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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 52, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 52, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 52, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 52, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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Histochemical study of lectin-binding patterns in the rat vomeronasal organ during postnatal development
Lee, Wonho ; Ahn, Meejung ; Park, Changnam ; Taniguchi, Kazumi ; Moon, Changjong ; Shin, Taekyun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~8
Histochemical patterns of lectin binding during development of the rat vomeronasal organ (VNO) were studied to determine whether glycoconjugates are differently expressed after birth. Three types of lectins, Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), and Ulex europaeus agglutinin I (UEA-I), were studied histochemically in the rat VNO at various stages post-birth: postnatal days 1 and 7, the preweaning period (4 weeks after birth), and at sexual maturity (8 weeks after birth). The free border of the vomeronasal sensory epithelium was positive for both WGA and UEA-I in rats of all ages; whereas, VNO receptor cells and supporting cells were positive only for both WGA and UEA-I from 4 weeks after birth. DBA reactivity was detected in the free border but less so in receptor cells and supporting cells. WGA and UEA-I, but not DBA, showed similar patterns in various ages. In the Jacobson's gland, WGA, UEA-I and DBA were detected in some acini from 4 weeks after birth but not at postnatal days 1 or 7. Collectively, reactivity for three lectins, WGA, UEA-I and DBA, increased in receptor cells and gland acini during postnatal development, possibly contributing to the enhanced chemoreception in rats.
Molecular characterizations of phosphoprotein of rabies virus circulating in Korea
Kim, Ha-Hyun ; Yang, Dong-Kun ; Jeon, Jeong Kuk ; Cho, Soo-Dong ; Song, Jae-Young ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 9~18
Rabies is a major zoonotic disease that causes approximately 55,000 human deaths worldwide on an annual basis. The nucleocapsid protein and glycoprotein genes of the Korean rabies virus (RABV) have been subjected to molecular and phylogenetic analyses. Although the phosphoprotein (P) has several important functions in viral infection and pathogenicity, the genetic characterizations of the P of Korean RABV isolates have not yet been established. In the present study, we conducted genetic analyses of P genes of 24 RABV isolates circulating in the Republic of Korea (hereafter, Korea) from 2008 to 2011. This study revealed that the P genes of Korean RABVs are genetically similar to those of RABV strains of lyssavirus genotype I including V739 (dogs, Korea), NNV-RAB-H (humans, India), NeiMeng925 (raccoon dogs, China), and RU9.RD (raccoon dogs, Russia). Among Korean isolates, the RABV P genes showed low variability in the variable domains among Korean isolates; they had specific consensus sequences and amino acid substitutions capable of identifying geographic characteristics and retained specific sequences thought to be important for viral function. These results provide important genetic characteristics and epidemiological information pertaining to the P gene of the Korean RABV.
Epidemiological characteristics of bovine brucellosis in Korea, 2000~2004
Nam, Hyang Mi ; Yoon, Hachung ; Kim, Cheol-Hee ; More, Simon J. ; Kim, Seok-Jae ; Lee, Byeong-Yong ; Park, Choi-Kyu ; Jeon, Jong-Min ; Wee, Sung-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 19~24
This paper describes the epidemiological characteristics of bovine brucellosis in Korea during January 2000~September 2004, which encompasses the period when the incidence of bovine brucellosis increased abruptly. Data from the National Animal Infectious Disease Data Management System were used for this study. A range of epidemiological measures was calculated including annual herd and animal incidence. During the study period, there were 1,183 outbreaks on 638 farms. In beef cattle, annual herd incidence increased from 0.2 (2000) to 11.5 (2004, to September) outbreaks per 10,000 and annual animal incidence varied between 3.4 (2000) and 105.8 (2004, to September) per 100,000, respectively. On 401 (62.9%) infected farms during this period, infection was eradicated without recurrence. Recurrence of infection was significantly higher on farms where abortion was reported (53.3%), compared to farms where it was not (30.0%). On beef cattle farms, infection was introduced most frequently through purchased cattle (46.2%). Based on the results of this study, the establishment and spread of brucellosis in the Korean beef cattle population were mainly due to incomplete or inappropriate treatment of aborted materials and the movement of infected cattle.
