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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Geomechanics and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Editor in Chief :
Poul V. Lade / Jong-ho Shin / Gopal Madabhushi
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Nov 2015
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Oct 2015
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Aug 2015
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jul 2015
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 8, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Mar 2015
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Feb 2015
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
Seismic microzonation of Kolkata
Shiuly, Amit ; Sahu, R.B. ; Mandal, Saroj ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 125~144
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.125
This paper presents the probabilistic seismic microzonation of densely populated Kolkata city, situated on the world's largest delta island with very soft alluvial soil deposit. At first probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of Kolkata city was carried out at bedrock level and then ground motion amplification due to sedimentary deposit was computed using one dimensional (1D) wave propagation analysis SHAKE2000. Different maps like fundamental frequency, amplification at fundamental frequency, peak ground acceleration (PGA), peak ground velocity (PGV), peak ground displacement (PGD), maximum response spectral acceleration at different time period bands are developed for variety of end users, structural and geotechnical engineers, land use planners, emergency managers and awareness of general public. The probabilistically predicted PGA at bedrock level is 0.12 g for 50% exceedance in 50 years and maximum PGA at surface level it varies from 0.095 g to 0.18 g for same probability of exceedance. The scenario of simulated ground motion revealed that Kolkata city is very much prone to damage during earthquake.
Dynamic simulation models for seismic behavior of soil systems - Part I: Block diagrams
Sahin, Abdurrahman ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 145~167
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.145
Digital simulation has recently become the preferred method for designing complex and dynamic systems. Simulation packages provide interactive, block-diagram environment for modeling and simulating dynamic models. The block diagrams in simulation models are flowcharts which describe the components of dynamic systems and their interaction. This paper is the first part of the study for determining the seismic behavior of soil systems. The aim of this part is to present the constructed block diagrams for discrete-time analysis of seismic site amplification in layered media for vertically propagating shear waves. Detailed block diagrams are constructed for single and multiple soil layers by considering wave propagation with and without damping, respectively. The block diagrams for recursive filter to model attenuation in discrete-time form are also constructed. Finite difference method is used for strain calculation. The block diagrams are developed by utilizing Simulink which is a software add-on to Matlab.
Dynamic simulation models for seismic behavior of soil systems - Part II: Solution algorithm and numerical applications
Sahin, Abdurrahman ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 169~193
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.169
This paper is the second part of the study for determining the seismic behavior of soil systems. The aim of this part is to present solution approaches for determining seismic site amplification. For this purpose, two solution techniques are used. The first technique is equivalent linear analysis which is mostly used in literature. The other technique is real time parameter updating approach and this approach uses the possibilities of Simulink effectively. A graphical user interfaced (GUI) program called DTASSA standing for Discrete-Time Analysis of Seismic Site Amplification is developed. In DTASSA, automatic block diagram producing system is developed and seismic site amplification for multiple soil layers may easily be investigated in real time. Numerical applications have been carried out to check the reliability of developed algorithm. The results of DTASSA are compared with SUA, EERA and NERA programs for the particular example problems.
Sulfide-rich mine tailings usage for short-term support purposes: An experimental study on paste backfill barricades
Komurlu, Eren ; Kesimal, Ayhan ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 195~205
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.195
Barricade failures generally occur at the early times of paste backfill when it is fresh in the stopes. The backfill strength increases and need for barricading pressure decreases as a result of the hydration reactions. In this study, paste backfill barricades of Cayeli copper mine were investigated to design cemented mineral processing plant tailings as barricade body concrete. Paste backfill in sub-level caving stopes of the mine needs to be barricaded for only four or five days. Therefore, short term strength and workability tests were applied on several cemented tailings material designs. Barricade failure mechanisms, important points of barricade designing and details of the new concrete material are explained in this work. According to the results obtained with this experimental study, the tailings were assessed to be used in concrete applied as temporary supports such as cemented paste backfill barricades.
Study on the response of circular thin plate under low velocity impact
Babaei, Hashem ; Mostofi, Tohid Mirzababaie ; Alitavoli, Majid ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 207~218
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.207
In this paper, forming of fully clamped circular plate by using low velocity impact system has been investigated. This system consists of liquid shock tube and gravity drop hammer. A series of test on mild steel and aluminum alloy plates has been done. The effect of varying both impact load and the plate material on the deflection are described. This paper also presents a simple model to prediction of mid-point deflection of circular plate by using input-output experimental data. In this way, singular value decomposition (SVD) method is used in conjunction with dimensionless number incorporated in such complex process. The results of obtained model have very good agreement with experimental data and it provides a way of studying and understanding the plastic deformation of impact loads.
Application of waste rubber to reduce the settlement of road embankment
Tafreshi, S.N. Moghaddas ; Norouzi, A.H. ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 219~241
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.219
In this paper, a series of repeated load tests were carried out on a 150 mm diameter plate simulative of vehicle passes, to demonstrate the benefits of soil-rubber shred mixture in decreasing the soil surface settlement of road embankment. The results show that the efficiency of rubber reinforcement is significantly a function of the rubber content, thickness of rubber-soil mixture and soil cap thickness over the mixture. Minimum surface settlement is provided by 2.5% of rubber in rubber-soil mixture, the thickness of mixture layer and soil cap of 0.5 times the loading surface diameter, giving values of 0.32-0.68 times those obtained in the unreinforced system for low and high values of amplitude of repeated load. In this installation, in contrast with unreinforced bed that shows unstable response, the rate of enhancement in settlement decreases significantly as the number of loading cycles increase and system behaves resiliently without undergoing plastic deformation. The findings encourage the use of rubber shreds obtained from non-reusable tires as a viable material in road works.
Comparative study on the behavior of soil fills on rigid acrylic and flexible geotextile containers
Kim, Hyeong-Joo ; Won, Myoung-Soo ; Lee, Jang-Baek ; Joo, Jong-Hoon ; Jamin, Jay C. ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 243~259
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.243
Comparative study has been performed to investigate the behavior of dredged fills on rigid (Model 1) and flexible (Model 2) containers. The study was focused on the sedimentation of soil fills and the development of total stresses. Model 1 is made of an acrylic cylinder and Model two is a scale-size geotextile tube. Results indicate that for rigid containers, significant decrease of the sediment height is apparent during the dewatering process. On the other hand, because the geotextile is permeable, the water is gradually dissipated during the filling process on flexible containers. Hence, significant loss in the tube height is not apparent during the duration of the test. Pressure spikes are apparent on rigid containers during the filling process which can be attributed to the confining effect due to hydrostatic pressure. For the flexible containers, the pressure readings gradually increases with time during the filling process and normalize at the end on the filling stage. No pressure spikes were apparent due to the gradual dissipation of pore water pressure.
Compaction and unconfined compressive strength of sand modified by class F fly ash
Bera, Ashis K. ; Chakraborty, Sourav ;
Geomechanics and Engineering, volume 9, issue 2, 2015, Pages 261~273
DOI : 10.12989/gae.2015.9.2.261
In the present investigation, a series of laboratory compaction and unconfined compressive strength laboratory tests has been performed. To determine the effect of compaction energy, type of sand, and fly ash content, compaction tests have been performed with varying compaction energy (
), types of sand, and fly ash content (0% to 40%) respectively. From the experimental results, it has been found that the optimum value of unconfined compressive strength obtained for a sand-fly ash mixture comprised of 65% sand and 35% fly ash. Based on the data obtained in the present investigation, a linear mathematical model has been developed to predict the OMC of sand-fly ash mixture.