the performance ratio of MEMS was about 2.6.
A Comparative Study on the Characteristics of Nanofluids to the Shape of Graphene and Carbon Nanotube
Park, Sung-Seek ; Han, Sang-Pil ; Jeon, Yong-Han ; Kim, Jong-Yoon ; Kim, Nam-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 99~106
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.099
Recently, high-thermal-conductivity graphene and carbon nanotube nanoparticles have attracted particularly close attention from researchers. In the present study, the thermal conductivity and viscosity properties of two kinds of graphene and carbon nanotube nanofluids added to distilled water - two graphenes and carbon nanotubes of differing size - were compared and analyzed. The thermal conductivities of the nanofluids, formulated in the usual manner by adding graphene and carbon nanotube to distilled water and subjecting the mixture to ultrasonic dispersion, were measured by the transient hot-wire method, and the viscosities were determined using a rotational digital viscometer. As a result, we concluded that the nanofluid of small particle diameter of graphene have outstanding properties as heat transfer media, due to their excellent thermal conductivity and viscosity, compared with the other nanofluid.
The Characteristics on CIGS Thin Film PV Module for Curtain Wall Spandrel Applications
Kang, Jun-Gu ; Kim, Jun-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 107~113
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.107
In this study, three different types of experimental models of BIPV curtain wall units with GIGS modules were built, and their thermal and electrical performances were analyzed. The experimental results showed that the temperature of the rear side of the GIGS module with the application of an insulation in the curtain wall spandrels was higher than a GIGS module standalone by
, which results in a reduction in the power generation of the former by 8 %. On the other hand, when ventilation was applied to the model to improve the power generation performance, the module temperature was observed to be
lower compared to the enclosed type, and the power generation performance improved by 5 %. It confirmed that the temperature increase in the rear side of the GIGS module with insulation layer reduced the electrical performance of the module. Based on this, it is claimed that providing sufficient ventilation at the GIGS applied spandrels contribute to improve the power generation of the GIGS module.
Proposal of the Prediction Equation for Interior Daylight Illuminance
Park, Woong-Kyu ; Park, Tae-Ju ; Kang, Gyu-Min ; Lee, Sang-Yup ; Song, Doosam ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 33, issue 3, 2013, Pages 114~123
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2013.33.3.114
In these days, most of the office buildings are being required to save energy for maintenance. lighting system constitutes 20% to 30% of the total annual electrical energy consumption in office buildings. As an energy saving strategy for lighting system, dimming control system based on illuminance sensors came into use. But the system is accompanied with many illuminance sensors to control lighting and needs a lot of initial investment. In this study, the prediction equation for indoor daylighting illuminance distribution is proposed through the review for conventional research results and field measurements. The proposed equation was verified by the comparison between predicted results and field measurement results. The developed prediction equation for daylighting can be used to control the indoor illuminance level with the limited sensor when dimming control system is operated.