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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 52, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 52, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 52, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 52, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
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Characterization and comparison of the pathogenicity of viscerotropic velogenic Newcastle disease virus isolates in Korea
Kim, Jae-Hong ; Sung, Haan-Woo ; Kim, Il-Hwan ; Lee, Eun-Kyoung ; Choi, Kang-Seuk ; King, Daniel Jack ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 213~221
A total of 18 Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates that were recovered from 1949 through 1997 were characterized and pathotyped. All viruses were highly virulent as determined by intracerebral pathogenicity indices
in day-old. These pathotypes are typical for viscerotropic velogenic NDV (VVNDV) pathotype viruses. Some differences were observed for the chicken red blood cell elution rate and thermostability of the hemagglutinin at
. Three antigenic groups were identified by a hemagglutination-inhibition assay using NDV monoclonal antibodies. And the predominant gross lesions were as follows: discharge from the nasal cavity, tracheal mucus, petechial hemorrhage in the heart fat, kidney urates and hemorrhage with or without necrosis in the gastrointestinal tract. Severe hemorrhagic or necrotic lesions were also noted in the lymphoid organs and were localized primarily in the spleen and cecal tonsil. However, differences in the occurrence and frequency of the gross lesions were observed between the virus strains. Among them, NDV strains that induced neurological symptoms belonged only to genotype VI. This strain had spread throughout Korea during the late 1980s to the 1990s, which suggests that specific VVNDVs genotypes might result in neurological symptoms.
Genetic and biological characteristics of recent Korean isolates of avian influenza virus subtype H9N2
Acharya, Madhav Prasad ; Kwon, Hyuk-Joon ; Kim, Il-Hwan ; Lee, Youn-Jeong ; Kim, Jae-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 223~230
The worldwide distribution and continuing genetic mutation of avian influenza virus (AIV) has been posed a great threat to human and animal health. A comparison of 3 isolates of AIV H9N2, A/chicken/Korea/KBNP-0028/00 (H9N2) (KBNP-0028), A/chicken/Korea/SNU8011/08 (H9N2) (SNU 8011) and an inactivated oil vaccine strain A/chicken/Korea/01310/01 (H9N2) (01310), was performed. The former 2 AIVs were isolated from field cases before and after the application of an inactivated H9N2 vaccine in 2007, respectively. The antigenic relationship, viral shedding, tissue tropism and genetic analysis were examined. The comparison of virus shedding from the cloaca and the oropharynx revealed that both isolates were more frequently isolated from the upper respiratory tract (90~100%) 1 day post inoculation (DPI) compared with isolation 5 DPI from gastrointestinal tracts (10~60%). Moreover, the isolate KBNP-0028 were recovered from all organs including bone marrow, brain and kidneys, indicating higher ability for broad tissue dissemination than that of SNU 8011. KBNP-0028 replicated earlier than other strains and with a higher titer than SNU 8011. In full-length nucleotide sequences of the NA gene and a partial sequence of the HA gene of SNU 8011, we found that there might be significant changes in tissue tropism, virus replication and genetic mutation in AIV H9N2 isolates.
Cytokine expression pattern in milk somatic cells of subclinical mastitis-affected cattle analyzed by real time PCR
Bhatt, Vaibhav D. ; Khade, Prasad S. ; Tarate, Sagar B. ; Tripathi, Ajai K. ; Nauriyal, Dev S. ; Rank, Dharamshi N. ; Kunjadia, Anju P. ; Joshi, Chaitanya G. ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 231~238
The expression profiles of inflammatory cytokines viz. interleukins (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-12, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, interferon-
and tumor necrosis factor-
in response to subclinical mastitis in indigenous cattle breed Kankrej (n = 6), Gir (Bos indicus) (n = 12) and crossbred (Bos taurus
Bos indicus) (n = 7) were investigated using quantitative real time PCR. Significant correlation (p < 0.05) was observed between total bacterial load and somatic cell count (SCC) in all three breeds of cattle. All the cytokines were observed to be up-regulated compared to cows with healthy quarters, however, level of their expression varied among three breeds of cattle. In Kankrej most cytokines were found to be transcribed to higher levels than in other two breeds; the milk had higher load of bacteria but not so high SCC, implying that Kankrej has a higher inherent resistance against mastitis. The results of present study indicated that mammary glands of crossbred cattle are more sensitive to bacterial infection than indigenous breed of cattle as they elicit immune response at lower bacterial load and result into higher SCC. Research on identification of factors responsible for differentially expressed cytokines profiles and use of cytokines as immunomodulatory tools can pave way for formulating control strategies against bovine mastitis.
