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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Solar Energy Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Numerical Investigation on the Thermal Performance of a Cooling Device for a CPV Module
Do, Kyu Hyung ; Kim, Taehoon ; Han, Yong-Shik ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.001
In the present study, the effects of the heat spreader thickness and the heat sink size on the thermal performance of a cooling device for a concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) module were numerically investigated. Numerical simulation was conducted by using the simulation tool ICEPAK, commercial software based on the finite volume method. Numerical results were validated by comparing the existing experimental data. The thermal performance of a cooling device, which consisted of a heat spreader and a natural convective heat sink, was evaluated with varying the heat spreader thickness and the heat sink size. The geometric configuration of the natural convective heat sink, such as the fin height, the fin spacing, and the fin thickness, was optimized by using the existing correlation. The numerical results showed that the thermal performance of the cooling device increased as the heat spreader thickness or the heat sink size increased. Also, it was found that the spreading thermal resistance plays an important role in the thermal performance of the cooling device which has the localized heat source.
Temperature Correction of Solar Radiation on Clear Sky Using by Modified Pyranometer
Zo, Il-Sung ; Jeong, Myeong-Jae ; Lee, Kyu-Tae ; Jee, Joon-Bum ; Kim, Bu-Yo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 9~19
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.009
Pyranometer have many uncertainty factors (sensitivity function, thermal offset, other spectral effect, geometric, environment, and equipment etc.) than pyrheliometer. The solution for most of the uncertainty factors have been researched, but the problem for thermal offset is being continued research so far. Under the clear sky, due to the thermal offset of pyranometer, the diffuse and global radiation have been negative value for the nighttime and lower value for the daytime, respectively. In order to understand the uncertainty of the thermal offset effect, solar radiation are observed and analyzed using Ji and Tsay method and data from modified pyranometer. As a result of performing temperature correction using the modified pyranometer, the slope (dome factor; k) and intercept (
) from a linear regression method are 0.064 and
, respectively. And the solar radiation is decreased significantly due to the effect of thermal offset during nighttime. The solar radiation from modified pyranometer increased approximately 8% higher than its observed by general pyranometer during daytime. By the way, these results did not generalize because its result is for only single case in clear sky. Accordingly, it is to required for accurate results obtained by the various cases (clear, cloudy and rainy) with longterm observations.
Construction and Testing of a radiation-beam powered TA (ThermoAcoustic) washer for grease removal
Chen, Kuan ; DaCosta, David H. ; Kim, Yeongmin ; Oh, Seung Jin ; Chun, Wongee ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.021
A small washer powered directly and solely by thermal radiation was constructed and tested to explore the feasibility of using solar energy or other types of thermal radiation for washing and cleaning. In principle, TA (ThermoAcoustic) washers have the benefits of simpler design and operation and fewer energy conversion processes, thus should be more energy efficient and cost less than electric washing/cleaning systems. The prototype TA converter we constructed could sustain itself with consistent fluid oscillations for more than 20 minutes when powered by either concentrated solar radiation or an IR (infrared) heater. The frequencies of water oscillations in the wash chamber ranged from 2.6 to 3.6 Hz. The overall conversion efficiency was lower than the typical efficiencies of TA engines. Change in water temperature had little effect on the oscillatory flow in the TA washer due to its low efficiency. On the other hand higher water temperatures enhanced grease removal considerably in our tests. Methods for measuring the overall conversion efficiency, frictional loss, and grease removal of the TA washing system we designed were developed and discussed.
A Study on the Drying Performance of the Flux Adhered to Photovoltaic Ribbon
Cho, Nam-Cheol ; Jeon, Young-Han ; Han, Sang-Pil ; Kim, Dong-Choon ; Lee, Chae-Moon ; Jeon, Taeg-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 29~34
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.029
The photovoltaic ribbon attached the flux reduces the solar module manufacturing process and the pollution. This paper presents an analytical method for solving the continuous flux drying system of photovoltaic ribbon. Also, some experiments of the drying of photovoltaic ribbon are carried out in order to design the drying system. Numerical results indicate the air temperature, the air velocity, the air pressure and the timewise temperature variation of ribbon during drying process. In case of the drier process length is short, 400mm, the photovoltaic ribbon is wet. Thus, another study of drying system is necessary to improve the drying ability. As a result, multi-stage drier system is proposed and shown to be good drying ability.
