• Title, Summary, Keyword: $CV_{12}$

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The effect of Chiljehyangbuhwan on the abdominal temperature in the primary dysmenorrhea patients (칠제향부환(七製香附丸)이 원발성(原發性) 월경통(月經痛) 환자(患者)의 복부(腹部) 온도(溫度)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Chang-Hoon;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub;Yoon, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: We intended to observe the relations between Chiljehyangbuhwan and abdominal temperature according to primary dysmenorrhea severity. Methods: We selected the 100 primary dysmenorrhea patients by the screening tests (first screening test-inquiry, second screening test-clinical test, additionally WHR (Waist-to-Hip ratio) by Inbody 2.0). By the fixed blocked randomization and double blind method, Chiljehyangbuhwan or placebo was administered for 1 menstration period. Finally, 69 patients remainded. Before and after administration, we measured 4 points abdominal temperature (Chon-jung(CV17), Chung-wan(CV12), Kwan-won(CV4), Chung-guk(CV3)) by DITI (DOREX Inc., USA). And then we checked the difference of temperature $({\Delta}T)$ between CV17 and CV12 / CV17 and CV4 / CV17 and CV3 / CV12 and CV4 / CV12 and CV3. After that, we compared ${\Delta}T$ with primary dysmenorrhea severity evaluated by VRS (verbal rating scale) and MVRS (multidimensional verbal rating scale). In dysmenorrhea severity, we standardized scale score and 3-group-severity by score (mild, moderate, severe). For statistics, we used Pearson correlations and Spearman's rho correlations, SPSS 11.0 for windows. Results: In case of MVRS, Chiljehyangbuhwan was correlated to ${\Delta}T$ (CV12 and CV3 / CV12 and CV4). In case of VRS, Chiljehyangbuhwan was not correlated to ${\Delta}T$. Statistically they showed significant result (p<0.05). Conclusion: The primary dysmenorrhea patients showed that severity by MVRS was connected with ${\Delta}T$ (CV12 and CV3 / CV12 and CV4) after Chiljehyangbuhwan administration. So we can consider Chiljehyangbuhwan effects the abdominal temperature according primary dysmenorrhea severity.

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A Study on the Temperature Difference for Hysterectomy Patients (자궁적출술 환자의 체온분포에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Jun-Young;Lee, Ji-Yung;Lee, Jin-Moo;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2010
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to know the temperature difference between hysterectomy patients and non-hysterectomy patients. Methods : We studied 45 who had and 45 non-hysterectomy visiting ${\bigcirc}{\bigcirc}$ medical center from January 1st 2010 to December 31st 2010. We measured 3 points temperature of specific acupoints-Chonjung(CV17), Chungwan(CV12), Kwanwon(CV4) by DITI in each group. And then we checked the difference of temperature between CV17 and CV4, CV12 and CV4. For statistics, we used Independent T-test and SPSS version 17.0 for windows. Results : There is no statistically differences between hysterectomy group and non-hysterectomy group on CV17, CV12, CV4 and CV12-CV4 temperature. There is statistically significant difference between group and group on CV17-CV4 temperature. Conclusion : The result showed that the difference between Chonjung(CV17) and Kwanwon(CV4) is higher in group than non-hysterectomy group. Further study will be needed.

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The anti-emetic Effect of Needling Acupuncture, Aquapuncture and Moxibustion at BL-21 and CV-12 in Xylazine Induced Vomiting of Dogs (위수혈(BL-21) 및 중완혈(CV-12)에 대한 자침, 수침 및 뜸 처치가 Xylanzine을 투여한 개에서의 구토 억제효과)

