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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 46, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 46, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 46, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 46, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
An anatomical study on the aortic sinus in swine
Choi, Seong-Hwan ; Cheong, Ki-Soo ; Kim, In-Shik ; Tae, Hyun-Jin ; Park, Young-Jae ; Sim, Jeoung-Ha ; Ahn, Dong-Choon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~6
This study was aimed to obtain the anatomical information on the location of ostia of left and right coronary artery in 3 weeks old and 6 months old hybrid swine. The each intercommissural distance of 6 months group was twice than 3 weeks old group. The largest sinus was right aortic sinus followed by left and posterior sinus. All left coronary artery ostia in left aortic sinus were located near the right aortic sinus as well as lower than the ostia of right one. Most of the right coronary artery ostia were located at the level of supravalvular ridge of right aortic sinus. In addition the right ostia had more variation than left ones. Comparing to the sites of 3 weeks old pigs, the sites of the right ostia in 6 months group were more variable. These data suggest that the locations of coronary ostia were different with the sites of human's, and changes of the location may be occurred during the growth.
Pharmacokinetics of a new anti-HIV agent VP-0501 and development of its amino acid prodrug for improving oral bioavailability
Cho, Hee-Jeong ; Choi, Kyung-Ae ; Sung, Ji-Min ; Jeong, Sang-Min ; Han, Jin-Soo ; Kim, Jin-Suk ; Shin, Ho-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 7~12
We have studied pharmacokinetics of a new anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) agent VP-0501 and its amino acid prodrug VP-0501AL which is designed to improve oral bioavailability. After oral administration at 100 mg/kg dose in rats (n = 4), VP-0501 was not detectable in plasma (<50 ng/ml), while after the administration of VP-0501AL, VP-0501 was quantitatively detected, at least for 8 hrs, with Cmax of ca.
and AUC of
. When VP-0501 was intravenously administered at 50mg/kg, this compound appeared at a marginal level in plasma with AUC of
of 2 hr,
, and MRT of 3 hr. On the other hand, with intravenous VP-0501AL at the same dose, both the prodrug VP-0501AL and its metabolite VP-0501 appeared comparatively at higher level in the plasma: pharmacokinetic parameters of VP-0501AL including
, and MRT were ca. 2 L/kg,
, 2 hr,
, 0.7 L/hr/kg, and 1 hr, respectively. These results demonstrate that attachment of amino acid alanine to VP-0501 is an effective approach for improvement of its oral bioavailability. Therefore, VP-0501AL is expected to become a new highly bioavailable and potent anti-AIDS drug candidate/lead compound.
Over-expression of Chlamydia psittaci MOMP in Escherichia coli and its purification
Ha, Jung-Soon ; Lee, Do-Bu ; Han, Sang-Hoon ; Lim, Yoon-Kyu ; Yoon, Byoung-Su ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 13~19
Generally known psittacosis or ornithosis is a disease of birds caused by the bacterium Chlamydia psittaci. Humans are accidential hosts and are most commonly infected from avian sources. It raises hepatitis or neurosis. As major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of Chlamydia psittaci has been known to play a role in the avoidance of host immune defenses, research on developing a Chlamydia vaccine has focused on the MOMP. In this study, the gene encoding the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) of the Chlamydia psittaci strain 6BC was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli strain M-15. The recombinant DNA was cloned by fusion prokaryotic expression vector pQE30-GFPII. Expression of the recombinant protein was performed in E. coli and was induced by IPTG. The size of expressed recombinant protein is 74.220 kDa (MOMP, 43.260 kDa; GFP expression region, 30 kDa;
tag, 960Da). This protein was purified by using his-tagging-inclusion body. Recombinant protein was reconfirmed through ELISA test and western blot with antibody against pQE30-GFPII. It will be useful antibody development.
Iridovirus infection of cultured juvenile flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) in nursery
Kim, Tae-Jung ; Jang, Eun-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Su ; Lee, Jae-Il ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 21~25
Iridovirus is an icosahedral cytoplasmic double-stranded DNA virus with a genome size of 170-200kb. Outbreaks of fish iridovirus infection are characterized by their wide geographic distribution and broad host spectrum, especially in water temperatures of
Recently, the causative agent of high mortalities in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) was identified as fish iridovirus in Korea. Iridoviral infection repeatedly occurs in the same area for long periods, suggesting the possibility of viral infection in nursery. To examine this, the existence of iridovirus in juvenile flounders was detected by PCR using virus-specific primers. Antibodies induced against this virus were also examined using ELISA. As a result, juvenile fish in nursery were found to be previously infected with iridovirus, suggesting that proper prevention systems are required.
