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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 48, Issue 3 - Dec 2008
Volume 48, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 48, Issue 2 - Aug 2008
Volume 48, Issue 1 - 00 2008
Selecting the target year
Expression of galectin-3 in the testis and epididymis of mouse
Kim, Won-Jun ; Kim, Hwanglyong ; Joo, Hong-Gu ; Shin, Taekyun ; Lee, Yong-Duk ; Kim, Seungjoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~8
The testis and epididymis are important organs of the male reproductive system; the functionis to produce, mature, transport, and store sperm. It is important to understand the localization and expressionof specific proteins based for the studies of its physiological processes. In this study, we investigated theexpression and distribution of galectin-3, one of beta-galactoside-binding proteins, in the testis andepididymis of mouse using western blot and imunohistochemistry. Western blot analysis revealed that theexpression of galectin-3, 29 kDa protein, was low in the testis. In the epididymis, high expression wasdetected in the body and tail part, but moderate expression in the head part. By immunohistochemicalanalysis, we found that positive localization of galectin-3 was detected in some myoid cells and Leydigin the epithelium of epididymis, especially in the epithelium of both body and tail of epididymis. Collectively,these results suggest that galectin-3 is constitutively expressed in the testis and epididymis of mouse withvarying intensity, and the role of galectin-3 in the male reproductive organ may be involved in the specificfunction of its structures.
Determination of eugenol in Eugenia caryophyllata by high-performance Liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection and method validation
Yun, Hyeong-Jun ; Yun, So-Mi ; Lee, Myoung-Heon ; Son, Seong-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 9~16
A method for the quantification of eugenol in the medicinal herb Clove was developed and validated. For preparation of sample solutions clove was dried at
for 2h and ground by mixer and extracted with 95% ethanol for shaking extraction. The elutes were analyzed by HPLC system included a reversed phase column, a isocratic mobile phase of 60% methanol and PDA detector set at 280 nm. Calibration graphs were linear with very good correlation coefficients ($r^2>0.9999$) from
. The limit of detection per sample injection (
and limit of quantification was
. The method showed good intra-day precision (%RSD 0.08 ~ 0.27%) and inter-day precision (%RSD 0.32 ~ 1.19%).
Evaluation of antitumor. hepatoprotective and antimutagenic potentials of Phellinus gilvus
Kang, Eun-Hee ; Kim, Kil-Soo ; Park, Seung-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 17~26
This study was carried out to evaluate the antitumor, hepatoprotective and antimutagenic activities on hot water extract of Phellinus gilvus (PGE). Growth of tumor in mice that were orally given
dose of PGE was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05). The hepatoprotective effect of PGE in the carbon tetrachloride (
)-intoxicated rats was studied. In
+ PGE group, PGE was orally administered with 100 mg/kg/day dose 7 days before the treatment of
. The serum activity of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase in
+ PGE group were decreased at a rate of 59.6% and 54.1% compared with those in
group, respectively (p < 0.05). Also, total cholesterol and triglyceride in
+ PGE group were significantly decreased at a rate of 90% and 73.6% compared with those in
group (p < 0.05). In the Ames test, we confirmed PGE doesn't have any activity as a mutant, and PGE showed inhibitory effect against mutagenesis induced by 2-amino fluride and sodium azide in Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100 and TA1535 in a dose-dependent manner. From the above results, we may suggest that PGE might have useful as a material for functional food and/or animal pharmaceutics.
Development and sustained release effect of implantable formula of somatotropin
Kim, Nam-Joong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 27~32
The present study was carried out to develop a sustained release implantable formula of bovine somatotropin (SRIF-BST) and to examine its sustained release effect. The SRIF-BST was produced by coating a solid pellet, which was comprised of BST and an excipient, made of a biodegradable polymer and poloxamer, which are capable of regulating the rate of BST release. The coated membrane of SRIFBST was observed with a field emission scanning electron microscope. The thickness of the coated membrane was approximately
, and the pore sizes of the coated membrane surface were below
. In dissolution test, the release duration of the SRIF-BST maintained for 10 days, whereas the release duration of the control BST formula maintained for 3 days. In weight gain assay and tibia test of hypophysectomized rats, the release duration of the SRIF-BST treated group was 12 days and the net weight gain was 53.16 g, also the tibia length and strength of the SRIF-BST treated group was increased 10.5% and 23.1% compared with those of the control group, respectively.
