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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 51, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 51, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 51, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Protective effect of the methanol extract of Polyopes lancifolia (Harvey) kawaguchi et wang against ionizing radiation-induced mouse gastrointestinal injury
Jeong, Jinwoo ; Yang, Wonjun ; Ahn, Meejung ; Kim, Ki Cheon ; Hyun, Jin Won ; Kim, Sung-Ho ; Moon, Changjong ; Shin, Taekyun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 177~183
The radioprotective efficacy of a methanol extract of the red algae Polyopes lancifolia (Harvey) kawaguchi et wang (mPL) was evaluated in mice subjected to total-body gamma irradiation. mPL protection against radiation-induced oxidative stress was examined by histological evaluation of intestinal crypt-cell survival and liver activities of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT). mPL (100 mg/kg body weight) administered intraperitoneally at 24 h and 1 h prior to irradiation protected jejunal crypt cells from radiation-induced apoptosis (p < 0.01). The pretreatment of mPL attenuated a radiation-induced decrease in villous height (p < 0.05), and improved jejunal crypt survival (p < 0.05). The dose reduction factor was 1.14 at 3.5 days after irradiation. Treatment with mPL prior to irradiation resulted in significantly higher (p < 0.01) levels of SOD and CAT activities, compared to those levels of irradiated control mice with vehicle treatment. These results suggest that mPL is a useful radioprotective agent capable of defending intestinal progenitor cells against total-body irradiation, at least in part through mPL antioxidative activity.
Inducible nitric oxide synthase is involved in neuronal death induced by trimethyltin in the rat hippocampus
Jang, Sukwon ; Choi, Sungyoung ; Park, Changnam ; Ahn, Meejung ; Shin, Taekyun ; Kim, Seungjoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 185~191
Trimethyltin chloride (TMT) has been used as a neurotoxin for inducing brain dysfunction and neuronal death. Neuronal death in the hippocampus by TMT may generate excessive nitric oxide, but there are few studies about nitric oxide synthase enzyme involved in the synthesis of nitric oxide. The purpose of present study is to analyze the TMT toxicity in each region of rat hippocampus. To evaluate the involvement of nitric oxide, we analyzed the effects of aminoguanidine known as a selective inhibitor for inducible nitric oxide synthase on behavioral changes and the hippocampus of rat by TMT toxicity. 6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered with a single dose of TMT (8 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) and the control group was similarly administered with distilled water. TMT + aminoguanidine-treated groups were administered with aminoguanidine (10 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) for 3 days prior to TMT injection. The rats were sacrificed 2 days after TMT administration. In the TMT-treated group, a number of cell losses were seen in CA1, CA3 and the dentate gyrus. In the TMT + aminoguanidine-treated group, neuronal death was seen in CA1 and CA3, but reduced in the dentate gyrus compared to the TMT-treated group. Western blot analysis showed that cleaved caspase-3 expression was increased in the TMT-treated group compared to the control group. However, the expression significantly declined in the TMT + aminoguanidine-treated group. The present findings suggest that inducible nitric oxide synthase is involved in neuronal death induced by TMT.
Development of an attenuated vaccine strain from a korean respiratory type infectious bronchitis virus
Choi, Kang-Seuk ; Jeon, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Eun-Kyoung ; Kye, Soo-Jeong ; Park, Mi-Ja ; Kwon, Jun-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 193~201
An attenuated vaccine strain AVR1/08 of Korean respiratory type of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was developed by 89th passages of IBV D85/06 strain in chicken eggs. The AVR1/08 strain had higher virus titer at least 20 times (
) than the parent virus D85/06 by egg inoculation method. The AVR1/08 strain had a single point mutation (S to Y) at position 56 of spike protein of IBV compared to parent virus IBV D85/06 strain. The mutation was observed consistently at viruses after 47th passage in chicken eggs. The AVR1/08 strain showed no virulence even after 6 passages in chickens and all chickens inoculated induced anti-IBV antibody 14 days after vaccination. The AVR1/08 strain had broad protective efficacy against QX type Korean nephropathogenic virus (Q43/06 strain), KM91 type Korean nephropathogenic virus (KM91 strain) and Korean respiratory virus (D85/06 strain). In contrast, Massachusetts (Mass) type attenuated vaccine strain H120 showed protection of 37.5 to 50% against these three viruses. Our results indicate that the AVR1/08 strain has potential as an attenuated vaccine effective in controlling IBVs circulating in Korea.
