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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 47, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Identification of osteopontin in milk and in the mammary glands of cows
Kang, Jaeyoun ; Kim, Heechul ; Kim, Dong-Sik ; Jee, Youngheun ; Shin, Taekyun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~6
The importance of milk for the growth and health of a newborn offspring is well known. Milkcontains immunoglobulin G (Ig G), Ig A, lactoperoxidase, lactoferin, cytokines, and growth factors.Osteopontin, one of the multifunctional proteins, is secreted by macrophages, T cel, and epithelial cells.bovine milk have not been clarified. The aim of this study was to observe the expression of osteopontin,in bovine milk during the lactation period or bovine mamary glands..Western blot analysis detected thatosteopontin was expressed in bovine milk whey and mamary glands. The expression level of osteopontinin colostrum whey was higher than those in early milk and mature milk whey. Immunohistochemistryshowed that osteopontin was detected in the glandular epithelium and epithelial cels of intralobular ductof mamary glands. These findings suggest that osteopontin transiently shows high expression in colostrumand plays a potential role in the immunological development of breast-fed calves.
An anatomical study on the branching patterns of left coronary artery in the rats
Ahn, Dong-Choon ; Kim, In-Shik ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 7~17
The left main descending artery (LMDA) of left coronary artery (LCA) in rats runs around the left side of conus arteriosus after arising from the aortic sinus and descends to the apex of heart with branching several branches into the wall of left ventricle (LV). The ligation site of LMDA for myocardial infarction (MI) is the 2~4 mm from LCA origin, between the pulmonary trunk and left auricle. The characteristics that rat heart has no interventricular groove on the surface and its coronary arteries run intramyocardially with branching several branches give the difficulty in surgery for MI which resulted in expected size. This study was aimed to elucidate the branching patterns of the left coronary artery for analysis of MI size and for giving the basic data to producing small MI intentionally in 2 male species that are widely used, Sprague-Dowley (SD) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY), in the world. Red latex casting was followed by the microdissection in 27 and 28 hearts of SD and WKY male rats, respectively. The branching patterns of LMDA were classified into 3 major types and others based on the left ventricular branches (L). The Type I, Type II, Type III and others are shown in 55.6%, 22.2%, 14.8%, and 7.4% in SD, 60.7%, 10.7%, 7.1%, and 21.5% in WKY, respectively. The branching number of the first left ventricular branch (L1) that are distribute the upper one third of LV was 1.2~1.5, and its branching sites were ranging 0.9~2.1 ßÆ from LCA origin. L2, the second left ventricular branch distributing middle one third of LV, was the number of 1.2~1.4 and branching out ranging 5.1~5.7 mm. L3, the third left ventricular branch of LMDA distributing lower one third of LV, was the number of 1~1.5 and branching out ranging 7.0~9.3 mm from LCA origin. The common branch of L1 and L2 was branched from LMDA with the number of 1.1, and its site was located in the distance of mean of 1.5 mm and 2.8 mm in SD and WKY, respectively. The common branch of L2 and L3 was branched from LMDA with the number of 1, and its site was located in the distance of mean of 7.2 mm and 2.9 mm in SD and WKY, respectively. The right ventricular branches (R) of LMDA were short and branched in irregularly compared with L. The number of 1~4 of R were branched from LMDA. With regarding to the distribution area of L and the ligation site for MI, moderate MI (25~35% of LV) might be resulted in 70.4% and 60.7% in SD and WKY rats. Small MI might be produced intentionally if the ligation would be located at the 4~6 mm from LCA origin in the left side of LMDA. These data wold be helpful to expect the size of MI and to reproduce of small MI, intentionally, in rat hearts.