Control of endemic diseases in breeding pigs by means of slaughter check
Kim, Bong-Hwan ; Choo, Ji-Hoon ; Cho, Kwang-Hyun ; Park, Choi-Kyu ; Jung, Byeong-Yeal ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 27~34
This paper describes the slaughter check results of breeding pigs from the Korean Swine Testing Station for the control of endemic diseases. Gross lesions monitored in the present study included those conditions commonly associated with economically significant subclinical herd infections: enzootic pneumonia, pleuropneumonia, pleuritis, atrophic rhinitis, liver white spots, papular dermatitis and ileitis. A total of 128 slaughter pigs were investigated at 4 subsequent tests according to the slaughter check procedures established. The prevalence of enzootic pneumonia, pleuropneumonia and pleuritis in the initial test was 67.9%, 28.6% and 17.9%, respectively. However, these were decreased to 46.7%, 6.7% and 6.7%, respectively, in the last test after implementation of counter measures including clean-up protocols and medication programs (p > 0.05). The mean pneumonic score also significantly decreased from 6.8 in the initial test to 2.8 in the last test. The prevalence of atrophic rhinitis (
) was 32.2% and mean atrophic rhinitis score of 1.1 were recorded. However, no significant improvement of conditions was achieved with the counter measures indicating that atrophic rhinitis was originated from the source herds and lesions developed early in the life. In the initial test, prevalence of liver white spots and papular dermatitis lesions was 21.4% and 25.0%, respectively. These conditions were cleaned by the implementation of parasite control measures with all-in all-out, strict clean-up protocols and proper medications adopted in the present study (liver white spots, p = 0.0124; papular dermatitis lesions, p = 0.0055). The prevalence of ileitis lesions in slaughter pigs from the initial test was 28.6%, it could be gradually reduced by the use of repeated treatments and control measures but the effect was not so significant (p > 0.05). In conclusion, slaughter check procedures were successfully established and applied for the control of endemic diseases in the Korean Swine Testing Station.
An in vitro vitellogenin bioassay for estrogenic substances in the Rhynchocypris oxycephalus
Shin, Jung-A ; Song, Jae-Young ; Lim, Hee-Young ; Chang, Min-Ho ; Lee, Hye-Min ; Chung, Kyu-Hoi ; Lim, Yoon-Kyu ; Yoon, Byoung-Su ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 35~41
Vitellogenin (Vtg), a phospholipoglycoprotein precursor of egg yolk is synthesized and secreted from the liver in response to estrogens in female fish. Vtg is normally undetectable in the blood of male fish, but can be induced by exposure to chemicals possessing estrogenic activity. Thus, the presence of Vtg in blood of male fish can serve as a useful biomarker for assessing previous exposure to estrogenic compounds. In the present study, Vtg was abnormally expressed in Rhynchocypris oxycephalus using estradiol benzoate (
). As the result, it was found that the level of Vtg in blood from R. oxycephalus was increased by treated quantity of
with dose-effect manner. Monoclonal antibodies were generated against Vtg of R. oxycephalus. The hybridoma were screened with an enzyme immunoassay for the production of specific anti-Vtg antibodies. Five positive cell lines with a high specificity were selected. Monoclonal antibodies against vtg of R. oxycephalus that was developed in this study, may be a useful bio-indicator for the detection of estrogenic contamination in the aquatic ecosystem.
