• Title, Summary, Keyword: $Ce_0.8Gd_0.2O_2$

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Preparation of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 Powder by Milling of CeO2 Slurry and Oxalate Precipitation (CeO2 슬러리 분쇄와 옥살산 침전을 이용한 Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 분말의 합성)

  • Sim, Soo-Man
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2010
  • $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$(GDC20) powder was synthesized by milling of $CeO_2$ slurry and Gd oxalate precipitation. The mixture of $CeO_2$ powder and Gd precipitates calcined at $600^{\circ}C$ for 2 h showed the particle size distribution similar to that of $CeO_2$ powder, which had been milled during the synthesis process. Attrition milling of the calcined powder with an average particle size of $0.36\;{\mu}m$ for 2 h resulted in a decrease in the particle size to $0.24\;{\mu}m$. Although the milled powder consisted of small particles(<$1\;{\mu}m$), a small amount of fine platy $Gd_2O_3$ particles, which had been survived in the milling process, was observed. Sintering of the powder compacts for 4 h showed relative densities of 80.7% at $1300^{\circ}C$ and 97% at $1400^{\circ}C$, respectively. Densification was found to almost complete at $1500^{\circ}C$, resulting in a dense and homogeneous microstructure with a relative density of 99.5%.

Synthesis and Superconductivity in $(Ru_{0.8}Nb_{0.2})Sr_2(Gd_{1.5-x}Nd_xCe_{0.5})Cu_2O_z$ System ($(Ru_{0.8}Nb_{0.2})Sr_2(Gd_{1.5-x}Nd_xCe_{0.5})Cu_2O_z$ 계의 합성 및 초전도 특성)

  • Lee, H.K.;Bae, S.M.
    • Progress in Superconductivity
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.128-132
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    • 2009
  • Polycrystalline samples of $(Ru_{0.8}Nb_{0.2})Sr_2(Gd_{1.5-x}Nd_xCe_{0.5})Cu_2O_z$($ 0{\leq}x{\leq}1.25$) have been synthesized by a solid-state reaction route. The X-ray diffraction data revealed that the Nd solubility limit can be placed between x=0.5 and x=0.75. The superconducting transition temperature decreased with increasing Nd content, confirming that Nd entered the lattice. Room-temperature thermoelectric power measurements showed that all the samples are in the underdoped state and the partial substitution of Nd for Gd resulted in a decrease in the carrier density on the superconducting layers.

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The Effect of Porosity Sealing by Sol-gel Method on Physical and Electrical )Properties of a Plasma Sprayed $Ce_0.8Gd_0.2O_2$ Electrolyte (졸-겔법에 의한 기공 충전이 플라즈마 용사된 $Ce_0.8Gd_0.2O_2$ 전해질체의 물리 및 전기적 성질에 미치는 영향)

  • 유석원;김장엽;김호무;김병호;임대순
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.36 no.11
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    • pp.1205-1210
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    • 1999
  • Ceria based electrolytes were fabricated by a plasma spraying method. The porosity which was crated during the plasma spraying process was infiltrated with Ce0.8Gd0.2O2 sol by ultrasonic treatment and heat treatment at 90$0^{\circ}C$ in order to improve physical and electrical properties. The porosity decreased from 9.8% to 6.5% and gas permeability at 80$0^{\circ}C$ decreased from 16.7$\times$10-3 to 5.7$\times$10-3 cm3(STP)/cm2.s.cmHg as the number of treatment increased 10 cycles. The ionic conductivity was also increased about 30% after 10 times of sealing.

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Effects of Strontium Gallate Additions on Sintering Behavior and Electrical Conductivity of Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-δ Ceramics (Strontium Gallate의 첨가에 따른 Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-δ 세라믹스의 소결거동과 전기전도도 특성)

  • Park Jin-Hee;Choi Kwang-Hoon;Ryu Bong-Ki;Lee Joo-Sin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.145-152
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    • 2006
  • The densification behavior and electrical conductivity of $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$ ceramics were investigated with the strontium gallate concentration ranging from 0 to $5\;mol\%$. Both the sintered density and grain size were found to increase rapidly up to $0.5\;mol\%$ $Sr_2Ga_2O_5$, and then to decrease with further addition. Dense $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$ ceramics with $97\%$ of the theoretical density could be obtained for $0.5\;mol\%$ $Sr_2Ga_2O_5$-added specimen sintered at $1250^{\circ}C$ for 5 h, whereas pure $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$ ceramics needed to be sintered at $1550^{\circ}C$ in order to obtain an equivalent theoretical density, Electrical conductivity was measured as a function of dopant content, over the temperature range of $350\;-\;600^{\circ}C$ in air. Total conductivity of $0.5\;mol\%$ $Sr_2Ga_2O_5$-added specimen showed the maximum conductivity of $2.37{\times}10^{-2}{{\Omega}-1}{\cdot}cm^{-1}$ at $500^{\circ}C$, The addition of strontium gallate was found to promote the sintering properties and electrical conductivities of $Gd_2O_3$-doped $CeO_2$.