Surveillance and molecular epidemiology of avian influenza viruses from birds in zoos, backyard flocks and live bird markets in Korea
Jang, Jin-Wook ; Kim, Il-Hwan ; Kwon, Hyuk-Joon ; Hong, Seung-Min ; Kim, Jae-Hong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 239~252
The circulation and infection of avian influenza virus (AIV) in zoos and backyard flocks has not been systematically investigated. In the present study, we surveyed the birds including those in live bird markets (LBMs) and evaluated co-circulation of AIVs among them. Overall, 26 H9N2 AIVs and one H6N2 AIV were isolated from backyard flocks and LBMs, but no AIVs were isolated from zoo birds. Genetic analysis of the HA and NA genes indicated that most of the H9N2 AIVs showed higher similarities to AIVs circulating in domestic poultry than to those in wild birds, while the H6N2 AIV isolate from an LBM did to AIVs circulating in migratory wild birds. In serological tests, 15% (391/2619) of the collected sera tested positive for AIVs by competitive-ELISA. Among them, 34% (131/391) of the sera tested positive for AIV H9 antigen by HI test, but only one zoo sample was H9 positive. Although AIVs were not isolated from zoo birds, the serological results indicated that infection of AIVs might occur in zoos. It was also confirmed that H9N2 AIVs continue to circulate and evolve between backyard flocks and LBMs. Therefore, continuous surveillance and monitoring of these flocks should be conducted to control further epidemics.
Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Brachyspira species in pigs in Korea
Lim, Suk-Kyung ; Lee, Hee-Soo ; Nam, Hyang-Mi ; Cho, Yun Sang ; Jung, Suk-Chan ; Joo, Yi-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 253~257
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Brachyspira species and antimicrobial susceptibility of Brachyspira (B.) hyodysenteriae isolates in Korea. A total of fifty-five Brachyspira species were isolated; five (1.0%) beta-hemolytic Brachyspira species and 50 (10.4%) weak hemolytic Brachyspira species from 116 different diarrheic pig samples and 367 apparently normal pig samples. In farm level, beta hemolytic and weak hemolytic Brachyspira species were detected in 7.4% (5/68) and 19.1% (13/68) of tested pig farms, respectively. By phenotypic and genotypic characterization, all beta hemolytic Brachyspira isolates was classified as group I (B. hyodysenteriae), whereas weak hemolytic Brachyspira species isolates were group III (B. innocens or B. murdochii). B. hyodysenteriae isolates showed high level of minimum inhibition concentrations to macrolide antimicrobials. This study shows that the prevalence of pathogenic B. hyodysenteriae in pigs is low but antimicrobial resistance of the pathogens is high in Korea. This is the first report of the prevalence of Brachyspira group III and antimicrobial susceptibility of B. hyodysenteriae in pigs in Korea. Our results could provide basic data for the management and treatment guidelines of Brachyspira infection.
Analysis of in vitro apoptosis induced by virulent Korean isolate of classical swine fever virus in peripheral blood B cell line
Kim, Seon-Mi ; Lim, Seong-In ; Song, Jae-Young ; Hyun, Bang-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 259~262
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious disease among swine that has an important economic impact on worldwide. One clinical symptom of CSF is leukopenia, in particular lymphopenia, which is a characteristic event that occurs early in the course of CSF. Though lymphopenia associated with apoptosis, the pathogenic mechanism underlying the lymphopenia has not been well studied. To understand these mechanisms, we investigated the response of porcine B cell lines to infection with SW03, virulent strain isolated from swine tissue in Korea. This study demonstrated that SW03-infected L35 cell were induced apoptosis through the detection of activated caspase-3. In addition, SW03 infection leaded to alterations in pro-apoptotic, Bax, and anti-apoptotic, Bcl-xL proteins of Bcl-2 family. Our results would suggest that SW03-infected L35 cells induced apoptosis via intrinsic mitochondrial pathway.
Iron-fortified recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae producing Sus scrofa ferritin heavy-chain recovers iron deficiency in mice
Lim, Hwan ; Kim, Jong-Taek ; Kim, Myoung-Dong ; Rhee, Ki-Jong ; Jung, Bae Dong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 263~268
In this study, we produced iron-fortified yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) producing Sus scrofa ferritin heavy-chain to provide iron supplementation in anemic piglets. We determined whether iron-ferritin accumulated in recombinant yeasts could improve iron deficiency in mice. C57BL/6 male mice exposed to Fe-deficient diet for 2 weeks were given a single dose of ferrous ammonium sulfate (FAS), ferritin-producing recombinant yeast (APO), or APO reacted with iron (
) (FER). The bioavailability of recombinant yeasts was examined by measuring body weight gain, hemoglobin concentration and hematocrit value 1 week later. In addition, ferritin protein levels were evaluated by western blot analysis and iron stores in tissues were measured by inductively coupled plasma spectrometer. We found that anemic mice treated with FER exhibited increased levels of ferritin heavy-chain in spleen and liver. Consistently, this treatment restored the iron concentration in these tissues. In addition, this treatment significantly increased hemoglobin value and the hematocrit ratio. Furthermore, FER treatment significantly enhanced body weight gain. These results suggest that the iron-fortified recombinant yeast strain is bioavailable.