Prevalence of porcine parvovirus in pigs with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in Jeju Island
Ko, Kyeong-Nam ; Jung, Ji-Youl ; Kang, Sang-Chul ; Kim, Ki-Seung ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Dae-Yong ; Hwang, Eui-Kyung ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 203~208
Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), which was first identified in western Canada in 1991 and more recently in the United States, Europe and Asia, is an emerging disease in pigs. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) is the primary infectious viral agent causing PMWS, but the full expression of the disease may require the presence of other agents. It is reported that there is apparent synergism between PCV-2 and porcine parvovirus (PPV) in increasing the severity of the clinical signs and lesions of PMWS. From January 2006 to May 2008, a total of the 154 lymph node samples were collected from 4~12 weeks old pigs which had been submitted to the College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University, Korea. These pigs were diagnosed as PMWS on the basis of clinical and pathological examination from 48 commercial herds in Jeju Island. Based on the immunohistochemistry, porcine parvovirus was detected in 69 cases (44.8%) from 154 weaned or grower pigs. PPV antigens were detected in the cytoplasm of histiocytic cells multifocally infiltrated in the cortex and paracortex of lymph nodes. The results of this study clarify that PPV is prevalent in pigs with PMWS on Jeju Island. Therefore PPV is one of the most important co-agents in the development of naturally acquired PMWS. This study may be helpful to the control of this disease and to epidemiological aspects.
Isolation and characterization of fowl adenovirus serotype 4 from chickens with hydropericardium syndrome in Korea
Park, Hong-Su ; Lim, Il-Soo ; Kim, Sang-Kyu ; Kim, Toh-Kyung ; Yeo, Sang-Geon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 209~216
Four strains of fowl adenovirus (FAdV) were isolated from 4 flocks of broiler or layer chickens affected by hydropericardium syndrome in Korea. These FAdVs were classified as serotype 4 by restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns of hexon genes and whole genomes. The virus exhibited cytopathic effects consisting of rounding, ballooning and clustering in primary chicken embryo liver cell cultures. In transmission electron microscopy, virus particles in hexagonal shape aggregated exclusively in the nuclei of hepatocytes of the chickens as the typical appearances in adenovirus infections. Buoyant density of the virus in cesium chloride (CsCl) was 1.34 g/mL. The virus was stable to chloroform, ether, 50~70% ethanol, acidic condition at pH 3, 0.25% trypsin (1 : 250), heat at
for 30 min, but labile to 100% ethanol, heat at
for 30 min, 1 M
for 1 h, 1 : 2,000 formalin (37%). All of the physicochemical properties pertained to the characteristics of adenoviruses. Eight viral polypeptides were determined in CsCl-purified virus by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.
Glatiramer acetate inhibits the activation of NFκB in the CNS of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
Hwang, Insun ; Ha, Danbee ; Kim, Dae Seung ; Joo, Haejin ; Jee, Youngheun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 217~225
Glatiramer acetate (GA; Copaxone) has been shown to be effective in preventing and suppressing experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). It has been recently shown that GA-reactive T cells migrate through the blood-brain barrier, accumulate in the central nervous system (CNS), secrete antiinflammatory cytokines and suppress production of proinflammatory cytokines of EAE and MS. Development of EAE requires coordinated expression of a number of genes involved in the activation and effector functions of inflammatory cells. Activation of inflammatory cells is regulated at the transcriptional level by several families of transcription factors. One of these is the nuclear factor kappa B (
) family which is present in a variety of cell types and involved in the activation of immune-relative genes during inflammatory process. Since it is highly activated at site of inflammation,
activation is also implicated in the pathogenesis of EAE. In this study, we examined whether the inhibition of
activation induced by GA can have suppressive therapeutic effects in EAE mice. We observed the expression of
proteins increased in GA-treated EAE mice compared to EAE control groups. The immunoreactivity in inflammatory cells and glial cells of
significantly decreased at the GA-treated EAE mice. These results suggest that treatment of GA in EAE inhibits the activation of
and phophorylation of
in the CNS. Subsequently, the inhibition of
phosphorylation leads to the anti-inflammatory effects thereby to reduce the progression and severity of EAE.
Evaluation of the lateral ventricle using MRI in normal micropigs
Choi, Mihyun ; Lee, Namsoon ; Yi, Kangjae ; Kim, Junyoung ; Choi, Mincheol ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 227~231
This study was undertaken to assess the lateral ventricle, which was some portion of brain and related to congenital anomalies, from 1, 2, 4, and 8 months of age in healthy micropigs. They were induced general anesthesia and performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a 0.3 Tesla magnet. Each age group was evaluated by three subjects such as lateral ventricular volume, ventricular volume ratio and asymmetry. T1 weighted transverse images were acquired for calculation of lateral ventricular and corresponding brain parenchyma areas. The ratio of bilateral ventricle areas used to analyze the asymmetry. The mean ventricular volumes of each month were
(4 month-old) and
(8 month-old), respectively. The ventricular volume ratio was the smallest at 2 month-old and re-increased from that age. The ratio was significantly different between 2 month-old and other age groups (p < 0.05). The value of bilateral area ratio showed within 1.5 in all experimental animals. Consequently the lateral ventricle showed a positive correlation with aging and symmetric shapes in both sides. The developmental pattern of the lateral ventricle provides basic data in micropigs as an experimental animal model for physiological and neurosurgical approach.
