• 제목, 요약, 키워드: $CoAl_2O_4$

검색결과 602건 처리시간 0.04초

금속-세라믹 Core-Shell CoAl2O4@Al 구조체를 적용한 불균일계 촉매의 글리세롤 수소전환 반응특성 (Glycerol Steam Reforming for Hydrogen Production on Metal-ceramic Core-shell CoAl2O4@Al Composite Structures)

  • 김지은;이두환
    • 청정기술
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.68-75
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구에서는 높은 열전도성을 갖는 금속-세라믹 core-shell 구조의 CoAl2O4@Al 복합체를 Al 금속의 수열반응을 통하여 합성하고, 이를 Rh 촉매의 담지체로 적용하여 구조적, 촉매화학적 특성을 분석하였다. Rh/CoAl2O4@Al (3 wt% Rh) 촉매는 단순침적법(incipient wetness impregnation)으로 제조하였고, 특성의 비교평가를 위하여 공침법(co-precipitation)으로 합성한 CoAl2O4를 담지체로 하여 Rh/CoAl2O4 (3 wt% Rh) 촉매를 단순침적법으로 제조하였다. 이들 촉매들은 N2 흡착, XRD, 전자 주사현미경, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), CO 화학흡착 분석을 통해서 그 특성을 분석하였고, 글리세롤 수증기 개질 반응(550 ℃)을 통한 수소전환반응에 적용하여 촉매적 특성을 평가하고 분석하였다. 글리세롤 수증기 개질반응에 대하여 Rh/CoAl2O4@Al 촉매는 Rh/CoAl2O4 촉매에 비하여 약 2.8배 높은 글리세롤 전환 turnover frequency (TOF)를 보여주었고, 이는 높은 열전도성을 갖는 금속-세라믹 복합체를 통한 원활한 반응열의 전달에 기인한 것으로 분석되었다. CoAl2O4@Al 및 CoAl2O4 담지체에서도 환원에 의하여 노출된 일부 Co 금속에 의한 촉매적 활성이 관찰되었는데, Rh/CoAl2O4@Al과 Rh/CoAl2O4 촉매에서와 마찬가지로 core-shell 구조체인 CoAl2O4@Al이 CoAl2O4 보다 높은 촉매적 활성을 보였다. 그러나, 이들 촉매는 글리세롤 개질반응에서 비교적 높은 비활성화를 보여주었고 이는 촉매표면의 탄소침적(coking)에 기인한 것으로 판명되었다.

SiO2, SnO2 코팅된 청색 CoAl2O4 안료의 색상, 물성 평가 연구 (Coloration and Chemical Stability of SiO2 and SnO2 Coated Blue CoAl2O4 Pigment)

  • 윤지연;유리;피재환;김유진
    • 한국분말야금학회지
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.377-381
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    • 2014
  • This work describes the coloration, chemical stability of $SiO_2$ and $SnO_2$-coated blue $CoAl_2O_4$ pigment. The $CoAl_2O_4$, raw materials, were synthesized by a co-precipitation method and coated with silica ($SiO_2$) and tin oxide ($SnO_2$) using sol-gel method, respectively. To study phase and coloration of $CoAl_2O_4$, we prepared nano sized $CoAl_2O_4$ pigments which were coated $SiO_2$ and $SnO_2$ using tetraethylorthosilicate, $Na_2SiO_3$ and $Na_2SiO_3$ as a coating material. To determine the stability of the coated samples and their colloidal solutions under acidic and basic conditions, colloidal nanoparticle solutions with various pH values were prepared and monitored over time. Blue $CoAl_2O_4$ solutions were tuned yellow color under all acidic/basic conditions. On the other hand, the chemical stability of $SiO_2$ and $SnO_2$-coated $CoAl_2O_4$ solution were improved when all samples pH values, respectively. Phase stability under acidic/basic condition of the core-shell type $CoAl_2O_4$ powders were characterized by transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, CIE $L^*a^*b^*$ color parameter measurements.

