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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Solar Energy Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Reference Building based on the Building Design Trends for Non-residential Buildings
Jeong, Young-Sun ; Jung, Hae-Kwon ; Jang, Hee-Kyung ; Yu, Ki-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.001
The Korean government plans to introduce the building energy performance standard which regulates the annual energy consumption of buildings. This paper aimed to set up the reference building from database based on the building design trends for non-residential buildings. We surveyed the design data of 435 non-residential buildings which were granted building permission from 2007 to 2011. And we conducted estimation on the heating & cooling load and the energy consumption of the reference building using ECO2 program. From results, the reference building of non-residential buildings was office building which had a total 7 floors and
gross floor area. And it suggests the design reference data of building envelope, HAVC, heat source equipment and lighting system for the reference building. The total annual energy use of the reference building was
Occupants Control Patterns of Indoor Shading Devices in Apartment Buildings
Lee, Yoon Jeong ; Kim, Jeong-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 12~20
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.012
There is no comprehensive consensus of the control patterns people op::rate shadings or the motivating factors that influence their decisions. Patterns of shading devices use can affect the energy consumption of buildings. Therefore, this study aims to analyze shading device usage patterns based on the physical factors that can affect occupants behavior. First, control patterns of indoor shading devices in apartment buildings were monitored by taking pictures. Next, frequency of shading device use together with their shading portions was analyzed based on two physical factors such as window orientation and floor level. The results showed that about 35% of the monitored apartment buildings utilized indoor shading devices. Also, the south-facing apartments were more dynamically used than their east-facing counterparts. On the contrary, there was no general trend in regards to the shading operation patterns.
Development of Heliostat Aiming Point Allocation Scheme in Heliostat Field Control Algorithm for 200kW Tower Type Solar Thermal Power Plant
Park, Young Chil ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 21~29
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.021
Heliostat field control algorithm is the logics to operate the heliostat field of tower type solar thermal power plant and it could include various methodologies of how to control the heliostat field so as to optimize the energy collection efficiency as well as to reduce the system operating cost. This work, as the first part of the consecutive works, presents heliostat aiming mint allocation scheme which will be used in the heliostat field control algorithm for 200kW solar thermal power plant built in Daegu, Korea. We first discuss the structure of heliostat field control system required for the implementation of aiming scheme developed in this work. Then the methodologies to allocate the heliostat aiming points on the receiver are discussed. The simulated results show that the heliostat aiming point allocation scheme proposed in this work reduces the magnitude of peak heat flux on the receiver more than 40% from the case of which all the heliostats in the field aim at the center of receiver simultaneously. Also it shows that, when the proposed scheme is used, the degradation of heliostat field optical efficiency is relatively small from the maximal optical efficiency the heliostat field could have.
A Literature Review on Hybrid PV/Thermal Air Collector in terms of its Design and Performance
Kim, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Jun-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 30~41
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.030
PV/Thennal combined system is a solar energy device that uses photovoltaic module as thermal absorption plate, producing thermal energy as well as electricity which can be utilized in buildings. The system removes heat from PV module through air or liquid and its efficiency will vary dependant on the thermal medium. The heat as the forms of hot air or hot water can be utilized for building use, like space heating and hot water. A significant amount of research and development on hybrid PV/thermal(PVT) collectors has been carried out. This study reviews literature on the research of air-based hybrid PVT collectors in terms of their design and energy performance.
Experimental Study on the Performance of Refrigeration Cycle for various RPM of Inverter Scroll Compressor
Lee, K.S. ; Lee, K.A. ; Lee, H.Y. ; Lee, Y.S. ; Kim, Jeongbae ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 42~48
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.042
An experimental study was performed estimating COP(Coefficient of Performance) of air-conditioning cycle with inverter scroll compressor. All experiments were done for various compressor speeds from 1000~4000 rpm and used the inverter controller called CANDy to change the compressor rpm. The air-conditioning cycle components in the apparatus were used as same with components of YF hybrid car. To estimate the COP, this study measured the temperature and pressure at inlets and outlets of compressor, condenser, and evaporator. And also measured the compressor input power using Powermeter. Through the experiments, the maximum error to estimate COP was shown about
at 3500rpm. This study revealed that the condenser temperature and pressure were increased and the evaporator temperature and pressure were decreased with the increased compressor speed. And also, the COP was decreased with increased compressor speed. Those results can be used the basic and fundamental data to design the air-conditioning cycle with inverter scroll compressor.