  • Kim Yoo-Su;Kim Keon-Woo;Kim Ji-Yong;Liu Jianzhu;Lee Sang-Eun;Song Kun-Ho;Kim Myung-Cheol;Kim Duck-Hwan
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.202-205
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    • 2005
  • The present study was made in order to clarify the anti-emetic effect by needle-acupuncture (AP), injection-AP and moxibustion in xylazine - induced vomiting of dogs. Twelve mongrel dogs (4 months to 5 year old, 2 to 4 kg of body weight), eleven mongrel dogs (4 months to 5 years old, 2 to 10 kg of body weight) and twelve mongrel dogs (4 months to 1 year old, 2 to 4 kg of body weight) were used for clarification of anti-emetic effect by needle-AP, injection-AP and moxibustion, respectively. The experimental animals were devided into control(6 heads), BL-21(6 heads), CV-12(6 heads) and BL-21+CV-12(6 heads) groups using total 6 dogs with vomiting selected in preliminary experiment, respectively in needle-AP treatment. In addition, the experimental dogs were divided into control (11 heads), BL-21 (6 heads) and CV-12(6 heads) groups using 11 dogs, respectively in injection-AP treatment. In moxibustion treatment the experimental dogs were divided into control (6 heads), BL-21(6 heads) and CV-12(6 heads) groups using 6 dogs, respectively. Five days after the experiment of one group was finished, the other group was examined in each experiment. Acupuncture needle was maintained for 20 minutes in needle-AP treatment. Metoclopramide was used in injection-AP treatment. Commercial moxa was used in moxibustion treatment. Vomiting was induced by intramuscular injection with $2{\%}$ xylazine 20 minutes after treatments of needle-AP, injection-AP and moxibustion, respectively. The vomiting rates of BL-21($33.3{\%}$), CV-12($50{\%}$) and BL-21+CV-12($33.3{\%}$) were lower than that of control($66.7{\%}$) and vomiting times of experimental groups were similar to that of control in needle-AP treatment. The vomiting rates of BL-21 ($0{\%}$) and CV-12($16.4{\%}$) were lower than that of control($66.7{\%}$) and the vomiting time of CV-12 group was similar to that of control group in injection-AP treatment. The vomiting rates of BL-21($33.3{\%}$) and CV-12($33.3{\%}$) were lower than that of control ($66.7{\%}$) and vomiting times of experimental group were similar to that of control group in moxibustion treatment. In conclusion, it was considered that needle-AP, metoclopramide injection-AP and moxibustion at BL-21 and CV-12 were effective for anti-emesis in xylazine induced vomiting of dogs and metoclopramide injection-AP was the most effective method for anti-emesis among them.

The Study of Abdominal Temperature of Leukorrhea patients using DITI (DITI를 이용한 대하증을 호소하는 환자의 복부 온도 연구)

  • Heo, Ja-Kyung;Jeong, Jae-Hyuk;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Lee, Jin-Moo;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: We intended to researched the relations between abdominal temperature and leukorrhea. Methods: We selected the 26 leukorrhea patients and 17 control group. We measured 4 points abdominal temperature (Chung-wan(CV12), Kwan-won(CV4), Gui-rae(ST29)) by DITI. We checked the difference of temperature between CV12, CV4, ST29 of leukorrhea group and control group. And we checked the difference of temperature between CV12 and CV4 / Lt. ST29 and Rt. ST29 / CV12 and Lt. ST29 / CV12 and Rt. ST29 / CV4 and Lt. ST29 / CV4 and Rt. ST29. For statistics, we used Mann-Whitney test, SPSS 12.0 for windows. Results: The difference of temperature between CV12, CV4 and ST29 which are abdomen shows statistically insignificant result in this study. But, the difference of temperature between (${\Delta}T$) CV4 and Rt. ST29 which are abdomen shows statistically significant result. Conclusion: The leukorrhea patients show higher temperature CV12, CV4 and ST29 than control group. In lower abdomen, the temperature between leukorrhea and control group shows little difference.