Validation of Power Coefficient and Wake Analysis of Scaled Wind Turbine using Commercial CFD Program
Kim, Byoungsu ; Paek, Insu ; Yoo, Neungsoo ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 35~43
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.035
A numerical simulation on the wake flow of a wind turbine which is a scaled version of a multi-megawatt wind turbine has been performed. Two different inlet conditions of averaged wind speed including one below and one above the rated wind speed were used in the simulation. Steady-state pitch angles of the blade associated with the two averaged wind speeds were imposed for the simulation. The steady state analysis based on the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations with the method of frame motion were used for the simulation to find the torque of the rotor and the wake field behind the wind turbine. The simulation results were compared with the results obtained from the wind tunnel testing. From comparisons, it was found that the simulation results on the turbine power are pretty close to the experimental values. Also, the wake results were relatively close to the experimental results but there existed some discrepancy in the shape of velocity deficit. The reason for the discrepancy is considered due to the steady state solution with the frame motion method used in the simulation. However, the method is considered useful for solutions with much reduced calculation time and reasonably good accuracy compared to the transient analysis.
A Study on the Energy Efficiency of a Geothermal Heat Pump System in use the Outdoor Reset Control Application
Jung, Young-Ju ; Kim, Hyo-Jun ; Lee, Yong-Ho ; Hwang, Jung-Ha ; Cho, Young-Hum ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 45~52
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.045
The government is fostering a renewable energy industry as an alternative to handle the energy crisis. Among the renewable energy systems available, geothermal energy is being highlighted as being highly efficient and safely operable without the effect of outdoor air. Accordingly, a study on the geothermal heat pump is in progress in various worldwide perspective. However, Geothermal energy is only in charge of part load of the building due to the high initial installation cost in korea. Moreover, its efficiency is reduced due to the use of independent existing heat sources. In this study, after selecting the building containing the actual installed geothermal heat pump, the use of excellent geothermal heat pump systems was maximized in terms of the energy efficiency. The objective of this study is to show the operation method of geothermal heat pump system to improve energy efficiency through the TRNSYS simulation. This paper proposed operation methods of geothermal heat pump control according to outdoor air temperature. The result of this study is that existing operation method had some problems and if offered improvement is applied to real condition, energy consumption would be decreased.
Sensitivity Analysis of Building Envelope of Non-Dwelling Buildings
Kim, Kyung-Ah ; Park, Jin-Seo ; Yu, Ki-Hyung ; Moon, Hyeun-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 53~60
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.053
The ECO2 building energy simulation program is used on the assessment project for building energy certification of non-dwelling buildings in Korea. In the design of energy efficient buildings, it is beneficial to identify the most important design parameters in oder to more efficiently develop alternative design solutions or reach optimized design solutions. The sensitivity analyses will be used at a reasonable early stage of the building design process, where it is still possible to influence the most important design parameters. In this study, the sensitivity analysis is focused on building envelope parameters such as U-values, SHGC and Wall-window ration.
The Evaluation of Thermal Performance of Vacuum Glazing by Composition and the Pillar Arrangement through Test Method of Thermal Resistance
Cho, Soo ; Kim, Seok-Hyun ; Eom, Jae-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.061
The advanced counties effort to the supplement of the zero energy buildings for the global building energy saving. In the middle of the development of passive technology, the government has to effort to the energy saving of buildings by enhanced performance of the window thermal insulation. By the method of enhanced performance of window thermal insulation, the use of vacuum double glazing saves the energy consumption in building. This glazing has low U-value(heat transmission coefficient) than normal double glazing. The vacuum glazing enhanced thermal insulation performance by vacuum space of between the glass and glass. For this vacuum glazing, pillar maintain the space between glass and glass. But this structure cause the raising the heat transmission coefficient in pillar approaching glass. This study confirmed the U-value by the test method of thermal resistance for windows and doors. Also this study confirmed the variation of heat transmission coefficient by the structure of vacuum glazing. And this study measured the surface temperature of the vacuum glazing about pillar approaching glass and vacuum space in cool chamber and hot box. That result, this study confirmed U-value of
of vacuum glazing. Also this study confirmed U-value of
by various the structure of vacuum glazing. And this study confirmed the heat flow in pillar approaching glass.