Anti-inflammatory activities of a herbal preparation (HemoHIM) in colitis induced by trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid in rats
Lee, Hae-June ; Kim, Se-Ra ; Moon, Chang-Jong ; Kim, Jong-Choon ; Bae, Chun-Sik ; Kang, Seong-Soo ; Jung, U-Hee ; Park, Hae-Ran ; Jo, Sung-Kee ; Kim, Sung-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 19~24
The cause and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease remain unknown and no definitetherapy exists until now. The present study was conducted to investigate the anti-inflammatory effectsof a herbal preparation (HemoHIM) in colitis induced by 30 mg of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups. Each group was treated with 1 mg ofHemoHIM/ml of drinking water, 4 mg of HemoHIM/ml of drinking water, 50 mg of HemoHIM/kgof body weight (i.p. once every other day) or 10 mg/kg of HemoHIMof body weight (i.p. onceevery other day) from the next day. After 2 weeks, rats were sacrificed and morphologic featuresof colons were examined. Ulceration, adhesion, thickening and dilatation were noticed in the colonicmucosa after TNBS instillation. Intraperitoneal injection of HemoHIM (50 and 100 mg/kg of bodyweight) showed the anti-inflammatory effect on adhesion, thickening, dilatation, ulceration, and theinhibition effect on damage score by 72.7% and 90.9%, respectively. Histologically, the colon of TNBS-treated rat showed inflammatory cell infiltration by polymorphonuclear cells, multiple erosive lesionsignificant improvement in these symptoms. The results obtained suggest marked anti-inflamatoryactivity of the HemoHIM at the dose levels examined.
Antioxidative effects of Houttuynia cordata root on non-lipid oxidative damage
Hah, Dae-Sik ; Kim, Chung-Hui ; Kim, Euikyung ; Kang, Chung-boo ; Kim, Jong-shu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 25~32
Houttuynia cordata root on non-lipid oxidative damage. The antioxidative efects of methanolic (MeOH) extract of Houttuynia cordata rooton non-lipid, including liposome oxidation, oxidation of deoxyribose, protein oxidation, chelating, scavenging,and 2'-deoxyguanosine (2'dG) oxidation were investigated. Houttuynia cordata root exhibited highantioxidative effect in a liposome model system. The inhibitory effect of MeOH extract on deoxyribosedamage exhibited antioxidative effect and it afforded considerable protection against damage to deoxyribose.In addition, MeOH extract at over 300extracts exhibited metal binding ability for hydrogen peroxide. Furthermore, the oxidation of 2'dG to 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine was inhibited by MeOH extracts, and scavenging activity for hydroxyl radicalexhibited a remarkable effect. The present results on biological model systems showed that MeOH extractswas effective in the protection of non-lipids against various oxidative model systems.
Antimicrobial susceptibility and genetic characteristics of Streptococcus uberis isolated from bovine mastitis milk
Lee, Gil ; Kang, Hyun-Mi ; Chung, Chung-il ; Moon, Jin-San ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 33~41
Streptococcus spp. comprising Streptococcus (S.) uberis S. dysgalactiae strains is major causeof bovine mastitis from particularly well-managed or low somatic cell count herds that have successfullycontrolled contagious pathogens. In this study, antimicrobial susceptibility and genetic characteristics of S.uberis isolated from clinical or subclinical mastitis milk at 2003 were investigated. Eighty seven isolatesof Streptococus spp. were identified by the conventional biochemical methods. The antimicrobialsusceptibility by disk diffusion method was determined for 46 S. uberis, 11 S. bovis, 10 S. oralis, 6 S.uberis and 14 other Streptococcus spp.. Overall, the tested strains were susceptible to tetracycline (11.5%),amikacin (14.9%), streptomycin (16.1%), neomycin (26.4%), kanamycin (35.6%), gentamicin (65.2%),oxacillin (70.1%), ampicillin (75.9%), chloramphenicol (78.2%), and cephalothin (97.7%). Additionally, S.uberis strains were susceptible to pencillin G (97.8%), but resistant to erythromycin (76.0%) by minimalinhibitory concentration test. The multiple-drug resistance rate of isolated bacteria to 4 more thanamplification fingerprinting patterns amplifed with primer 8.6d showed that 3 to 8 number of distinguishableDNA fragments ranged from 180 bp to 1,20 bp. Thirty seven isolates of S. uberis strains were subtypedinto 8 distinct patterns. Each subtype revealed a typical pattern of antimicrobial susceptibilities. Thesefindings demonstrate that S. uberis isolates were mastitis pathogens of diverse serotypes, and oftenencountered the diverse resistant patterns.
Antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus and S. intermedius isolated from dogs
Byun, Jeong Hye ; Kim, Tae Jung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 43~50
Staphylococci are Gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic cocci, normally found on the skin andmucosal surfaces of most warm-blooded animals and often involved in a wide variety of diseases in animals.Staphylococcal infections are treated with antibiotics and, consequently, antibiotic resistance and/or acquiredresistance have developed. Staphylococcus (S.) intermedius and Staphylococcus (S.) aureus are 2 comonveterinary isolates that are frequently associated with suppurative infections. This study was undertaken toexamine antimicrobial susceptibility of S. aureus (23 isolates) and S. intermedius (160 isolates) isolatedfrom dogs in Gwangju, Korea and investigate whether the antibiotic resistance of S. aureus and S.intermedius is efected by the site of isolation, age, and sex of dogs. More isolates were isolated fromadult dogs (71.3%) than juveniles (20.5%). Antimicrobial resistance was commonly found for Penicillin,Tetracycline, Trimethoprim-Sulphamethoxazole in both Staphylococcus species. All of the isolates weresusceptible to Amoxicillin/Clavulanic Acid, Cephalothin, Oxacilin, Neomycin, and Vancomycin. Appropriateprotocol for antibiotic use and strategies to reduce antimicrobial resistance rate will be needed. Periodicsubstitution of antimicrobial agents and limitation of antibiotic use should also be considered.
Establishment of a statistically reliable sampling method and size for serological surveillance of classical swine fever (CSF) in Korea
Yoon, Hachung ; Nam, Hyang-Mi ; Park, Choi-Kyu ; Kim, Byoung-han ; Park, Jee-Yong ; Song, Jae-Young ; Hyeon, Bang-Hun ; Wee, Sung-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 51~57
To establish a statistically reliable sampling strategy for serological surveillance of classical swinefever (CSF) in Korea, antibody test data from CSF surveillance conducted during year 2005 were analyzed.The most appropriate sampling method was determined to be stratified multi-stage random sampling strategy,in which the primary sampling unit is a pig farm and the secondary are the pigs by the strata of breedersand finishers in the selected farm. The optimum sample size was 5 to 19 including 1 to 2 breeders accordingto the number of pigs in the farm. The optimum sampling strategy demonstrated in this study was veryFindings of our study provide practical guidelines for surveillance of herd immunity level to CSF in Korea.
Immunogenicity of the recombinant Pasteurella multocida toxin for development of subunit vaccine against swine atrophic rhinitis
Lee, Jeongmin ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 59~65
Pasteurella multocida Pasteurella multocida toxin (PMT) is a causal pathogenin atrophic rhinitis in pigs. To investigate the protective immunity and vaccination effect of recombinantPMT, the gene for PMT was isolated from the infective P. multocida D:4. The 2.3 kb XhoI/PstI fragment(PMT2.3) of PMT gene was expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) using the induced expression vector system.The recombinant protein of PMT2.3 having molecular weight of 84 kDa was purified by Ni-afinitycolumn chromatography. The PMT2.3 raised slightly less anti-PMT antibody titer than formalin-killedwhole cel, however, it showed more protective imunity against P. multocida D:4 infection in vaccinationand chalenge.
Antimicrobial susceptibility and prevalence of gram-negative bacteria isolated from bovine mastitis
Lee, Eun-Sil ; Kang, Hyun-Mi ; Chung, Chung-il ; Moon, Jin-San ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 67~75
Environmental mastitis has increased particularly in well-managed or low somatic cell countherds that have successfully controled contagious pathogens. Major pathogens of environmental mastitisare Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Streptococcus uberis. The present study was conducted to investigate1,865 quaters of 241 Korean dairy farms from 2001 to 2004. Prevalence of major gram-negative bacteriaisolated from mastitis milk were E. coli (22.7%) and Enterobacter spp. (16.3%) in coliforms and Pseudomoassp. (10.3%) and Serratia spp. (7.9%) in non-coliforms. The results on antibiotic susceptibility by agardifusion test against these pathogens were 86.7% in piperaciliin, 94.6% in cefepime, 85.5% in amikacin,87.7% in gentamicin and so on. In contrast, the susceptibility against ampicillin (41.9%), cephalothin (9.9%),streptomycin (39.9%) and tetracycline (46.7%) appeared to be below 50%. Gram-negative bacteria showed(96.8%). Acording to year, distribution of high
on cephalothin get increased, but the othersare diferent. These findings demonstrate that major gram-negative bacteria were E. coli and Enterobacterspp. isolates, and often encountered the diverse antibiotic resistant patterns.