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The Study on Needling Insertion Method at CV12 in Cim-gu-kyung-heom-bang(鍼灸經驗方) ("침구경험방(鍼灸經驗方)" 침중완혈수법(鍼中脘穴手法) 연구)

  • Oh, Jun-Ho;Ahn, Sang-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : Chim-Gu-Kyung-Heom-Bang(CGKHB; 鍼灸經驗方) is the needle and moxa specialized document written by the doctor specialized in needle and moxa treatment of Joseon(朝鮮), Heo Im(1570-1647). The document was published in April 1644(22nd year of King Injo). CGKHB contains the needle and moxa treatment techniques accumulated by the Joseon Dynasty as well as the personal experience of Heo Im. The aim of this study is to restore the past treatment method as a method of Needle Insertion Method at CV12(NIM-CV12, needle to penetrate blood vessel technique) in CGKHB.. Methods : Through Dong-Yi-Bao-Gam(DYBG; 東醫寶鑑), the implication of Korean medicine study of the Jungwan(CV12) has been studied. Next is the contemplation of the NIM-CV12 of CGKHB with the Acupuncture Treatment Using Jungwan(中脘鍼法) of Park Tae-won and Acupuncture Treatment for Byeokjeok(癖積鍼法) of "Geup Yubang". Results and Conclusions : 1. CV12 is one of the acupuncture points representing stomach(脾胃), middle energizer(中焦), phlegm-fluid retention(痰飮) and greater yin(太陰). 2. NIM-CV12 of CGKHB is the technique to penetrate the needle into the CV12 strictly relying on tactile sense of a person who give the penetration. This CV12 administration was carried out at intervals of every 7 or 8 day. During the administration period, the patient was not allowed to intake excessive amount of food. 3. The Acupuncture Treatment Using Jungwan(中脘鍼法) of Park Tae-won and Acupuncture Treatment for Byeokjeok(癖積鍼法) of "GeupYubang", existed in the same era of the NIM-CV12 of CGKHB, have similar linkage to the NIM-CV12 of Heo Im.

The Effects of Different Moxibustion Stimulation at Abdominal Acupoints ($CV_{12}$, $CV_6$, $CV_4$) on the Skin Temperature Changes (복부 혈위 뜸 자극 위치의 차이가 체표 온도 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yu Ri;Noh, Seung Hee;Yang, Gi Young;Yook, Tae Han;Kim, Jong Uk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study aimed to investigate the difference of abdominal skin temperature responses following moxibustion comparing stimulation method. Methods : Moxibustion was applied on the acupuncture points of $CV_4$, $CV_6$, $CV_{12}$. Thirty healthy men were randomly divided into two groups, one receiving a single moxibustion stimulation in three locations '$CV_4{\cdot}CV_6{\cdot}CV_{12}$'(n=15) and the other receiving triple moxibustion stimulations in one location '$CV_{12}$'(n=15) for 30 min. To obtain the skin temperature on abdominal region, a thermograph was used. Three arbitrary frames(the upper abdominal, lower abdominal, whole abdominal regions) were made to analyse skin temperature. Thermographic images were obtained at before and after the procedure of indirect moxibustion and 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 min afterwards. Results : An increase in skin temperature on the three abdominal regions was observed following both one point and three points moxibustion administrations. Significant increase in skin temperature of the whole abdominal region was observed at 30 min after the procedure of three points moxibustion compared with one point moxibustion stimulation. A tendency of skin temperature changes over time was observed. Conclusions : In this study, skin temperature of lower abdominal region does not increase after triple moxibustion stimulations on $CV_{12}$. Administration of single moxibustion on $CV_4$, $CV_6$, $CV_{12}$ makes greater changes in skin temperature on the whole abdominal region than triple moxibustion on $CV_{12}$.

