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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 49, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 49, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 49, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 49, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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Occurrence of canine brucellosis in Korea and polymorphism of Brucella canis isolates by infrequent restriction site-PCR
Bae, Dong Hwa ; Lee, Young Ju ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 105~111
In this study, occurrence of canine brucellosis was surveyed in kennels, indoor dogs and stray dogs in Korea, and infrequent restriction site-polymerase chain reaction (IRS-PCR) was applied to analyze DNA polymorphism of Brucella canis (B. canis) isolates. Among a total of 501 dogs tested, B. canis antibodies by both rapid screening agglutination with 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME RSAT) and immunochromatographic assay were detected in only 14.1% of kennel dogs. There were no seropositive cases in indoor dogs and stray dogs. DNA polymorphism was observed in 16 B. canis isolates by the IRS-PCR. Sixteen isolates were tested with primers, PsalA, PsalC, PsalG and PsalT, and different primers produced different DNA patterns. In regard to the IRS-PCR pattern of 16 isolates, 9 (56.3%) belonged to the IRS-PCR type I. The remaining 7 were differentiated as type II, III and IV. An application of the primer PsalC provided discrimination between B. canis isolated in 2005 and others.
Exchange method of the nasal cavity spraying amikacin instead of kanamycin and gentamicin
Kim, Hong-Jib ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 113~119
Atrophic rhinitis (AR) is the one of important respiratory diseases and causes severe economic losses in pig industry. Severe attempts have been made to reduce the economic losses by preventing the disease. One of the methods is the spraying of antibiotics into nasal cavity of piglets. Recently, the efficacy of the spraying with kanamycin and gentamicin was reduced in the Korean swine industry. Therefore, the preventive methods have been required to be changed based on the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of causative agents of swine AR. Based on the current situations of this disease, Bordetella (B.) bronchiseptica and Pasteurella (P.) multocida 4D were isolated from pigs with clinical signs of AR. The isolation rates of B. bronchiseptica and P. multocida 4D were 58.5% and 32.9%, respectively. In the antimicrobial susceptibility test, the bacteria were resistant to kanamycin and gentamicin which have been used as the spraying agents, but they were susceptible to amikacin. A new spraying agent was developed using amikacin using
-glucan and yakbaltag as supplementary agents. Field efficacy of the agent was carried out with different schedule. The results from this study suggested that the newly developed spraying agents might be helpful to prevent AR in swine.
Agreement of two ELISAs for Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in cattle in Korea
Lee, Kyung Woo ; Jung, Byeong Yeal ; Hwang, In Yeong ; Lee, Su Hwa ; Kim, Ji Yeon ; Kim, Young Hoan ; Lee, Seong Hyo ; Moon, Oun Kyoung ; Lee, O Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 121~125
Paratuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Mpt) is a chronic infectious enteric disease with deleterious impact on the performance in ruminants. In Korea, ELISA has been introduced to detect antibodies to Mpt in individual cattle. However, comparison study with ELISA has not been studied until now. In total, a panel of 899 serum samples obtained from dairy cattle was analyzed with two commercial ELISAs for Mpt to assess the performance. Two ELISAs employed in this study were both licensed worldwide. Two ELISAs applied onto same serum samples showed the moderate agreement (kappa value = 0.60). There was non-significant McNemar test (p = 0.0614) between two ELISA results indicating that each proportion detected by two kits did not differ. In addition, the percent agreement between two ELISA results was turned out to be 96.8% which interpreted excellent reproducibility. It was shown from this study that two ELISAs revealed moderate kappa agreement performance. The implication raised is that when ELISAs as diagnostics are used to detect Mpt in individual cattle, positive reaction by either ELISA should be interpreted as serologically Mpt positive due to presumed low sensitivity of ELISAs and their test agreement being less than 100%.