Elder ages decreases the susceptibility for Helicobacter pylori infection in an animal model
Lee, Jin-Uk ; Kim, Seung-Hee ; Park, Tan-Woo ; Kim, Okjin ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 77~84
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an important bacterial pathogen that causes chronic gastritisand is associated with gastroduodenal ulcer disease, adenocarcinoma of the distal stomach, and gastricH. pylori infection associated with host agehave not been well-defined in human. To evaluate the difference in host susceptibility to infection in relationto age of acquisition of H. pylori infection, we designed an experiment involving inoculation of H. pyloriATC 43504 at different ages of Mongolian gerbils. H. pylori was inoculated at 5 weeks and 18 monthsof age, as representatives of early and late infection, respectively. Animals were sacrificed 1 week and 4weeks after challenge, and the stomach was removed from each animal for bacterial culture, histologicalexamination, and polymerase chain reaction test. 5 week-old gerbils revealed infection andmaintained continuously its infection until 4 weeks. However, old gerbils did not maintained H. pyloriinfection. These data suggest the insusceptibility of H. pylori in old Mongolian gerbils and the importanceof animal ages for successful animal experimental infection. Also, the results demonstrated that earlyinfection of H. pylori increases its host susceptibility, as compared to the case with later infection, possiblybecause of differences in host gastric mucosal factors and imunologic responses.
Multicentric T cell lymphoma in a Maltese dog
Jung, Ji-Youl ; Kang, Sang-Chul ; Roh, In-Soon ; Sohn, Hyun-Joo ; Yun, Young-Min ; Kim, Jung-Hun ; Lee, Kyoung-Kap ; An, Min-Chan ; Bae, Jong-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 85~89
A case of multicentric high grade T cell lymphoma is reported in a 5-year-old male Maltese dog with generalized lymphadenopathy. The dog showed depression, anorexia, blindness, jaundice, arrhythmia, and hematuria for 8 months. Complete blood count and chemistry profile revealed anemia and increased alanine transferase, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, and total cholesterol. Grossly, most of lymph nodes, spleen, and liver were enlarged and neoplastic masses were occupied in these tissues. Histologically, massive accumulation of small noncleaved neoplastic lymphocytes with high mitotic figures was observed in all lymph nodes and spleen. Infiltration of neoplastic lymphocytes was also noted in the lung, liver, kidney, eye, skin, muscle, and bone marrow of femur. Immunohistochemistry revealed that tumor cells were CD3-positive and but CD79a-negative, consistent with T-cell lineage. In our best knowledge, this is the first report of multicentric lymphoma clarified the origin of tumor cells in Korea.
Cutaneous asthenia associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome in a Yorkshire terrier
Cho, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Okjin ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 91~94
tisue disease of dog and cat, resembling Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) in man. EDS is characterizedby loose, hyperextensible and, fragile skin, it is attributed to mutations in connective tisue gene. Thesemutations cause defects in type I or II collagen synthesis and as a result lack of strength or elasticityto skin, joint, ligament and vessels. EDS-affected animals often experience subcutaneous hematomas thathave long bleeding times. The 4-years old male Yorkshire terrier was evaluated because of subcutaneoushematoma after stifle surgery. Clinical examination revealed a thin and hyperextensible skin and jointlaxity. The degree of skin extensibility index was 23.4%, marked skin stretchy. Clinical diagnosis wasconfirmed by histophathological examination of a skin biopsy revealing reduced packing density ofcollagen fiber of skin.
Degenerative joint disease with systemic mycoses in a oriental white stork
Lee, Sook-Jin ; Han, Je-Ik ; Chang, Dong-Woo ; Na, Ki-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 95~98
Rehabilitation Research was presented to Veterinary Medical Center of Chungbuk National Universitywith anorexia and lameness for 5 days. Bilateral intertarsal joint swellings were observed in physicalexamination. The radiographic findings indicated degenerative changes of joint cartilage and suroundingbones. In cytologic examination of synovial fluids, mononuclear leukocytic inflammation was identified.on Sabroud dextrose agar. From all of examinations, this patient was diagnosed as a degenerative jointdisease with systemic mycoses.
