• Title, Summary, Keyword: $H_2O_2$

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Advanced Oxidation Process for the Treatment of Terephthalic Acid Wastewater using UV, H2O2 and O3 : Organic and Color Removal Studies (UV, H2O2, 오존을 이용한 고급산화공정에서의 테레프탈산 제조공정 폐수 처리 : 유기물 및 색도제거 연구)

  • Kwon, Tae-Ouk;Park, Bo-Bae;Moon, Il-Shik
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.648-655
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    • 2007
  • UV/H_2O_2$, $O_3$, $O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/H_2O_2/O_3$ processes were tested for the removal of COD and color from terephthalic acid wastewater. COD removal efficiencies were 10, 48, 56, 63% in the $UV/H_2O_2$, $O_3$, $O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/H_2O_2/O_3$ process respectively. Color removal efficiency of $UV/H_2O_2$ process was 80% and $O_3$, $O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/H_2O_2/O_3$ processes were almost more than 99%. Terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid and benzoic acid were completely destructed in terephthalic wastewater within 120 min by $UV/H_2O_2/O_3$ process and shows high COD and color removal efficiencies. The optimum concentration of $H_2O_2$ dosage was found to be 0.5 M, 25 mM and 5 mM for $UV/H_2O_2$, $O_3/H_2O_2$ and $UV/H_2O_2/O_3$ processes respectively, Organic destruction efficiency was enhanced and also reducing the consumption of $H_2O_2$ dosage by combining UV, $H_2O_2$ and $O_3$ process.

Destruction of Acetic Acid Using Various Combinations of Oxidants by an Advanced Oxidation Processes (다양한 산화반응을 조합한 고급산화공정의 아세트산 분해에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Tae Ouk;Park, Bo Bae;Moon, Jang Soo;Moon, Il Shik
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.314-319
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    • 2007
  • The destruction of synthetic acetic acid wastewater was carried out using UV, $O_3$, $H_2O_2$, $Fe^{2+}$ oxidants in various combinations by the advanced oxidation processes. $UV/H_2O_2$, $UV/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$, $O_3$, $O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/O_3/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$ processes were tested. $UV/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$, $O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/O_3/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$ processes shows the most effective destruction efficiency at low pH (3.5) condition of wastewater, but $UV/H_2O_2$ and $O_3$ processes were observed less than 20%. Destruction efficiency was gradually increased with the reaction time in the $O_3/H_2O_2$ and $UV/O_3/H_2O_2$ processes, in case of the $UV/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$ and $UV/O_3/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$ processes shows rapid increasing of destruction efficiency within 90 min, then slightly decreasing with time. The destruction efficiencies of $UV/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$, $O_3/H_2O_2$, $UV/O_3/H_2O_2$ and $UV/O_3/H_2O_2/Fe^{2+}$ processes were observed 55, 66, 66 and 64%, respectively.

Comparision of the Pressure Denaturation of Metmyoglobin in $H_2O$ and $D_2O$ ($H_2O$$D_2O$ 에서 메트미오글로빈의 압력에 의한 변성의 비교 연구)

  • Keon Kim
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 1984
  • The stability difference of metmyoglobin in $H_2O$ and $D_2O$ at pH 5.7 and pH 7.0 toward pressure denaturation is studied. Metmyoglobin is denatured in $D_2O$ at smaller pressure than in $H_2O$. The stability difference in $H_2O$ and $D_2O$ is more pronounced at pH 5.7 than at pH 7. The main reasons for the stability difference in $H_2O$ and $D_2O$are the difference in positive charge due to $H^+$and $D^+$ binding to the protein in $H_2O$ and $D_2O$, and the structural change that accompany deuteration.