The effect of Chiljehyangbuhwan on the abdomial & palmar temperature in the primary dysmenorrhea patients (칠제향부환(七製香附丸)이 원발성(原發性) 월경통(月經痛) 환자(患者)의 복부(腹部) 및 수장부(手掌部) 온도(手掌部 溫度)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Chang-Hoon;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub;Yoon, Young-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.46-58
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: We intended to observe the relations between Chiljehyangbuhwan and abdominal & palmar temperature according to primary dysmenorrhea severity. Methods: We selected the 100 primary dysmenorrhea patients by the screening tests (first screening test-inquiry, second screening test-clinical test. additionally WHR (Waist-to-Hip ratio) by Inbody 2.0). By the fixed blocked randomization and double blind method, Chiljehyangbuhwan or placebo was administered for 1 menstration period. Finally, 69 patients remainded. Before and after administration, we measured 4 points abdominal temperature (Chon-jung (CV17), Chung-wan(CV12), Kwan-won(CV4). Chung-guk(CV3)) by DITI(DOREX Inc., USA). And then we checked the difference of temperature $({\Delta}T)$ between CV17 and CV12/CV17 and CV4/CV17 and CV3/CV12 and CV4/CV12 and CV3. Also, we measured 2 points (palmar region, upper front of forearm) for the difference of palmar temperature $({\Delta}T)$. Then, we checked palmar temperature minus upper front of forearm temperature and took an average of right and left ${\Delta}T.$ After that. we compared ${\Delta}T$ with primary dysmenorrhea severity evaluated by VRS (verbal rating scale) and MVRS (multidimensional verbal rating scale). In dysmenorrhea severity. we standardized scale score and 3-group-severity by score (mild, moderate. severe). Besides, we compared palmar ${\Delta}T$ with abdominal ${\Delta}T$. For statistics, we used ANOVA and Spearman's rho correlations. SPSS 13.0 for windows. Results: In case of MVRS, though Chiljehyangbuhwan was correlated to abdominal ${\Delta}T$(CV12 and CV3/CV12 and CV4). it was not correlated to palmar ${\Delta}T$. In case of VRS, though Chiljehyangbuhwan was not correlated to abdominal ${\Delta}T$. it was correlated to palmar ${\Delta}T$. However. palmar ${\Delta}T$ was not correlated to abdominal ${\Delta}T$. Statistically they showed significant result (p<0.05). Conclusion: The primary dysmenorrhea patients showed that severity by MVRS was connected with abdominal ${\Delta}T$ (CV12 and CV3/CV12 and CV4) and severity by VRS was connected with palmar ${\Delta}T$ after Chiljehyangbuhwan administration. So we can consider Chiljehyangbuhwan partially effects the abdominal & palmar temperature according primary dysmenorrhea severity. However, palmar temperature was not correlated to abdominal temperature. Therefore, we need further study.

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The study on the abdominal temperature difference according to primary dysmenorrhea severity (원발성(原發性) 월경통(月經痛) 정도에 따른 하복부(下腹部) 온도차이(溫度差異) 연구(硏究))

  • Yoon, Young-Jin;Choi, Yun-Hui;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: We intended to research the relations between abdominal temperature and primary dysmenorrhea severity. Methods: We selected the 95 primary dysmenorrhea patients by means of screening test (first screening test-inquiry, second screening test-clinical test, additionally Waist-to-Hip ratio (WHR) by Inbody 2.0). We measured 4 points abdominal temperature (Chon-jung(CV17), Chung-wan(CV12), Kwan-won(CV4), Chung-guk(CV3)) by DITI (DOREX Inc., USA). And then we checked the difference of temperature $({\Delta}T)$ between CV17 and CV4 / CV17 and CV3 / CV12 and CV4 / CV12 and CV3. After that, we compared ${\Delta}T$ with primary dysmenorrhea severity evaluated by multidimensional scales (verbal rating scale modified from the one devised by Bibe roglu & Berhrman(VRS; B&B), multidimensional verbal rating scale by Andersch & Milsom(MVRS)). In dysmenorrhea severity, we standardized scale score and 3-group-severity by score (mild, moderate, severe). For statistics, we used Pearson correlations and Spearman's rho correlations, SPSS 11.0 for windows. Results: In case of MVRS, MVRS score and 3-group-severity were not correlated to ${\Delta}T$. In case of VRS; B&B, VRS; B&B score was correlated to ${\Delta}T$ (CV12 and CV4 / CV12 and CV3) and 3-group-severity was correlated to ${\Delta}T$ (CV12 and CV3). Statistically they showed significant result (p<0.05). So we can consider that ${\Delta}T$ (CV12 and CV3) and the primary dysmenorrhea severity by VRS; B&B are most correlated. Conclusion: The primary dysmenorrhea patients showed that severity by VRS; B&B was connected with ${\Delta}T$ (CV12 and CV3). So we can consider DITI as primary dysmenorrhea evaluation instrument and must further research measurement points for the exact primary dysmenorrhea evaluation by DITI.

