• Title, Summary, Keyword: $CaCO_3$

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Effect of $CaCO_3$ on the Chonggukchang Meju Fermentation by B. subtilis ($CaCO_3$가 Bacillus subtilis에 의한 청국장메주 발효에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kang-Moo;Lee, Si-Kyung;Joo, Hyun-Kyu
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.421-426
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    • 1994
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of $CaCO_3$ on the Chungkookjang Meju fermentation. B. subtilis was cultured on the Meju added 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1% $CaCO_3$, respectively, and the chemical composition, protease activity, amino acid and vitamin B complex were examined with fermentation time. The inner temperature of the $CaCO_3$ treatments during fermentation was increased as compared with the control group. Titratable acidity in Meju decreased as $CaCO_3$ concentration increased. And protease activity and amino-nitrogen content were however high in same order. The content of amino acid was on the increase in every treatments, it made no difference between $CaCO_3$, treatments and the control. Vitamin B complex content in the $CaCO_3$ treatments was increased than in the control. The 0.01% added treatment showed the highest amount of vitamin B complex content in all the treatments.

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Theoretical Study of the Structures and Binding Energies of Ca+-(CO)n and Ca+-(CO2)n (n=1,2) (Ca+-(CO)n과 Ca+-(CO2)n (n=1,2)의 구조와 결합에너지에 대한 이론 연구)

  • Park, Gil-Soon;Sung, Eun-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.272-278
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    • 2009
  • The optimized structures and vibrational frequencies for $Ca^+-(CO)_n$ and $Ca^+-(CO_2)_n$ (n=1,2) complexes were calculated with MP2 and B3LYP methods employing 6-311++G(2d,p) basis sets. Also the binding energies were investigated for all complexes to compare the stabilities. For $Ca^+-(CO)_n$ C-bonded complexes are more stable than O-bonded complexes. Two stable conformations, linear and $C_{2v}$ form, are possible for $Ca^+-(CO)_2$ complexes and the $C_{2v}$ form is more stable than the linear form. $Ca^+-(CO_2)_2$ also has two possible conformations and linear form has slightly lower energy than $C_{2v}$ form.

Enhancement of Cultivation Efficiency of Bifidobacterium longum Using Calcium Carbonate Buffer System (Calcium Carbonate Buffer System을 이용한 Bifidobacterium longum의 배양 효율 증대에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Ki-Yong;Hwang, In-Bum;Heo, Tae-Ryeon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.126-132
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    • 1997
  • Calcium carbonate ($CaCO_3$) immobilized with alginate was studied as buffer system to enhance the cultivation efficiency of Bifidobacterium longum (ATCC 15707) which is inhibited at low pH. To test the bufferring effect of the immobilized $CaCO_3$ beads, pH value in each modified trypticase-proteose peptone-yeast (TPY) broth which is adjusted to pH 4.0 with acetic acid, lactic acid and complex solution of acetic and lactic acid, 3:2 (M:M) was tested by concentration of $CaCO_3$ bead and reaction time. The bufferring effect of $CaCO_3$ bead became higher with increasing the amount of $CaCO_3$ bead in the acidic solution. The growth rate of bifidobacteria and bufferring effect were examined in relation to the amount of $CaCO_3$ bead and concentration of glucose in the modified TPY media. The growth rate of bifidobacteria and bufferring effect were increased with increasing the amount of $CaCO_3$ bead and concentration of glucose. Also, the exponential time of bifidobacteria became longer with increasing the amount of $CaCO_3$ bead and concentration of glucose in the modified TPY media. When we observed the growth rate of bifidobacteria by the method of pH-controlled culture and $CaCO_3$ buffer system, the $CaCO_3$ buffer system was more effective than that of pH-controlled culture. Therefore, this $CaCO_3$ buffer system may be useful as a method to enhance of the cultivation efficiency of bifidobacteria.

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Effect of CaCO3 treatment on cultivation of oyster mushroom (볏짚배지에 탄산칼슘의 처리가 느타리버섯에 미치는 영향)

  • Jhune, Chang-Sung;Kong, Won-Sik;Jang, Kab-Yeul;Yoo, Young-Bok;Do, Eun-Su;Chun, Se-Chul
    • Journal of Mushroom
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to investigate effect of $CaCO_3$ treatment on cultivation of oyster mushroom for suppression of green mold disease and for promotion of mycelial growth to stabilize mushroom production in field and laboratory experiment. Treatment of $CaCO_3$ in PDA media promoted mycelial growth of mushroom and suppressed that of green mold. Addition of $CaCO_3$ in rice straw substrate increased mushroom mycelial growth compared with control. In that case, growth of green mold increased up to treated 0.6% $CaCO_3$ but decreased in treatment beyond 0.8% $CaCO_3$. There were some differences on effect of $CaCO_3$ treatment according to green mold species. Trichoderma longibrachiatum was effected but T. virens was not effected by treated $CaCO_3$. Differences among mushroom strains by treated $CaCO_3$ were not shown. It is confirmed that treatment of $CaCO_3$ can promote mushroom mycelial growth but it's not clear in the field. In the result of field test, treatment of $CaCO_3$ in rice straw substrates tended to increase yield and decrease incidence of disease compared with non-treatment. These results suggest that $CaCO_3$ treatment on cultivation of oyster mushroom can be applied to take preventive steps against of green mold disease.

