• 제목, 요약, 키워드: ${\alpha}$-glucosidase

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Comparative Analysis of $\alpha$-glucosidase Activity in Bombyx mori and Antheraea yamamai

  • Kang, Kyung-Don;Kamita, Shizuo George;Suzuki, Koichi;Seong, Su-Il
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.163-167
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    • 2010
  • [ $\alpha$ ]Glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.20) is a glycosidase that hydrolyzes disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides resulting in the release of α-D-glucose. In this study, $\alpha$-glucosidase activity in the hemolymph and midgut of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori and Japanese oak silkmoth Antheraea yamamai was measured using maltose, sucrose, trehalose, and p-nitrophenyl $\alpha$-D-glucopyranoside as substrates. In general, hemolymph $\alpha$-glucosidase activity was higher in B. mori than in A. yamamai. In contrast, midgut $\alpha$-glucosidase activity was higher in A. yamamai than in B. mori for all of the substrates tested. $\alpha$-Glucosidase activity in the midgut of both B. mori and A. yamamai showed similar responses to changes in pH and temperature for all of the substrates tested. Native (7.5%) PAGE of hemolymph and midgut proteins from B. mori and A. yamamai followed by staining with 4-methylumbelliferyl $\alpha$-D-glucoside (MUG) indicated that the $\alpha$-glucosidases of these related lepidopterans are functionally similar but structurally different. In comparison to $\alpha$-glucosidase activity from A. yamamai, $\alpha$-glucosidase activity from B. mori was generally less sensitive to the $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitors, 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ), acarbose, and voglibose when the activity was determined using maltose, sucrose, and trehalose.

Production of $\alpha$-Glucosidase Inhibitor by $\beta$-Glucosidase Inhibitor-Producing Bacillus lentimorbus B-6

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ja;Yang, Yong-Joon;Kim, Jongkee
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.895-900
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    • 2002
  • A soil microorganism producing ${\alpha}$- and ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitors was identified as Bacillus lentimorbus, based on the fatty acid and morphological analyses, along with biochemical and physiological tests. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor was highly produced by this strain in a culture medium containing $0.25\%$ of sodium glutamate and $0.5\%$ of glucose, pH 8.0 at $30^{\circ}C$ for 2 days. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor from culture filtrate of his strain was identified as water soluble, organic solvent nonextractable, and heat stable. In addition to ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor, this strain also produced ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitor in he same culture medium and this inhibitor showed an antifugal activity against Botrytis cinerea. While the production of ${\alpha}$- glucosidase inhibitor was decreased by a glucose concentration higher than $1\%$, the production of ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitor was lot Influenced by a glucose concentration higher than $20\%$. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitor from culture filtrate of this strain was separated from the ${\beta}$-glucosidase inhibitor through Sephadex G-100 column chromatography.

Aspergillus niger로 부터 $\alpha$-glucosidase 발현억제 형질전환체의 분리

  • 이동건;이진영;서영배
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.427-429
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    • 1996
  • We have already cloned an extracellular $\alpha$-glucosidase gene from Aspergillus niger with oligonucleotide probe synthesized on the basis of the peptide sequences determined previously. The DNA sequence revealed an open reading frame of 895 amino acids split by three introns. We are attempting to construct an A. niger strain deficient in the $\alpha$-glucosidase enzyme activity, which would be useful for the glucoamylase production without contamination by the industrially undesirable $\alpha$-glucosidase. For destruction of the $\alpha$-glucosidase gene, we try to make transformations. A cloned partial $\alpha$-glucosidase gene was introduced into Aspergillus niger, and transformants with suppressed $\alpha$-glucosidase activity were isolated. The transformants were cultured on YPD medium which contained Hygromycin B at 30$\circ$C. The activity of $\alpha$-glucosidase of the suppressed transformants was compared to that of wild type activity. As shown by southern-hybridization, we detected that the transformant was a heterocaryon.