Acupuncture treatment of torticollis in a foal
Kim, Duck-Hwan ; Liu, Jianzhu ; Lee, Jung-Yeon ; MacManus, Philip ; Jennings, Padraic ; Darcy, Karl ; Burke, Fiona ; Rogers, Philip A.M. ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 43~46
A 6-month-old thoroughbred filly foal had torticollis and circled towards the right side. A local veterinarian treated her twice using dexamethasone for 1 week but there was little clinical improvement. Needles were inserted into Ting points of both hind limb and one ocular acupoint (shang jiao area from GB01). Injection acupuncture (dexamethasone, twice/week) was used at GV16, GB20, BL10 and LU07, for the neck and head. Acupoint GB34 was added to those points at session 4. In addition, a trigger point in the left neck was injected with 0.2 ml (
of apitoxin) of bee-venom diluted with 1 ml of 2% lidocaine from session 1 to session 3. At session 2, the symptoms had ameliorated a little. At session 3, they were much improved; the right ear was completely normal and the neck could be moved about 60% of normal range. At session 4, nodding was possible and stiffness of the neck was much improved, having returned to about 80% of normal range. Three days after session 4, the symptom of torticollis had disappeared completely and the foal could walk in a straight line. In conclusion, the present patient was a case with equine torticollis which showed favourable therapeutic response by combination of needle-acupuncture plus injection-acupuncture with dexamethasone and apitoxin.
Monitoring of anesthetic depth with q-EEG (quantitative EEG) in TIVA (total intravenous anesthesia) and VIMA (volatile induction/maintenance anesthesia)
Lee, Soo-Han ; Noh, Gyu-Jeong ; Chung, Byung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 47~55
To evaluate method for monitoring anesthetic depth with quantitative electroencephalography (q-EEG), we recorded processed EEG (raw EEG) and pain score till 100 minutes in beagle dogs anesthetized for 60 minutes with propofol (n = 5, PRO group), isoflurane (n = 5, ISO group) and propofol-ketaminefentanyl (n = 5, PFK group). Raw EEG was converted into 95% spectral edge frequency (SEF) by fast Fourier transformation (FFT) method. We investigated anesthetic depth by comparing relationship (Pearson's correlation) between q-EEG (95% SEF) and pain score. Pearson's correlation coefficients are +0.2372 (p = 0.0494, PRO group), +0.79506 (p < 0.001, ISO group) and +0.49903 (p = 0.0039, PFK group).
Diagnosis and surgical management of cricopharyngeal achalasia in a dog
Choi, Hojung ; Jeong, Seong Mok ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 57~61
A 3-month-old, 2.8 kg, female Cocker spaniel was presented with chronic history of dysphagia since weaning. Video fluoroscopic examination revealed swallowing problems in the upper esophageal sphincters. It was diagnosed as cricopharyngeal achalasia. Cricopharyngeal and thyropharyngeal myectomy was performed. One day after surgical management, normal swallowing movement was observed in the video fluoroscopic examination of the dog. There was no evidence of recurrence for 15 months.
Conjoined twins in Holstein calf : a case of thoracopagus siamese calf
Hur, Tai-young ; Kang, Seog-jin ; Choe, Chang-yong ; Jung, Young-Hun ; Cho, Yong-il ; Son, Dong-su ; Ryu, Il-Sun ; Kim, Hyeon-shup ; Suh, Guk-hyun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 63~66
This case was found in Holstein cow suffering from dystocia. The twin calves in uterus were dead and removed by fetotomy. Gross anatomical analysis of thoracopagus siamese calf was carried out. Two normal heads were present on two necks, however, the twins were fused in the thoracic region. There were four forelimbs and an abnormal orientation of ribs. Two separate vertebral columns along the length of the animal ended with two tails. A single pericardium lay on the midline when opening the thorax. However, there were two almost completely hearts within the pericardial sac. Two heart were joined by a common cavernous venous sinuous. There were two sets of lungs. Each twins had a separate esophagus that entered a separated stomach. A large liver was fused and connected into two duodenums. The pelvis, large intestines and urinary tracts were separated. The twins are female and have a full complement of limb.
Atlantoaxial instability with hydrocephalus in a dog
Jeong, Seong Mok ; Choi, Hojung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 67~70
An 8-month-old 3.15 kg female Cocker-spaniel with history of ataxia referred to the Veterianary Medical Teaching Hospital, Chungnam National University. There were no abnormalities in CBC and serum chemical analysis. Agenesis of dens was found on dorsoventral view in cervical radiography. Compressed cervical spinal cord and enlarged cerebral ventricle were observed in magnetic resonance imaging. It was diagnosed as atlantoaxial instability with hydrocephalus. For conservative therapy, neck brace was applied and diuretics and prednisolone were administered. The dog's ataxia became better gradually.
