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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 50, Issue 1 - 00 2010
Selecting the target year
Anti-obesity effects of onion juice in high fat diet-induced obese rats
Kang, Won Young ; Kim, Mun Yong ; Jin, Ju Youn ; Yang, Heekyoung ; Hong, Hyun Ju ; Kim, Dong Geon ; Han, Chang-Hoon ; Lee, Young Jae ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~10
This study investigated the effects of onion juice on the serum lipid components and blood pressure in obese rats fed high fat diets. Thirty-nine of Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six groups, and were treated for 8 weeks: (1) normal diet (ND); (2) high fat diet (HFD); (3) HFD for first 4 weeks and high fat diet with 40% onion juice for the last 4weeks (H-H+O); (4) HFD with 40% onion juice for 8 weeks (H+O); (5) HFD for first 4 weeks and ND for the last 4 weeks (H-N); (6) HFD for first 4 weeks and ND with 40% onion juice for the last 4 weeks (H-N+O). The rates of increasing body weight were reduced in H+O and H-H+O groups compared with HFD group. The levels of triglyceride, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and total cholesterol in blood serum were significantly decreased in the H+O and H-H+O groups compared with the HFD group. Administration of onion reduced the size of adipocyte, steatosis, and serum hyperlipidemia in obese rats fed HFD. Moreover, the antihypertensive effects of onion were observed in obesity rat fed HFD. Overall results suggest that onion reduces the serum lipid components and improves hypertension in obese rat fed HFD.
Comparison of linear and non-linear equation for the calibration of roxithromycin analysis using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
Lim, Jong-Hwan ; Yun, Hyo-In ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 11~17
Linear and non-linear regressions were used to derive the calibration function for the measurement of roxithromycin plasma concentration. Their results were compared with weighted least squares regression by usual weight factors. In this paper the performance of a non-linear calibration equation with the capacity to account empirically for the curvature, y = ax
+ c (b
1) is compared with the commonly used linear equation, y = ax + b, as well as the quadratic equation, y = ax
+ bx + c. In the calibration curve (range of 0.01 to 10
) of roxithromycin, both heteroscedasticity and nonlinearity were present therefore linear least squares regression methods could result in large errors in the determination of roxithromycin concentration. By the non-linear and weighted least squares regression, the accuracy of the analytical method was improved at the lower end of the calibration curve. This study suggests that the non-linear calibration equation should be considered when a curve is required to be fitted to low dose calibration data which exhibit slight curvature.
Seroprevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in dairy cattle raised in Kangwon province
Hwang, Eui-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~24
This survey was carried out to investigate the seroprevalence of antibodies to Neospora (N.) caninum in dairy cattle raised in Kangwon province in Korea. A total of 349 sera collected from dairy cattle were tested for N. caninum antibodies using an indirect immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT). Ninety six (27.5%) dairy cattle were positive by IFAT. Seroprevalence of cows was 28.9% (91/315) and seroprevalence of boars was 14.7% (5/34). The seroprevalences of cows were increased according to the ages from 19.6% in cows less than 2 year-old to 50.0% in cows more than 7 year-old. Among the seroprevalences of cattle according to the raised areas, five counties or cities, Wheongsung was 34.6% (27/78), Wonju was 29.3% (46/157), Hongcheon was 28.9% (13/45), Chuncheon was 15.0% (3/20) and Cheolwon was 13.3% (2/15). It was proved that dairy cattle raised in Kangwon provinces exposed extensively and seriously to N. caninum.
Caseous lymphadenitis by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in a Saanen dairy goat (Capra hircus aegagrus)
Shin, Dong-Ho ; Song, Yun-Kyung ; Byun, Jae-Won ; Kim, Ha-Young ; Kim, Hyoung-Soon ; Woo, Gye-Hyeong ; Lee, O-Soo ; Jung, Byeong Yeal ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~28
Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a chronic and contagious disease of sheep and goats caused by Corynebacterium (C.) pseudotuberculosis. A four-year-old female Saanen dairy goat was submitted to the Animal Disease Diagnostic Center at National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service. The clinical signs of the goat were emaciation, abortion and quadriplegia. The multifocal nodules of lymph nodes were encapsulated and filled with whitish caseous contents on the cut surface. Histopathologically, lymph nodes displayed suppurative and necrotizing granulomas. Caseous necrosis was diffusely observed in the center of the lymph nodes. Gram positive bacilli were shown in the lesions. C. pseudotuberculosis was isolated and confirmed by the biochemical tests and PCR assay. Based on clinical signs, histopathological examination and bacterial isolation, we diagnosed this case as CLA. To our knowledge, this is the first report of CLA in a Saanen dairy goat in Korea.