$H_2-CO_2$에서 $FeAl_2O_4$의 생성기구와 $CO_2$ 중에서의 거동(I) (Formation of $FeAl_2O_4$ in $H_2-CO_2$ and its behavior in $CO_2$(I))

  • 이홍림;강명구
    • 한국세라믹학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.309-315
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    • 1982
  • $FeAl_2O_4$ was formed from the starting material of $Fe_2O_3$ and $Al_2O_3$ by controlling the oxygen partial pressure using $H_2-CO_2$ gas mixture, over the temperature range of 800~120$0^{\circ}C$. The formation mechanism of $FeAl_2O_4$ was found to be a second order chemical reaction, and the activation energy of formation was observed as 39.97 kcal/mole. Vaporization behavior of $FeAl_2O_4$ under $CO_2$ atmosphere was observed over the temperature range of 800~120$0^{\circ}C$. $FeAl_2O_4$ was vaporized by a second order chemical reaction and the activation energy was found to be 21.8kcal/mole. Electrical conductivity of $FeAl_2O_4$ was also measured.

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P123-Templated Co3O4/Al2O3 Mesoporous Mixed Oxides for Epoxidation of Styrene

  • Jung, Mie-Won;Kim, Young-Sil
    • 한국재료학회지
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.316-320
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    • 2012
  • $Co_3O_4$, $Al_2O_3$ and $Co_3O_4$/$Al_2O_3$ mesoporous powders were prepared by a sol-gel method with starting matierals of aluminum isopropoxide and cobalt (II) nitrate. A P123 template is employed as an active organic additive for improving the specific surface area of the mixed oxide by forming surfactant micelles. A transition metal cobalt oxide supported on alumina with and without P123 was tested to find the most active and selective conditions as a heterogeneous catalyst in the reaction of styrene epoxidation. A bBlock copolymer-P123 template was added to the staring materials to control physical and chemical properties. The properties of $Co_3O_4$/$Al_2O_3$ powder with and without P123 were characterized using an X-ray diffractometer (XRD), a Field-Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM), a Bruner-Emmertt-Teller (BET) surface analyzer, and $^{27}Al$ MAS NMR spectroscopy. Powders with and without P123 were compared in catalytic tests. The catalytic activity and selectivity were monitored by GC/MS, $^1H$, and $^{13}C$-NMR spectroscopy. The performance for the reaction of epoxidation of styrene was observed to be in the following order: [$Co_3O_4$/$Al_2O_3$ with P123-1173 K > $Co_3O_4$/$Al_2O_3$ with P123-973 K > $Co_3O_4$-973 K>$Co_3O_4$/$Al_2O_3$-973 K > $Co_3O_4$/$Al_2O_3$ with P123-1473 K > $Al_2O_3$-973 K]. The existence of ${\gamma}$-alumina and the nature of the surface morphology are related to catalytic activity.

수열법에 의한 $(Li,Al)MnO_{2}(OH)_{2}$:Co 화합물의 합성 (Hydrothermal synthesis of $(Li,Al)MnO_2(OH)_2$:Co compound)

  • 최종건;황완인;김판채
    • 한국결정성장학회지
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.154-159
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    • 2001
  • (Li,Al)$MnO_2(OH)_2$:Co 화합물의 합성르 수열법에 의해 행하였다. 출발원료는 $MnO_2$, LiOH.$H_2$O, $Co_3O_4$, $Al(OH)_3$이 사용되었으며, 단일상의 (Li,Al)$MnO_2(OH)_2$:Co 화합물을 얻을 수 있는 최적의 합성조건은 다음과 같았다. 반응온도 : $200^{\circ}C$ 반응시간 ; 3일간, 반응장치 ; 시이소형, 수열용매 ; 3M-KOH, (Li,Al)$MnO_2(OH)_2$:Co 의 원자비 = 1:2.1:2.5~2:0.5~1. 수열합성된 단사의 (Li,Al)$MnO_2(OH)_2$:Co 화합물은 결정성이 우수하였으며, 청색안료로써 천연 오수에 필적하는 발색효과를 나타내었다. 합성된 (Li,Al)$MnO_2(OH)_2$:Co 화합물의 형태는 육각 판싱이였으며, 입자의 크기는 0.5~1 $\mu\textrm{m}$의 미립자이였다.