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Effect of Limestone Powder on Hydration of $C_{3}A-CaSO_{4}$ $\cdot$ $2H_{2}O$ system ($C_3A-CaSO_4\cdot2H_2O$ 계의 수화반응에 미치는 석회석미분말의 영향)

  • Lee Jong-Kyu;Chu Yong-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.349-352
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    • 2005
  • In this work, effects of limestone powder on hydration of $C_3A-CaSO_4\cdot2H_2O$ system was discussed based on the XRD Quantitative analysis, and the possibility of Delayed Ettringite Formation was also discussed. The early hydration of $C_{3}A$ was delayed by addition of $CaCO_{3}$ powder. The delay effect was enhanced by increasing of $CaCO_{3}$ content and finer powder of $CaCO_{3}$ addition. After consumption of $CaSO_4\cdot2H_2O$, the reaction of $CaCO_{3}$ is started. Delayed Ettringite Formation would take place because monosulfoaluminate is not stable in presence of $CaCO_{3}$. In order to prevent the delayed ettringite formation in $C_3A-CaSO_4\cdot2H_2O-CaCo_3$ system, the reduction of monosulfoaluminate formation is important. Therefore, by increasing the amount of $CaCO_{3}$ addition and finer $CaCO_{3}$ powder addition, the delayed ettringite formation can be prevented.

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Influence of Addition Amount of CaCO3on the Synthesizing behavior and Microstructural Evolution of CaZrO3 and m-ZrO2 in 5ZrSiO4-xCaCO3 Mixture System (5ZrSiO4-xCaCO3 혼합계에서 CaCO3첨가량이 CaZrO3와 m-ZrO2의 합성 및 미세구조변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jae-Won;Lee, Jae-Ean;Jo, Chang-Yong;Lee, Je-hyun;Jung, Yeon-Gil
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.572-580
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    • 2003
  • Synthesizing behavior and microstructural evolution of $CaZrO_3$and $m-ZrO_2$in a thermal reaction process of $ZrSiO_4$-$xCaCO_3$mixtures, where x is 7 and 19, were investigated to determine the addition amount of CaO in CaO:$ZrO_2$:$SiO_2$ternary composition. CaZrO$_3$-Ca$_2$SiO$_4$precursor prepared by the mixture of $ZrSiO_4$and CaCO$_3$in aqueous suspending media was controlled to the acidic (pH=4.0) condition with HCI solution to enhance the thermal reaction. The addition amount of dispersant into the $ZrSiO_4$-$xCaCO_3$slip increased with increasing mole ratio of $CaCO_3$, which was associated with the viscosity of slip. Decarbonation reaction was activated with an increase of the addition amount of $CaCO_3$, showing different final temperatures in $ZrSiO_4$-$7CaCO_3$and $ZrSiO_4$-$19CaCO_3$mixtures as about 980 and 116$0^{\circ}C$, respectively, for finishing decarbonation reaction. The grain morphology was changed to spherical shape for all samples with an increase of sintering temperature. The grain size and phase composition of the synthesized composites depended on the mixture ratio of Zrsi04 and CacO3 powders, indicating that the main crystals were m-ZrO2 ($\leq$3 $\mu\textrm{m}$) and $CaZrO_3$ ($\leq$ 7 $\mu\textrm{m}$) in $ZrSiO_4$$>-7CaCO_3$and $ZrSiO_4$-$19CaCO_3$mixtures, respectively.

Ca-Alginate에 고정화된 Calcium Carbonate를 완충제로 사용한 Bifidobacterium longum의 배양 증대와 저장 안정성

  • Lee, Gi-Yong;Yu, Won-Gyu;Kim, Ji-Yeon;Heo, Tae-Ryeon
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.203-206
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    • 2000
  • Calcium carbonate $(CaCO_3)$ bead immobilized with alginate were developed as buffer system to enhance the cultivation efficiency of bifidobacteria. When Bifidobacteriuim longum KCTC 3128 and HLC 3742 were independently cultivated in 2.5-liter fermenter buffered the $CaCO_3$ bead, NaOH, $Na_2CO_3$, and $NH_4OH$. The proliferation of bifidobacteria and their storage stability were higher in culture broth buffered $CaCO_3$ beads than in culture broth buffered with NaOH, $Na_2CO_3$, and $NH_4OH$. Therefore, $CaCO_3$ bead may be useful as a buffer to enhance of the cultivation efficiency and viability of bifidobacteria.