Determination of amitraz by high-performance Liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection and method validation
Yun, Hyeong-Jun ; Yun, So-Mi ; Lee, Myoung-Heon ; Son, Seong-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 33~38
In veterinary medicine amitraz has been used as an insecticide to eliminates mites, lice, and ticks in dogs, cats, goats, swine and cattle. The objective of present study was to developed an analytical method using one-step extraction and determination of the amitraz in veterinary drugs by liquid chromatography (LC). The amitraz was analyzed by LC equipped with Waters XTerra RP18 (
) analytical column, using 75% acetonitrile (acetonitrile/D.W; 75/25) at 1.0 ml/ min. The UV-VIS detection of amitraz was made at 290 nm. Calibration graphs were linear with very good correlation coefficients ($r^2>0.9999$) from
. The limit of detection was
and limit of quantification was
. The method showed good intra-day precision (CV 0.05~0.09%) and inter-day precision (CV 0.06~0.18%).
Analysis of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans to assure safety of imported meat
Kim, MeeKyung ; Kim, Dong-Gyu ; Kim, Sooyeon ; Choi, Si-Weon ; Kwon, Jin-Wook ; Yun, Seon Jong ; Song, Sung Ok ; Chung, Gab Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 39~48
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are ubiquitous and can contaminate the food chain. A study monitoring PCDD/Fs in imported meat was conducted at the National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service (NVRQS, Republic of Korea) in order to maintain food safety from the bioaccumulative PCDD/Fs. Seventeen PCDD/Fs with toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) established by World Health Organization (WHO, 1998) were analyzed in imported beef, pork, and chicken by high resolution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HR-GC/MS). Results of the monitoring for the last 5 years are presented. The levels of PCDD/Fs were similar to other studies except two unusually high concentrations in pork and beef. Excessive levels greater than the Korean provisional maximum residue limit of PCDD/Fs were found in a sample of pork imported from Chile and a sample of beef imported from U.S, and those products were rejected and returned. There was no obvious trend or differences with respect to time or origin of meat in this study.
Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in dairy cattle in Korea from 1961 to 2004
Yoon, Hachung ; Chung, Byung-Hyun ; Yoon, Chong-Sam ; Lee, Joo-Ho ; Moon, Oun-Kyoung ; Park, Seung-Yong ; Lee, Won-Chang ; Kim, Tae-Jong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 49~52
The trend in the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in Korean dairy cattle was investigated in relation to test programs used between 1961 and 2004, during which a total of 8,961,061 dairy cows were tested and 10,248 confirmed to have BTB. The annual prevalence increased in the late 1960s, then decreased during the 1970s and 1980s, and started to increase again from the late 1990s. It seemed that the prevalence varies according to the different test program used. The prevalence of BTB was higher when the tests were performed with heat-concentrated synthetic medium (HCSM) or purified protein derivative (PPD) tuberculin alone compared to that when using combined HCSM and PPD tuberculin testing.
Field efficacy of a combined vaccine supplemented with recombinant Pasteurella multocida toxin subunits against atrophic rhinitis
Kang, Mi Lan ; Shin, Seung Won ; Rayamahji, Nabin ; Seo, Yeon Soo ; Lee, Su In ; Lee, Won Hyung ; Yoo, Han Sang ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 53~60
We have investigated efficiency of a recombinant subunit Pasteurella multocida toxin (PMT) that was mixed with a vaccine consisted of inactivated whole cells of Bordetella bronchiseptica, P. multocida (types A and D). For verification of the efficacy of the vaccine, all experimental pigs (suckling piglets, sow and gilts) in the three farms were vaccinated. Antibody titers against B. bronchiseptica and P. multocida type A of the vaccinated pigs by microplate agglutination were significantly higher than those of the control pigs (p < 0.05). Similar patterns were observed in the analysis of anti- PMT neutralizing antibody by serum neutralizing method using Vero cell (p < 0.05). Anti- P. multocida type D antibody titer of the vaccinated sows and gilts by ELISA showed significant differences with those of the non-vaccinated pigs (p < 0.05). Although antibody titers increased, it was unable to find out the difference in the clinical signs between the vaccinated and non-vaccinated pigs. However, the increase in body weight of the vaccinated piglets was observed in comparison with the non-vaccinated piglets on a farm. At slaughtering of the pigs, pathological lesions in the turbinate bones of the vaccinated pigs were significantly lower than those of the non-vaccinated pigs (p < 0.001). These results suggested that efficacy of the vaccine in pigs demonstrated to protect against atrophic rhinitis in Korea.