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뽕나무에서 분리한 Steppogenin과 Oxyresveratrol의 효모 ${\alpha}$-Glucosidase의 억제효과 (Inhibitory Effects of Steppogenin and Oxyresveratrol from Morus alba L. against Yeast ${\alpha}$-Glucosidase)

  • 진휘승;남궁우
    • 약학회지
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.398-402
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    • 2010
  • [ ${\alpha}$ ]Glucosidase inhibitor is a target in the treatment of type II diabetes through the mainly inhibition of glucose levels after meals. In this study, we purified steppogenin and oxyresveratrol from the stem of Morus alba L. and examined their inhibitory activity against yeast ${\alpha}$-glucosidase. Steppogenin and oxyresveratrol were inhibited yeast ${\alpha}$-glucosidase in a dose dependent manner. The $IC_{50}$ activities (50% inhibition) were 34.4 and 9.3 ${\mu}M$, respectively. The kinetic inhibition of steppogenin showed noncompetitive inhibition ($K_m:1.1{\times}10^{-3}M$; $K_i:1{\times}10^{-5}M$), meanwhile oxyresveratrol showed competitive inhibition ($K_m:4.3{\times}10^{-3}M$; $K_i:3.4{\times}10^{-6}M$) against yeast ${\alpha}$-glucosidase. These results indicate that steppogenin and oxyresveratrol are noncompetitive and competitive inhibitors, respectively, against yeast ${\alpha}$-glucosidase.

Streptomyces sp. NS15 배양액에 의한 $\alpha$-Glucosidase 저해 ($\alpha$-Glucosidase Inhibition by Culture Broth of Streptomyces sp. NS15)

  • 백남수;김영만
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.640-646
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    • 1998
  • For the production of nonprotein $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitor from the Streptomyces sp. NS15 strain, effects of initial optimum pH, nitrogen sources, carbon sources, cationic metal ions, agitation speed and aeration rate were investigated. Initial optimum pH of medium was 7.0. The most effective nitrogen and carbon sources were soybean meal 2.0%(w/v) and glucose 1.6%(w/v), respectively. The cationic metal ins had no stimulating effect on inhibitory activity of $\alpha$-glucosidase except Fe2+. Agitation speed and aeration rate were effective at 400rpm and 1vvm, respectively. In the jar-fermenter cultivation for 4 days under optimal culture conditions, the culture broth showed the inhibitory acitivity of 3,200units/ml, which is 25 times higher than that of basic medium (CYM) for porcine intestinal $\alpha$-glucosidase. The inhibitory activity of $\alpha$-glucosidase reached about 3,200units/ml after 4 days of cultivation and decreased gradually for a further two days.

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내열성$\alpha$-glucosidase를 생산하는 호열성 Bacillus sp. 균주의 분리 및 특성 (Isolation and Characterization of a Thermophilic Bacillus sp. producing a Thermostable $\alpha$-glucosidase)

  • 이용억
    • 생명과학회지
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.387-394
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    • 1998
  • A thermophilic bacterium (strain DG0303) producing a thermostable $\alpha$-glucosidase was isolated from manure and identified as Bacillus sp. Strain DG0303 produced high level of $\alpha$-glucosidase compared with other thermophilic Bacillus strains. The cellular protein patterns were also compared with other Bacillus strains by sodium dodecyl sulfatepolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(SDS-PAGE). On the basis of 16S rDNA analysis the Bacillus sp. DG0303 was found to be a member of Bacillus rDNA group 5. The optimum temperature for growth was 65$\circ$C and no growth was obtained at 40$\circ$C or 75$\circ$C. The optimum pH for growth was 5.5 to 8.5. $\alpha$-glucosidase activity was produced during growth and most activity was detected in the culture supernatant. The $\alpha$-glucosidase production was constitutive in the absence of carbohydrates. High level of enzyme activity was detected when the culture was grown on medium containing starch. Addition of glucose resulted in the repression of the $\alpha$-glucosidase production. The optimum pH and tempoerature for enzyme activity were pH 5.0 and 65$\circ$C, respectively. When analyzed by zymogram, the culture supernatant showed a single $\alpha$-glucosidase band with a molecular weight of approximately 60,000.