Diagnosis of canine brucellosis using recombinant ribosomal protein L7/L12
Lee, Hyang-Keun ; Kim, Jong-Wan ; Ha, Yun-Mi ; Her, Moon ; Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Lee, Kichan ; Kang, Sung-Il ; Jung, Suk-Chan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 25~31
Brucella (B.) canis is mainly transmitted by direct or indirect contact with aborted fetuses and placenta. It's also known to be able to infect human, which likely results in providing veterinarians and companion animal owners for infectious risk. To develop diagnostic ELISA, we cloned and expressed rp1L gene of B. canis, which encodes the ribosomal protein L7/L12. Using this purified recombinant protein, indirect-ELISA (iELISA) was evaluated using 78 positive and 44 negative sera. The sensitivity and the specificity of iELISA were 94% and 89%, respectively. The results indicated that indirect-ELISA using recombinant ribosomal protein L7/L12 may be useful for diagnosis of canine brucellosis.
The effects of Germanium biotite on the adsorptive and inhibition of growth abilities against E. coli and Salmonella spp. in vitro
Jung, Myunghwan ; Cha, Seung Bin ; Shin, Seung Won ; Lee, Won-Jung ; Shin, Min-Kyoung ; Yoo, Anna ; Yoo, Han Sang ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 33~38
Germanium biotite, a natural mineral, has been used as a feed supplement to reinforce innate immune ability. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of germanium biotite on the adsorptive and inhibition of growth abilities against Escherichia (E.) coli and Salmonella spp. in vitro. Two strains of enterotoxigenic E. coli and four strains of two Salmonella serotypes (Salmonella Derby and Salmonella Typhimurium), major bacterial diarrheal pathogens, were used for this experiment. The absorptive ability of germanium biotite against most Salmonella used in present experiment was observed weakly. The germanium biotite, however, showed significant effect of bacterial growth inhibition in most experiment bacteria. These results suggest that the use of the germanium biotite as feed supplement could alleviate diarrhea following inhibition of bacteria growth. It is also presumed that antibiotics usage for farm animals, considered as causes of antibiotic residue in meat and emerging antibiotic resistance, could be reduced through the use of germanium biotite as a feed supplement, in place of antibiotics used for the prevention of diarrhea.
An improved multiplex PCR for diagnosis and differentiation of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Mycoplasma hyorhinis
Barate, Abhijit K. ; Lee, Hwi-Young ; Jeong, Hye-Won ; Truong, Lam Quang ; Joo, Hong-Gu ; Hahn, Tae-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 39~43
A multiplex PCR was developed for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of Mycoplasma (M.) hyopneumoniae and M. hyorhinis in clinical samples. Improved sensitivity is advantage of this technique over the previously reported multiplex assay. It was capable of detecting as little as 125 fg genomic DNA from M. hyopneumoniae and 62.5 fg genomic DNA from M. hyorhinis. Application of this multiplex PCR method to field isolates showed that M. hyopneumoniae and M. hyorhinis were present in 29% (107 of 370) of lung specimens and no mycoplasmas were detected in 56% (208 of 370) of the slaughtered pigs' lungs. At the farm level, M. hyopneumoniae and M. hyorhinis were detected in 34 of 36 (94.4%) randomly selected farms. We conclude that this assay would prove itself a value tool for monitoring these mycoplasmal infections and both M. hyopneumoniae and M. hyorhinis have been widely spread in swine herds of Korea.
Effects of barley and barley bran contaminated with Fusarium spp. on the growth and feed efficiency of fattening and growing pigs
Lee, Wang-Shik ; Lee, Hyun-June ; Ki, Kwang-Seok ; Noh, Hwan-Gook ; Kang, Seok-Jin ; Jung, Young-Hun ; Baek, Kwang-Soo ; Hur, Tai-Young ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 45~52
The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of barley and barley bran contaminated with Fusarium spp on growth performance and feed efficiency of fattening and growing pigs. In experiment 1, total 48 fattening Landrace pigs were used in a fattening trial for 71 days. Pigs weighing around 75 kg were allocated into different substitution groups containing 0, 10, 20 and 30% of barley contaminated Fusarium spp. In experiment 2, total 16 growing Landrace pigs were used in a growing trial for 45 days. Pigs weighing around 29.4 kg were allocated into different substitution groups containing 0, 5, 10 and 20% of barley bran contaminated Fusarium spp. Mycotoxin concentrations of barley and barley bran contaminated with 30% Fusarium spp were 0.452 and 1.049 ppm for deoxynivalenol, 8.125 and 17.646 ppm for nivalenol and 0.023 and 0.029 ppm for zearalenone, respectively. In experiment 1, no differences were found in weight gain and feed intake between control group (0%) and 10 or 20% substitution groups, but in 30% substitution group, weight gain and feed intake were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than those in control group. After slaughtering, the extended haemorrhage of the fundus region in stomach was observed in 20 or 30% substitution groups. In experiment 2, weight gain and feed intake were not significantly different among treatment groups. After slaughtering of experimental pigs, the extended haemorrhage of the fundus region in stomach was observed in pigs fed diet with 20% substitution group. These results suggest that the feeding of diet with contaminated highly levels of Fusarium spp was negative effect on growth and feed efficiency in growing and fattening pig.