Characterization of Akabane virus (KV0505) from cattle in Korea
Yang, Dong-Kun ; Kim, Yeon-Hee ; Kim, Byoung-han ; Kweon, Chang-Hee ; Yoon, Soon-Seek ; Song, Jae-Young ; Lee, Sang-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 61~66
Akabane disease is caused by an arthropod-borne viral pathogen and leads to congenital abnormalities of the central nervous system in infected ruminants. One isolate, KV0505, showed cytopathic effect in Vero cells. The KV0505 isolate was obtained from plasma, which was collected from a cattle raised on Jeju Island in May 2005. Jeju Island is located near the southern part of the Korean peninsula. The isolate was confirmed as Akabane virus (AKAV) by immunofluorescence assay using AKAV specific monoclonal antibodies and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR). Suckling mice inoculated with the isolate showed signs of paralysis and died within 10 days postinoculation. Comparisons of the KV0505 N gene sequence with 39 other known AKAV strains revealed nucleotide homologies ranging from 83.6% (MP496 strain) to 99.7% (M171 strain). When compared with the K-9 strain, which was isolated from a cow in Korea in 1994, the nucleotide sequence homology with the N gene was 99.7%. Thus, genes of the KV0505 isolate were closely related to those of the M171 strain, which were clustered into the Ic group of AKAV.
Infection patterns of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus by serological analysis on a farm level
Park, Choi-Kyu ; Yoon, Ha-Chung ; Lee, Chang-Hee ; Jung, Byeong-Yeal ; Lee, Kyoung-Ki ; Kim, Hyun-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 67~73
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is the most economically important viral infectious disease in pig populations worldwide. This study was conducted to better understand the epidemic and dynamics of PRRS virus (PRRSV) on each farm and to evaluate the risk of PRRSV infection in Korea. Interviews with pig farmers were carried out to obtain PRRS vaccination programmes in 60 pig farms throughout Korea. Blood samples were also collected from the 59 pig farms to investigate outbreak patterns of each farm. Vaccination against PRRS was performed in 16.7% farms for breeding pigs and 8.3% of farms for nursery pigs. According to the seroepidemiological analysis, 56 (94.9%) out of 59 farms were considered to be affected by PRRSV infection. The results revealed that 68.9% of sows tested were seroconverted and interestingly, gilt herds had the highest seropositive rate (73%), suggesting that gilts may play a key role in PRRSV transmission in sow herds. Among the PRRS-affected piglet herds, 33 (55.9%), 14 (23.7%) and 6 (10.2%) farms were initially infected with PRRSV during the weaning, suckling and nursery period, respectively. It seems likely, therefore, that PRRSV infection predominantly occurs around the weaning period in piglet herds. Based on antibody seroprevalence levels in both sow and piglet groups, we were able to classify patterns of PRRSV infection per farm unit into 4 categories; category 1 (stable sow groups and non-infected piglet groups), category 2 (unstable sow groups and non-infected piglet groups), category 3 (stable sow groups and infected piglet groups), and category 4 (unstable sow groups and infected piglet groups). Our data suggested that 43 (72.9%) farms were analysed to belong to category 4, which is considered to be at high-risk for PRRS outbreak. Taken together, our information from this study will provide insight into the establishment of an effective control strategy for PRRS on the field.
Antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from domestic and imported raw meat in Korea
Heo, Hee Jin ; Ku, Bok Kyung ; Bae, Dong Hwa ; Park, Cheong Kyu ; Lee, Young Ju ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 75~81
The rapid evolution of antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus (S.) aureus is of considerable concern. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains are especially one of the greatest public concerns since the treatment of infections is more difficult when encountering resistance. In this study, we conducted a nationwide survey on the antimicrobial resistance of S. aureus isolated from raw meat samples collected from 16 countries, including Korea, and investigated the prevalence of MRSA as a possible source of human infection. Of 1,984 meat samples, S. aureus was isolated from 218 (11.0%) samples consisting of 23 (12.1%) from domestic meat and 195 (10.9%) from imported meat. The isolation rates of poultry meat, pork and beef were 12.8%, 7.0% and 10.0%, respectively. With regard to imported meat, the incidence varied from 4.8% to 16.6% from 13 countries, with the exception of Austria and Poland. In a resistance test to 20 antimicrobial agents, one hundred and eighty-four isolates (84.4%) were resistant to one or more antimicrobial agents tested. Especially, 17 (7.8%), 124 (56.9%) and 28 (12.8%) isolates showed a resistance to 3, 2 and 1 drugs, respectively. One isolate originating from domestic beef was resistant to 7 drugs. Another isolate originating from imported poultry meat showed resistance to oxacillin and methicillin by the disk diffusion test and minimal inhibition concentration methods, but showed negative for detection of the mecA gene.
