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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Geomechanics and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Editor in Chief :
Poul V. Lade / Jong-ho Shin / Gopal Madabhushi
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2016
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Aug 2016
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jul 2016
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 10, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Cyclic behavior of various sands and structural materials interfaces
Cabalar, Ali Firat ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~19
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.001
This paper presents the results of an intensive experimental investigation on cyclic behavior of various sands and structural materials interface. Comprehensive measurements of the horizontal displacement and shear stresses developed during testing were performed using an automated constant normal load (CNL) cyclic direct shear test apparatus. Two different particle sizes (0.5 mm-0.25 mm and, 2.0 mm-1.0 mm) of sands having distinct shapes (rounded and angular) were tested in a cyclic direct shear testing apparatus at two vertical stress levels (
, and 100 kPa) and two rates of displacement (
, and 0.025 mm/min) against various structural materials (i.e., steel, concrete, and wood). The cyclic direct shear tests performed during this investigation indicate that (i) the shear stresses developed during shearing highly depend on both the shape and size of sand grains; (ii) characteristics of the structural materials are closely related to interface response; and (iii) the rate of displacement is slightly effective on the results.
Collapse mechanism of tunnel roof considering joined influences of nonlinearity and non-associated flow rule
Yang, X.L. ; Xu, J.S. ; Li, Y.X. ; Yan, R.M. ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 21~35
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.021
Employing non-associated flow rule and Power-Law failure criterion, the failure mechanisms of tunnel roof in homogeneous and layered soils are studied in present analysis. From the viewpoint of energy, limit analysis upper bound theorem and variation principle are introduced to study the influence of dilatancy on the collapse mechanism of rectangular tunnel considering effects of supporting force and seepage force. Through calculation, the collapsing curve expressions of rectangular tunnel which are excavated in homogeneous soil and layered soils respectively are derived. The accuracy of this work is verified by comparing with the existing research results. The collapsing surface shapes with different dilatancy coefficients are draw out and the influence of dilatancy coefficient on possible collapsing range is analyzed. The results show that, in homogeneous soil, the potential collapsing range decreases with the decrease of the dilatancy coefficient. In layered soils, the total height and the width on the layered position of possible collapsing block increase and the width of the falling block on tunnel roof decrease when only the upper soil's dilatancy coefficient decrease. When only the lower soil's dilatancy coefficient decrease or both layers' dilatancy coefficients decrease, the range of the potential collapsing block reduces.
Estimating model parameters of rockfill materials based on genetic algorithm and strain measurements
Li, Shouju ; Yu, Shen ; Shangguan, Zichang ; Wang, Zhiyun ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 37~48
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.037
The hyperbolic stress-strain model has been shown to be valid for modeling nonlinear stress-strain behavior for rockfill materials. The Duncan-Chang nonlinear constitutive model was adopted to characterize the behavior of the modeled rockfill materials in this study. Accurately estimating the model parameters of rockfill materials is a key problem for simulating dam deformations during both the dam construction period and the dam operation period. In order to estimate model parameters, triaxial compression experiments of rockfill materials were performed. Based on a genetic algorithm, the constitutive model parameters of the rockfill material were determined from the triaxial compression experimental data. The investigation results show that the predicted strains provide satisfactory precision when compared with the observed strains and the strains forecasted by a gradient-based optimization algorithm. The effectiveness of the proposed inversion procedure of model parameters was verified by experimental investigation in a laboratory.
A predicting model for thermal conductivity of high permeability-high strength concrete materials
Tan, Yi-Zhong ; Liu, Yuan-Xue ; Wang, Pei-Yong ; Zhang, Yu ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 49~57
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.049
The high permeability-high strength concrete belongs to the typical of porous materials. It is mainly used in underground engineering for cold area, it can act the role of heat preservation, also to be the bailing and buffer layer. In order to establish a suitable model to predict the thermal conductivity and directly applied for engineering, according to the structure characteristics, the thermal conductivity predicting model was built by resistance network model of parallel three-phase medium. For the selected geometric and physical cell model, the thermal conductivity forecast model can be set up with aggregate particle size and mixture ratio directly. Comparing with the experimental data and classic model, the prediction model could reflect the mixture ratio intuitively. When the experimental and calculating data are contrasted, the value of experiment is slightly higher than predicting, and the average relative error is about 6.6%. If the material can be used in underground engineering instead by the commonly insulation material, it can achieve the basic requirements to be the heat insulation material as well.