Studies on the anti-parasitic efficacy and safety of ivermectin and pyrantel pamoate compound against Dirofilaria immitis in dogs
Youn, Heejeong ; Ra, Jeong-Chan ; Kim, Byung-Ki ; Lim, Yong-Suk ; Kim, Kyong-Hee ; Lee, Kyong-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 53~56
Dirofilaria (D.) immitis is an important canine parasitic nematode in dogs. D. immitis parasitizes the right ventricle and pulmonary artery of dogs. An ivermectin and pyrantel pamoate compound (IPPC) was administered to dogs naturally infected with this parasite. IPPC is composed of 68.0, 136.0 and
of ivermectin and 57.0, 114.0 and 227.0 mg pyrantel pamoate for small, middle, and large animals. Ivermectin has activity against nematodes and ectoparasites in dogs. Pyrantel pamoate is also effective against nematodes in dogs. Our results showed that this drug combination has good efficacy in D. immitis infected dogs.
Incidence of hypocalcemia and its changes of biochemical parameters in periparturient cows
Shu, Shi ; Xia, Cheng ; Xu, Chuang ; Zhang, Hongyyou ; Wu, Ling ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 57~59
In this study, we investigate the status of calcium (Ca) homeostasis at parturition in three dairy farms (I, II, and III), Heilongjiang, China. Twenty multiparous Holstein cows from each farm were randomly assigned to this experiment. The dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) was 91 mEq/kg of DM for farm I, 152 mEq/kg of DM for farm II, and 85 mEq/kg of DM for farm III. Incidence of hypocalcemia was above 75% and urine pH was above 7.25 at calving in each farm. Compared to other farms, cows in farm II that fed the greatest positive DCAD had the lowest concentration of serum Ca, the highest concentration of serum PTH, and the greatest urine pH at calving (p < 0.05). However, there was not significant difference in serum 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D and hydroxyproline concentration of the cows among three farms. This is the first study to confirm that hypocalcemia is very prevalent at calving in Chinese dairy farms, and the high positive DCAD is a major risk factor that results in hypocalcemia at calving, which may reduce ability of the cow to maintain Ca homeostasis.
Epizootiologic evaluation on equine coital exanthema in Korea
Yang, Jaehyuk ; Lim, Yoon-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 1, 2012, Pages 61~64
This study evaluated the epizootiological characteristics of equine coital exanthema (ECE) in South Korea. A PCR test was used to determine the equine herpesvirus 3 (EHV-3) release period, excretion by suckling foals, morbidity rate, effect on fertility, and onset of breeding partner after treatment. The morbidity rate of ECE based on clinical symptoms was 8.3% (2/24) for stallions and 10.8% (45/416) for mares, and 29 of 45 (64.4%) animals were positive on the PCR test. Ten (22%) broodmares had symptoms before breeding, while 26 (58%) had symptoms after breeding. Nine (20%) mares had uncertain coverage periods and occurrence times. Suckling foals had no clinical findings and EHV-3 was not detected in their nostrils, although it was detected on teasers. No lesions were observed in the clitoral fossa on broodmares, although EHV-3 was detected by PCR. The period of EHV-3 emission was 22~23, 18~19, 6, and 58 days in stallions, broodmares, teasers, and mares with a mixed E. coli-like infection, respectively. ECE had no negative effects on the breeding capability of stallions and no symptoms were observed in broodmares after recovering from ECE.