• Title, Summary, Keyword: $CoAl_2O_4$

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Microstructure and Properties of Nano-Sized Ni-Co Particulate Dispersed $Al_2O_3$ Matrix Nanocomposites

  • Oh, Sung-Tag;Mutsuo Sando;Koichi Niihara
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.334-339
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    • 1998
  • In purpose of introducing the inverse magnetostrictive properties into the structural ceramics, $Al_2O_3$ based nanocomposites dispersed with nano-sized Ni-Co particles were studied. The composites were fabricated by the hydrogen reduction and hot-pressing of $Al_2O_3$ and NiO-CoO mixed powders. The mixtures were prepared by using Ni- and Co-nitrate $(Ni(NO_3)_2\;{\cdot}\;6H_2O\;and\;Co(NO_3)_2\;{\cdot}\6H_2O)$ as source materials for the Ni-Co particles. Microstructural observations revealed that nano-sized Ni-Co particles were dispersed homogeneously at $Al_2O_3$ grain boundaries. High strength above 1 GPa was obtained for the $Al_2O_3/10$ wt% Ni-Co nanocomposite fabricated by a controlled powder preparation process. The inverse magnetostrictive response to applied stress was obtained due to the presence of dispersed Ni-Co particles, which indicates a possibility to incorporate new functions into the structural ceramics without loosing the mechanical properties.

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Electrochemical Properties and Thermal Stability of LiNi0.8Co0.15 Al0.05O2-LiFePO4 Mixed Cathode Materials for Lithium Secondary Batteries

  • Kim, Hyun-Ju;Jin, Bong-Soo;Doh, Chil-Hoon;Kim, Hyun-Soo
    • Journal of Electrochemical Science and Technology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 2012
  • We prepared various $LiNi_{0.8}Co_{0.15}Al_{0.05}O_2-LiFePO_4$ mixed-cathode electrodes by changing the content of $LiNi_{0.8}Co_{0.15}Al_{0.05}O_2$ and $LiFePO_4$ used, and we analyzed the electrochemical characteristics of the cathodes. We found that the reversible specific capacity of the cathodes increased and that the capacity retention ratios of the cathodes decreased during cycling as the content of $LiNi_{0.8}Co_{0.15}Al_{0.05}O_2$ increased. Conversely, we found that although the reversible specific capacity of the cathodes decreased because of the material composition, the cycle property of the cathodes increased when the $LiFePO_4$ content increased. We analyzed the thermal stability of the $LiNi_{0.8}Co_{0.15}Al_{0.05}O_2-LiFePO_4$ mixed-material cathodes by differential scanning calorimetry and found that it increased as the $LiFePO_4$ content increased.

Partial Oxidation of Methane for Hydrogen Production over Co and Ni Catalysts (수소생산을 위한 메탄 부분산화용 코발트와 니켈촉매의 반응특성 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Sik;Hong, Ju-Hwan;Ha, Ho-Jung;Kim, Byung-Kwan;Han, Jong-Dae
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.776-783
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    • 2010
  • Co and Ni catalysts supported on $Al_2O_3$ for partial oxidation of methane producing hydrogen were synthesized using impregnation to incipient wetness. The activities of these catalysts for the partial oxidation of methane was investigated at 1 atm and $CH_4/O_2=2.0$ in the temperature range of $450{\sim}650^{\circ}C$. The reaction activity of $Ni/Al_2O_3$ and $Co/Al_2O_3$ catalysts with different loading was investigated. And the beneficial effects of Ni addition to $Co/Al_2O_3$ and the promotional effects of Ce and La addition to $Ni/Al_2O_3$ and $Co/Al_2O_3$ were investigated. These catalysts were characterized by XRD and SEM/EDX. Comparing catalyst loadings, 10 wt% Co and 10 wt% Ni were found to be optimal at the experimental conditions. The 10 wt% $Ni/Al_2O_3$ and 10 wt% $Co/Al_2O_3$ catalysts in partial oxidation of methane showed $CH_4$ conversions and CO selectivity close to the thermodynamic equilibrium levels, but showed lower $H_2$ selectivity than equilibrium level. The addition of Ni to $Co/Al_2O_3$ exhibited higher $H_2$ selectivity but beneficial effect was not observed in the $CH_4$ conversion. Addition of Ce to $Co/Al_2O_3$ and addition of La to $Ni/Al_2O_3$ a improved the $CH_4$ conversion level and $H_2$ selectivity.

A Study on the Fabrication and Mechanical Properties of $WC-Co-Al_2O_3$ Ceramic Composites Using WC Powders Synthesized by SHS Method and Commercial WC Powders (SHS 화학로법에 의해 합성된 WC 분말과 상용 WC 분말을 이용한 $WC-Co-Al_2O_3$ 세라믹 복합체의 제조 및 그 기계적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, K.R.;Cho, D.H.;Lee, H.B.;Park, S.
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.32 no.12
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    • pp.1392-1400
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    • 1995
  • WC-10wt%Co-Al2O3 ceramic composites, using both the SHS (Self-propagating High Temperature Synthesis) synthesized WC powder method and commercial WC powder, were prepared by varing WC-Co/Al2O3 vol% ratio and sintering temperature (1350℃∼1650℃) for 1 hr in Ar atmosphere. Mechanical characterization has been investigated by Instron meterial testing system and Vicker's hardness test. Compositional and structural chracterizations were carried out by energy-dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) data and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Electrical characterization was carried out by the electrical resistivity measurement using 4-point probe method. As sintering period increased and Al2O3 contents decreased in WC-10wt%Co-Al2O3 ceramic composite, shrinkage and relative density increased, resulting in maximum values at 1600℃. Also the major matrix phase changed with increasing Al2O3 content from 0 to 100 vol%. It was also identified by SEM, EDAX, and electrical resistivity measurement. Based on the results of analysis of flexural strength, toughness and hardness, the mechanical properties of WC-10wt%Co-Al2O3 ceramic composites using the SHS synthesized WC powder were better than those WC-10wt%Co-Al2O3 ceramic composites using commercial WC powder because WC-10wt%Co-Al2O3 ceramic composites using the SHS synthesized WC powder were sintered very well due to small initial particle size. By the addition of 40 vol% Al2O3 [60(WC=10wt%Co)-40Al2O3], it was possible to obtain a proper candidate as a superalloy.

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Fabrication of Nanocrystalline Co-Al2O3 from Mechanically Synthesized Powders by Rapid Sintering (기계적으로 합성한 분말로부터 급속 소결에 의한 나노 구조의 Co-Al2O3 복합재료 제조)

  • Park, Na-Ra;Shon, In-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Metals and Materials
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    • v.50 no.12
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    • pp.961-966
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    • 2012
  • Nano-sized Co and $Al_2O_3$ powders were successfully synthesized from $3/4Co_3O_4$ and 2Al by high-energy ball milling. A dense nanocrystalline $2.25Co-Al_2O_3$ composite was consolidated from mechanically synthesized powders by the pulsed current activated sintering (PCAS) method within 2 min. Consolidation was accomplished under the combined effects of a pulsed current and mechanical pressure. A dense $2.25Co-Al_2O_3$ with relative density of up to 95% was produced under simultaneous application of a 80 MPa pressure and a pulsed current of 2800 A. The fracture toughness and hardness of the $2.25Co-Al_2O_3$ composite were $8MPa{\cdot}m^{1/2}$, $870kg/mm^2$, respectively.

Microwave Thermal Decomposition of CF4 using SiC-Al2O3 (SiC-Al2O3 촉매를 이용한 CF4의 마이크로파 열분해)

  • Choi, Sung-Woo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.9
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    • pp.1097-1103
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    • 2013
  • Tetrafluoromethane($CF_4$) have been widely used as etching and chemical vapor deposition gases for semiconductor manufacturing processes. $CF_4$ decomposition efficiency using microwave system was carried out as a function of the microwave power, the reaction temperature, and the quantity of $Al_2O_3$ addition. High reaction temperature and addition of $Al_2O_3$ increased the $CF_4$ removal efficiencies and the $CO_2/CF_4$ ratio. When the SA30 (SiC+30wt%$Al_2O_3$) and SA50 (SiC+50wt%$Al_2O_3$) were used, complete $CF_4$ removal was achieved at $1000^{\circ}C$. The $CF_4$ was reacted with $Al_2O_3$ and by-products such as $CO_2/CF_4$ and $AlF_3$ were produced. Significant amount of by-product such as $AlF_3$ was identified by X-ray powder diffraction analysis. It also showed that the ${\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ was transformed to ${\alpha}-Al_2O_3$ after microwave thermal reaction.

The Properties of Mn, Ni, and Al Doped Cobalt Ferrites Grown by Sol-Gel Method

  • Choi, Seung Han
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.28 no.7
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    • pp.371-375
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    • 2018
  • The manganese-, nickel-, and aluminum-doped cobalt ferrite powders, $Mn_{0.2}Co_{0.8}Fe_2O_4$, $Ni_{0.2}Co_{0.8}Fe_2O_4$, and $Al_{0.2}CoFe_{1.8}O_4$, are fabricated by the sol-gel method, and the crystallographic and magnetic properties of the powders are studied in comparison with those of $CoFe_2O_4$. All the ferrite powders are nano-sized and have a single spinel structure with the lattice constant increasing in $Mn_{0.2}Co_{0.8}Fe_2O_4$ but decreasing in $Ni_{0.2}Co_{0.8}Fe_2O_4$ and $Al_{0.2}CoFe_{1.8}O_4$. All the $M{\ddot{o}}ssbauer$ spectra are fitted as a superposition of two Zeeman sextets due to the tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the $Fe^{3+}$ ions. The values of the magnetic hyperfine fields of $Ni_{0.2}Co_{0.8}Fe_2O_4$ are somewhat increased in the A and B sites, while those of $Mn_{0.2}Co_{0.8}Fe_2O_4$ and $Al_{0.2}CoFe_{1.8}O_4$ are decreased. The variation of $M{\ddot{o}}ssbauer$ parameters is explained using the cation distribution equation, superexchange interaction and particle size. The hysteresis curves of the ferrite powders reveal a typical soft ferrite pattern. The variation in the values of saturation magnetization and coercivity are explained in terms of the site distributions, particle sizes and the spin magnetic moments of the doped ions.

Neutron Diffraction and Mössbauer Studies of Superexchange Interaction on Al Substituted Co-ferrite (Al이 치환된 Co 페라이트에 관한 뫼스바우어 분광법 및 중성자 회절 연구)

  • Kim, Sam-Jin;Myoung, Bo-Ra;Kim, Chul-Sung;Baek, Kyung-Seon
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.287-292
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    • 2006
  • Al substituted $CoAl_{0.5}Fe_{1.5}O_{4}$ has been studied with x-ray and neutron diffraction, $M\"{o}ssbauer$ spectroscopy and magnetization measurements. $CoAl_{0.5}Fe_{1.5}O_{4}$ revealed a cubic spinel structure of ferrinmagnetic long range ordering at room temperature, with magnetic moments of $Fe^{3+}(A)(-2.29{\mu}_{B}),\;Fe^{3+}(B)(3.81\;{\mu}_{B}),\;Co^{2+}(B)(2.66{\mu}_{B})$, respectively. The temperature dependence of the magnetic hyperfine field in $^{57}Fe$ nuclei at the tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites was analyzed based on the $N\'{e}el$ theory of magnetism. In the sample of $CoAl_{0.5}Fe_{1.5}O_{4}$, the interaction A-B interaction and intrasublattice A-A superexchange interaction were antiferromagnetic with strengths of $J_{A-B}=-19.3{\pm}0.2k_{B}\;and\;J_{A-A}=-21.6{\pm}0.2k_{B}$, respectively, while the intrasublattice B-B superexchange interaction was found to be ferromagnetic with a strength of $J_{B-B}=3.8{\pm}0.2k_{B}$.

The Effect of Oxide Formation on the Lifetime of Plasma Sprayed or EB-PVD Thermal Barrier Coatings (플라즈마 용사 및 EB-PVD에 의한 열벽코팅 수명에 대한 산화물 생성의 영향)

  • ;R.D.Sisson;Jr
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.91-98
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    • 1994
  • For the plasma sprayed as well as the EB-PVD thermal barrier coatings, the fracture paths within the oxidation products developed at the interface between the partially stabilized zirconia ceramic coating and NiCoCrAlY bond coat during cyclic thermal oxidation has been investigated. It was observed that the fracture in the oxidation products primarily took place within the oxide such as $Ni_{1-x}Co_3(Al_,Cr)_2O_4$ or at the interface between the oxide and $Al_2O_3$. It was found that Al2O3 developed first, followed by the Ni/Co/Cr rich oxides such as ,,$Ni_{1-x}Co_x(Al_,Cr)_2O_4$ $Cr_2O_3$and NiO at the interface between the ceramic coating and the bond coat in a cyclic high temperature environment. It was therfore concluded that the formation of the oxide containing Ni, Cr and Co was a life-limiting event for thermal barrier coatings during cyclic thermal oxidation.

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Effect of Ti-Doped Al2O3 Coating Thickness and Annealed Condition on Microstructure and Electrochemical Properties of LiCoO2 Thin-Film Cathode (Ti 첨가 Al2O3 코팅층의 두께와 열처리 조건이 LiCoO2 양극 박막의 미세구조와 전기화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Ji-Ae;Lee, Seong-Rae;Cho, Won-Il;Cho, Byung-Won
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.447-451
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    • 2007
  • We investigated the dependence of the various annealing conditions and thickness ($6\sim45nm$) of the Ti-doped $Al_2O_3$ coating on the electrochemical properties and the capacity fading of Ti-doped $Al_2O_3$ coated $LiCoO_2$ films. The Ti-doped-$Al_2O_3$-coating layer and the cathode films were deposited on $Al_2O_3$ plate substrates by RF-magnetron sputter. Microstructural and electrochemical properties of Ti-doped-$Al_2O_3$-coated $LiCoO_2$ films were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and a dc four-point probe method, respectively. The cycling performance of Ti-doped $Al_2O_3$ coated $LiCoO_2$ film was improved at higher cut-off voltage. But it has different electrochemical properties with various annealing conditions. They were related on the microstructure, surface morphology and the interface condition. Suppression of Li-ion migration is dominant at the coating thickness >24.nm during charge/discharge processes. It is due to the electrochemically passive nature of the Ti-doped $Al_2O_3$ films. The sample be made up of Ti-doped $Al_2O_3$ coated on annealed $LiCoO_2$ film with additional annealing at $400^{\circ}C$ had good adhesion between coating layer and cathode films. This sample showed the best capacity retention of $\sim92%$ with a charge cut off of 4.5 V after 50 cycles. The Ti-doped $Al_2O_3$ film was an amorphous phase and it has a higher electrical conductivity than that of the $Al_2O_3$ film. Therefore, the Ti-doped $Al_2O_3$ coated improved the cycle performance and the capacity retention at high voltage (4.5 V) of $LiCoO_2$ films.