Comparison of the safety and immunogenicity of commercial S. gallinarum 9R vaccine
Hwang, Jei Kiun ; Lee, Young Ju ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 127~133
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar gallinarum (S. gallinarum) is the agent of fowl typhoid, and the 9R vaccine is a commercial live vaccine for the prevention of fowl typhoid. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and immunogenicity of different brands of S. gallinarum 9R vaccine used in commercial laying chickens in Korea. All 9R strains originated from three different brands showed the same pattern in the biochemical and serological properties, and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profile. But, there was a difference in rhamnose fermentaion, agglutination with Salmonella group
antiserum and PFGE pattern between 9R vaccine strain and field S. gallinarum isolates. In laboratory and field trials for assesment of safety and immunogenicity of 9R vaccine, all of the three 9R vaccines showed the same safety in commercial laying chickens. In addition, there was a significant difference between the vaccinated and unvaccinated control groups in mortality and the re-isolation rate of the challenge strain from the tissues (p < 0.05), and no difference by the brands of 9R vaccine. The results from this study indicated that all three different brands of S. gallinarum 9R vaccine showed highly protection against mortality and organ invasion in commercial laying chickens exposed to virulent strains of S. gallinarum.
Studies on characteristic analysis of Streptomyces fradiae isolated from soil and effect against to Salmonella gallinarum
Kim, Hong-Jib ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 135~139
Streptomyces (S.) fradiae is a microbe with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, isolated from soil. In the present study, antibacterial effects of S. fradiaea against Salmonella (S.) gallinarum was determined. S. fradiae inhibited growing of S. gallinarum in Luria-Bertani media agar. Moreover, ingestion of S. fradiae markedly inhibited mortality of chickens experimentally infected with S. gallinarum. There is no side effect by S. fradiaeon, in safety of chickens and antibiotic material residues in chicken meat. Taken together, S. fradiae have the antibacterial effects against S. gallinarum. Therefore, we concluded that S. fradiae might be a good microbial candidate for treatment or control of fowl typhoid in chickens.
Comparison of process and cost of disposal methods for brucellosis infected bovine carcasses: burial, recycling, and incineration
Yoon, Hachung ; Yhee, Ji-Young ; Yu, Chi-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Hyuk ; Moon, Oun-Kyong ; Park, Jee-Yong ; Nam, Gun-Wook ; Sur, Jung-Hyang ; Rhee, Hae-Chun ; Kim, Tae-Jong ; Lee, Sang-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 141~147
In Korea, burial is the most common method of disposing animal carcasses culled due to brucellosis infection. However, burial has many disadvantages such as shortage of appropriate burial sites, possibile pollution of ground water supply, and negative view of the public. In this study, we have reviewed 3 legal methods for disposing bovine carcasses, which are burial, incineration, and rendering. We also described the overall process, advantages and disadvantages, and required costs for each method. About 75% of bovine brucellosis outbreak farms had less than 3 reactors, and in our study, rendering required the least amount of cost for farms with a small number of reactors (1-3 heads). Our findings suggest that the use of rendering should be encouraged for farms with bovine brucellosis and other methods considered only if rendering is inappropriate.
A simulation model for evaluating serological monitoring program of Aujeszky's disease
Chang, Ki-Yoon ; Pak, Son-Il ; Park, Choi-Kyu ; Lee, Kyoung-Ki ; Joo, Yi-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 149~155
The objective of this study was to analyze data from the planned national serological monitoring program for Aujeszky's disease (AD) using a simulation model to evaluate probable outcomes expected in the sample derived from the simulated herds at predefined within-herd prevalence and herd prevalence. Additionally, prevalence at animal- and herd-level estimated by the stochastic simulation model based on the distributions of the proportion of infected herds and test-positive animals was compared with those of data from a national serological survey in 2006, in which 106,762 fattening pigs from 5,325 herds were tested for AD using a commercial ELISA kit. A fixed value of 95% was used for test sensitivity, and the specificity was modeled with a minimum, most likely and maximum of 95, 97 and 99%, respectively. The within-herd prevalence and herd prevalence was modeled using Pert and Triang distributions, respectively with a minimum, most likely and maximum point values. In all calculations, population size of 1,000 was used due to lack of representative information. The mean number of infected herds and true test-positives was estimated to be 27 herds (median = 25; 95% percentile 44) and 214 pigs (median = 196; 95% percentile 423), respectively. When testing 20 pigs (mean of 2006 survey) in each herd, there was a 3.3% probability that the potential for false-positive reactions due to less than 100% specificity of the ELISA test would be detected. It was found that the model showed prevalence of 0.21% (99% percentile 0.50%) and 0.5% (99% percentile 0.99%) at animal- and herd-level, respectively. These rates were much similar to data from the 2006 survey (0.62% versus 0.83%). The overall mean herd-level sensitivity of the 2006 survey for fattening pigs was 99.9%, with only a 0.2% probability of failing to detect at least one infected herd.