A Numerical Study on the Thermal Performance of a Solar Air Heater Depending on the Hole Configuration and Geometry in the Absorber Plate
Shin, Jae Hyuk ; Boo, Joon Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 69~80
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.069
A series of numerical analyses was conducted to predict the thermal performance of a solar air heater depending on the hole configuration and geometry in the absorber plate. The planar dimensions of the prototype were 1 m (W) by 1.6 m (H), and the maximum air flow considered was
. It was considered that protruding holes with a triangular opening in the absorber plate would invoke turbulence in the air flow to enhance the convection heat transfer. Six different hole configurations were investigated and compared with each other, while the hole opening height was considered as a design variable. Three-dimensional transient analyses were performed with a commercial software package on the airflow and heat transfer in the model. The numerical results were analyzed and compared from the view point of the outlet air temperature and its time response to derive the optimal hole pattern and hole opening height.
The feasibility study for the building integrated geothermal system using the horizontal heat exchanger
Chae, Ho-Byung ; Nam, Yujin ; Yoon, Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 81~87
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.081
Recently, in order to prevent increasing energy usages in the international community, many countries have attempted to develop the innovative renewable energy systems. Among the renewable energy systems, Ground source heat pump(GSHP) system which supply the heating, cooling and hot water in the building has been attracted by its stability of heat production and high efficiency. However, the initial drilling costs become very expensive and the construction period takes longer the other systems, because GSHP system needs more than 100 m depth drilling. In this study, in order to reduce initial costs of the GSHP, the building integrated geothermal system using the horizontal heat exchanger was developed. The heating and cooling load in the standard housing model was calculated by a simulation and the system design capacity in the high-rise apartment was decided by the total load. Based on the system design capacity, the high-rise apartments were applied to a BIGS and vertical GSHP system and there are analyzed about initial costs. In the result, the initial cost of BIGS could reduce 24% of the initial cost of the vertical GSHP system.
Preparation and Thermal-property Analysis of Heat Storage Concrete with SSPCM for Energy Saving in Buildings
Jeong, Su-Gwang ; Chang, Seong Jin ; Lim, Jae-Han ; Kim, Hee-Sun ; Ryu, Seong-Ryong ; Kim, Sumin ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.089
n-octadecnae based shape stabilized phase change material (SSPCM) was prepared by using vacuum impregnation method. And an exfoliated graphite nanoplate (xGnP) which has high thermal conductivity properties is used as a PCM container. And then we made heat storage concretes which contains SSPCM for reducing heating and cooling load in buildings. In the prepararion process, the SSPCM was mixed to a concrete as 10, 20 and 30wt% of cement weight. The thermal properties and chemical properties of heat storage concrete were analyzed from Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transformation infrared spectrophotometer (FT-IR), Deferential scanning calorimeter (DSC), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and TCi thermal conductivity analyzer. And we conducted surface temperature analysis of SSPCM and xGnP by using heat plate and insulation mold.
Review on the heat storage performance and air pollutant adsorption properties of gypsum board according to the additives
Seo, Hyun Jeong ; Jeong, Su-Gwang ; Lim, Jae-Han ; Kim, Sumin ;
Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society, volume 35, issue 1, 2015, Pages 97~106
DOI : 10.7836/kses.2015.35.1.097
Gypsum board is easy to manufacture of a variety of forms and has stable mechanical properties and thermal properties. And gypsum boards are widely used to the walls and ceiling of the building as the interior building materials. The studies about technology of applying the various features in the gypsum board with additives are being actively investigated. Development methods for enhancing performance of the gypsum board using additives are largely divided into two categories. The first case is functional gypsum board that is to improve the moisture absorption and moisture-proof properties. Also studies of adsorption and decomposition of indoor air pollutants of the gypsum board using porous materials as an additive are being actively investigated. Another case is applying thermal storage materials which gives the heat storage performance to gypsum board. In this paper, we would like to introduce the various cases of gypsum board applied various additives.