A case of pulmonic stenosis in a Shihtzu dog
Park, Chul ; Yoo, Jong-Hyun ; Jung, Dong-In ; Kim, Ju-Won ; Kang, Byeong-Teck ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 99~102
A 3-year-old, intact female, Shih-tzu dog was presented with a 15-day history of vomiting,depression, and anorexia. On physical examination, systolic ejection murmurs with precordial thril atthe left heart base were detected. A diagnosis of congenital pulmonic stenosis (PS) was made mainlyfrom the thoracic radiography, electrocardiography, and echocardiography. On complete blood counts andconfirmed that main pulmonary artery was tremendously buldged and electrocardiography was suggestiveof severe right ventricular hypertrophy. Echocardiographic findings revealed the pulmonic valve stenosiscontaining valvular dysplasia and poststenotic dilation. On Doppler echocardiography, ejection velocityof the lesion accounted for 3.38 m/sec, meaning mild velocity through the stenotic area. The dog'sproblem and resulted in death. However, there has been no reliable relation between PS and CRF. Primarymalformation of pulmonic valve was confirmed at necropsy after death.
Comparision of cardiovascular and analgesic effects of epidural administration of medetomidine, medetomidine-buprenorphine and medetomidine-fentanyl in dogs anesthetized with isoflurane
Chang, Hwa-Seok ; Kim, Hye-Jin ; Choi, Chi-Bong ; Lee, Jung-Sun ; Kim, Hwi-Yool ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 103~115
The aim of this study was to compare the reaction of the cardiovascular system, and the anesthetic effect among 3 experimental groups, epidural administration of medetomidine as a single agent, the combination of buprenorphine and medetomidine, and the combination of fentanyl and medetomidine. Twenty one dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane and allowed to breathe spontaneously. Epidural, arterial, and venous catheters were inserted. The tip of epidural catheter was positioned at the level of the space between the sixth and seventh lumbar vertebra. After a stable plane of anesthesia was achieved, these dogs were each administered one of the following treatments epidurally : medetomidine
(Group M), a combination of medetomidine
(Group M/B), and a combination of medetomidine
(Group M/F). Heart rate (HR), Respiratory rate (RR), End-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2), and arterial blood pressure were measured before drug administration (base line) and 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, 55, and 60 min postinjection. Blood gas analysis was performed before injection and 5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 60 min postinjection. Isoflurane was discontinued 80 min postinjection and pain/motor function were evaluated up to 260 min postinjection every 15 min. At the early stage of drug introduction (until 5 min), the HR was decreased significantly in all 3 groups compared with base line. In Group M, HR was significantly decreased compared with the other 2 groups. With time (starting 20 min after drug introduction), the HR was decreased significantly in Group M/B in respect to base line. However, no significant difference was seen number-wise in all 3 groups. During 60 min after drug introduction, the systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressures were highest in Group M and lowest in Group M/F. Among 3 groups, drug action and motor loss duration were longest in Group M/F. Analgesic effect observed in the M/F group was the most prominent and long-lasting, compared to those seen in the other 2 groups. Given the fact that the recovery of motor function takes place in a short period of time after analgesic effects disappeared, additional use of M/F depending on the patient's condition would be a good way to achieve effective pain management. However, proper care should be taken to ensure the function of cardiovascular system in the patient because the administration of M/F under isoflurane anesthesia results in a significant decline in arterial blood pressure (
Comparison of osteogenic efficacy depending on implant preparation in autograft
Lee, Jong-Il ; Song, Ha-Na ; Kim, Nam-soo ; Choi, In-hyuk ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 117~125
Bone graft had been investigated previously to restore bone defects in orthopedics. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy on new bone formation in bone autografts by treatment of implants. Cortical bone autografts were transplanted to midshaft of diaphyseal fibulae of 9 rabbits which were divided in 3 groups according to the treatment method of implants. Cortical bone implants for graft were treated with 3 different methods; freezing, freeze-drying, defat-freezing. Autografts were achieved by cross-transplantation method to bilateral fibulae of the presented rabbits after implant treatment procedures. The grafted regions of fibulae of all groups had been radiographed biweekly for 16 weeks to observe new bone formation and union between donor and recipient bone in the grafted region. Bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) in all groups was evaluated biweekly till the end of the experiment to determine osteoblast activities. Unions of the experimental grafted regions were observed at 83% (5 of 6 cases) of freezing, 17% (1 of 6 cases) of freeze-drying and 67% (4 of 6 cases) of defat-freezing autografts, respectively. BALP was increased over 100% after 2 weeks of graft procedures in all union cases (all cases in freezing group and in defat-freezing group, and 1 of 3 in freeze-drying group, respectively), then gradually decreased from 4 th week of graft to 16 th week. In non-union cases, there is no significant variation in BALP value until the end of experiment. It is speculated that defat-freezing method of treatments of implants is more safe to preserve the osteogenic ability in autograft than freeze-drying method.
