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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Veterinary Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 53, Issue 4 - Dec 2013
Volume 53, Issue 3 - Sep 2013
Volume 53, Issue 2 - Jun 2013
Volume 53, Issue 1 - Mar 2013
Selecting the target year
Induction of apoptosis in mouse spleen cells by Ginsenoside Rp1
Oh, Young-Kyun ; Joo, Hong-Gu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 143~147
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.143
Ginsenoside Rp1 is one of ginseng saponins with chemotherapeutic activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of Rp1 on spleen cells. Spleen is a major immune organ consisted of crucial immune cells, such as T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, natural killer cells, and some antigen-presenting cells. Although the anti-tumor potential of Rp1 was studied, the effects of Rp1 on immune cells have not investigated yet. A viability assay using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), flow cytometric analysis, Western blot analysis were used to detect cellular changes on Rp1-treated spleen cells. MTT assay showed that Rp1 decreased the viability of spleen cells. To further investigate the effects of Rp1 on activated spleen cells, we treated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a representative inflammatory agent and Rp1 on spleen cells in a combination. The surface expression levels of activation markers for lymphocytes, CD25 and CD69 were measured. Apoptotic analysis revealed the cytotoxic effects of Rp1 on both na
ve and activated cells, and the expression pattern of some apoptosis-related proteins was correlated to apoptotic events of cells. Taken together, ginsenoside Rp1 increases the cellular death of spleen cells and also inhibits the LPS-induced activation of spleen cells.
Animal poisoning in Korea in 1974-June 2013
Lee, Hyunkyoung ; Bae, You-Chan ; Lee, Boram ; Lee, Kyunghyun ; Baek, Kanghyun ; Lee, Myoung-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 149~153
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.149
Animal poisoning has been occurred in Korea. However, the lack of the data about animal poisoning in Korea makes clinicians and diagnostician difficult to obtain information on poisoning cases. In this paper, we tried to gather information about animal poisoning from 1974 to June 2013 in Korea. Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency (QIA) record database were used to examine recent trends in animal poisoning. The analysis showed that the cattle was reported to be the most common species involved in animal poisoning and botulinum toxin constituted the primary group of toxicants. Animal poisoning occurred frequently on January and in Gyenggi-do. Although the data present in this manuscript is a little, it will be helpful to understand the general trend of animal poisoning in Korea.
Silhouette differences among cats do not suggest a general selection for paedomorphosis
Pares-Casanova, Pere M. ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 155~158
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.155
Paedomorphosis is the retention of juvenile morphology at maturity and is important in generating evolutionary change in domestic species and species in the wild. This preliminary study compared morphological characteristics of seven domestic cat pure breeds and felid species from around the world. An original procedure based on elliptical Fourier (EF) methods was applied to head lateral views of specimens and were assessed in order to analyse head profile. For comparative purposes three domestic kittens of different ages and three species of genus Lynx were also used. EF descriptors, allowed for the quantification of the head profile. Using the Fourier transform, reconstruction of the mean head profile revealed that there was a general shape difference between wild cats, domestic cats and kittens. Results suggested that variability in head profile differentiate quite well between adult cats and kittens, but domestic and wild cats appeared grouped into a similar cluster. The similarity between breeds can thus be attributed more to the general head profile than to flatness, i.e. to the general conformation rather than facial profile. Therefore, no effect of paedomorphism on the studied breeds can be undertaken. The present approach opens interesting ethnological perspectives for the aloidic characterisation for domestic breeds.
Immunohistochemical localization of galectin-3 in the brain with Theiler`s murine encephalomyelitis virus (DA strain) infection
Shin, Taekyun ; Carrillo-Salinas, Francisco J. ; Martinez, Ana Feliu ; Mecha, Miriam ; Guaza, Carmen ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 159~162
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.159
Galectin-3 is a
-galactoside-binding lectin that plays a role in neuroinflammation through cell migration, proliferation, and apoptosis. In the present study, regulation of galectin-3 was examined in the brain of mice infected with the Daniel strain of Theiler`s murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) at days 7 and 81 post-infection by immunohistochemistry. Immunohistochemistry revealed that galectin-3 was mainly localized in ionized calcium-binding adapter 1-positive macrophages/activated microglia, but not in Iba-1-positive ramified microglia. Galectin-3 was also weakly detected in some astrocytes in the same encephalitic lesions, but not in neurons and oligodendrocytes. Collectively, the present findings suggest that galectin-3, mainly produced by activated microglia/macrophages, may be involved in the pathogenesis of virus induced acute inflammation in the early stage as well as the chronic demyelinating lesions in Daniel strain of TMEV induced demyelination model.
Evaluation of systemic and mucosal immune responses in mice administered with recombinant Salmonella Typhimurium expressing IutA protein
Oh, In-Gyeong ; Choi, Minsu ; Lee, John Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 163~167
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.163
Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are known to cause extraintestinal disease in poultry, leading to substantial losses in the industry. IutA, iron-regulated aerobactin receptor is firmly associated with APEC. To assess the potential of IutA to induce protective immune responses, attenuated Salmonella Typhimurium strain expressing IutA was constructed and administered orally to BALB/c mice. The IutA-specific immune responses were measured with sera, vaginal and fecal samples by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We found that the Salmonella-IutA vaccine induced significantly higher immune responses as compared to the control inoculated with the attenuated S. Typhimurium containing the plasmid only. The IutA-specific immune responses were increased by second immunization at third week after initial immunization, whereas triple immunization induced lower immune responses than those induced by the double immunization. The Salmonella-IutA vaccine induced a nature of immunity biased to the Th1-type, as judged by the ratio of IutA-specific IgG isotypes (IgG2a/IgG1). Overall, these results suggest that the Salmonella-IutA vaccine appear to be suitable candidate for a vaccine against APEC.