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석이에서 분리한 GE974의 ${\alpha}-Glucosidase$ 저해효과 (Inhibitory Effect of GE974 isolated from Gyrophora esculenta on ${\alpha}-Glucosidase$)

  • 최혁재;김동현;김남재
    • 생약학회지
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.196-202
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to search for the ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitor from the natural products. In the previous study, the water extract of Gyrophora esculenta exhibited a potent inhibitory effect on ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ activities. Then, by bioassay-guided fractionation followed by chromatographic separation of the water extract of Gyrophora esculenta, ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitor was isolated as GE974. GE974 showed significant inhibitory activities on some kinds of ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ in vitro. Its inhibitory mechanism seemed to be competitive for disaccharides. Also, it markedly inhibited ${\alpha}-glucosidases$ of intestine separated from both nondiabetics and diabetics.

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토양시료로부터 $\alpha$-glucosidase 저해제 생성 방선균의 분리 (Isolation of $\alpha$-glucosiadase Inhibitor Producing Actinomycetes from Soil Sample)

  • 하남주;최성숙;정남용;김경제
    • 한국미생물학회지
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.139-143
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    • 2002
  • 탄수화물분해 효소인 $\alpha$-glucosidase의 활성을 저해하는 물질을 생성하는 미생물을 검색하기 위하여 토양시료로 부터 수종의 미생물을 검색하였다. 토양 시료에서 강력한 $\alpha$-glucosidase 저해제를 생성하는 방선균PM718을 분리하였고 그 저해제의 활성을 기지물질인 acarbose와 비교 측정한 결과 우수한 활성을 나타냄을 확인하였다. 또한 그 활성은 pH 변화에도 안정된 활성을 유지하는 것을 확인하였다.

한국인 분변으로부터 분리한 Bifidobacterium sp. Int-57의 효소 Pattern (The Enzymatic Pattern of Bifdobacterium sp. Int-57 Isolated from Korean Feces)

  • 박헌국;강동현;이계호;윤석환;이세경;지근억
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.647-654
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    • 1992
  • 장내 세균의 생리적 연구를 목적으로 한국인의 장내 상재균을 분리하여 효소 pattern을 관찰하였다. 분리된 Bifidobacterium sp. Int-57은 다른 장내 균종에 비하여 $\alpha$-glucosidase, $\beta$-glucosidase, $\alpha$-galactosidase, $\beta$-galactosidase, $\beta$-xylosidase, $\alpha$-arabinofuranosidase역가가 높았다. Bifidobacterium sp. Int-57의 각 효소 생산에 미치는 탄소원의 영향을 조사하였다. $\alpha$-glucosidase는 maltose, $\beta$-glucosidase는 cellobiose, $\alpha$-galactosidase는 raffinose, 는 lactose, $\beta$-xylosidase와 $\alpha$-arabinofuranosidase는 xyloserk 각각 최적의 탄소원이었다. 또한 각 효소들의 최적 조건과 pH 안정성을 조사 하였다. $\alpha$-glucosidase는 pH 6.0 $40^{\circ}C$에서 $\beta$-glucosidasessm pH 7.0 50에서, $\beta$-galactosidase는 pH 7.0 50에서, $\beta$-xylosidase는 pH 6.0 $40^{\circ}C$에서, $\alpha$-arabinofurnaosidase는 pH 5.0 $50^{\circ}C$에서 각각 최적이었다. $\alpha$-glucosidase는 pH 4.0~9.0 $\beta$-glucosidase는 pH 4.0~7.0 $\beta$-galactosidase는 pH 4.0~9.0, $\beta$-xylosidase는 pH 4.0~6.0, $\alpha$-arabinofuranosidase는 pH 7.0~9.0에서 각각 안정하였다.

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Streptomyces속 균주가 생성하는 $\alpha$-D-Glucosidase 저해물질의 작용상 (Inhibition Mechanism of $\alpha$-D-Glucosidase Inhibitor from Streptomyces sp)

  • 도재호;주현규
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 1990
  • 본 저해물질은 10Mug의 Alpha-D-glucosidase에 대해서 50Mug 및 100Mug을 첨가했을 때 저해율은 각각 60, 80 정도였으며 enzyme-inhibitor complex를 비교적 서서히 형성하여 5분간 진처리하였을 때 약 55의 저해율을 나타내었다. 그리고 Alpha-D-glucosidase, Alpha-galactosidase및 Beta-galactosidase를 제외한 탄수화물 분해효소에 대해서는 저해능이 없었으며, Alpha-D-glucosidase에 대한 저해양상은 non-competitive type 이었으며 Ki 값은 118 $\mu$g/m$\ell$였다.

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