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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 50, Issue 1 - 00 2010
Selecting the target year
Histopathological effect of experimental feeding of melamine and cyanuric acid in kidney of crucian carp (Carassius carassius)
Wang, Seong-Jin ; Heo, Gang-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 259~264
Melamine is an organic base and a trimer of cyanamide which contains 66% nitrogen by mass, but it was sometimes illegally added to food products in order to enhance the apparent protein content for the bigger profit. Many Chinese infants and pet animals fed melamine-containing formulas suffered acute kidney failure with renal crystal formation. Fish feeds were also recently found to be contaminated with melamine. This experiment has been designed to determine whether renal crystals can be experimentally induced in crucian carp (Carassius carassius) fed melamine and cyanuric acid (each at 400 mg/kg/day for 3 days) in combination, and to compare experimentally induced crystals with those from pet animals with triazine related renal failure. The results showed that all fish developed gold brown renal crystals arranged in radial spherulites in the renal tubules, similar to those detected in the pet animals.
Pancreatic lesions of pigs with post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome
Jung, Ji-Youl ; Kang, Sang-Chul ; Park, Bong-Kyun ; Hwang, Eui-Kyung ; Kim, Dae-Yong ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 265~271
Post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) is a new emerging disease affecting nursery and growing pigs in worldwide. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) is a most important pathogen associated with PMWS. This study was carried out to investigate the pathological changes in the pancreas of pigs diagnosed as PMWS. To detect the PCV-2 antigen and nucleic acid in the tissue, immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was conducted, respectively. 24 pigs of 4-10 weeks old showed clinical signs of PMWS such as chronic wasting, respiratory distress and diarrhea were examined. Histopathologically, interstitial and periductular mononuclear cells infiltration were observed in pancreas. Multifocal to diffuse necrosis of acinar tissues or necrotizing to granulomatous pancreastitis with numerous syncytial cells infiltration were examined in severe cases. PCV-2 nucleic acid was detected from all tested pancreas using PCR. The PCV-2 antigen in 12 pancreas sections was detected by immunohistochemical staining. PCV-2 has a tropism for vascular endothelial cells and infiltrated macrophages. Although gross lesions are uncommon in the pancreas of pigs with PMWS, histopathological changes and the presence of PCV-2 in this tissue may be related to clinical signs associated with digestive disorders.
Investigation of helminths and protozoans infecting old world monkeys: captive vervet, cynomolgus, and rhesus monkeys
Lee, Jae-Il ; Kang, Sook-Jung ; Kim, Nan-A ; Lee, Chi-Woo ; Ahn, Kyoung-Ha ; Kwon, Hyouk-Sang ; Park, Chung-Gyu ; Kim, Sang-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 273~277
The objective of this study was to investigate the infection rate of gastro-intestinal tract parasites on acquired laboratory nonhuman primates, Vervet monkey, Cynomolgus monkey, and Rhesus monkey acquired from Japan and China. These monkeys have been acclimating at an individual housing condition after our legal quarantine period. We examined 133 fecal samples to investigate parasitic infection using direct smear and formalin-ether-sedimentation technique. As a result, total parasitic infection rate was 33.8% (n = 45/133) for all monkeys. Two species of macaques, cynomolgus and rhesus, were infected with Trichuris trichiura (4), Giardia lamblia (4) and Balantidium coli (41). Vervet monkeys, which had been controlled by individual housing system for a long time, were clear for parasitic infection. The protozoan, Balantidium coli was one of the most frequently detected in these monkey colonies. Double infection was noted in only 4 monkeys and involved with Trichuris trichiura and Balantidium coli. Serious clinical symptoms were not observed in the most of the infected monkeys, but the monkeys infected by Giardia lamblia showed intermittent or chronic watery diarrhea. Consequently, the prophylactic anthelmintic treatment and periodic monitoring are essential to preserve the SPF colonies in the laboratory facility.
Pharmacodynamics of florfenicol alone and in combination with amoxicillin or cefuroxime against pathogenic bacteria of fish origin
Lee, Eun-Mi ; Choi, Myung-Jin ; Lee, Seung-Jin ; Park, Seung-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 279~284
Combination therapy of antibiotics is leading to improved efficacy or safety profiles with decrease emergence of bacterial resistance. Because of this benefit, many of antibacterial combinations have been used in veterinary practice for the past few decades. The purpose of this study was to examine the in vitro activity of an amoxicillin alone and in combination with other antibiotics against pathogenic bacteria of fish origin. Based on the fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) index (FIC
0.5), a synergistic interaction was shown in combination of florfenicol with amoxicillin or cefuroxime. The combination of florfenicol and amoxillin showed higher antibacterial activity than that of florfenicol and cefuroxime. Ratio of amoxicillin and florfenicol in combination was 1 : 1, which showed the antibacterial activity against bacterial isolates of fish as compared with other ratios. A synergetic effect of the combination (amoxicillin and florfenicol) was further confirmed in the time-kill curve study. The study showed a better in vitro antibacterial activity of a 1 : 1 combination of amoxicillin and florfenicol than the individual antibacterial against bacterial isolates of fish. In conclusion, the combination of florfenicol and amoxicillin may serve as a potential antibacterial therapy in fishes infected pathogenic bacteria.