Prevalence and genotypes of pestivirus in Korean goats
Yang, Dong-Kun ; Kweon, Chang-Hee ; Kim, Byoung-Han ; Choi, Cheong-Up ; Kang, Mun-Il ; Hyun, Bang-Hun ; Hwang, In-Jin ; Lee, Cheong-San ; Cho, Kyoung-Oh ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 83~88
In total, 1,142 serum samples were collected from 223 goat flocks rising in five different regions of Korea. These samples were screened for the presence of border disease virus (BDV) antibodies using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Of the 1,142 samples, we found 47 bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) positive cases (4.1%). These positive serum samples were also examined further by using the virus neutralization test against BDV. In addition, samples were tested for both BVDV and classical swine fever virus (CSFV). All of the samples that were seropositive for BDV also demonstrated positive antibody titers against BVDV and CSFV. Due to their common antigenicity, we also determined further the prevalence and carried out virus neutralization test against three pestiviruses: 314 of the goat samples were screened using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction with primer pairs specific to common pestivirus genome regions. Overall, 1.6% (5/314) of the samples tested was positive for pestivirus. Based on the nucleotide sequence data and the phylogenetic analysis, three isolates were characterized as BVDV type 1 and two isolates as BVDV type 2. However, none of the isolates could be classified as BDV. These results indicate that BVDV-1 and BVDV-2 are the pestivirus strains circulating among Korean goat populations.
Isolation of Serratia fonticola from pirarucu Arapaima gigas
Choresca Jr, Casiano H. ; Kim, Ji-Hyung ; Gomez, Dennis K. ; Jang, Hwan ; Joh, Seong Joon ; Park, Se Chang ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 89~92
The pirarucu, Arapaima gigas (body weight = 18.3 kg and total length = 102 cm) which had been reared in one of the private commercial aquaria for exhibition was found dead and submitted for diagnostic examination. A pure bacterial culture was isolated from the kidney, which was enlarged, and contained fluids. Result of the bacterial identification yielded Serratia fonticola. This paper describes the first isolation of S. fonticola from pirarucu.
Intracranial anaplastic oligodendroglioma concurrent with hydrocephalus and syringomyelia in a Boston terrier dog
Park, Chul ; Kang, Byeong-Teck ; Yoo, Jong-Hyun ; Kim, Ha-Jung ; Jung, Dong-In ; Lim, Chae-Young ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ; Woo, Eung-Je ; Kang, Sang-Chul ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 93~98
A 6-year-old female Boston terrier dog was presented with seizure episode, forelimb paraparesis, excessive panting, and ataxia. On physical and neurological examination, episcleral vessel engorgement, delayed postural reaction, delayed pupillary light reflex (both direct and consensual), and crossed forelimb were noted. Serum biochemical profiles were not remarkable other than mildly elevated hepatic enzymes. On cerebrospinal fluid analysis, elevated protein concentration was observed. In magnetic resonance imaging scans, the left frontal brain lesion with ring enhancement strongly suggested the presence of intracranial tumor. Concurrently, secondary hydrocephalus and syringomyelia were also observed. The dog was euthanized at 4 months after initial presentation because of aggravated neurological signs. This case was definitely diagnosed as an intracranial anaplastic oligodendroglioma based on postmortem histopathologic examination.
Ventricular septal defect in an Abyssinian cat
Lee, Seung-Gon ; Moon, Hyeong-Sun ; Choi, Ran ; Hyun, Changbaig ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 99~103
A 2-month-old female Abyssinian cat was presented with a severe ascites, cyanosis, and exercise intolerance. Diagnostic studies revealed V/VI holosystolic murmur, sinus tachycardia, generalized cardiomegaly with marked left atrial enlargement and shunt flow between left and right ventricles. Doppler study showed bi-directional shunts in rest and right-to-left shunt after exercise. Based on clinical signs and diagnostic findings, the cat was diagnosed as a reversed ventricular septal defect. The cat was treated with furosemide, nitroglycerine, dobutamine and oxygen supplement. Despite initial improvement of clinical signs after initiation of medical treatment, the cat died of sudden cardiac arrest. Necropsy revealed a perimembranous ventricular septal defect.
