Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 47, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Protective effects of EDTA and EGTA against CCl
-induced acute hepatotoxicity in mice
Park, Seung-Guk ; Cho, Yong-Do ; Shin, Taekyun ; Wie, Myung-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 265~271
This study investigated the protective effects of ethylene glycol-bis(
-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA), an extracellular calcium chelator, and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), which chelates calcium and most metal ions, against carbon tetrachloride (
)-induced acute hepatotoxicity in mice. Mice were treated with EGTA or EDTA at a dose of 20 (low) or 100 mg/kg (high) subcutaneously 1h before
administration. The mice were fasted and sacrificed 18h after
treatment. Blood samples were collected from the carotid artery by decapitation under light ether anesthesia. Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), triglyceride (TG), and cholesterol levels were measured. Malondialdehyde (MDA) production was determined as an index of lipid peroxidation in the liver. The liver, kidneys, and spleen were weighed. We also evaluated the histopathological changes in the liver in each group. The relative weights of the liver were significantly higher in the
-treatment group than in the normal group, except in the high-EDTA treatment group. EGTA and EDTA treatment caused a significant decrease in serum ALP, ALT, and AST levels. Of all of the doses of EGTA and EDTA tested, the high-EDTA dose resulted in the most remarkable inhibitory action. The protective effect in the high-EDTA-treatment group was confirmed histopathologically. The low-EGTA-treatment group showed a significant decrease in serum TG and cholesterol levels. Liver MDA levels were significantly decreased in the EGTA (20 mg/kg) and EDTA (20, 100 mg/kg) groups. These results suggest that EDTA, which chelates both calcium and metal ions, confers better protection in
-induced acute liver damage than does EGTA, a calcium chelator.
Sero-prevalence of swine influenza virus (H1N1, H3N2) In Korea
Yoon, Jai-soon ; Park, Bong-kyun ; Han, Jeong-hee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 273~279
Swine influenza is an acute, infectious respiratory disease caused by type A influenza viruses in pigs. In the previous studies, serological surveys have indicated the presence of H3N2 swine influenza virus (SIV) since 1995 in Korea. And the percentage of the antibody-positive rate was 39.12% in the survey determining the prevalence of H1N1 SIV antibodies in 2002. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate the sero-prevalence of SIV regard to the age of the pig and the season between June 2004 and May 2005. In this study, a total of 932 sera were used. These sera were randomly selected from blood samples, which were submitted to Department of Veterinary Pathology, Kangwon National University and Department of Veterinary Virology, Seoul National University from June 2004 to May 2005. These sera have been tested by ELISA test kit (IDEXX Lab, USA) for the SIV H3N2, H1N1 respectively. SAS version 9.1 was used for the statistical analysis based on the age of the pig and the season. The overall sero-prevalence of the antibody against H3N2 SIV was 20.82% (194/932). The overall sero-prevalence of the antibody against H1N1 SIV was 37.23% (347/932). The overall dual sero-prevalence of the antibody against H3N2 and H1N1 SIV was 10.62% (99/932). H3N2 has significant difference in statistically regarding the age of the pig and the season (p<0.0001). H1N1 has significant difference in statistically regarding the age of the pig (p<0.0001) but has not significant difference in statistically regarding the season (p=0.5882).
Survey of Ehrlichia canis and Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies in dogs (German shepherd) reared in Korea
Lee, Sang-Eun ; Song, Kun-Ho ; Lee, Suk-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 281~283
This study was conducted to survey of Ehrlichia (E.) canis and Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi antibodies among clinically healthy German shepherd dogs (116 females and 120 males) using a ELISA kit (SNAP 3Dx; IDEXX Laboratories, USA) in Korea. Whole blood samples are collected from the 236 dogs and are tested to detect E. canis and B. burgdorferi antibodies by using ELISA kit (SNAP 3Dx; IDEXX Laboratories, USA). Confidence interval comparisions revealed that dogs of 4-6 years have higher prevalence with a seropositive result (CI=0.17-0.45) in E. canis than the other age groups but there are no differences among age groups in B. burgdorferi. Also, no differences with a seropositive result were found among different regions in E. canis and B. burgdorferi antibodies. In conclusion, this study was the first large scale survey of canine E. canis and B. burgdorferi antibodies in Korea and provide an useful reference for clinicians.