Proteome analysis between diverse phenotypes of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium)
Shin, Gee-Wook ; Cha, In-Seok ; Lee, Woo-Won ; Nho, Seong-Won ; Park, Seong-Bin ; Jang, Ho-Bin ; Kim, Yong-Hwan ; Jung, Tae-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 285~295
Protein expression patterns in Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) strains with diverse phenotypes, such as phage type, antibiotic resistance pattern and plasmid profiles were examined. For detailed analysis of proteins expressed by different S. Typhimurium strains, protein fractions were divided into detergent-rich phase (DP) and aqueous phase (AP) using triton X-114 detergent. The two phases were subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), followed by protein identification using peptide mass fingerprinting (PMF). In the results, PMF showed that DP fractions consisted mainly of outer membrane proteins, whereas the AP fractions included cytosolic proteins. Comparison of 2-DE profiles of DP did not show any distinct protein spots which could be correlated with phage type, antibiotic resistance pattern or plasmid profile. However, comparisons of 2-DE profiles of the AP revealed differences in the protein spots, which could be correlated with the plasmid profile and phage types. Among these protein spots, flagellin was specific for strains containing a 90 kb plasmid. Compared to DT193 phage type, three protein spots in the range of pI 5.0-5.5 and MW 8-15 kDa of AP 2-DE profiles were absent in the DT104 phage types. Additionally, a protein spot with PI in the range of 4.5-5.0 and molecular weight (MW) between 51-69 kDa was specific for phage type DT104, while a protein spot with pI in the range of 4.0-4.8 and MW between 18-20 kDa was specific for DT193 phage type. These protein spots may be useful for discriminating phage types of S. Typhimurium.
Efficacy of antibacteriocidal yeast that producing bacteriocin OR-7 in pig
Cho, Dong-In ; Kang, Sang-Mo ; Lee, Jae-Hwa ; Lee, Sang-Hyeon ; Jang, Min-Kyung ; Kim, Ki-seuk ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 297~302
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding probiotics (gene modified yeast) on the growth performances in pigs. In pigs, this study investigated the effects of dietary probiotics which contained antibacterial probiotics (OR-7, bacteriocin, gene modified yeast) on growth performances and feed efficiency in pig farm. A total of 150 pigs were studied. The treatments are probiotics yeast (PY) 0.3% (basal diet + 0.3% plasmid modified probiotics), PY 0.5% (basal diet + 0.5% plasmid modified probiotics), yeast (Y) 0.3% (basal diet + 0.3% probiotics), Y 0.5% (basal diet + 0.5% probiotics) and control (basal diet). Weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency were periodically recorded for 90 days. The treatment group trended higher weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency than control. And, the PY group trended higher weight gain, feed intake and feed efficiency than Y group.
Clinical characteristics of oral diseases on stray cats in Gwangju
Myung, Bo Young ; Kim, Se Eun ; Shim, Kyung Mi ; Ryu, Ji Won ; Kim, Sung Ho ; Moon, Changjong ; Bae, Chun-Sik ; Choi, Seok-Hwa ; Kang, Seong Soo ; Park, Hyunjeong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 303~310
Demand on specialized feline dentistry has increased over the years, partly due to growing feline population in Korea. Despite the notable increase in the population, not much researches has been conducted on oral disease for stray cats. Thus this research was conducted on 81 adult stray cats from Gwangju in Korea (42 males and 39 females) with average weight of 3.4 kg and also focused on occurrence of periodontal disease (plaque and calculus), feline odontoclastic resorptive lesion (FORL), stomatitis and tooth anomaly. Formation of dental plaque and calculus were abundant on maxilla than mandible, especially distributed much on 4th premolar teeth and 1st molar teeth. After thorough examination of oral cavity, 33 stray cats (40.7%) were found to have oral disease. Eighteen stray cats (22.2%) had tooth fracture which was evident on cuspid and missing teeth were present on 2nd premolar tooth of maxilla and 2nd incisor of mandible amongst 20 stray cats (24.7%). FORL was present on cuspids and 2nd premolar tooth of maxilla among 10 stray cats (12.3%). Stomatitis was involved with FORL, missing tooth, and tooth fracture. Therefore, it was determined that stomatitis, FORL, and periodontal disease were closely associated.