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Tracer Study Using $H_2O^{18}$ on the Oxidation of Vanadium (III) by Molecular Oxygen (산소에 의한 바나듐 (III) 이온의 산화반응에 대한 $O^{18}$ 동위원소 연구)

  • Kim, Myeong Ja;Choe, Dong Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.259-266
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    • 1974
  • Isotopic experiments using $H_2O^{18}$ on the oxidation of V(III) in acid perchlorate by molecular oxygen were performed in the range pH 1.0 to 3.0. At pH < 2, where a rate equation of the form TEX>$ -\frac{d[V(III)]}{dt}=k_1\frac{[O_2][V(III)]}{[H^+]}$ is adequate, the tracer study clearly indicated that all the product vanadyl ion's ($VO^{2+}$) oxygen originated from the molecular oxygen. At pH > ~2, where a different rate expression of the form $-\frac{d[V(III)]}{dt}=K_2\frac{[O_2][V(III)]^2}{[Ht]^2}$is required, the isotopic experiment showed that half the vanadyl oxygen originated from the molecular oxygen. Considering the results of the isotopic study, a mechanism for the V(Ⅲ)-O2 reaction at pH < ~2, may be suggested as follows: The tracer results at pH > ~2 imply that the rate determining step may be $$ V_2(OH)_2^{4+} + O_2 \rightarrow 2VO^{2+} + H_2O_2$$ followed by $$V_2(OH)_2^{4+} + H_2O_2 \rightarrow 2VO^{2+} + 2H_2O$$ after establishing the equilibria V^{3+} + H_2O \leftrightarrow VOH^{2+} + H^+, and 2VOH^{2+}\leftrightarrow V_2(OH)_2^{4+}$$

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The Mechanism of Stomatal Closing by $H_2O_2$ in Epidermal Strips of Commelina communis L. (닭의장풀의 분리표피에서 $H_2O_2$에 의한 기공 닫힘기작)

  • 이준상;전방욱
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 1997
  • The mechanism of stomatal closing in response to $O_2$ was indirectly investigated by using $H_2O_2$ which is the intermediate product of $O_2$ metabolites. Stomata in epidermal strips close in response to $H_2O_2$. The effect of $H_2O_2$ on stomatal closing was dependent on the concentration of $H_2O_2$. 10 ppm $H_2O_2$ showed a clear effect on stomatal closing and 1000 ppm $H_2O_2$ induced complete stomatal closing after the treatment of 3 hours. Stomatal closing by $H_2O_2$ in intact leaf was also observed by measuring the diffusion resistance with porometer. It was found that the stomatal closing by $H_2O_2$ was not mediated by $Ca^{2+}$, and that was a different result observed in stomatal closing by water stress. Reversely, $Ca^{2+}$ showed a great inhibition on stomatal closing. The leakage of K+ in epidermal strips was doubled in response to $H_2O_2$ when it was campared to the control. 10 ppm $H_2O_2$ decreased photosynthetic activity. Fv/Fm representing the activity of Photosystem II was reduced about 4 % in 10 ppm $H_2O_2$ and 8 % in 100 ppm $H_2O_2$ In the treatment of 1.5 hour. However, stomatal closing by 10 ppm $H_2O_2$ was reduced about 56 %. According1y, it can be suggested that stomatal closing by $H_2O_2$ is related with the decrease of photosynthetic activity, but it was chiefly induced by the change of the membrane permeability. Key words Commelina communis, stomatal closing, $H_2O_2$, $Ca^{2+}$, photosynthesis.

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Synthesis and Structures of $(NH_4)_{10}[Ni(H_2O)_5]_4[V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6{\cdot}nH_2O$ and $(NH_4)_{3.5}(C_3H_{12}N_2)_{3.5}[Ni(H_2O)_6]_{1.25}{[Ni(H_2O)_5]_2[V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6{\cdot}nH_2O$

