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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Solar Energy Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Application of Simplified Daylight Prediction Method for Daylighting Performance Evaluation on Overcast Sky
Yoon, Kap-Chun ; Yun, Su-In ; Kim, Seong-Sik ; Kim, Kang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.001
Daylight is very useful to control the indoor environment, and can save energy in buildings. So it is necessary to evaluate the daylighting performance of buildings. We proposed a simplified equation that can be used in the early stages of design. And we verified the equation by using the measured illuminance data from the 1/5 scale model. We compared the calculated indoor illuminances and measured illuminance including Daylight Factors of scale model in order to verify the applicability of the simplified equation, and proved the analyzed values are acceptable. When we have a target value of the Daylight Factor, we just have to determine the window area, transmittance of the glazing system, and indoor surface reflectance, then can achieve it with this simplified equation.
Comparative Evaluation of Catchment-wide Solar Radiation to Locate Silver-town
Choi, Seon-Jeong ; Um, Jung-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 11~22
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.011
It is usual to determine silver-town location by people`s experienced knowledge or intuition considering many different type of thematic variables simultaneously. This paper is primarily intended to locate sunny silver-town according to catchment-wide solar radiation as single key variable. GIS based solar simulation realistically identified catchment-wide solar radiation in the study area using large scale spatial precision. More than 90% over the worst catchment were identified shadow surfaces while the optimal catchment was heavily covered by sunny radiation surfaces. It is confirmed that standard GIS technology can offers the viable method of measuring and comparing the catchment-wide solar radiation. Guidelines for a replicable methodology are presented to provide a strong theoretical basis for the standardization of factors involved in locating the sunny silver-town; delineation of catchment boundary, solar simulation, catchment-wide comparison etc. They could be used as an evidence to determine sunny catchment in comparison with other catchment, based solar simulation. It is anticipated that this research output could be used as a valuable reference to confirm the potential of introducing the new concept of "catchment specific solar radiation" to support more scientific and objective decision-making in the process of locating silver town.
A Study on the Thermal Characteristics of Vacuum Membrane Distillation Module
Joo, Hong-Jin ; Yang, Yong-Woo ; Kwak, Hee-Youl ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 23~31
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.023
This study was accomplished to get the foundation design data of VMD(Vacuum Membrane Distillation) system for Solar Thermal VMD plant. VMD experiment was designed to evaluate thermal performance of VMD using PVDF(polyvinylidene fluoride) hollow fiber hydrophobic membranes. The total membrane surface area in a VMD module is
. Experimental equipments to evaluate VMD system consists of various parts such as VMD module, heat exchanger, heater, storage tank, pump, flow meter, micro filter. The experimental conditions to evaluate VMD module were salt concentration, temperature, flow rate of feed sea water. Salt concentration of feed water were used by aqueous NaCl solutions of 25g/l, 35g/l and 45g/l concentration. As a result, increase in permeate flux of VMD module is due to the increasing feed water temperature and feed water flow rate. Also, decrease in permeate flux of VMD module is due to increasing salinity of feed water. VMD module required about 590 kWh/day of heating energy to produce
of fresh water.
Development of Heliostat Field Operational Algorithm for 200kW Tower Type Solar Thermal Power Plant
Park, Young Chil ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.033
Heliostat field in a tower type solar thermal power plant is the sun tracking mirror system which affects the overall efficiency of solar thermal power plant most significantly while consumes a large amount of energy to operate it. Thus optimal operation of it is very crucial for maximizing the energy collection and, at the same time, for minimizing the operating cost. Heliostat field operational algorithm is the logics to control the heliostat field efficiently so as to optimize the heliostat field optical efficiency and to protect the system from damage as well as to reduce the energy consumption required to operate the field. This work presents the heliostat field operational algorithm developed for the heliostat field of 200kW solar thermal power plant built in Daegu, Korea. We first review the structure of heliostat field control system proposed in the previous work to provide the conceptual framework of how the algorithm developed in this work could be implemented. Then the methodologies to operate the heliostat field properly and efficiently, by defining and explaining the various operation modes, are discussed. A simulation, showing the heat flux distribution collected by the heliostat field at the receiver, is used to show the usefulness of proposed heliostat field operational algorithm.