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Crystallographic and Magnetic Properties of the Hyperthermia Material CoFe2O4@AlFe2O4

  • Choi, Hyunkyung;An, Mijeong;Eom, Wonyoung;Lim, Sae Wool;Shim, In-Bo;Kim, Chul Sung;Kim, Sam Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Physical Society
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    • v.70 no.2
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2017
  • Hard/soft $CoFe_2O_4@AlFe_2O_4$ core/shell nanoparticles were prepared by using a high temperature thermal decomposition method with seed-mediated growth. The structural, magnetic and thermal properties of the nanoparticles were investigated by using X-ray diffraction, vibrating sample magnetometer, MagneTherm, and $M{\ddot{o}}ssbauer$ spectroscopy. The crystal structure of nanoparticles was determined to be cubic spinel ferrite with space group Fd-3m. The $CoFe_2O_4$ nanoparticles were found to show high magnetization and coercivity while $AlFe_2O_4$ nanoparticles were found to show low magnetization and coercivity. The $CoFe_2O_4@AlFe_2O_4$ core/shell nanoparticles showed intermediate values of magnetization and the coercivity between those of $CoFe_2O_4$ and $AlFe_2O_4$. Also, the blocking temperature ($T_B$) of the nanoparticles (NPs) was observed to be 280, 50, and 225 K for $CoFe_2O_4$, $AlFe_2O_4$ and $CoFe_2O_4@AlFe_2O_4$, respectively. The core/shell ferrite shows a $T_B$ near 225 K, associated with the harder $CoFe_2O_4$ NPs. Temperatures below 225 K, the zero-field-cooled curves show changes in their slopes at a temperature near 50 K, corresponding to the second blocking temperature associated with the softer $AlFe_2O_4$ NPs.

착체중합법을 이용한 (Co,Mg)Al2O4 및 (Ni,Mg)Al2O4 청색 나노 무기안료 합성 (Synthesis of (Co,Mg)Al2O4 and (Ni,Mg)Al2O4 Blue Ceramic Nano Pigment by Polymerized Complex Method)

  • 손보람;윤대호;김진호;한규성;조우석;황광택
    • 한국세라믹학회지
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.510-517
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    • 2013
  • In this study, the properties of blue inorganic nano-pigments with a spinel structure were systematically investigated. We report the preparation of a blue ceramic nano-pigment and the Co and Ni substitutional effects on the blue color. $MgAl_2O_4$ was selected as the crystalline host network for the synthesis of cobalt and nickel-based blue ceramic nano-pigments. Various compositions of $Co_xMg_{1-x}Al_2O_4$ and $Ni_xMg_{1-x}Al_2O_4$ ($0{\leq}x{\leq}1$) powders were prepared using apolymerized complex method. The obtained powder was preheated at $400^{\circ}C$ for 5 h and then calcined at $1000^{\circ}C$ for 5 h. XRD patterns of the (Co,Mg)$Al_2O_4$ and (Ni,Mg)$Al_2O_4$ samples showed a single phase of the spinel structure in all compositions. TEM results indicated nano-sized pigments for (Co,Mg)$Al_2O_4$ and (Ni,Mg)$Al_2O_4$ with a particle size ranging from 20 to 50 nm. The characteristics of the color tones of (Co,Mg)$Al_2O_4$ and (Ni,Mg)$Al_2O_4$ were analyzed by CIE $L^*a^*b^*$ measurements. In addition, the thermal stability and the binding characteristics of (Co,Mg)$Al_2O_4$, (Ni,Mg)$Al_2O_4$ are discussed in terms of the TG-DSC and FT-IR results, respectively.

이산화탄소 분리를 위한 이온성 액체 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate/Al2O3 복합체 분리막 (1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate/Al2O3 Composite Membrane for CO2 Separation)