Characterization of Yersinia ruckeri isolated from the farm-cultured eel Anguilla japonica in Korea
Joh, Seong Joon ; Kweon, Chang Hee ; Kim, Min Jeong ; Kang, Min Su ; Jang, Hwan ; Kwon, Jun Hun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 29~35
Yersinia (Y.) ruckeri has been recognized as a serious bacterial pathogen to several kinds of fish, including rainbow trout. However, there are no reports about the characteristics and pathogenicity of Y. ruckeri isolated from farm-cultured eels. In this study, we isolated and characterized Y. ruckeri from the farm-cultured eel Anguilla japonica in Korea. We investigated the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of Y. ruckeri and tested the virulence of Y. ruckeri isolates on experimentally infected eels. Examination of the flagellar morphology of Y. ruckeri by electron microscopy showed peritrichous flagella in its cell body. Biochemical reaction studies showed overall identical profiles between the isolates and the reference strain of Y. ruckeri in API 20E and API ZYM tests. We sequenced the 16S rRNA of the Y. ruckeri (1,505 bp) for the genotypic characterization (National Center for Biotechnology Information accession number EU401667). Comparison of the 16S rRNA sequences with previously reported Y. ruckeri strains revealed similar phylogenetic relationships. In the virulence assay of the Y. ruckeri on eels, the eels exhibited listlessness, but Y. ruckeri was reisolated from those of the gills and kidneys.
Evaluation of computed tomographic and radiographic myelography in normal miniature pigs
Choi, Mihyun ; Lee, Hyeyeon ; Kim, Mieun ; Kim, Junyoung ; Lee, Namsoon ; Chang, Jinhwa ; Jung, Joohyun ; Choi, Mincheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 37~42
Evaluation of the myelography was studied in miniature pigs. Radiographs and computed tomographic (CT) images of the whole spine were obtained at clinically healthy twelve miniature pigs of 4 (8.7-10 kg) and 12 (26-31 kg) months. The assessments of the spinal cord were made in accordance with the Pavlov's method and compared area ratio [at spinal cord (SC), vertebral canal (VC) and vertebral body (VB)]. The Pavlov's ratio in the cervical spine was significant larger than that of thoracolumbar in radiographic myelography. On CT myelography, the area of the spinal cord had a significant difference between the cervical and thoracolumbar spine. Among the cervical spine, the ratios of spinal cord and vertebral body (SC : VB), vertebral canal and vertebral body (VC : VB) were minimum at the level of 4th cervical spine in both ages, while maximum at the level of 6th cervical spine in both months. In case of lumbar spine, the ratios of spinal cord and vertebral body (SC : VB) were the largest at the level of 4th lumbar spine in 4 months and at the level of 3rd lumbar spine in 12 months. In addition, the ratio of spinal cord and vertebral body (SC : VB) of the cervical spinal cord was significant lower at 4 months but the lumbar spinal cord showed lower pattern at 12 months old miniature pigs.
Sensitivity analysis of serological tests for detection of disease in cattle
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Moon, Oun-Kyong ; Pak, Son-Il ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 43~48
Animal disease surveillance system, defined as the continuous investigation of a given population to detect the occurrence of disease or infection for control purposes, has been key roles to assess the health status of an animal population and, more recently, in international trade of animal and animal products with regard to risk assessment. Especially, for a system aiming to determine whether or not a disease is present in a population sensitivity of the system should be maintained high enough not to miss an infected animal. Therefore, when planning the implementation of surveillance system a number of factors that affecting surveillance sensitivity should be taken into account. Of these parameters sample size is of important, and different approaches are used to calculate sample size, usually depending on the objective of surveillance systems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of the current national serological surveillance programs for four selected bovine diseases assuming a specified sampling plan, to examine factors affecting the probability of detection, and to provide sample sizes required for achieving surveillance goal of detecting at least an infection in a given population. Our results showed that, for example, detecting low level of prevalence (0.2% for bovine tuberculosis) requires selection of all animals per typical Korean cattle farm (n = 17), and thus risk-based target surveillance for high risk groups can be an alternative strategy to increase sensitivity while not increasing overall sampling efforts. The minimum sample size required for detecting at least one positive animal was sharply increased as the disease prevalence is low. More importantly, high reliability of prevalence estimation was expected with increased sampling fraction even when zero-infected animal was identified. The effect of sample size is also discussed in terms of the maximum prevalence when zero-infected animals were identified and on the probability of failure to detect an infection. We suggest that for many serological surveillance systems, diagnostic performance of the testing method, sample size, prevalence, population size, and statistical confidence need to be considered to correctly interpret results of the system.