Occurrence of hydropericardium-hepatitis syndrome in broilers and baeksemis raised in Korea
Kim, Ki-Seuk ; Ha, Jong-Su ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 285~290
The occurrence of hydropericardium-hepatitis syndrome was confirmed for the first time in Korea from chickens submitted for diagnosis to our laboratory from broiler and baeksemi farms. Clinical signs included depression, inappetence, ruffled feathers and an increase in mortality. At necropsy, severe hydropericardium and hepatic necrosis was characteristically found. The most remarkable microscopic changes were seen in the liver, including basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in the hepatocytes, massive hemorrhages and necrosis in the liver parenchyma. Based on polymerase chain reaction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we could identify the fowl adenoviruses as the causative agent of the disease. In the TEM, we observed the presence of a large number of intranuclear virus particles in the hepatocytes. We could also find the PCR amplification of 700 bp DNA from purified hydropericardium-hepatitis syndrome viral DNA.
Evaluation on efficacy of β-hemolytic Streptococcus iniae vaccine on olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus
Moon, Jin-San ; Jang, Hwan ; Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Joh, Seong-Joon ; Kim, Min-Jeong ; Son, Seong-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 291~298
Olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus is one of the most important cultured fish in Korea, its farming has been negatively impacted by viral, bacterial and parasitic diseases. Streptococcal infection was considered as a serious problem because of significant economic losses in olive flounder farm industry. The development and evaluation of vaccine for protection against infection by this agent were required. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of
-hemolytic Streptococcus (S.) iniae vaccine on olive flounder Three hundreds of flounders (weight
, body length
) were reared in 0.5 tons aquaria in land-marine tank system. Seawater was provided from the sea of Inchon in Korea, and water temperature was set to
in the vaccination and challenge test, respectively. We used the formalin-inactivated
-hemolytic S. iniae (F2K) vaccine (M VAC INIAE; Kyoritsu seiyaku, Japan) originated in Japan. The vaccine was intraperitoneally administered to fish. Both of vaccinated group and control group were challenged with intraperitoneally injection by virulent S. iniae SI-36 isolates with
at 3 weeks after vaccination. Difference on mortality of control and vaccinated group (90.0 and 15.0%, 76.5 and 8.0% respectively) at two trials were found significant (p<0.05), and relative percent survival were 83.4% and 89.5%, respectively. The dead fishes were showed dark pigmentation of skin, abdominal extension, hemorrhagic ascites, and liver necrosis, and isolated the S. iniae strain from ascites, liver and kidney. We confirmed the safety and efficacy of
-hemolytic S. iniae vaccine by determinations of the optimal management condition and artificial challenge test in olive flounder.
Occurrence and elimination of Neoheterobothrium infection from cultured oliver flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) in the western coast of Korea
Jang, Hwan ; Moon, Jin-San ; Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Joh, Seong-Joon ; Son, Seong-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 299~302
Neoheterobothrium hirame (N. hirame) is a large blood-feed gill-worm infecting the highly prized olive flounder. The present study was reported the occurrence and elimination of Neoheterobothrium infection from young cultured oliver flounder in the western coast of Korea. Flounder (weight 18-25 g, length 10-15 cm) were obtained from a cultured farm at Taean of Korea at May 2006. A lot of flounder died with serious anemia. We isolated N. hirame from the buccal cavity wall of dead flounder. Adult parasites were 5-15 mm in total length, with 4 pairs of clamps on the pedunculated haptor and isthmus region embedded in host tissue, while immature and sub-adults were identified the attachment to the gill filaments, rakers and arches with the clamps. All fish with infection were treated with 8% NaCl-supplemented seawater for 1 and 10 min at
, respectively. The significant reduction in mortality (6.7%) was observed among fish treated with 8% salt water for 10 minutes, when compared with that of non-treatment group (100%).
