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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 50, Issue 1 - 00 2010
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Prevalence of canine scabies in the Korean stray dogs
Yoon, Soon-Seek ; Byun, Jae-Won ; Yang, Dong-Kun ; Shin, Yeun-Kyung ; Wee, Sung-Hwan ; Kim, Byounghan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 165~169
Recently, the number of stray dogs is proportionate to the increase of the number of the companion dogs. Sarcoptic scabiei var canis, causing scabies, is one of the most important canine zoonotic arthropods in Korea and around the world. Thus, we have tried to know the prevalence of canine scabies in the stray dogs in Korea. A total of 565 stray dogs were collected from the rescue centers all over the country from Jan. 2006 to Dec. 2006. They were grouped with euthanasia or natural death and examined for the gender and age estimated by dental formula. To identify the lesions, the whole body was grossly examined and tested pathologically. Thirty two (5.66%) of 565 dogs were diagnosed as canine scabies. Dogs from urban areas had fewer scabies (0.62%) than those of rural areas (12.5%). Prevalence of scabies in male and female dogs was no difference as 5.96% and 5.25%. Euthanasia group showed higher prevalence (6.48%) than natural death group (2.44%) in scabies. Old dogs over five years showed lower infestration (1.82%) in scabies. In histopathological findings, there were mites in the burrows formed in the subcorneal space. Acanthosis, hyperkeratosis with crust, and vascular dilatation were main findings. One hundred thirteen (20%) of 565 stray dogs were diagnosed to have skin disease. Among them, canine scabies is the most prominent ectoparasite as 5.66 %. With previous reports on human infection in Korea, canine scabies must be regarded as the important zoonotic canine skin disease. Accordingly, for the human and canine hygiene it is imperative that stray dogs with skin problems are segregated and tested for the parasites to treat properly as soon as arriving at rescue shelter.
Effect of water extract of Danshen on bone regeneration of rat calvarial defect model
Shim, Kyung Mi ; Kim, Se Eun ; Kang, Seong Soo ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 171~177
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the osteogenic capacity of water extract of danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge). We have established in rat critical-sized calvarial defect model using the combination with collagen scaffold and danshen hydrophilic extract. All rats were extinguished at 8 weeks after bone graft surgery, and the bone regeneration ability of bone grafting sides was evaluated by plain radiography and micro-CT. These results revealed water extract of danshen had the potential to promote osteogenesis especially continuous oral administration with local treatment compared to one-shot local treatment. This compound may provide a new alternative agent for growth factors to promote bone healing and bone regeneration. In conclusion, these results suggest that danshen hydrophilic extract have the potential to promote osteogenesis in bone defects. Further studies about fusion technology with salvianolic acid B, peptides, growth factors, and scaffolds using of the combination of tissue engineering, cell engineering and mechanical engineering are needed.
Evaluation of character on lymphocyte subpopulations from peripheral blood in Hanwoo and Holstein neonatal calves
Jung, Young-Hun ; Hur, Tai-Young ; Kang, Seog-Jin ; Ki, Kwang-Seok ; Park, Sung-Jae ; Lee, Myeung-Sik ; Suh, Guk-hyun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 179~185
The present study was undertaken to establish reference values for the composition blood lymphocyte populations and compare forty three Hanwoo neonatal calves (KC) with twenty one Holstein calves (HC) by blood cell count and immunophynotying. The percentages of CD2+, CD4+, CD8+, CD26+, ACT2+, MHC class, MHC class II and WC1+ T cells, B cells were determined by flow cytometry. The number of lymphocyte and monocyte in HC were higher than those of KC. However, the number of neutrophils was higher in HC than KC. The proportions of CD2+, CD4+, CD8+, MHC class, and WC1+ lymphocytes remained relatively stable during the study period, while there was a moderate increase in the relative percentage of CD26+, ACT2+, MHC class II and B cell from birth to approximately 3 weeks of age. Marked differences in the relative proportions of the lymphocyte subpopulations were noted between the individual calves. The present study shows that the T-cell subpopulations are present in peripheral blood of KC at levels comparable with HC, while the MHC class II and B cell population of KC increases significantly with age. The absolute number of WBC in KC was due to the decrease of absolute number of neutrophil rather than the increase of lymphocyte. The results indicated that KC have significantly higher number of neutrophils, and proportion of MHC class II and B cell than HC.