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Effects of Prunella vulgaris Pharmacopuncture on Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Inflammatory Rat Model (하고초 약침이 LPS로 유발된 급성염증 백서 모델에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Wook;Lee, Hyang-Sook;Lee, Eun;Lee, Joon-Moo
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of Prunella vulgaris pharmacopuncture in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory rat model. Methods : Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups; normal control (n=8), LPS control (n=8), LPS+Prunella vulgaris pharmacopuncture at CV4 (CV4, n=8), LPS+Prunella vulgaris pharmacopuncture at ST36 (ST36, n=8), and LPS+Prunella vulgaris pharmacopuncture at CV12 (CV12, n=8). Pharmacopuncture was given every two days for 4 weeks followed by inflammation induction by peritoneal LPS injection (5mg/kg). Proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$), interleukin-10 (IL-10), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) from blood and liver tissue were compared before and 5 hrs after inflammation induction. Results : In CV4 and CV12 groups, plasma IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6 and TNF-$\alpha$ levels increased by LPS injection, significantly decreased 5 hrs after injection (p<0.05). For CV12 group, plasma IL-10 concentration significantly increased (p<0.05). Liver IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-6 levles significantly decreased in CV4 and CV12 groups (P<0.05), while normal and LPS control groups were not significantly different in TNF-$\alpha$ and IL-10 levels. Plasma TBARS concentration was significantly decreased in CV12 group, while there was no significant difference among LPS control and pharmacopuncture groups for liver TBARS concentration. Conclusions : Based on the present findings, Prunella vulgaris pharmacopuncture at CV12 may have a potentially preventive anti-inflammatory effect in an LPS-induced inflammatory rat model.

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Effects of Combined Electro-Acupuncture and Moxibustion at CV13, CV12, CV10 and ST36 on the Serum Gastrin Level in Rats (상완(上脘), 중완(中脘), 하완(下脘) 및 족삼리(足三里) 침구(鍼灸)의 단용(單用)과 병용자극(倂用刺戟)이 정상(正常) 백서(白鼠) 위기능(胃機能)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yun, Hyuk;Kim, Yong-jeong;Yun, Jung-an;Yu, Yun-cho;Kim, Kang-san;Kang, Byung-ki
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.167-176
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    • 2004
  • Objective : This study was designed to investigate the effects of electro-acupuncture(EA) and moxibustion at CV13, CV12, CV10 and ST36 serum gastin level in rats. Methods : The present study was conducted to see the effects produced by combined electro-acupuncture(EA) and moxibustion using four different acupoints on serum gastrin level in rats. Electro-acupuncture (2 Hz, intensity ; 10 times muscle twitch threshold) was applied for 30 minutes to ST36 under halothane anesthesia. Moxibustion ($1.6{\pm}0.3mg$, 5 times of a day) was applied during 3 days to CV13, CV12, CV10 under halothane anesthesia. Results : Both of EA applied to the ST 36 and Moxibustion applied to the CV10, CV12 decreased serum gastrin level significantly. And the effect of combined EA at ST36 and moxibustion at CV10 was shown stronger effect than each singular stimulus of EA at ST36 and moxibustion at CV10. These data suggest that both of EA and moxibustion at specific acupoints produce change of serum gastrin level in rats and combined EA and moxibustion was shown quite effect than each singular stimulus.

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