Cathodic Polarization of $La_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3-\delta}$ on $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$ Electrolyte ($Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$ 전해질에서 $La_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3-\delta}$ 양극의 과전압특성)

  • 윤희성;노의범;김병호
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.35 no.9
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    • pp.981-987
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    • 1998
  • $La_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3-\delta}$ as air electrode for soild oxide fuel cell was synthesized by a citrate process and its cathodic polarization was determinated by the current interruption method on the Gd-doped ceria as electrolyte. The addition of citric acid increased the exothermic heat for the formation of $La_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3-\delta}$ perovskite oxide. The degree of the initial particle agglomeration was affected by the exothermic heat. Also the increase of cal-cination temperature enlarged the particle size and the higher sintering temperature accelerated the den-sification of $La_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3-\delta}$ layer after its being painted on $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$ electrolyte. In this study $La_{0.5}Sr_{0.5}MnO_{3-\delta}$ synthesized by citrate process of which the molar ratio of citric acid to metal nitrate was 2 calcined at $650^{\circ}C$ for 2hr and sintered at 1100 at $1200^{\circ}C$ for 4 hrs after slurry coating on Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 electrlyte showed the lowest cathodic polarization.

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Effects of Fe2O3 Additions on Sintering Behavior and Electrical Property of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 Ceramics (Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 세라믹스의 소결거동과 전기적 특성에 미치는 Fe2O3의 첨가효과)

  • Choi, Kwang-Hoon;Lee, Joo-Sin;Choi, Yong-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.526-531
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    • 2007
  • The sintering behavior and electrical property of $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$ ceramics were investigated with the iron oxide concentration ranging from 0 to 5 mol%. Both the sintered density and grain size were found to increase up to 2 mol% $Fe_2O_3$, and then to decrease with further additions. At a higher $Fe_2O_3$ content above 3 mol%, grain size decreased by a pinning effect induced by different shape grains. The electrical conductivity was also increased with increasing $Fe_2O_3$ content up to 2 mol%. Total conductivity of 2 mol% $Fe_2O_3-added$ specimen showed the maximum conductivity of $2{\times}10^{-2}{\Omega}{\cdot}cm^{-1}$ at $500^{\circ}C$. The addition of $Fe_2O_3$ was found to promote the sintering properties and electrical conductivities of $Gd_2O_3-dope\;CeO_2$.

Preparation of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 Powder Using CeO2 Powder and Gd Precipitation and Effect of CoO doping on Sintering

  • Sim, Soo-Man
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.521-526
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    • 2015
  • $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$(GDC20) powder was prepared from a mixture of submicron-sized $CeO_2$ powder and Gd precipitates using ammonium carbonate $((NH_4)_2CO_3)$ as a precipitant. The mixture was calcined at $700^{\circ}C$ for 4 h followed by ball-milling that resulted in the GDC powder with an average particle size of $0.46{\mu}m$. The powder had a very uniform particle size distribution with particle sizes ranging from $0.3{\mu}m$ to $1{\mu}m$. Sintering of undoped GDC samples did not show a relative density of 99.2% until the temperature was increased to $1500^{\circ}C$, whereas GDC samples doped with 5 mol% CoO exhibited a significant densification at lower temperature reaching a relative density of 97.6% at $1100^{\circ}C$ and of 98.8% at $1200^{\circ}C$.