Biological activities and single oral dose toxicity in rat of fermented Rhus verniciflua extract
Choi, Myung-Jin ; Lee, Seung-Jin ; Jang, Seung-Hee ; Reza, Md. Ahsanur ; Hong, Joo-Heon ; Jung, Hee-Kyoun ; Park, Seung-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 187~195
In this study, we investigated the biological activities such as anti-tumor, anti-oxidant and antiinflammatory activities as well as single oral dose toxicity of fermented Rhus verniciflua extract (FRVE). In order to examine anti-tumor activity of FRVE, the sarcoma 180 cells were treated with FRVE at various concentrations (0.03, 0.3, 3 and 30 mg/mL) in microtetrazolium (MTT) assay. In MTT assay, all the cells treated with FRVE at various concentrations have shown a significant difference compared with control (p < 0.05). In xanthine oxidase inhibition assay to examine the antioxidant activity, the xanthine oxidase inhibition rate of FRVE at 1.5 mg/mL and 15 mg/mL was
, respectively. Nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 cells showed that FRVE showed a significant anti-inflammation effect at 3 mg/mL (p < 0.05). In single oral dose toxicity study, no differences were observed between control and treated groups in clinical signs, body weight gains, feed and water consumptions. The results indicated that lethal dose 50 (
) of FRVE was found to be higher than 5,000 mg/kg in this experiment. From the above results, we may suggest that FRVE might have useful as a material for functional food and/or animal pharmaceutics.
Analysis of residual pesticides in dead wild birds and other animals during 2008-2009 in Korea
Jang, Jung-Hee ; Bong, Young-Hoon ; Kim, Dong-Gyu ; Kim, MeeKyung ; Chung, Gab-Soo ; Son, Seong-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 197~203
Pesticides are useful to eliminate harmful insects and grow crops however, misuse and abuse of pesticides may cause a death of wild birds, livestock, and companion animals. We analyzed residual pesticides in the ingesta and tissues from the dead wild birds, livestock, and companion animals which were suspected pesticide poisoning based on the diagnosis of the Animal Disease Diagnostic Center of National Veterinary Research and Quarantine Service (NVRQS). The samples were primarily brought to NVRQS from local communities and veterinary diagnostic laboratories. The 231 suspicious samples of pesticide poisoning based on the necropsy were analyzed by GC/NPD, GC/FPD, GC/ECD, or GC/MSD in 2008 and 2009. Pesticides were identified from the 55 samples of total 143 samples analyzed in 2008 and from the 34 samples of total 88 samples analyzed in 2009. The pesticide identification rates in 2008 were higher than the rates in 2009. It may have relevance to the increased samples with the outbreak of avian influenza in 2008 in Korea. The concentrations of pesticides found in the dead animals varied and exceeded the respective
of pesticides in many cases. Monochrotophos, phosphamidon, and methomyl were the most common pesticides found and those pesticides are high rank sales in Korea. The cause of pesticide poisoning in animal is assuming a misuse and an abuse of commonly used pesticides in Korea.
Prevelance of neutralizing antibody related with viral respiratory disease in cattle
Youn, Choong-Keun ; Lim, Yeon-Soo ; Lyoo, Young S. ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 205~211
Fifty young calves, about five to six months old purchased from nation-wide were investigated with the prevelance of neutralizing antibody (Ab) of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBRV), parainfluenza 3 virus (
), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV). The positive detection ratio of neutralizing Ab against IBRV was only 3% and two of positive samples showed low antibody titer (below 2). Ab against BRSV showed 48% of positive ratio and among 24 positive samples, antibody titer of 23 samples were below 3. But in the case of BVDV, 68% of samples were positive and 23 samples appeared to possess high antibody titer, above 4 and the antibody titer of five samples were above 8. The highest positive result came from
. The positive ratio in the samples investigated in this study was 72%, but the antibody titer of positive samples were generally below 3 (77.8% in positive samples).