Occurrence and treatment of mixed infections with Vbrio anguillarum and Ichthyobodo sp. from cultured oliver flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)
Jang, Hwan ; Moon, Jin-San ; Joh, Seong-Joon ; Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Son, Seong-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 303~308
The high mortality (65.5%) of young olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) showing skin ulcers occurred in fish obtained from a commercial cultured farm at Donghae on the eastern coast of Korea at March 2006. The dorsal skin showed ulcer lesions and large amount of mucus. We isolated Ichthyobodo sp. from the gill, and Vibrio anguillarum from the liver and kidney of dead and diseased fish. All of the fish infected with the V anguillarum and Ichthyobodo sp. were treated with 100 ppm formalin for 1 h, and treated with oxolinic acid for 4 h at
, respectively. The formalin treated group was observed the low mortality (2.9%) when compared with high mortality of non-treated (82.9%), and of antibiotic treated group (85.9%) against mixed infections by Vibrio anguillarum and Ichthyobodo sp. organisms. We confirmed complete elimination against mixed infections of Vibrio anguillarum and Ichthyobodo sp. with 100 ppm formalin treatment.
Malignant aortic body tumor in a Korean Jindo dog
Hwang, Du-Na ; Kang, Byeong-Teck ; Hur, Tai-Young ; Chang, Byung-Joon ; Park, Hee-Myung ; Yhee, Ji-Young ; Yu, Chi-Ho ; Sur, Jung-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 309~314
A 7-year-old, intact female Korean Jindo dog was referred due to ataxia and pain on palpation of the thorax. Radiograph, echocardiography and computed tomogram revealed a mass on the heart base region and osteolytic change of fifth thoracic (T5) vertebra. At necropsy, a firm, encapsulated and round mass was seen arising from the heart base region surrounding the ascending aorta and pulmonary artery. Histopathologically, nests of cuboidal and polyhedral cells having abundantly granular and eosinophilic cytoplasm with round to oval nucleus were separated by fibrous septa. Immunohistochemistry using chromogranin A revealed that tumor cells were originated from neuroendocrine organ and metastasized into some organs including lung, spleen, liver, kidney and T5 vertebra. By electron microscopy, we found the electron-dense and membrane-bound granules in cytoplasm of the tumor cells. This study provides the uncommon evidence that aortic body tumor metastasized to both multiple organs and bone.
Peritonitis associated with Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus in a thoroughbred horse
Cho, Jung-Joon ; Kang, Sang-Chul ; Yang, Hyoung-Seok ; Yang, Jae-Hyuk ; Son, Won-Geun ; Bae, Jong-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 315~319
Fibrinopurulent peritonitis and abdominal abscesses associated with Streptococcus (S.) equi subsp. zooepidemicus is reported in a 1-year-old female thoroughbred horse. The horse died after showing 5-day history of the cold, severe abdominal distention, abdominal breathing, hyperthermia, anorexia, and loss of intestinal sound. At necropsy, several liters of turbid yellowish green fluid were seen in the abdominal cavity. Yellowish creamy and fibrinous or bloody materials were presented on the serosa of various abdominal organs that were intensively adhered with each other. Spleen and mesenteric lymph node were remarkably enlarged. Affected lobes of the lung showed severe congestion, hemorrhage and doughy consistency. Histologically, the lung showed hemorrhagic pneumonia with diffuse congestion and edema. Severe diffuse fibrinopurulent peritonitis with Gram-positive bacterial cocci and adjacent fibrosis were showed in the serosa of various abdominal organs such as liver, spleen, stomach, and intestine. And multifocal abscess pouches were presented in the granulation tissue of abdominal viscera. S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus was isolated from the peritoneal swab, abdominal organs, and lung. Hematogenous dissemination of bacteria from hemorrhagic pneumonia is proposed as the route of infection in this case.