  • Yun, Ho-Seop;Do, Jung-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Crystallography
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 2004
  • Two new nickel vanadium borophosphate cluster compounds, $(NH_4)_{10}[Ni(H_2O)_5]_4[V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6{\cdot}nH_2O$ (1) and $(NH_4)_{3.5}(C_3H_{12}N_2)_{3.5}[Ni(H_2O)_6]_{1.25}{[Ni(H_2O)_5]_2[V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6{\cdot}nH_2O$ (2) have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Inter-diffusion methods were employed to prepare the compounds. The cluster anion $[(NH_4)\;{\supset}\;V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6$ is used as a building unit in the synthesis of new compounds containing $Ni(H_2O){^{2+}_5}$ in the presence of pyrazine and 1,3-diaminopropane. Compounds contain isolated cluster anions with general composition ${[Ni(H_2O)_5]_n[(NH_4)\;{\supset}\;V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6}^{-(17-2n)}$ (n = 2, 4). Crystal data: $(NH_4)_{10}[Ni(H_2O)_5]_4[V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6{\cdot}nH_2O$, monoclinic, space group C2/m (no. 12), a = 27.538(2) ${\AA}$, b = 20.366(2) ${\AA}$, c = 11.9614(9) ${\AA}$, ${\beta}$ = 112.131(1)$^{\circ}$, Z = 8; $(NH_4)_{3.5}(C_3H_{12}N_2)_b[Ni(H_2O)_6]_{3.5}{[Ni(H_2O)_5]_2[V_2P_2BO_{12}]_6{\cdot}nH_2O$, triclinic, space group P-1 (no. 2), a = 17.7668(9) ${\AA}$, b = 17.881(1) ${\AA}$, c = 20.668(1) ${\AA}$, ${\alpha}$ = 86.729(1)$^{\circ}$, ${\beta}$ \ 65.77(1)$^{\circ}$, ${\gamma}$ = 80.388(1)$^{\circ}$, Z = 2.

Synthesis and Characterization of Substituted Pyridine Complexes of Molybdenum(Ⅴ). Di-${\mu}$-oxo-dioxodichlorobis(substituted pyridines) dimolybdenum(Ⅴ) and Substituted Pyridinium Di-${\mu}$-oxo-dioxohexaisothiocyanatodimolybdates(Ⅴ) (몰리브덴의 피리딘계 착물합성과 그 성질 (제5보). 이-${\mu}$ -옥소-이옥소이클로로비스(치환피리딘) 이 몰리브덴 (Ⅴ) 와 이-${\mu}$- 옥소-이옥소육이소티오시아나토 이 몰리브덴 (Ⅴ) 산 치환피리딘늄)

  • Kim, Chang-Su;Sang Oh Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.383-388
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    • 1982
  • $Mo_2O_4Cl_2$$(X-py)_4{\cdot}2H_2$O and $(X-pyH)_4$[$Mo_2O_4(NCS)_6)$]${\cdot}H_2$O have been prepared. The infrared, electronic and reflectance spectra, molar conductances and magnetic susceptibility data of complexes are reported. $Mo_2O_4Cl_2$$(X-py)_4{\cdot}2H_2$O (X-py were 3-and 4-cyanopyridine, nicotinamide, 3,5-lutidine and 2-amino-4-picoline) were obtained by hydrolysis of the corresponding substituted pyridinium oxopentachloromolybdates(Ⅴ). Addition of water and substituted pyridines to molybdenum(Ⅴ)-thiocyanate ethylacetate extract yielded brown compounds, $(X-pyH)_4$[$Mo_2O_4(NCS)_6)$]${\cdot}H_2$O where X-py were pyridine, ${\alpha}$, 3-bromopyridine 3,5-lutidine, 3-benzoylpyridine and 4-acetylpyridine. Binuclear, $Mo_2O_4Cl_2(X-py)_4{\cdot}2H_2$ prepared from hydrolysis of $(X-pyH)_2[MoOCl_5]{\cdot}H_2O$ were diamagnetic and nonelectrolytes. The anion of $(X-pyH)_4$[$Mo_2O_4(NCS)_6)$]${\cdot}H_2$O was formulated as dimer and electrolyte.

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Studies on the Molybdenum Complexes with Tridentate Schiff Base Ligand (I) (세자리 Schiff Base 리간드의 몰리브덴 착물에 관하여 (제1보))

  • Ki Hyung Chjo
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 1973
  • The tridentate schiff base ligand, salicyliden amino-o-hydroxy benzene, has derived from salicylaldehyde and o-amino phenol. This ligand reacts with a series of Mo (VI), Mo (V), Mo (IV), and Mo (III) oxidated states and forms a new complexes; [Mo O$_2(H_2O)\;(C_{13}H_9O_2N)]$, [MoO Cl$(H_2O)\;(C_{13}H_9O_2N)]$, [Mo(SCN)$_2(H_2O)\;(C_{13}H_9O2_N)]$$[Mo(H_2O)_2\;(C_{13}H_9O_2N)]_2O$. The Mo (VI), Mo(V) and Mo(Ⅳ) ions in these complexes are octahedron, hexa coordinate, and the mole ratio of these ions to the ligand are 1 : 1, but Mo (III) Complex is a Mo-O-Mo oxygen bridge bond and polynuclear, and the mole ratio of Mo (III) to the ligand 1 : 1 above facts are identified from the data of Infrared spectra, visible spectra, and elemental analysis.