Dental imaging characterization of micropigs
Lee, Hyeyeon ; Choi, Mihyun ; Chang, Jinhwa ; Jung, Joohyun ; Kim, Mieun ; Lee, Namsoon ; Kim, Junyoung ; Choi, Mincheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 311~317
Recently the micropig has been developed as human disease model. The dental and orofacial region of micropig is similar to that of humans, so it has been used for testing implant materials and techniques. The purpose of this study is on dental image at each age using radiography and computed tomography. Total twenty-two male micropigs, two or three animals of each 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months old, were given radiographic examinations. After general anesthesia, extra- and intra-oral radiographic technique and computed tomographic scans were performed to assess the dental characterization of micropigs. The total deciduous dental formula comprised 28 teeth and was depicted as Di 3/3, Dc 1/1, Dp 3/3. The total permanent dental formula comprised 44 teeth and was depicted as I 3/3, C 1/1, P 4/4, M 3/3. Hypodontia of the first premolars was common in the micropig. The permanent teeth erupted from 3 to 24 month after birth. The sequence of eruption of the permanent teeth was M1, P1, I3, C, M2, I1 + P3 + P4, P2, I2, M3. Dental imaging enables visualization of the unerupted teeth and gives more information about the development of the teeth. The growth pattern of the teeth obtained through radiographic and computed tomographic examination provides basic data in the micropig as animal model for dental research.
Cystorrhexis with uroperitoneum during parturition in a Appaloosa neonatal foal
Yang, Jaehyuk ; Cheong, Jongtae ; Lee, Joo-Myoung ; Hwang, Kyu-Kye ; Lim, Yoon-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 319~322
A 3-day-old Appaloosa colt was examined because of acute onset of ataxia, left-sided head tilt, fever and heart murmur. The foal continued to nurse but became increasingly depressed and mild colic. On plain radiological examination, the foal was normal. Uroperitoneum was diagnosed following abdominocentesis. Postmortem examination revealed bladder rupture. The lesion was in the dorsomedial part of the bladder wall. We suggested that the cause of bladder rupture was parturient trauma. Even though the rupture was associated with trauma, the margin of rupture of bladder was clearly smooth and regular.
Candidiasis in layer chickens in Korea
Sung, Haan-Woo ; Kwon, Hyuk-Moo ; Han, Jeong-Hee ; Mo, In-Pil ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 323~326
Candidiasis is a mycosis caused by the mycelial yeast of the Candida genus which is opportunistic pathogen of humans, animals, and birds. Under some conditions such as prolonged antibiotic therapy, overcrowding, and immunosuppression, the opportunistic Candida can cause disease. Chicken candidiasis is sporadically occurred and characterized by unsatisfactory growth, listlessness, roughness of feathers, and death. A case of 23 weeks old layer with history of increased mortality and anemia was submitted to our Lab. At necropsy, the characteristic lesions were observed in the crop and proventriculus. The whitish pseudomembrane, that are peeled easily, was found in the crop. Proventriculus was swollen and the mucosa was covered with hemorrhagic exudate. The histological changes of the affected crop are epithelial hyperplasia, hydropic degeneration, and mycelia formation. Smears made from the necrotic mucosal surfaces of the crop revealed the presence of large number of yeast cells and mycelia. Pure cultures of yeast colonies were obtained from the potato dextrose agar. The yeast cells were identified as Candida albicans by gene sequencing. To our knowledge, this is the first report of candidiasis in chickens with anemia in Korea.
Treatment of prednisolone for eosinophilic enteritis in a dog
Lee, Jin-Woo ; Lee, Sun-Hee ; Lim, Soo-Jung ; Park, Hyung-Jin ; Jung, Dae-Wook ; Kim, Tae-Sin ; Kim, Duck-Hwan ; Song, Kun-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 327~330
A 7-year-old, castrated male Yorkshire terrier dog with chronic vomiting, and melena lasted for 3 weeks was referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of Chungnam National University. The complete blood counts and serum biochemistry revealed no remarkable findings. Gastrointestinal series revealed irregular margin in small intestinal lumen. After upper gastrointestinal series, erythema of the small intestinal lesions was found by exploratory laparotomy and full-thickness biopsy was performed. Histopathologic examination revealed infiltration of predominantly eosinophils and other inflammatory cells in small intestine. Based on these findings, the dog was diagnosed as eosinophilic enteritis. After 4 weeks medical treatment and hypoallergenic diet, the patient showed no vomiting, melena and other complications.
Molecular detection of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from albino catfish, Clarias sp. reared in an indoor commercial aquarium
Choresca, Casiano H. Jr. ; Gomez, Dennis K. ; Han, Jee-Eun ; Shin, Sang-Phil ; Kim, Ji-Hyung ; Jun, Jin-Woo ; Park, Se-Chang ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 50, issue 4, 2010, Pages 331~333
Moribund albino catfish, Clarias sp., displayed from an indoor private commercial aquarium were submitted in the laboratory for diagnostic examination. Dense culture of bacteria was recovered from the kidney and was characterized using Vitek System 2 and showed 98% probability to Aeromonas (A.) hydrophila. PCR result showed positive using A. hydrophila extracellular hemolysin gene ahh1 (130 bp) and aerolysin gene aerA (309 bp). The 16S rRNA gene was identical and exhibited 97% sequence similarity with the other known isolates of A. hydrophila available in the GenBank. In this paper, we reported the isolation and molecular detection of A. hydrophila from an albino catfish.