Transjugular occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus using an Amplatz canine ductal occluder in a Cocker spaniel dog
Choi, Ran ; Hyun, Changbaig ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 49~53
A 5-year-old female Cocker spaniel dog (body weight 7.0 kg) was presented with primary complaints of exercise intolerance and loud precordial thrill which was noticed since she was a puppy. Physical examination revealed a grade V/VI continuous murmur over the maximal point of the left basal area, bounding femoral pulse, but no differential cyanosis. Tall R waves were detected in electrocardiogram, suggesting left ventricular enlargement. Diagnostic imaging studies showed enlarged left ventricle, bulged descending aorta (dAo), markedly dilated right pulmonary artery, and continuous shunt flow between the dAo and main pulmonary artery. Based on these findings, the dog was diagnosed as left to right shunted patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). The patent ductus arteriosus was treated by lodging a PDA duct occluder via the transvenous approach. Clinical signs were markedly improved after the ductal occlusion, the shunt flow was mildly persistent. The case presented is the first case of PDA occluded by the PDA duct occluder via the transvenous approach in a small breed of dog. Although the residual shunt flow was mildly persisted, the dog was clinically normal without detectable murmurs.
Prevalence of Torque teno viruses among pigs and cattle in Korea
Kim, Ji Yeon ; Kweon, Chang Hee ; Lee, Kyung Woo ; Jeong, Wooseog ; Jean, Young Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 55~57
Torque teno virus (TTV), a species of Anellovirus, is a non-enveloped single stranded DNA virus with a wide range of animal hosts. The incidence of TTV is quite ubiquitous throughout the world. A total of 235 serum samples obtained from 137 pigs and 98 cattle at slaughterhouses in Korea during April 2005 to May 2005 were tested by TTV-specific PCR as to monitor prevalence of TTV among swine and cattle. As a result, the prevalent rates of TTVs in pigs and cattle were 43.1% and 4.1%, respectively. It seems that TTV infection is quite prevalent in swine population.
Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium infection in a lineolated parakeet (Bolborhynchus lineola)
Lee, So-Young ; Yoo, Jong-Hyun ; Yoon, Jang-Won ; Kim, Dae-Young ; Cho, Ho-Seong ; Park, Chul ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 59~62
A 2-year-old lineolated parakeet (Bolborhynchus lineola) was presented with abdominal distention and respiratory distress for two months. The bird was poorly fleshed and the liver was enlarged on coelomic palpation. Plain and contrast radiographic examinations exhibited hepatomegaly and distended intestinal loop, which compromised the air sacs. Multifocal hyperechogenecity was observed in the liver on ultrasonography. Postmortem gross examination revealed hepatomegaly with numerous pinpoint tan foci in the hepatic parenchyma and distended small intestine filled with adult ascarids. Microscopically, granulomatous hepatitis and enteritis infected by intrahistiocytic acid-fast bacilli were evident. Polymerase chain reaction indicated that the acid-fast bacilli were Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium.
Application of thromboxane synthetase inhibitor (Ozagrel HCl) in feline infectious peritonitis
Kim, Tae-Sin ; Lee, Sun-Hee ; Lim, Soo-Jung ; Park, Hyung-Jin ; Song, Eun-Sik ; Jung, Dae-Wook ; Kim, Duck-Hwan ; Song, Kun-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 63~69
A Persian chinchila (2 years old, intact female) and a Korean domestic shorthaired cat (3 months, intact male) were referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University with tachypnea. The two cats were diagnosed as feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) by blood and blood chemical examination, radiographic examination, RT-PCR and electrophoresis analysis of pleural effusion. Thromboxane synthetase inhibitor (Ozagrel HCl, 5 mg/kg, twice a day) was administered to the Persian chinchila and Korean domestic shorthair for 13 days and 16 days, respectively. Pleural effusion disappeared after treatment with Ozagrel HCl. Further study is needed to establish a new application protocol of Ozagrel HCl for FIP cases.
First record of Prosthogonimus cuneatus (Prosthogonimidae) from the Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis, in Korea
Cheong, Ki-Soo ; Kim, Jong-Taek ; Ahn, Dong-Choon ; Jung, Bae Dong ; Park, Bae-Keun ; Kim, Hyeon-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 1, 2010, Pages 71~74
A trematode species belonging to the genus Prosthogonimus (family: Prosthogonimidae) was collected in August, 2004 from the bursa of Fabricius of a single Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis, caught in Chuncheon, Korea. Five specimens were collected in total and fluke morphology was examined under using a light microscope. The average parasite size was 5.6
3.2 mm (length
width; based on 4 specimens). The genital pore was located on the anterior right margin of the oral sucker. The cirrus sac was strongly sinuous and extended beyond the intestinal bifurcation to the ventral sucker. The prepharynx was extremely short and the pharynx was small. The vitellaria consisted of 6 follicle bunches and extended from the ventral sucker to the posterior of the testes. Finally, the uterus filled the body cavity posterior to the testes. In addition, there were no heavy slings occurred anterior to the testes. Based on these morphological characteristics, the parasites were identified as P. cuneatus. The discovery of P. cuneatus within a Little Grebe constitutes a new host identification and a new geographical record. This is the first reported case of Prosthogonimus infection within wild birds in Korea.