Cerebrospinal fluid analysis in 13 clinically healthy Beagle dogs; hematological, biochemical and electrophoretic findings
Kim, Il-Hwan ; Jung, Dong-In ; Yoo, Jong-Hyun ; Kang, Byeong-Teck ; Park, Chul ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 105~110
The purpose of this study is to define the normal findings of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the clinically healthy Beagle dogs and to provide basic information in diagnosis of neurologic disorders. CSF obtained from 13 clinically healthy dogs was examined for total and differential cell counts, total protein concentration, glucose and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) concentration, specific gravity, turbidity, and protein electrophoresis. On gross examination, CSF samples evaluated were clear and colorless. Few red blood cells and nucleated cells were present. The mean concentration of glucose and LDH examined were 65.8 mg/dl and 2.7 mg/dl, respectively. The cellular components of CSF samples based on differential counts were monocytes (41.9%), activated macrophages (35.8%), lymphocytes (20.0%), neutrophils (1.6%), and eosinophils (0.7%). The fractions of electrophoretic protein in CSF were albumin (52.7%), alpha-globulin (16.5%), beta-globulin (24.8%), and gamma-globulin (3.0%). Results of albumin quota were ranged from 0.15 to 0.38. In conclusion, this study provided normal composition of CSF in Beagle dogs.
Medical imaging and immunohistochemical diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor originated from colon in a dog
Choi, Jihye ; Kim, Hyunwook ; Lee, Haekyung ; Kim, Junyoung ; Yoon, Junghee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 111~117
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is one of the mesenchymal tumors originated from gastrointestinal submucosa. A 10 year-old, male, mixed breed dog with persistent diarrhea, anorexia and lethargy was referred to Haemaru Animal Referral Hospital. Large mass originated from the transverse colon was observed and large amount of ascites and free gas were found on abdominal radiography and ultrasonography. The ascites was septic exudate mixed with bacteria that consisted with intestinal perforation. There was no metastatic lesion. This mass was tentatively diagnosed as adenocarcinoma, leiomyosarcoma (LMS) and lymphosarcoma and surgical resection and histilogical examination were planned. However, according to owner's request, the patient was euthanized and then the necropsy was performed. About 10 cm sized mass originated from the cecum, ascending colon and transverse colon was adhered to surrounding mesentery and the perforation and large amount of ascites were observed. GIST was suspected on histopathologic examination and confirmed according to CD 117 expression in immunohistochemistry. GIST, derived from interstitial cells of Cajal, can be distinguished from LMS and leiomyoma (LM) on the basis of expression of CD117 (KIT) immunohistochemically. GIST has a different biological behavior and clinical course compared with LMS and LM, therefore definite diagnosis for GIST using immunohistochemistry is clinically important to predict the precise prognosis of the patient.
Diagnostic imaging and treatment of hepatic abscess in a Dachshund
Jung, Joohyun ; Chae, Woongjoo ; Chang, Jinhwa ; Oh, Sunkyoung ; Yoon, Junghee ; Choi, Mincheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 119~124
A castrated male, 4-year old, Dachshund weighing 5.3 kg with an acute history of anorexia, vomiting, severe depression, and hypothermia for 1 day was referred. Severe leukopenia, mild increased hepatic enzymes, and mild imbalanced electrolyte were found on laboratory tests. There are no remarkable findings on abdominal radiographs. Ultrasonography showed multifocal heterogeneous and hypoechoic round regions in the liver. Ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration and drainage were performed and hepatic abscess was diagnosed. The patient was recovered normally without any complications through aggressive medical treatments from the result of culture and sensitivity test.
Mesenteric torsion in a Miniature Schnauzer
Choi, Jihye ; Kim, Hyunwook ; Kim, Jinkyung ; Jang, Jaeyoung ; Kim, Junyoung ; Yoon, Junghee ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 48, issue 1, 2008, Pages 125~130
Mesenteric torsion was diagnosed in a 2-year-old, spayed female Miniature Schnauzer. The patient was presented with acute depression, vomiting, lethargy and hematochezia. On physical examination, severe dehydration, tachycardia, tachypnea, weak femoral pulse, delayed capillary refill time and pale mucous membrane were found and the dog was in shock. Radiography and ultrasonography revealed intestines distended with gas, ascites and the "C" shaped distended intestine. Medical treatments including fluid therapy, analgesics, antibiotics and lidocaine for reducing reperfusion injury were applied. And then, the mesenteric torsion was definitively diagnosed through exploratory laparotomy and intestinal resection and anastomosis were performed. The dog made an uneventful recovery and was free of clinical sign one week after surgery. Mesenteric torsion is an unusual and life-threatening disease in dogs. It has usually been described in the middle and large breed dogs, especially German Shepherds. However, the mesenteric torsion should be included in the differential diagnostic lists for acute abdomen even in small breed dog. The mortality rate of mesenteric torsion can be reduced through prompt diagnosis, proper preventive therapy for shock and reperfusion injury and emergency surgery.