Protective effects of a mineral aqueous solution on toxicity in mouse liver and kidney
Park, In-Jae ; Cha, Se-Yeoun ; Kang, Min ; So, Yang-Sub ; Bahng, Ji-Yun ; Jang, Hyung-Kwan ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 169~174
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.169
We demonstrated that a mineral aqueous solution (MAS) administered to mice functionally and histologically protected against cisplatin-induced acute renal failure (ARF) and
-induced acute liver failure (ALF). In ARF model, 0.4 and 0.2% MAS decreased mortality and the serum concentrations of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatine in mice. Additionally, 0.4 and 0.2% MAS reduced contraction of distal convoluted tubules and suppressed expression of the proinflammatory cytokines interlukein-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-
) in the kidney. In ALF model, 0.4 and 0.2% MAS decreased serum concentrations of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase in mice. Additionally, 0.4 and 0.2% MAS reduced necrotic areas and suppressed expression of IL-6 and TNF-
in the liver. These results indicate that a MAS might have protective effects against ARF and ALF.
Recurrence of equine coital exanthema in thoroughbred stallions
Yang, Jaehyuk ; Lim, Yoon-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 175~176
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.175
The object of this study was to evaluate recurrence of equine coital exanthema (ECE) whether re-infection or re-activation of causative virus. ECE is a venereal disease of horses caused by equine herpesvirus type 3 (EHV-3). Like other herpesviruses, it may persist in infected horses for a long time. There is a controversy on the cause of ECE as the recurrence or the reinfection. This disease had occurred firstly on stallions and broodmares in Korea. The horses had rebreeded after healing routinely. Next year, the disease recurrented on the just same affected horses among stallions. The result of this study, re-outbreak of ECE in stallions is recurrence of ECE, but not reinfection of the virus.
Flurbiprofen toxicity in 2 dogs
Lee, Ye-Hyun ; Nam, Eui-Hwa ; Park, Seol-Hee ; Song, Chi-Youn ; Lee, Yong-Uk ; Lee, Jong-Myung ; Park, Jung-Hoon ; Hwang, Cheol-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 177~180
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.177
Two dogs were presented with melena, vomiting and depression after accidental swallowing of candy form of Strepsils (flurbiprofen), which is one of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs used in human medicine for controlling a sore throat. These dogs had common signs of anemia induced by gastrointestinal ulceration and hemorrhage with azotemia and leukocytosis. The dogs were treated with blood transfusion, fluid therapy, proton-pump inhibitor, antiemetics, mucus protectant and antibiotic. Although most of clinical signs of two dogs were resolved, azotemic problem with evidence of renal injury have remained.
Clinical trial of diltiazem on dystrophic calcinosis cutis in a dog
Cho, Na-Young ; Cho, Dae-Hee ; Choi, Ho-Jung ; Jeong, Seong-Mok ; Lee, Young-Won ; Park, Seong-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 181~184
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.181
Dystrophic calcinosis cutis associated with spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism was diagnosed in a 8-year-old female Chihuahua dog with erythematous, erosive, numerous papules, plaques, and crusts on the bilateral trunk, and inguinal region. Serum biochemical abnormalities included increases in alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), and cholesterol. Radiographs showed mild hepatomegaly and subcutaneous lobulated calcific deposits. Histopathologic examination demonstrated diffuse deposition of basophilic calcified material in the dermis. Von Kossa`s stain confirmed calcium deposition. Therapy with diltiazem was useful in resolving calcinosis.
Clomipramine treatment of acral lick dermatitis in a dog
Kang, Min-Hee ; Lee, Chang-Min ; Sung, Hyun-Jeong ; Park, Hee-Myung ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 185~187
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.185
An 11-year-old, toy poodle dog was presented with dermatologic lesions and mammary gland tumor (MGT) evaluation. A solitary, lobulated MGT (size
cm) was affecting the 5th left mammary gland. Firm, oval plaque skin lesions were present on the left dorsal carpal area. The skin lesions were alopecic and salivary staining. The dog had historical separation anxiety and excessive licking of skin lesions were observed. Based on the clinical and histopathologic examinations, MGT was diagnosed with mammary complex adenoma and the skin lesions were diagnosed with acral lick dermatitis. Behavior modification treatment using oral clomipramine was effective.
Metastatic thyroid C-cell carcinoma in a beagle dog
Lee, So-Ra ; Lee, Mi-Kyoung ; Youp, Kyoung-A ; Lee, Ah-Ra ; Won, Sung-Jun ; Kim, Myung-Chul ; Kim, So-Yeon ; Kim, Yongbaek ;
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research, volume 53, issue 3, 2013, Pages 189~192
DOI : 10.14405/kjvr.2013.53.3.189
An adult beagle dog was presented with a cervical mass detected by palpation and computed tomography. Fine needle aspirates revealed numerous epithelial cells with plasmacytoid appearance and frequent naked nuclei. Histologically, the mass consists of multiple packets of neoplastic cells and extensive areas of necrosis and fibrosis. Neoplastic cells were also found in submandibular lymph nodes. Immunohistochemistry showed that neoplastic cells were positive for calcitonin and negative for thyroglobulin. Based on these findings, the cervical mass was diagnosed as thyroid C-cell carcinoma. Almost one year after the surgical excision, the dog remains healthy without any symptom of recurrence or metastasis.