The measured field survey for the improvement of the working environment of workers in the plant factory
Kwo, Hyuk-Min ; Jeong, Seok-Hwan ; Kang, Joo-Won ; Yang, Jeong-Hoo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 43~52
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.043
A plant factory system is getting the spotlight as alternatives to cope with the weather anomaly and food crisis because of the global warming. A study on `Plant Processing Factory System` has been proceeded to develope `low-carbon green growth` since our government selected it as the green technologies in 2010. The plant factory has played a major role in growth industries connected to many other fields like low-carbon as well as lighting and automated system. This study is aimed to solve the problems on low productivity and health problem of plant workers caused by highly concentrated carbon dioxide and low temperature in each process in the plant factory. It is aimed to research data to understand the actual conditions of plant workers and improve the thermal environment.
An analysis on the energy and daylighting efficiencies of rehabilitated Linde-Robinson Laboratory : Solar Telescope Daylighting with Coelostat
Han, Hyun Joo ; Selkowitz, Stephen ; Oh, Seung Jin ; Chun, Wongee ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 53~63
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.053
Caltech`s Linde-Robinson Laboratory was originally built in 1932 featuring a Spanish mission-style design, whose function was to facilitate a solar observatory with a coelostat solar telescope dome and a solar shaft extending from the roof to more than 36.58m below the ground. The building has now been transformed into a cutting-edge center for research and instruction in global environmental science that retains its original character while setting new standards in energy efficiency and green design. It is the first LEED Platinum lab in the USA for renovation of a historical research building, consuming only one-sixth of the energy that the lab`s comparable laboratories do. This work introduces various energy and environmental strategies hired for its sustainable rehabilitation and, especially, examines the functional validity of solar telescope daylighting by a coelostat. Observations were made on the llumination of underground floors, where illuminances of 40~50 lx were measured.
Efficiency of a Direct Absorption Solar Collector using Ag Nanofluids Synthesized by Chemical Reduction Method
Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Park, Yong-Jun ; Choi, Tae Jong ; Jang, Seok Pil ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 65~72
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.065
In this paper, the water-based Ag nanofluids are synthesized by the chemical reduction method and their extinction coefficients are measured by an in-house developed measurement device. The Ag nanofluids are manufactured by the chemical reduction method with the mixing of silver nitrate (
) and sodium borohydride (
) in an aqueous solution of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP). The extinction coefficients of Ag nanofluids are measured by means of the in-house developed apparatus at a wavelength of 632.8nm according to the particle volume fractions. The results show that the extinction coefficient of water-based Ag nanofluids increases with the increase of nanoparticle concentrations. Finally, the temperature field and efficiency of direct absorption solar collector (DASC) are analytically estimated based on the measured extinction coefficient of water-based Ag nanofluids. The results indicate that the direct absorption solar collectors using nanofluids have the feasibility to improve the efficiency of conventional flat-plate solar collectors without using an absorber plate.
An Experimental Study on the Availability of Underground Air Energy Source in Non-Activity Volcanic Island
Kim, Yong-Hwan ; Park, Sung-Seek ; Kim, Woo-Jung ; Kim, Nam-Jin ; Hyun, Myung-Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 73~80
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.073
This study introduces and analyzes the geothermal energy availability in Non-active volcanic region. Jeju island in Korea is situated in non-active volcanic region. The island is composed of rock with high pore and clinker, scoria geological layer formed by volcanic activity about two million ago. Volcanic geological layers with porous characteristics have air, vapor, water and a underground structure through which air or water can move easily. For this reason, it is probable that the mechanism of energy acquisition is by convective heat transfer. For this presumption, the availability of underground air as energy source has been studied here through theoretical analysis and experimental data. The energy output of our system ranged from 2,485,076 kJ/day to 4,060,978 kJ/day monitored using variable velocity air flow controller. Our system has capability to be a reliable energy source irrespective of environmental changes. Consequently, underground air can be utilized for energy source and provide the optimal design of heating/cooling system.
Heating and Cooling Load according to the Climatic Conditions of Foreign Cities
An, Seung-Hyun ; Kim, Jong-Ho ; Lee, Jung-Hun ; Lee, Sang-Yup ; Song, Doo-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 81~87
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.081
According to the domestic construction business will continue stagnant, many domestic construction companies are expanding their business into foreign countries. As results, building design guidelines including HVAC design for foreign countries considering the regional climate conditions are needed. Also, green building design strategies to minimize the heating and cooling load are key issue to win a contract in construction business in the world. In this study, peak heating and cooling loads were calculated for the representative cities in the world : Seoul, St. Petersburg, Singapore and Mecca. The analyzed building was a typical high-rise office building and the building envelope properties, indoor heat gain, residence and operating schedules were same in all cases. Only the weather conditions were different by cases.