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in pigs
Jung, Ji-Youl ; Kim, Ki-Seung ; Kim, Dae-Yong ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 321~324
Pneumocystis (P.) carinii is an opportunistic fungal pathogen of many animal species and human, which can cause fatal pneumonia in immunocompromised individuals. Three 100-day-old pigs with progressive atrophy, anorexia and respiratory distress were submitted to the Cheju National University for diagnosis. Grossly, the lungs were enlarged with rubbery consistency. Histopathologically, the lungs were characterized by diffuse interstitial pneumonia with thickening of alveolar septa due to infiltration of macrophages and lymphocytes. Alveolar lumens were filled with a foamy eosinophilic proteinaceous material in which numerous punctiform organisms. The organisms were demonstrated as P. carinii by Grocott-methenamine-silver staining and immunohistochemistry in lungs of two pigs. In our best knowledge, this is believed to be the first report of P. carinii pneumonia in pigs in Korea.
The recovery effect of polyacetylene constituents from Acanthopanax senticosus extracts on hepatic injury in dogs
Cho, Sung-nam ; Liu, Jianzhu ; Jun, Hyung-kyou ; Cho, Sung-whan ; Chang, Kyu-seob ; Kim, Seong-ju ; Kim, Young-hee ; Yang, Hyo-jin ; Kim, Duck-hwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 325~331
The present study was performed to clarify the recovery effect of polyacetylene constituents from Acanthopanax senticosus ethanol extracts on
-induced acute hepatic injury in dogs. Sixteen clinically healthy dogs were divided into the control group (six dogs), and experimental group I (three dogs), II (three dogs) and III (four dogs). Acute hepatic injury was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of 1 ml/kg
: olive oil = 1 : 1) after sterilization. The control group was orally administered with 10 ml of corn oil, and experimental groups I, II and III were orally administered with extracts of A. senticosus at the dose of 5, 10 and 30 mg/kg in 10 ml corn oil for seven consecutive days at 24 h after
injection. We assessed changes occurring in serum ALT, AST and GGT activities on the pre, day 0, day 1, day 2, day 3, day 5 and day 7, together with the histopathological findings. In experimental group I, the significant changes in serum ALT activities were found on day 5 (p<0.05) and day 7 (p<0.05), compared with those in the control group. However, significant differences were not found in the changes of serum AST and GGT activities. In experimental group II, significant changes were found on day 2 (p<0.05), day 3(p<0.05), day 5 (p<0.05) and day 7 (p<0.05) in serum ALT activities, on day 1 (p<0.05) in serum AST, and on day 2 (p<0.05) and day 3 (p<0.05) in serum GGr activities, respectively. In experimental group III, the changes in serum ALT, AST and GGT activities were not significant. In the histopathological evaluation, experimental group I and II showed much improvement, while experimental group III became worse when compared with the control group. Based on the results of the present study, it was concluded that low dose (below 10 mg/kg) administration of polyacetylene constituents from A. senticosus ethanol extracts was effective for recovery of acute hepatic injury induced by
Pulmonic stenosis corrected by balloon valvuloplasty in a Maltese dog
Lee, Seung-Gon ; Moon, Hyeong-Sun ; Hyun, Changbaig ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 333~336
A 6-month-old intact male Maltese dog (2.5 kg of body weight) was presented with the primary complaint of heart murmur and exercise intolerance. Diagnostic studies revealed severe pulmonic stenosis. Since the pressure gradient in stenotic pulmonic valve area was higher than 200 mmHg (maximum flow velocity = 7.1 m/s), the dog was underwent balloon valvuloplasty. With this procedure, the peak pulmonic velocity was reduced to 3.0 m/s (PG = 36 mmHg). Periodic re-evaluations performed in monthly interval revealed no further deterioration even after 4 month of procedure. This is the first case report of pulmonic stenosis fixed by non-surgical balloon valvuloplasty in Korea.