The impact of the duration of retained placenta on postpartum diseases and culling rates in dairy cows
Hur, Tai-Young ; Jung, Young-Hun ; Kang, Seog-Jin ; Choe, Chang Yong ; Kim, Ui-Hyung ; Ryu, Il-Sun ; Son, Dong-Soo ; Park, Sung-Jai ; Kim, Ill-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 233~237
The objective of this study was to evaluate the duration of retained placenta (RP) on postpartum diseases and culling in dairy cows. Data were collected from 456 Holstein cows between 2008 and 2010. RP (
24 h after parturition) and postpartum diseases were diagnosed by farm managers and a veterinarian according to standardized definitions. The overall incidence rate of RP was 14.0%, and the incidence rate of RP with fourth and higher parity was two times that of cows having offspring for the first time. The duration of RP was 2 to 15 days with a mean of 6.8 days, except for cases of fourth and higher parity which had a mean of 10.5 days. A total of 63% of cows with RP had postpartum diseases. Among the cows diagnosed with RP, 23.4% developed metritis, and of those, 35.3% developed endometritis or pyometra. A total of 25% (n = 16) cows with RP were culled within 60 days in milk (DIM) and of those culled, 75% (n = 12) had postpartum diseases. These results suggest that RP increases the risk of postpartum diseases such as metritis and mastitis and is a culling hazard up to 60 DIM.
Kinetics of HMGB1 level changes in a canine endotoxemia model
Yu, Do-Hyeon ; Park, Jinho ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 239~241
In this study, we investigated the kinetics of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-
, interleukin (IL)-6 and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) concentrations in a 48-h model of canine endotoxemia by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. Four healthy beagles were slowly administered 1 mg/kg of LPS diluted in normal saline, while two others were administered normal saline as controls. Blood collection was performed at 0 h (baseline), 1 h and 3 h (for TNF-
), 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h of the experiment, and cytokine levels were determined using the sandwich ELISA method. Early increments of TNF-
and IL-6 were observed (< 3 h), but HMGB1 levels increased the most at 12 h of the experiment and gradually decreased until 48 h. During the whole experiment, IL-6 and HMGB1 were sustained over 12 h of LPS injection, whereas TNF-
decreased within 6 h of LPS injection. Taken together, canine HMGB1 levels increase relatively late (< 12 h) and sustained longer than TNF-
and IL-6 in response to endotoxin. This is the first study to evaluate canine HMGB1 cytokine from endotoxemia in dogs.
Aerobic bacteria from oral cavities and cloaca of snakes in a petting zoo
Jho, Yeon-Sook ; Park, Dae-Hun ; Lee, Jong-Hwa ; Lyoo, Young S. ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 243~247
It is important to identify the bacteria in snakes because they can cause disease; importantly, bacteria such as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris etc. could be pathogens especially in hospitalized, debilitated hosts, and immunocompromised patients. To analyze the distribution of snakes' bacteria in petting zoo, samples from 20 snakes were collected from 2002 to 2008. Nine bacteria species were isolated from both oral and cloaca while four and six species were identified only from oral and cloaca, respectively. Except for Actinobacter sp., all of the identified strains are opportunistic pathogens, and most of them can cause nosocomial infections in humans. Present results indicate that prevalence of various zoonotic bacterial strains in snakes could be involved in potential transfer of these bacteria into caretakers and other animals. Therefore, it needs to examine the antibiotic resistance of these pathogens to prevent outbreaks.
An animal model using Eimeria live vaccine and to study coccidiosis protozoa pathogenesis
Lee, Hyun-A ; Hong, Sunhwa ; Choe, Ohmok ; Kim, Okjin ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 51, issue 3, 2011, Pages 249~252
Cell culture systems for the protozoan Eimeria are not yet available. The present study was conducted to develop an animal model system by inoculating animals with a live Eimeria vaccine. This study was conducted on 3-day-old chickens (n = 20) pretreated with cyclophosphamide. The chickens were divided into 2 groups: the control group (n = 10) and the inoculated group that received the live Eimeria vaccine (n = 10). During the study period, we compared the clinical signs, changes in body weight, and number of oocysts shed in the feces of the control and inoculated group. This study showed that oocyst shedding was significantly higher in the chickens inoculated with live Eimeria oocysts than in the control chickens. Moreover, body weight gain was lesser in the animals in the inoculated group than in the control animals. Fecal oocyst shedding was observed in the inoculated animals. On the basis of these findings, we suggest that live Eimeria vaccination with cyclophosphamide pretreatment may be used to obtain an effective animal model for studying protozoan infections. This animal study model may eliminate the need for a tedious continuous animal inoculation process every 6 months because the live coccidiosis vaccine contains live oocysts.