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Oxidation Reaction of Hydrazobenzene by Activated Catalysts of Pentadentate Schiff Base Cobalt(Ⅲ)-O2 Complexes in Methanol Solvent (메탄올 용매에서 산소 첨가된 다섯자리 Schiff Base Cobalt(Ⅲ) 착물들의 활성 촉매에 의한 Hydrazobenzene의 산화반응)

  • No, Yun Jeong;Park, Dong Hwa;Jo, Gi Hyeong;Kim, Sang Bok;Choe, Yong Guk
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.302-308
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    • 1994
  • Homogeneous catalytic oxidation of hydrazobenzene was investigated by employing pentadentate Schiff base complexes such as [Co(II)(Sal-DPT)(H$_2$O)] and [Co(II)(Sal-DET)(H$_2$O)] in oxygen-saturated methanol solvent. The oxidation product of hydrazobenzene(H$_2$AB) was trans-azobenzene(trans-AB). The rate constants of oxidation reaction measured by UV-visible spectrophotometry were observed as $6.06{\times}10^{-3}sec^{-1}$ for [Co(II)(Sal-DPT)(H$_2$O)] and $2.50{\times}10^{-3}sec^{-1}$ for [Co(II)(Sal-DET)(H$_2$O)]. The mechanism of oxidation reaction for H$_2$AB by homogeneous activated catalysts has been proposed as following. H$_2$AB + Co(II)(L)(H$_2$O) + O$_2$ $\rightleftharpoons^K_{MeOH}Co(III)(L)O_2{\cdot}H_2AB + H_2O\longrightarrow^{k}Co(II)(L) + trans-AB + H_2O_2$ (L: Sal-DPT and Sal-DET)

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The Photovoltaic Effect of Iodine-Doped Metal Free Phthalocyanine/ZnO System (Ⅱ). The Photovoltaic Effect of $ZnO/H_2Pc(I)_x$ Dispersed in Poly(9-vinylcarbazole) (요오드가 도핑된 무금속 프탈로시아닌/산화아연계의 광기전력 효과 (Ⅱ). Poly(9-vinylcarbazole)에 분산된 $ZnO/H_2Pc(I)_x$계의 광기전력 효과)

  • Heur, Soun-Ok;Kim, Young-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.176-185
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    • 1995
  • To improve photosensisitizing efficiency of ZnO/$H_2Pc(I)_x$ system, ZnO/$H_2Pc(I)_x$ system was dispersed in a typical photoconductive polymer of poly(9-vinylcarbazole)(PVCZ). The iodine dopant level(x) of ZnO/${\chi}-H_2Pc(I)_x$ is proportional to concentration of iodine, whereas x of ZnO/${\beta}-H_2Pc(I)_x$ decreased from the highest x=0.97 at more than $6.3{\times}10^{-3}$ M iodine solution. The Raman spectra of ZnO/${\chi}-H_2Pc(I)_x$ at 514 nm exhibited characteristic $I_3^-$ patterns in the range of 50∼550 $cm^{-1}$ at $x{\geq}0.57.$ The surface photovoltage of ZnO/${\chi}-H_2Pc(I)_{0.48}$/PVCZ was approximately 1.6 times greater than ZnO/${\chi}-H_2 Pc(I)_{0.48}$ and was 1.8 times of ZnO/${\chi}-H_2Pc(I)_{0.57}$/PVCZ at 670 nm. With ZnO/$H_2Pc(I)_x$/PVCZ, the highest iodine dopant levels showed a higher photovoltage. Therefore the injection of holes from H2Pc into PVCZ resulted in that photosensisitizing effect of ZnO/$H_2Pc(I)_x$/PVCZ system was improved compared to ZnO/$H_2Pc(I)_x$ case.

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