Identification of intracerebral hematoma using ultrasonography in a dog
Jung, Dong-In ; Park, Chul ; Kang, Byeong-Teck ; Yoo, Jong-Hyun ; Kim, Ju-Won ; Kim, Ha-Jung ; Lim, Chae-Young ; Lee, So-Young ; GU, Su-Hyun ; Heo, Ra-Young ; Jeon, Hyo-Won ; Kim, Jung-Hyun ; Eom, Ki-Dong ; Park, Jong-Im ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 127~129
A 3-month-old male Maltese dog was presented with generalized trembling, ataxia, and seizure.The patient had traumatic injury on history takings. Physical examination revealed dome shaped craniumwith open fontanelle, nasal hemorrhage, and blepharoedema with hemorhage on the left side. On serumbiochemical profiles, creatine phosphokinase was severely elevated. There was no remarkable findingon radiography. Ultrasound images of brain were obtained via a persistence bregmatic fontanelle, andbilateraly dilated lateral ventricles with a hyperechoic mass on the left temporal lobe were detected.Based on clinical signs, history, physical examination, laboratory findings, and ultrasonographic findings,we suspected this intracranial mass to intracerebral hematoma induced by head trauma. Methylprednisoloneh after initial diagnosis. We performed necropsy and confirmed intracerebral hematoma. This case reportdescribes the identification of intracerebral hematoma using ultrasonography.
Gallbladder rupture by gallbladder mucoceles in 3 dogs
Choi, Jihye ; Kim, Hyunwook ; Ban, Hyunjung ; Kim, Jinkyung ; Jang, Jaeyoung ; Kim, Hyejin ; Seo, Jeemin ; Lee, Minjung ; Yoon, Junghee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 131~134
In 3 dogs with gallbladder mucocele, rupture of gallbladder was diagnosed and treated. Althoughthe diagnosis of gallbladder is challenging due to non-specific clinical signs and physical examinationfindings, mucoceles are ultrasonographically characterized by the appearance of the stellate or finely striatedbile paterns and difer from biliary sludge by the absence of gravity dependent bile movement. In thiscase, gallbladder rupture caused by mucocele can be diagnosed based on not only above characteristicsbut secondary lesion such as ascites around gallbladder and swollen hyperechoic mesentery.
Successful pregnancy following surgical intrauterine insemination using frozen semen in Afghan hound dog
Kim, Hye Jin ; Oh, Hyun Ju ; Jang, Goo ; Yoon, Jung Hee ; Lee, Hyung Suk ; Kim, Sang Cheol ; Hwang, Cheol Young ; Kim, Dae Yong ; Kim, Min Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 1, 2007, Pages 135~138
A 3 year-old female Afghan hound came to the Veterinary Referral Hospital of the College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University for artificial insemination (AI) with frozen semen. In order to inseminate, semen was frozen in USA 3 years ago. Frozen semen was sent by air from Santiago to Seoul for AI. The stud died 2 years ago, so we could only use a limited amount of frozen semen in that estrus cycle. The number of total motile spermatozoa was
and the total volume was 1.2 ml. The frozen spermatozoa were thawed in
water for 8 sec, which were then deposited at the bilateral uterine horns by a surgical method. The number of corpus luteum was 6. Sixty days after artificial insemination resulted in the birth of 4 puppies, all of which are alive and healthy.