Synthesis and Characterization of $La_{0.5}$$Sr_{0.5}$$MnO_3$-${Ce_{0.8}}{Gd_{0.2}}{O_{1.9}}$ Cathode for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell by Glycine-Nitrate Process (Glycine-Nitrate Process를 이용한 $La_{0.5}$$Sr_{0.5}$$MnO_3$-${Ce_{0.8}}{Gd_{0.2}}{O_{1.9}}$ 환원극 제조 및 특성평가)

  • 구본석;윤희성;김병호
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2001
  • 고체산화물 연료전지의 삼상 계면의 길이를 증가시키기 위해 Glycine-Nitrate Process(GNP)를 이용하여 환원극 재료인 L $a_{0.5}$S $r_{0.5}$Mn $O_3$(LSM)과 전해질 재료인 C $e_{0.8}$G $d_{0.2}$ $O_{1.9}$(CGO)를 합성하였다. 적당한 합성조건을 찾기 위하여 글리신의 양을 달리하여 분말을 합성한 결과 LSM의 경우 글리신이 양이온 몰수의 2배일 때 perovskite상이 얻어졌으며 비표면적은 34$m^2$/g 이었다. 합성된 LSM과 CGO 분말을 50:50 wt%로 혼합하여 제작된 환원극을 screen-printing법으로 코팅한 후 각각 1200, 1300, 1350 및 140$0^{\circ}C$에서 4시간 동안 소결한 후 80$0^{\circ}C$에서 power density와 양극과전압 등을 측정한 결과 130$0^{\circ}C$에서 소결한 단위전지에서 최대 309 mW/$ extrm{cm}^2$의 power density를 얻을 수 있었다.다.

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Effects of Gallia Additions on Sintering Behavior of 상용분말로 제조된 $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{2-\delta}$ Ceramics Prepared by Commercial Powders (상용분말로 제조된 $Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{2-\delta}$ 세라믹스의 소결성에 미치는 $Ga_2O_3$의 첨가효과)

  • 최광훈;박혜영;이주신;류봉기
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.113-113
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    • 2003
  • 고체전해질체로 사용되는 산소이온전도체로는 $Y_2$O$_3$ 안정화 ZrO$_2$가 널리 연구되어 왔고, 실질적으로 많이 사용되고 있다. 그러나 특히 대전력을 얻고자 하는 고체전해질 연료전지 분야에 있어서는 다른 재료를 찾고자 하는 많은 노력이 이루어지고 있다. 이에 CeO$_2$계 세라믹스는 ZrO$_2$계보다 낮은 온도에서 더 높은 이온전도도를 가지고 있어 많은 주목을 받고 있다. 그러나 이 CeO$_2$계를 소결시키는 데는 1$600^{\circ}C$이상의 고온을 필요로 한다. 이 런 고온의 소결온도를 낮추기 위한 방안으로는 균일하고 미세한 출발원료를 사용하거나 소결조제를 첨가하는 것 등이 있다. 균일하고 미세한 출발원료를 제조하는 연구는 국내외에서 많이 이루어지고 있으나 소결조제 첨가에 대한 연구는 별로 이루어진게 없다. 다만 국외에서 Co$_3$O$_4$, Fe$_2$O$_3$, CoO 첨가에 의한 연구가 최근에 이루어지고 있으며, 본 연구실을 중심으로 Ga$_2$O$_3$, $Al_2$O$_3$ 첨가에 대한 연구가 이루어지고 있다. 본 연구실에서는 그간 공침법으로 제조되는 소결조제 첨가 Gd$_2$O$_3$-doped CeO$_2$ 분말을 사용하여 소결조제 첨가효과를 살펴보았다.

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Preparation and Sintering Characteristics of Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 Powder by Ammonium Carbonate Co-precipitation (탄산암모늄 공침을 이용한 Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9 분말의 합성 및 소결특성)

  • Yoo, Young-Chang;Chung, Byung-Joo;Sim, Soo-Man
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.118-123
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    • 2012
  • GDC20($Ce_{0.8}Gd_{0.2}O_{1.9}$) powder was synthesized from Ce and Gd nitrate solutions using ammonium carbonate($(NH_4)_2CO_3$) as a precipitant. Attrition-milling of the powder, which had been calcined at $700^{\circ}C$ for 4 h, decreased an average particle size of 2.2 ${\mu}m$ to 0.5 ${\mu}m$. The milled powder consisted of nano-sized spherical primary particles. Due to the excellent sinterability of the powder, sintering of the powder compacts for 4 h showed relative densities of 80% at 1000 $^{\circ}C$ and 96.5% at $1200^{\circ}C$, respectively. Densification was found to almost complete at $1300^{\circ}C$, resulting in a dense and homogeneous microstructure with a relative density of 99.5%. The grains of ~0.2 ${\mu}m$ in size at $1200^{\circ}C$ grew to ~1 ${\mu}m$ in size at $1300^{\circ}C$ as a result of a rapid grain growth.