Limit analysis of 3D rock slope stability with non-linear failure criterion
Gao, Yufeng ; Wu, Di ; Zhang, Fei ; Lei, G.H. ; Qin, Hongyu ; Qiu, Yue ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 59~76
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.059
The non-linear Hoek-Brown failure criterion has been widely accepted and applied to evaluate the stability of rock slopes under plane-strain conditions. This paper presents a kinematic approach of limit analysis to assessing the static and seismic stability of three-dimensional (3D) rock slopes using the generalized Hoek-Brown failure criterion. A tangential technique is employed to obtain the equivalent Mohr-Coulomb strength parameters of rock material from the generalized Hoek-Brown criterion. The least upper bounds to the stability number are obtained in an optimization procedure and presented in the form of graphs and tables for a wide range of parameters. The calculated results demonstrate the influences of 3D geometrical constraint, non-linear strength parameters and seismic acceleration on the stability number and equivalent strength parameters. The presented upper-bound solutions can be used for preliminary assessment on the 3D rock slope stability in design and assessing other solutions from the developing methods in the stability analysis of 3D rock slopes.
An experimental investigation on dynamic properties of various grouted sands
Hsiao, Darn-Horng ; Phan, Vu To-Anh ; Huang, Chi-Chang ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 77~94
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.077
Cyclic triaxial and resonant column tests were conducted to understand the beneficial effects of various grouted sands on liquefaction resistance and dynamic properties. The test procedures were performed on a variety of grouted sands, such as silicate-grouted sand, silicate-cement grouted sand and cement-grouted sand. For each type of grout, sand specimen was mixed with a 3.5% and 5% grout by volume. The specimens were tested at a curing age of 3, 7, 28 and 91 days, and the results of the cyclic stress ratio, the maximum shear modulus and the damping ratio were obtained during the testing program. The influence of important parameters, including the type of grout, grout content, shear strain, confining pressure, and curing age, were investigated. Results indicated that sodium silicate grout does not improve the liquefaction resistance and shear modulus; however, silicate-cement and cement grout remarkably increased the liquefaction resistance and shear modulus. Shear modulus decreased and damping ratio increased with an increase in the amplitude of shear strain. The effect of confining pressure on clean sand and sodium silicate grouted sand was found to be insignificant. Furthermore, a nonlinear regression analysis was used to prove the agreement of the shear modulus-shear strain relation presented by the hyperbolic law for different grouted sands, and the coefficients of determination,
, were nearly greater than 0.984.
Behavior of polymer columns in soft clayey soil: A preliminary study
Arasan, Seracettin ; Akbulut, Rahim Kagan ; Isik, Fatih ; Bagherinia, Majid ; Zaimoglu, Ahmet Sahin ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 95~107
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.095
Deep soil mixing with cement and cement-lime mixtures has been widely used for decades to improve the strength of soils. In this study, small-scale laboratory model tests of polymer columns in soft clayey soil were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using various polymeric compounds as binders in deep soil mixing. Floating and end bearing polymer columns were used to examine the load-settlement relationship of improved soft clayey soils for various area replacement ratios. The results indicate that polymer columns show good promise for use in deep mixing applications.
Dynamic compaction of cold die Aluminum powders
Babaei, Hashem ; Mostofi, Tohid Mirzababaie ; Alitavoli, Majid ; Namazi, Nasir ; Rahmanpoor, Ali ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 10, issue 1, 2016, Pages 109~124
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2016.10.1.109
In this paper, process of dynamic powder compaction is investigated experimentally using impact of drop hammer and die tube. A series of test is performed using aluminum powder with different grain size. The energy of compaction of powder is determined by measuring height of hammer and the results presented in term of compact density and rupture stress. This paper also presents a mathematical modeling using experimental data and neural network. The purpose of this modeling is to display how the variations of the significant parameters changes with the compact density and rupture stress. The closed-form obtained model shows very good agreement with experimental results and it provides a way of studying and understanding the mechanics of dynamic powder compaction process. In the considered energy level (from 733 to 3580 J), the relative density is varied from 63.89% to 87.41%, 63.93% to 91.52%, 64.15% to 95.11% for powder A, B and C respectively. Also, the maximum rupture stress are obtained for different types of powder and the results shown that the rupture stress increases with increasing energy level and grain size.