A Experiment Study on Performance Evaluation of Solar Heat Gain Coefficient in Glazing with Shading Devices
Kim, Tae-Jung ; Kang, Jae-Sik ; Park, Jun-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 89~99
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.089
The determination of the solar and thermal performance of fenestration is required for the evaluation of fenestration energy performance, estimating building load. Presently, there exist several methods for determining the thermal transmission(U-value) and solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) of fenestration system. These method are commonly grouped under calculation or experimental methods. While U-value testing and calculation methods have been long established, SHGC has been evaluated only by the method of calculation under the lack of any established testing method. However, it is difficult to assess the exact SHGC for various types of fenestration with sun-shading or other solar control systems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of interior venetian blind and roll screen on the SHGC of glazing system. SHGC has been evaluated by the KS L 9107 test method and exiting calculation method for precise comparison of the energy performances of various shading devices. In this research, the test sample consists of three different types of double glazing unit with venetian blind and roll screen. Slat angles of venetian blind were changed to
. For the roll screen, measurements were taken with the roll screen in the closed position. In result, the venetian blind reduced SHGC by 21.2~28.4% at
, when compared to the double glazing unit. The roll screen reduced SHGC by 34.4~41.7% at closed. The differences between the measured and calculated SHGC were found to range between 0.001(0.2%) and 0.047(11.1%) for all test cases. For the cases of venetian blind
, the deviation ratio were 3.6~9.8%, 1.1~2.6%, 4.2~11.1%, respectively. For the case of roll screen, the deviation ratio were 4.1~5.7%.
A Study of the Daylighting Performance in Obstructed Office Building in Urban Area
Park, Woong-Kyu ; Ki, Hyun-Joo ; Jeong, Chan-Woul ; Song, Doo-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 101~108
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.101
The performance of the daylighting in buildings depends on building site and shape. As an energy saving design strategy, daylighting is a key issue in green building design. In this paper, the influence of the adjacent or obstructed building on daylighting performance of the office building in urban area was analyzed. A typical office building about 20 storeys with obstructed buildings has been modeled and simulated using Radiance. The parametric simulations have been performed to analyze the influence of the daylighting performance (illuminance, luminance) of the analyzed office. The results show that the possibility of the glare was decreased when the obstructed building is located in south, also the illuminance level was significantly decreased. When the obstructed building is located in north, the changes of the illuminance level and luminance possibility were somewhat small compared to the unobstructed condition. The daylighting performance of the analyzed building was most affected by the obstructed building in winter season.
A Study on the Energy Efficiency Improvement according to Operation Condition of Solar Thermal System in Office Buildings
Jung, Young-Ju ; Kim, Seok-Hyun ; Lee, Yong-Ho ; Hwang, Jung-Ha ; Cho, Young-Hum ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 109~115
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.109
The supply rate of renewable energy has been increasing under the influence of an energy scarcity. Government has supported the use of renewable energy by government subsidies. The operation of renewable may not been operating appropriately, although increasing the use of renewable energy. We found out some problems of the operation of renewable energy and offered some improvements. This research proposes the efficient operation method for the solar thermal system, and proposed operation method was compared and evaluated with existing operation strategy after selecting one building installed solar thermal system. Recently, the interest to renewable energy has increased because of the environmental issues and energy crisis. However the utilization of the renewable energy system is low because of the use of renewable energy system and existing renewable energy system independently, although supply rate of renewable system is increasing. Especially, in the case of solar thermal system heating load is not responsible for the load of hot water supply in many cases. Therefore, suggesting efficient operation plans and evaluations of the energy consumption and efficiency of a solar thermal system is needed.
Analysis of Effects of Building Energy Consumption Characteristics on the Optimization Ratio for New and Renewable Energy Systems
Lee, Yong-Ho ; Hong, Jun-Ho ; Kim, Yong-Kyoung ; Cho, Young-Hum ; Hwang, Jung-Ha ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 34, issue 5, 2014, Pages 117~126
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2014.34.5.117
This study developed a KRESS program designed to find the optimization ratio for new and renewable energy systems and analyze the effects of building energy consumption characteristics on the ratio. In spite of clear differences in predicted energy consumption and energy consumption by the loads among 18 facilities, the current formula for obligatory supply ratios applies a correction coefficient according to the building purposes based on energy consumption per each unit area in medical facilities and thus reflects no energy consumption characteristics according to the building purposes. The optimization ratio for new and renewable energy systems was the same for all facilities when the correction coefficients by the building purposes and new and renewable energy sources were all applied. When the correction coefficients were not applied, however, the optimization ratio varied according to building energy consumption characteristics. The findings raise a need to test the correction coefficients in order to select new and renewable energy systems that take into account energy consumption characteristics by the building purposes and loads and reflect economy, environmental performance, and technology.