Evaluation of in vitro and in vivo bacteriophage efficacy against Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis infection
Cha, Seung-Bin ; Rayamajhi, Nabin ; Lee, Won-Jung ; Shin, Min-Kyoung ; Roh, Yu-Mi ; Jung, Myung-Hwan ; Myoung, Kil-Sun ; Ahn, Young-Tae ; Huh, Chul-Sung ; Yoo, Han Sang ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 213~220
Salmonella (S.) Enterica infection ranks among the most common food borne bacterial infections worldwide. Although there are six subspecies of S. Enterica, the vast majority of human and animal infections are caused by strains belonging to subspecies 1 serovar Typhimurium and Enteritidis. Recent reports on antibiotic resistance of Salmonella spp. are rising steadily. The increasing problem of antibiotic resistance has rekindled interest in bacteriophage to therapy. Therefore, we investigated the efficacy of bacteriophage in S. enterica serovar Enteritidis infected mice and pigs by measuring of body condition, body weight, bacterial colonization and weight of organs based on the in vitro analysis. In vitro experiment, phage cultured with S. Enteritidis showed clear lysis pattern, the plaque forming unit (PFU) of our phage culture was
, and phage showed its maximum activity at 4 h post inoculation. In mouse experiment, there was no significant difference among experimental groups in the general body conditions and body weight of mice. However, there was difference in weight of liver and spleen depending on the experimental group (p < 0.05). The weight of liver and spleen were reduced by the phage treatment. Also bacterial colonization in spleen and liver were significantly reduced by the phage treatment. In pig experiment, the general body conditions and body temperature exhibited not much difference among the pigs except few pigs in group 3 which showed poor body conditions. From the feces in each group, we could isolate the S. Enteritidis only from group 3. Bacterial enrichment culture was necessary for isolating the bacteria from 5 dpi and 10 dpi, however direct isolation was possible from 15 dpi feces. In phage treated group, postmortem lesion was better than non-phage treated group. Recently, antibiotic resistance concerns on the food-borne bacterial pathogens have been increasing because of the wide spread of the antibiotics resistance genes. This concern is widely transmitted to the human related public health. As one of the alternative treatments on the bacterial pathogens, attempt using phages have been made to control the bacterial diseases. The positive possibility of the trail using phage was observed to control the S. enterica serovar Enteritidis in this study even though the further analysis has been remained.
Polymorphisms of the poly(C)-tract of porcine encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) isolated in Korea
Hyun, Bang-Hun ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, In-Joong ; Pyo, Hyun-Mi ; Kim, Sun-Mi ; Kim, Seong-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Jo ; Lim, Seong-In ; Song, Jae-Young ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 221~229
Encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) belongs to the genus Cardiovirus within the family Picornaviridae. EMCV has been recognized either as a cause of mortality in young pigs, due to acute myocarditis, or of reproductive failure in sows. An EMCV K3 strain was isolated from the heart and brain in a mummified and aborted swine fetus in 1989. For the molecular characterization of the poly(C)-tract of EMCV Korean isolates, K3 strain, viral RNA was extracted and digested with RNase T1, and analyzed the length of the poly(C)-tract by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The poly(C) regions also were amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced. The present study shows that K3 strain of EMCV had a short polymorphic poly(C) tracts (5 to 30 C's) with sequences consisting of
, etc. These polymorphism of poly(C)-tracts of EMCV K3 strain implies the historical information of in vivo and/or in vitro passage.
Characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolated from horse
Yun, Sung-Wook ; Kwon, Do-Yeon ; Choi, Seong-kyoon ; Lee, Hee-Soo ; Cho, Gil-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 231~237
This study was conducted to investigate characteristics and antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia (E.) coli isolates isolated from vaginal mucosa and clitorial fossa of 105 Thoroughbred mares suspicious of the genital disease in Korea during the period from March 2006 to July 2007. Ninety six E. coli isolates were identified as standard biochemical properties and using BIOLOG system. Fifty three isolates (55.2%) could be classified into a total of 21 O serotypes and forty three isolates (44.8%) were non-typeable with 51 O antisera used in this study. The verotoxin 1 (VT 1) and verotoxin 2 genes were analyzed by multiplex PCR. Among them, one isolate was detected VT 1 gene (130 bp). Most of isolates showed a high susceptibility in ciprofloxacin (100%), enrofloxacin (100%), norfloxacin (100%), cefoxitin (96.9%), gentamicin (96.9%), sulphamethoxazole (96.9%), nitrofurantoin (94.8%), amikacin (93.8%), nalidixic acid (92.7%) and tetracycline (90.6%). These results may provide the basic information to establish strategies for the treatment and prevention of reproductive disease in Thoroughbred mares in Korea.