Expression of ErbB receptors in the pre-pubertal and pubertal virgin mammary glands of dairy cows
Lee, Byung-Woo ; Kim, Yo-Han ; Jeon, Byung-Suk ; Singh, Naresh Kumar ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Kim, Meing-Jooung ; Yoon, Byung-Il ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 269~273
In the present study, we investigated the expression patterns of ErbB family proteins in the pre-pubertal and pubertal mammary glands of dairy cows in association with gland development. For this study, we performed immunohistochemistry for ErbB-1-4 and Ki-67 cell proliferation marker. We found that the pre-pubertal and pubertal mammary glands had typical structures, including ducts and terminal end buds embedded in the stroma, and no development of lobuloalveolar structures. On immunohistochemistry, ErbB-2 and ErbB-3 were strongly expressed in the cytoplasm and nuclei in the epithelial cells of mammary ducts and terminal end buds, and stromal cells, whereas ErbB-1 and ErbB-4 were weakly expressed only in the cytoplasm of gland epithelium and stromal cells, irrespective of the developmental stage. Cell proliferation was inactive in the mammary gland cell compartments in both phases. Thus, expression of the ErbB family in the developing mammary glands was not associated with their functional effects, such as cell proliferation and lobuloalveolar development. In conclusion, ErbB receptors were differentially expressed in the epithelial and stromal cells of virgin mammary glands of dairy cows. Compared with rodent mammary glands, ErbB-3 and ErbB-4 were found to be highly expressed in bovine mammary glands.
Anti-oxidant activities of kiwi fruit extract on carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in mice
Kang, Wonyoung ; Yang, Heekyoung ; Hong, Hyun Ju ; Han, Chang Hoon ; Lee, Young Jae ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 275~280
The kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) is well known to contain anti-oxidants. In this study, we investigated the anti-oxidant effects of kiwi extract on carbon tetrachloride (
) induced liver injury in BALB/c mice. The radical scavenging effect of 80% methanol extract of Halla-Gold kiwi was observed. For the animal study, mice were randomly divided into four groups: normal group,
-induced model group, kiwi extract administered group, and silymarin treated group. The kiwi extract was provided daily for 10 days. At the 24 h after last administration,
was injected. The kiwi extract showed strong inhibitory effect of DPPH radicals and superoxide scavenging. In animal study, administration of
resulted in significantly elevated plasma levels of ALT and AST but they decreased in kiwi-extract pretreated group. Anti-oxidant enzymes such as GSH-px and GSH-rd were restored in the kiwi extract treatment group. Histopathological degeneration was also prevented in the kiwi extract treated group compared with of the control group, which exhibited
-induced hepatotoxicity. On the basis of the obtained results, it can be concluded that kiwi extract showed protective effects, not only as anti-oxidant effects, but also in the protection of hepatotoxicity in
Longissimus lumborum muscle metastasis from mammary gland adenocarcinoma in a dog
Lee, Jae-Yeon ; Shin, Beom-Jun ; Park, Ji-Young ; Lee, Young-Won ; Park, Seong-Jun ; Kim, Myung-Cheol ; Jeong, Seong-Mok ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 281~283
An 8-year-old female, German Shepherd dog was presented with history of dyspnea and seizure. One Year Previously a lumpectomy had been performed for surgical resection of mammary mass. In serum chemistry, severe hypoglycemia and elevation of aspartate aminitransferase and creatine kinase were shown. In thoracic radiography, there were variable sized nodules in the overall lung field. On computed tomography examination, the mass was shown in left longissimus lumborum muscle. Histopathological examination revealed adenocarcinoma derived from the mammary gland. Muscular metastasis of mammary gland tumor is uncommon. This is a rare observation and could easily be overlooked or misinterpreted.
First isolation of Salmonella I 4,,12:i:- from domestic animals in Korea
Lee, Deog-Yong ; Kang, Min-Su ; Kwon, Yong-Kuk ; An, Byung-Ki ; Kim, Young-Jo ; Heo, Eun-Jeong ; Moon, Jin San ; Lee, Esther ; Park, HyeMin ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 52, issue 4, 2012, Pages 285~288
Salmonella I 4,,12:i:- was a monophasic variant of Salmonella (S.) Typhimurium and notorious for re-emerging candidate which would replace S. Typhimurium DT104 for antibiotic resistance. Recently, isolation rate was increased on human and industrial animals but there was no case in domestic animals but human in Korea. This was first isolation case from domestic animals in Korea. The five isolates from feces of duck (n = 3), chicken (n = 1), and wild bird (n = 1) showed antibiotic resistance against cephems and aminoglycosides. These means that the spread of emerging bacterial pathogens to domestic animals and the need of systemic management for Salmonella I 4,,12:i:-.