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Study on the Dispersion Stability of Precipitated Calcium Carbonate Suspensions (침강성 탄산칼슘 현탁액의 분산 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Myung-Jae;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구에서는 탄산화법으로 침강성 CaCO$_3$분말을 제조하고 제조된 CaCO$_3$현탁액의 분산안정성을 연구하였다. CaCO$_3$현탁액의 pH 변화와 고분자전해질 PMAA와 PAA의 첨가에 따른 입자크기, 유동학적 특성(점도), zeta potential 및 현탁액의 침강속도 등을 측정하였다. 탄산화법에 의해 약 0.1$\mu\textrm{m}$ 크기와 비표면적이 23.57$m^2$/g인 단분단 calcite형 CaCO$_3$분말을 제조하였다. pH가 11인 CaCO$_3$현탁액에 0.01 wt% PMAA가 첨가된 경우에 우수한 분산안정성을 나타내었는데 이는 CaCO$_3$입자표면에 PMAA의 흡착에 의한 electrosteric 안정화기구와 CaCO$_3$입자들 사이의 정전기적 반발력에 의한 것으로 판단된다. PMAA와 PAA 첨가량 변화에 따른 pH 6, 9, 11의 CaCO$_3$현탁액의 침전높이를 측정한 결과 PMAA와 PAA의 농도가 0.15 wt% 부근에서 분산안정성을 보였는데 이는 CaCO$_3$입자들 사이간의 분산제에 의한 뚜렷한 경계를 갖는 흡착층이 형성되었기 때문으로 생각되며 따라서 CaCO$_3$현탁액의 최적 분산안정성을 위해서는 적절한 pH 조절과 PMAA 및 PAA의 첨가가 필요함을 알 수 있다.

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Low Temperature Sintering and Dielectric Properties of CaCO3-Al2O3 Mixture and Compound with CAS-based Glass (CAS계 유리가 첨가된 CaCO3-Al2O3 혼합물 및 화합물의 저온 소결 및 유전 특성)

  • Yoon, Sang-Ok;Kim, Myung-Soo;Kim, Kwan-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2009
  • Effects of ceramic filler types and dose on the low temperature sintering and dielectric properties of ceramic/$CaO-Al_{2}O_{3}-SiO_2$ (CAS) glass composites were investigated. All of the specimens were sintered at $850{\sim}900^{\circ}C$ for 2 h, which conditions are required by the low-temperature co-firing ceramic (LTCC) technology. Ceramic fillers of $CaCO_3$, $Al_{2}O_{3}$, $CaCO_3-Al_{2}O_{3}$ mixture, and $CaCO_3-Al_{2}O_{3}$ compound ($CaAl_{2}O_{4}$), respectively, were used. The addition of $Al_{2}O_{3}$ yielded the crystalline phase of alumina, which was associated with the inhibition of sintering, while, $CaCO_3$ resulted in no apparent crystalline phase but the swelling was significant. The additions of $CaCO_3-Al_{2}O_{3}$ mixture and $CaAl_{2}O_{4}$, respectively, yielded the crystalline phases of alumina and anorthite, and the sintering properties of both composites increased with the increase of filler addition and the sintering temperature. In addition, the $CaAl_{2}O_{4}$/CAS glass composite, sintered at $900^{\circ}C$, demonstrated good microwave dielectric properties. In overall, all the investigated fillers of 10 wt% addition, except $CaCO_3$, yielded reasonable sintering (relative density, over 93 %) and low dielectric constant (less than 5.5), demonstrating the feasibility of the investigated composites for the application of the LTCC substrate materials.

Application of In-situ CaCO3 Formation Method for Better Utilization of Recycled Fibers (1) - Enhancing Attachment of CaCO3 to Fibers by Polymer Pre-Treatment - (고지의 효과적인 활용을 위한 in-situ 탄산칼슘 부착방식의 연구 (1) - 탄산칼슘의 부착 효과 증대를 위한 고분자 전처리 -)

  • Seo, Yung Bum;Lee, Min Woo;Lee, Young Ho;Jung, Jae Kwon
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2014
  • In-situ $CaCO_3$ formation on recycled wood pulp was studied to improve optical property and filler attachment to the fiber furnish in papermaking. We tried to attach calcium oxide (CaO) to the recycled fibers, old newspaper (ONP) in this case, by using selected polymers before in-situ $CaCO_3$ formation reaction on fibers, and then, $CO_2$ was injected to the furnish until all the CaO on fiber surfaces was consumed. It was found that the attachment of newly formed $CaCO_3$ to recycled fibers became stronger by attaching CaO to the fibers before in-situ $CaCO_3$ formation reaction. It was expected that the polymers used for the attachment of calcium source to the fiber furnishes helped to keep the newly formed $CaCO_3$ strongly attached to the fiber surface as well as to retain the impurities associated with calcium source and recycled fibers, if any. In-situ $CaCO_3$ formation gave higher brightness and much less ERIC value in ONP sheet than the case when the equivalent amount of GCC was added to the furnish.