Study on Thermal Dewatering of Sludge Using the Parabolic Through Collector(PTC) Solar Collector
Lee, Jung-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.049
A fiat-plate or vacuum tube solar collector have been mainly used for hot water supply of house because of some being difficult to get uniform energy density, so little applied into industrial field. This study is to apply the PTC(parabolic trough collector) solar collector into industrial field such as sludge dewatering system for energy reduction. The real scale system which composed of PTC Solar Collector and Thermal Dewatering (TDW) is established. PTC solar collector is designed to produce a hot water with
of temperature. And size of TDW is
. Hot water produced from PTC solar collector is supplied into heating plate of TDW, and sludge like waterworks or wastewater is dewatered. PTC solar collector with
of area produce energy of average 5,618 kcal. As according to results from real scale performance, solar collector takes charge 94 % of the amount that TDW consume energy which is so large part if compare with boiler. It means that PTC solar collector is useful to apply industrial field under the condition of sufficient solar radiation. And it is analyzed that TDW by PTC solar collector has an economical validity.
Performance Analysis of R-134a Rankine Cycle to Apply for a Solar Power Generation System Using Solar Collector Modeling
Joung, Jinhwan ; Kang, Byun ; Tong, Yijie ; Cho, Honghyun ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.057
As the environmental regulations is more strengthened, the study of the renewable energy system and waste heat for electricity production is being accelerated. In this study, the performance and power generation rate of solar power generation by using R134a Rankine cycle was analyzed with solar radiation and mass flow rate of R134a. As a result, the maximum and minimum collected heat of solar collector was 20.4 kW and 13.6 kW at October and December, respectively. Besides, the highest generator power was generated at October and it was 0.91 kW/day, while the lowest generator power is occurred at December and it was about 0.85 kW/day.
Performance Evaluation of Applied to Natural Light and Artificial Lighting Hybrid Dimming Control System
Sung, Tae-Kyung ; Lee, Chung-Sik ; Kim, Byung-Chul ; Joung, Che-Bong ; Kang, Seung-Hoo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 66~74
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.066
In this paper, the performance of Hybrid Dimming control system for Daylighting system is evaluated by accredited tests. The system controls the balance of illuminance of daylight between daylight system and LED light system. It makes the normal illuminance of interior without the effects of weather by controlling the LED depending on the brightness of outside. For the tests, 6 diffusers(
) were installed in lighting area(
) and normal operation of the system sensors were tested about the interference of sunlight. The results of the examinations were satisfied with the criteria of accredited tests. Further research is the verification of energy saving effect by comparing the Hybrid Dimming control system to current artificial light system.
Study on the Performance Prediction Simulation of the Heat Pump System using Solar and Geothermal Heat Source
Nam, Yu-Jin ; Gao, Xin-Yan ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 75~81
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.075
Recently, the use of renewable energy has been attracted due to the interest in energy-saving and the reduction of CO2 emission. In order to reduce the energy consumption of the cooling and the heating in the field of the architectural engineering, heat pump systems using renewable energy have been developed and used in various applications. In many researches, integrated heat pump systems are suggested which use solar and geothermal heat as the heat source for cooling and heating. However, it is still difficult to predict the performance of the systems, because the characteristic of heat exchange in each system is complicated and various. In this system, the performance prediction simulation of the heat pump was developed using a dynamic simulation model. This paper describes the summary of the suggested systems and the result of the simulation. The average temperature of the heat source, heating loads and COP were calculated with the cases of different local conditions, different system composition and different operation time by TRNSYS 17.
Analysis of Energy Reduction of Free Cooling System with Regions of South Korea
Yoon, Jung-In ; Son, Chang-Hyo ; Choi, Kwang-Hwan ; Baek, Seung-Moon ; Heo, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Young-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 82~88
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.082
Using low outdoor temperature, free cooling system is used in a data center or industrial air-conditioning for energy saving. Because use of IT equipment has increased in some office building recently, there is a growing trend towards using free cooing system. Free cooling system performance is influenced by outdoor temperature. Therefore the performance is different with regions. In this study, performance characteristic of free cooling system is analysed and energy reduction is compared with some regions. Selected regions are 4 cities; including Ulsan analyzed in preceding research, Seoul, ChunCheon and Daejeon. The Aspentech software HYSYS 8.0v was used to conduct the analysis of free cooling system based on temperature per hour of 4 cities in 2013, respectively. The main result is following as. Free cooing system in this study has energy saving effect when outdoor temperature below
. Becuase temperature of Chuncheon is relatively low, using free cooling system can conserve most air-conditioning energy. Energy reduction amount of Seoul is 11%, Chuncheon is 17.5%, Deajeon is 15%, Ulsan is 14%. In case of large scale of air-conditioning, it is reasonable to use free cooling system although the system is used in Seoul.