Molecular epidemiologic analysis of pathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from poultry in Korea
Sung, Myung-Suk ; Kim, Jin-Hyun ; Kim, Ki-Seuk ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 239~246
Among 203 avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) isolated from poultry with colibacillosis in korea, 14 isolates were selected from total 68 isolates transferred R plasmid and classified into 5 groups on the basis of antimicrobial minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) pattern, farm source and O serotype. An association between clonal origin and R plasmid of them was investigated by R plasmid profile, restriction endonuclease analysis and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The strains that showed the same or very similar antimicrobial MIC pattern, but different farm source and O serotype, revealed different PFGE pattern, which seemed to be different clonal origin. And the strains that showed the same MIC pattern and O serotype, revealed different PFGE pattern, seemed to be originated from different clone. Also the strains showing the same MIC pattern and farm source, but different O serotype, revealed to be different clonal origin. The strains that showed the same or similar MIC pattern, farm source, and O serotype, revealed identical or similar PFGE pattern, which seemed to belong to be one clone. Meanwhile, horizontal transfer of R plasmid seems to be common in APEC with regardless of O serotype and clone of the strains. These results indicate that rapid and accurate epidemiological survey of APEC can be possible by the combination of O serotyping, plasmid profiling and PFGE analysis following the classification of them into groups of antimicrobial drug resistance pattern.
Comparative study of wound healing in porcine urinary bladder with CO
laser and scalpel incisions
Lee, Jae-Yeon ; Jeong, Seong-Mok ; Cho, Sung-Whan ; Park, Chang-Sik ; Kim, Myung-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 247~251
This study compared the instrument performance and tissue healing of a steel scalpel with a
laser in an animal urinary bladder surgery model. Landrace and Yorkshire mixed breed pigs were used. Two symmetrical incisions were made in urinary bladder of each pig. One incision was made on the left side of ventral aspect on urinary bladder using a steel scalpel, while the other incision was performed on the right side using a
laser with an 8W output power. Each instrument was evaluated clinically for speed, ease of incision, and extent of bleeding. At 7 and 21 days after initial wounding, each wound was taken for histological observations. The scalpel was an easier instrument to use in the confines of the urinary bladder tissue, compared with the laser. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups. The amount of bleeding was less in the laser group but the time of the incisions was shorter with the scalpel. Scalpel incisions showed complete restoration of the epithelium and muscularis. On the other hand, the laser incisions showed incomplete restoration of the epithelium and muscularis. However, most of wound healing in the laser incisions was accomplished according to the time lapse. Although the scalpel produced less damage to the urinary bladder tissue and was easier to handle than the
laser, it did not provide hemostasis that was helpful for use on highly vascular tissue. The
laser provided good hemostasis, but delayed wound healing. In conclusion, the
laser provided better hemostasis and better surgical field than the scalpel. The
laser was used effectively in urinary bladder incision.
A case of treatment on amitraz toxicosis in a Thoroughbred racehorse
Yang, Jaehyuk ; Song, Heeeun ; Lee, Kyuong-Kap ; Jee, Youngheun ; Woo, Ho-Choon ; Lim, Yoon-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 3, 2010, Pages 253~257
A 3-year-old female Thoroughbred racehorse was presented following the accidental oral and skin administration of amitraz. This case report describes the clinical signs and the treatment of this horse. Clinical signs of amitraz toxicosis are associated with the stimulation of alpha2-adrenergic receptors. Amitraz is seldom fatal because the effects can be reversed by alpha2-adrenergic antagonists. The horse displayed typical clinical signs of colic, including pawing, small hard drops, tranquillisation, depression, ataxia, muscular incoordination and impaction colic lasting up to 7 days. The syndrome was accompanied by mild dehydration. The horse survived after persistent symptomatic treatment, including the giving of intravenous fluids, antibiotics, multiple doses of mineral oil per os, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and dexamethasone intramuscularly and intravenously.