  • 윤기완;강상욱
    • 멤브레인
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.226-231
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    • 2017
  • 이산화탄소 분리를 위해 이온성 액체/금속 산화물 복합막이 제조되었으며, 이온성 액체로서 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ($BMIM^+BF_4{^-}$)와 금속산화물로서 $Al_2O_3$가 사용되었다. 13 nm의 $Al_2O_3$가 이온성 액체 $BMIM^+BF_4{^-}$에 도입되었을 때, 복합체 분리막의 성능은 $CO_2/N_2$ 선택도 30.5과 $CO_2$ 투과도 45.7 GPU로 관찰되었다. neat $BMIM^+BF_4{^-}$ 분리막의 성능($CO_2/N_2$ 선택도 5와 $CO_2$ 투과도 17 GPU)에 비해서 성능이 증가한 이유는 $Al_2O_3$의 옥사이드 층과 이온성 액체 내 자유로운 이온농도의 상승으로 인해 $CO_2$ 용해도가 상승한 것으로 확인되었다. 특히 $Al_2O_3$ 나노입자는 질소 기체에 대해서 장애물로서 작용함으로써 질소기체의 투과도가 감소하여 결과적으로 이산화탄소 분리 성능은 급격히 증가하였다.

Eu 도핑 SrAl2O4 형광체의 광 여기 전류 특성에 대한 Dy 코-도핑 효과 (Dy co-doping effect on photo-induced current properties of Eu-doped SrAl2O4 phosphor)

  • 김세기
    • 센서학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.48-53
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    • 2009
  • $Eu^{2+}$-doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ and $Eu^{2+}$, $Dy^{3+}$ co-doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ phosphors have been synthesized by conventional solid state method. Photocurrent properties of $Eu^{2+}$ doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ and $Eu^{2+}$, $Dy^{3+}$ co-doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ phosphors, in order to elucidate $Dy^{3+}$ co-doping effect, during and after ceasing ultraviolet-ray (UV) irradiation have been investigated. The photocurrent of $Eu^{2+}$, $Dy^{3+}$ co-doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ phosphors during UV irradiation was 4-times lower than that of $Eu^{2+}$-doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ during UV irradiation, and 7-times higher than that of $Eu^{2+}$-doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ after ceasing UV irradiation. The photocurrent results indicated that holes of charge carriers captured in hole trapping center during the UV irradiation and liberated after-glow process, and made clear that $Dy^{3+}$ of co-dopant acted as a hole trap. The photocurrent of ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ showed a good proportional relationship to UV intensity in the range of $1{\sim}5mW/cm^2$, and $Eu^{2+}$-doped ${SrAl_2}{O_4}$ was confirmed to be a possible UV sensor.

CAS계 유리가 첨가된 ceramic/glass 복합체의 소결 및 마이크로파 유전 특성 (Low Temperature Sintering and Dielectric Properties of Ceramic/glass Composites with CAS-Based glass)

  • 김관수;김명수;김윤한;김경주;김신;윤상옥
    • 한국전기전자재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.195-195
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    • 2008
  • CAS계 유리에 $CaCO_3-Al_2O_3$ 혼합물 및 화합물을 10, 30 wt% 첨가하여 저온 소걸 및 마이크로파 유전 특성을 고찰하였다. CAS계 유리의 연화온도는 $841^{\circ}C$ 이며, CAS계 유리에 $CaCO_3$ 와 30 wt%의 $CaCO_3-Al_2O_3$ 혼합물을 melting되며, 10 wt%의 $CaCO_3$, $Al_2O_3$, $1CaCO_3-1Al_2O_3$ 혼합물 및 $CaAl_2O_4$ 화합물를 10 wt% 첨가하였을 때 $900^{\circ}C$ 이하에서 소걸이 가능하였다. 복합체의 XRD 상 분석 결과, CaCO3를 첨가하였을 때에는 모든 조성이 비정질을 나타내었고, $Al_2O_3$$1CaCO_3-1Al_2O_3$ 혼합물은 $Al_2O_3$ 결정상이 생성되었고, $CaAl_2O_4$ 화합물은 $CaAl_2Si_2O_8$의 hexagonal와 anorthite 결정상이 생성되었다. 따라서 CAS-10 (A, C-A, CA) 복합체는 $900^{\circ}C$에서 각각 유전율 ($\varepsilon_r$) 6.4, 6.9, 5.15 와 품질계수 ($Q^*f$) 2,400, 1,500, 3,000의 마이크로파 유전 특성을 나타내어 LTCC 기판 재료로 사용이 가능하며, 특히 $CaAl_2O_4$ 화합물을 사용하였을 때 가장 우수한 유전 특성을 나타내는 것을 확인하였다.

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