Gastrointestinal linear foreign body with serosal migration in a dog
Heo, Su-young ; Lee, Hae-beom ; Ko, Jae-jin ; Lee, Ki-chang ; Kim, Nam-soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 337~339
A two-year-old intact male Miniature Schnauzer was presented with signs of anorexia and abdominal pain with six-week duration. An exploratory ventral midline laparotomy was performed for a confirmative diagnostic and therapeutic purpose, and the presence of a string gastrointestinal linear foreign body was observed originating in the stomach, extending to the ileum. In the small intestine, the linear foreign body was located in the serosal layer. A partial enterotomy was performed on the mesenteric border of the intestine and the string was removed. After the surgical correction, the dog recovered completely from the clinical signs of anorexia and abdominal pain.
Diagnosis and resolution of pancreatic pseudocysts with percutaneous ultrasound-guided aspiration in two dogs
Choi, Jihye ; Kim, Hyunwook ; Seo, Jeemin ; Lee, Minjung ; Kim, Junyoung ; Yoon, Junghee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 341~347
Pancreatic pseudocyst is one of the most common pancreatic mass lesions developed following acute or chronic pancreatitis. Two dogs were presented with nonspecific clinical signs such as abdominal pain, vomiting and depression and diagnosed as pancreatic pseudocysts through percutaneous ultrasound-guided aspiration. Pancreatic pseudocyst may contain pancreatic juice, so leads the deteriorate state of patient through pertinent inflammation and autodigestion of pancreas. In this study, the clinical signs and pancreatic lesion were improved after aspiration. Percutaneous ultrasound-guided aspiration can provide the diagnostic information through cytology and lipase and amylase concentration, and be selected as the first choice for treatment.
Diagnostic imaging of isolated splenic torsion in two dogs
Choi, Jihye ; Kim, Hyunwook ; Kim, Jinkyung ; Jang, Jaeyoung ; Kim, Junyoung ; Yoon, Junghee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 349~356
Isolated splenic torsion is a rare disease, which is usually produced in deep-chest large breed dogs. A five-year old Pitbull terrier and a four-year old Yorkshire terrier were diagnosed as isolated splenic torsion with chronic form. Leukocytosis, anemia and elevated hepatic enzyme level were found in blood test and a large amount of ascites was observed. Abdominal radiography revealed splenomegaly and ascites and ultrasonography showed diffuse hypoechoic change of spleen in case 1 and hyperechoic change of spleen with focal hypoechoic regions in case 2, thromboembolism of splenic vein and abnormal direction of spleen. To identify the underlying disease of isolated splenic torsion, the histopathologic examination of excised spleen is essential and splenic neoplasia was found in case 2. Chronic isolated splenic torsion shows nonspecific clinical signs and laboratory results. Through diagnostic procedure, particularly ultrasonography, prompt diagnosis may be achieved and improve the prognosis of the patient.
Ectopic ureters and urachal remnant in a dog
Jung, Joohyun ; Lee, Kwanyoung ; Chang, Jinhwa ; Choi, Mincheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 47, issue 3, 2007, Pages 357~362
An intact male, 3-month-old, Great Pyrenees mountain dog, weighing 7.3 kg with a history of severe hematuria during 2 months was referred. Hematology showed mild leukocytosis. There were no remarkable findings in abdominal radiographs due to ingesta and gas in the gastrointestinal tracts. Ultrasonographs showed bilateral hydronephrosis, bilateral dilated and tortuous ureters, and hyperechoic sludges in the urinary bladder (UB). And a dilated cavity was identified cranial to the UB. Excretory urography and cystography were performed to examine the cause of hydronephrosis and an abnormal cavity cranial to the UB. Bilateral ureters were tortuously dilated and opened into the craniodorsal part of the UB. An abnormal cavity was connected to the UB at the left cranioventral part of the UB. Therefore bilateral ectopic ureters and urachal remnant were diagnosed.