Juvenile onset acquired myasthenia gravis in a Shih-tzu dog
Jung, Dong-In ; Park, Chul ; Kim, Ju-Won ; Kim, Ha-Jung ; Kang, Byeong-Teck ; Lim, Chae-Young ; Kang, Myung-Gon ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 71~73
A 7-month-old female Shih-tzu dog was presented with intermittent trembling, dyspnea, generalized muscle weakness, and unconsciousness after exercise. No remarkable findings were shown in the complete blood counts and the radiographic examination. On serum biochemical profiles, alkaline phosphatase and creatine phosphokinase were mildly elevated. Based on history takings, physical examination, and neurological findings, presumptive diagnosis was made as a myasthenia gravis (MG). Clinical signs of this patient were dramatically improved after administration of neostigmine. The result of acetylcholine receptor antibody test in serum was 0.89 nmol/L and the histopathology of muscle were normal. Clinical sign of the patient evaluated in this study is stabilized with long-term administration of pyridostigmine at this time. This case report here describes clinical and clinicopathological findings of a juvenile onset acquired MG in a Shih-tzu dog.
Extradural spinal lipoma in a dog
Lim, Ji-Hey ; Kim, Wan Hee ; Kim, Dae-Yong ; Cho, Deo-Youn ; Kweon, Oh-kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 75~76
A 7-year-old, female pointer dog was referred to the SNU Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital for the evaluation of lameness in the pelvic limb of 10 days' duration. After the treatment for 2 weeks (carprofen 2.2 mg/kg, bid), the progressive, symmetric, ambulatory caudal paraparesis was profound. In the spinal myelography, left lateral extradural compression of the spinal cord over the ninth and tenth thoracic vertebral bodies was found. A left hemilaminectomy of the ninth and tenth thoracic vertebrae was done. A 1.5-cm-long, white extradural mass occupied the left side of the spinal canal. The tumor was identified histologically as lipoma. The 6 weeks after surgery the dog's complaints were much improved. Continuous evaluation is needed.
A case of protein losing nephropathy in a dog infected with canine Babesia gibsoni
Kim, Ha-Jung ; Park, Chul ; Jung, Dong-In ; Kang, Byeong-Teck ; Kim, Ju-Won ; Lim, Chae-Young ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 77~81
A 1-year and 6-month-old, intact male, Shih-tzu dog was referred to the Konkuk University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, due to ascite, melena, severe anemia, and polyuria/polydipsia. Complete blood count showed moderate leukocytosis, lymphocytosis, monocytosis, and microcytic hypochromic nonregenerative anemia. On serum biochemistry profiles, hypoalbuminemia and hypoproteinemia were observed, and proteinuria was detected on urinalysis. Pleural effusion and mild ascites were noted in radiological findings, and bilateral nephromegaly was noted on ultrasonography. Babesia gibsoni was detected by PCR. Babesiosis and glomerular disease was treated at a time with prednisolone and buparvaquone. This therapeutic regime was very efficacious and clinical sings were rapidly improved. Proteinuria and severe anemia were disappeared following therapy.
Successful EDTA-Tris treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of urinary bladder secondary to urolithiasis in a dog
Lee, Sang-Gwan ; Hoh, Woo-Pil ; Eom, Ki-Dong ; Lee, Keun-Woo ; Oh, Tae-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 46, issue 1, 2006, Pages 83~86
About 8 year-old castrated male Yorkshire terrier was presented for evaluation of dysuria, stranguria, hemtauria, and pollakiuria. On history taking, dysuria first was observed three months ago and these signs were waxed and waned. Physical examination revealed mild left perineal swelling. On routine laboratory examination, no significant findings were identified. Positive contrast urogram identified peritoneal herniation of urinary bladder. Urinalysis showed proteinuria and hematuria. Urine sediment revealed epithelial cells, white blood cells and rod-shaped bacteria. Pseudomonas aeroginosa was isolated from urine obtained through cystocentesis, and had resistance against fourteen antibiotics. Cystitis caused by P. aeruginosa concurrent with cystolithiasis and perineal hernia was diagnosed. Cystotomy, herniorrhaphy and EDTA-Tris solution lavage of bladder were performed. The patient was recovered to normal condition 2 days after treatment. Two weeks later, bacterial culture of urine was negative and any abnormality in ultrasonogram and urinalysis was not observed except calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals.