• Title, Summary, Keyword: $D0_{22}$$Al_3$Nb

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Behavior of Intermetallic Compound Formation in Al-25Nb system and (Al,X)-25Nb (X= Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn) systems by Mechanical Alloying Method (A1-25Nb계와 (A1,X)-25Nb계 (X = Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn)의 기계적 합금화에 의한 금속간 화합물의 형성 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jae-Woong;Kang, Sung-Goon
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.733-739
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    • 2001
  • In Al-25Nb binary system, it was observed only formation of $D0_{22}$ $Al_3Nb$ intermetallic compound after 5hr milling but it was not observed formation of meta stable phase like L1$_2$ phase. In this state, $D0_{22}$ $Al_3Nb$ fabricated had nano sized grain of approximately 20nm. Ternary systems, transition metals such as Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn were added 6~12at.% as substitution of Al, showed formation of $D0_{22}$ $Al_3Nb$ like Al-25Nb binary system. In Al- l2Cu-25Nb system, it was observed that broad XRD pattern like amorphization of Al and not observed formation of $D0_{22}$ $Al_3Nb$ after 5hr milling. But there was mixed phase of a lot of amorphous Al and little $D0_{22}$ $Al_3Nb$ through TEM. In the states of unalloyed, 5~7hr milling time, those showed exothermic reaction at 35$0^{\circ}C$, which was formation of $D0_{22}$ $Al_3Nb$ like Al-25Nb binary system. With increasing milling time to 10hr, $D0_{22}$ $Al_3Nb$ was transformed to mixed phase of amorphous and nanocryatlline, having approximately 10nm grain but the meta stable $Al_3Nb$ was not fabricated by adding transition metals.

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Evolution of Metastable $L1_2-Al_3(Nb_xZr_{1-x})$ Phases in Rapidly Quenched Al-Nb-Zr Alloys

  • Park, Min-Woo
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.250-254
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    • 2007
  • 3원계 Al-Nb-Zr의 용응 합금을 스프렛 ?봬?(splat-quenching) 방법을 이용하여 급속냉각응고 한 후, 응고된 시편을 698K에서 200시간까지 열처리하여 상전이를 연구하였다. 급속응고 및 열처리된 시편의 미세구조는 X-선 회절 및 투과전자 현미경으로 분석하였다. Al-1.95Nb-0.65Zr, Al-1.3Nb-1.3Zr, 및 Al-0.65Nb-1.95Zr (at%) 3원 합금계를 연구하였다. 각 합금의 조성은 Vegard's 법칙을 적용하여 Al(${\alpha}$)의 기지조직과 $L1_2-Al_3(Nb,Zr)$의 석출상들이 정합을 이루도록 선택되었다. 급속응고된 후 각 합금은 과고용된 Al(${\alpha}$)의 고용상을 형성하였다. Al-1.3Nb-1.3Zr, 및 Al-0.65Nb-1.95Zr의 급속응고된 상태의 시편을 698K에서 열처리하여 알루미늄 기지와 정합의 계면을 갖는 $L1_2-Al_3(Nb_{0.5}Zr_{0.5})$$L1_2-Al_3(Nb_{0.25}Zr_{0.75})$의 상을 각각 석출하였다. 반면 Al-1.95Nb-0.65Zr 합금은 평형상인 $D0_{22}-Al_3(Nb_{0.75}Zr_{0.25})$ 상을 석출하였다. 준안정상의 정합 $Al_3(Nb,Zr)$ 미세 분산상 석출은 입자의 조대화를 억제하고 재료의 고온 강도를 증가될 것으로 사료된다.

Breeding of New Productive Bivoltine Hybrid, CSR12 $\times$ CSR6 of Silkworm Bombyx mori L.

  • Datta, R.K.;Basavaraja, H.K.;Reddy, N.Mal;Kumar, S.Nirmal;Kumar, N.Suresh;Babu, M.Ramesh;Ahsan, M.M.;Jayaswal, K.P.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.127-133
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    • 2001
  • With an objective of evolving quantitatively and qualitatively superior bivoltine breeds/hybrids of silkworm Bombyx mori L. for tropical conditions, breeding work was initiated in Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Mysore during 1992 by utilizing two Japanese hybrids namely BNl8$\times$BCS25 and Shunrei$\times$Shogetsu along with Indian evolved breed, KA. The breed CSR12 which is characterized with sex-limited larval marking and white oval cocoons was evolved from the Japanese hybrid BNl8 ${\times}$ BCS25 by crossing with KA, while the breed CSR6 which is characterized with normal marking (marked larvae) and white dumbbell cocoons was extracted from the Japanese commercial hybrid Shunrei${\times}$Shogetsu through continuous inbreeding coupled with selection. After fixation, these breeds along with other newly evolved breeds were subjected to hybrid study under optimum environmental conditions in the laboratory for expression of full potential of the genotypes. These hybrids were evaluated by Multiple Trait Evaluation Index (Mano et al., 1993). The hybrid CSR12${\times}$CSR6 was selected based multiple trait evaluation index value. The hybrid CSR12$\times$CSR6 recorded survival of 96.0%, shell weight of 50.0 cg, shell ratio of 24.3%, raw silk percentage of 19.6, filament length of 1,216 m, boil off loss of 22.4% and renditta of 5.1. On the other hand, the control hybrid (KA ${\times}$ NB4D2) has recorded survival of 90.6%, shell weight of 42.1 cg, shell ratio of 20.4%, raw silk percentage of 15.9, filament length of 999 m, boil off loss of 24.8% and renditta of 6.3. The hybrid CSR12$\times$CSR6 was authorized during 1997 by Central Silk Board, Government of India for commercial exploitation during favourable months based on national level race authorization test.

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