Improvement of Design Criteria in Heating and Cooling Equipment According to the Consolidation of Design Standard for Energy Saving in Apartment Buildings of Korea
Lim, Jae-Han ; Kim, Sung-Im ; Song, Seung-Yeong ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 89~97
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.089
Recently design standard for energy-saving in apartment buildings has been consolidated gradually on the basis of evaluation and certification standards of energy efficiency of buildings, the energy-saving policy of building at home and abroad. Performance criteria for thennal insulation as well as fenestration has been progressively enhanced, and performance criteria for ventilation and airtightness of the building have also been re-developed. Therefore, heating and cooling load characteristics of the apartment building can be changed. For the design of the upcoming heating and cooling equipment in apartment buildings, it is necessary to evaluate the heating and cooling load characteristics according to the design strategies for energy saving in apartment buildings. As a result, in this study, it is intended to use as a resource for analyzing the impact that the adoption of energy-saving design variables for each of the apartment buildings, to predict the heating and cooling load characteristics in the apartment building.
Effect of Blockage Ratio on Wind Tunnel Testing of Small Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines
Jeong, Houi-Gab ; Lee, Seung-Ho ; Kwon, Soon-Duck ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 98~106
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.098
The effect of blockage ratio on wind tunnel testing of small vertical-axis wind turbine has been investigated in this study. Height and rotor diameter of the three blades Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine used in present test were 0.4m and 0.35m respectively. We measured the wind speeds and power coefficient at three different wind tunnels where blockage ratio were 3.5%, 13.4% and 24.7% respectively. The test results show that the measured powers have been strongly influenced by blockage ratio, generally increased as the blockage ratio increases. The maximum power at higher blockage ratio has been obtained at relatively high tip speed ratio compared with that at low blockage ratio. The measured power coefficients under high blockage ratio can be improved from proper correction using the simple correction equation based on blockage factor. In present study, the correction error for power coefficient can be less than 5%, however correction effectiveness reveals relatively poor at high blockage ratio and low wind speed.
Evaluation of Condensation Resistance of Steel Stud Wall Corner Details in Modular Buildings
Oh, Ji Hyun ; Yang, Si Won ; Cho, Bong Ho ; Kim, Sun Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 107~114
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.107
Modular systems are widely used in various building types including housing, dormitory, and barracks. Steel studs have many advantages over other materials as construction components of modular buildings in terms of seismic performance, durability and maintenance. However, steel stud modular systems also have weakness in condensation resistance due to high thermal conductivity of steel. The purpose of this study is to investigate the condensation resistance of steel stud wall corner details in modular buildings by thermal simulation. The condensation resistance was evaluated by temperature difference ratio according to ISO 13788. The result showed that there was little difference between the alternatives of adding cavity and insulation. Separation of interstitial steel studs showed outstanding effect on the improvement of temperature difference ratio.
Experimental Study for Thermal Performance of Hybrid Air-Water Heater Using Solar Energy during Heating Medium Working Simultaneously
Choi, Kwang-Hwan ; Yoon, Jung-In ; Son, Chang-Hyo ; Choi, Hwi-Ung ; Kim, Bu-Ahn ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 115~121
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.115
With increment on interesting about improving renewable energy efficiency, many research have been conducted and the research about hybrid air-water heater using solar energy that can make heating air and hot water has been conducted also. In this experiment, the temperature difference and thermal efficiency were investigated when two heating medium(air and liquid) was working simultaneously. As a result, thermal efficiency showed 44% to 88% when these heating medium was working simultaneously depending on operation condition and it is better than traditional solar collector. Also possibility of application into building equipment also was confirmed based on temperature and thermal efficiency. But necessity of additional studies about proper operation condition according to purpose of use and heat load was confirmed because change of thermal efficiency by air velocity and flux of liquid was shown a huge difference.
A Study on Green Building Certification Criteria of Educational Facilities based on LEED Certified Cases
Ahn, Dong-Joon ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 3, 2014, Pages 122~132
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.3.122
Sustainability became the keyword of our society worldwide, and it is undoubtful that buildings are mainly responsible for green house gas emission and energy consumption. Among different project types, educational facility was selected in this study to find out what needs to be addressed in order to provide students better learning environments. Scorecards from 32 LEED certified school projects went through analysis and essential components as design strategies in sustainable educational facilities were extracted based on application rate of each credit in LEED for School(2009). The extracted data were further analyzed in comparison with related components in G-SEED. The results would be used as guidelines for those of who design sustainable education facilities and prepare green building certifications. and it would further foster architect`s responsibility towards green society in Korea.