Apocrine sweat gland adenocarcinoma in a cat
Park, Min-Hyeok ; Jung, Ji-Youl ; Jo, Suk-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ; Lee, Jin-Yong ; Lee, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 157~161
A 11-year-old female mixed cat with subcutaneous mass around the left 5th mammary glands was presented to local animal hospital. According to history taking, the mass recurred 2 times on the same site of abdomen. After surgical excision, subcutaneous mass was referred to Pathology Department of Veterinary Medicine in the Jeju National University. Grossly, round to oval, milky yellow or pale red nodules, measuring 0.1
1 cm in diameter, were occupied in the subcutis. Microscopically, the most neoplastic sweat glands were proliferated in the dermis and subcutis. Most tubules were lined by round to oval shaped epithelium with eosinophilic cytoplasm, hyperchromatic nuclei with high mitotic figures and severe central necrosis. The neoplastic epithelium also had periodic acid-Schiff-positive diastase-resistant cytoplasmic granules, but was negative for Perl's iron stain. Based on the gross, histopathologic and special staining, this cat was diagnosed as apocrine sweat gland adenocarcinoma. In our best knowledge, this is the first report of apocrine sweat gland adenocarcinoma around abdominal mammary gland in a cat.
A case of polypoid cystitis in a dog
Im, Eo-Jin ; Kang, Sang-Chul ; Jung, Ji-Youl ; Jeon, Jae-Nam ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 163~166
Among benign proliferation of the urinary bladder, polypoid cystitis is a rare disease in dogs. It is characterized by epithelial proliferation, chronic inflammation in lamina propria, and development of a polypoid mass or masses without evidence of neoplasia. This report describes histopathologic features of polypoid cystitis in dog. A 10-year-old spayed female shihtzu-dog was presented with two-month history of hematuria. Abdominal ultrasonography confirmed the thickened bladder wall and calculi in both kidneys. Surgical biopsy sample was taken from the thickened bladder mucosa for the histopathologic examination. The mass was covered with irregular hyperplastic transitional epithelium with the projection into the lumen in multifocal areas as well as many Brunn's nests in lamina propria. Many inflammatory cells such as lymphocyte, plasma cell, and macrophage and few neutrophils were occupied in lamina propria and submucosa. Proliferated fibrous tissues in lamina propria were clarified by using special staining methods. These collagens were stained blue with Masson's trichrome and red with van Gieson, but negative for alcian blue. Based on the clinical, gross, and histopathologic examinations, this case was diagnosed as polypoid cystitis in a dog. In our best knowledge, this is the first report of polypoid cystitis in dog in Korea.
Regulatory roles of NKT cells in Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection
Choi, Kyoung-Seong ; Chae, Joon-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 167~172
Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium Anaplasma (A.) phagocytophilum. Natural killer T (NKT) cells are key players in host defense against various microbial infections. We investigated the role of NKT cells in immune response to A. phagocytophilum infection using NKT-knockout (
18-/- and wild-type (WT) mice were infected with low-passage A. phagocytophilum and assayed for hepatic histopathology and cytokine production during 7 days post-infection. Compared to WT controls, the infected
18 -/- mice had much less histopathologic lesions and less apoptosis through day 7, and lower concentrations of
and IL- 12, but not of IL-10. This result suggests that NKT cells are major components in the pathogenesis of HGA.
Efficacy of apitoxin for the treatment of otitis externa in dogs
Kim, Sang-Hun ; Kim, Suk ; Jun, Hyung-Kyou ; Kim, Duck-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 49, issue 2, 2009, Pages 173~177
This study examined the efficacy of apitoxin for the treatment of otitis externa in dogs. Ten dogs with otitis externa were allocated randomly to two groups. The control group was treated with the susceptible antibiotics and the experimental group was injected with apitoxin into the tragus subcutaneously. There were no significant differences in the clinical scores, blood WBC counts and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios between the control and experimental groups. By 2 weeks, the bacterial cell counts were significantly lower in the experimental group than the control (p < 0.05). No adverse reactions were observed in any of the dogs during the study. This suggests that a topical injection of apitoxin is an effective treatment for otitis externa in dogs.