• Title, Summary, Keyword: $SiO_2$ 나노콜로이드

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Wear Characteristics According of Heat Treatment of Si3N4 with Different Amounts of SiO2 Nano-Colloid (SiO2 나노 콜로이드 량이 다른 Si3N4의 열처리에 따른 마모 특성)

  • Ahn, Seok Hwan;Nam, Ki Woo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.1117-1123
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    • 2014
  • This study sintered $Si_3N_4$ with different amounts of $SiO_2$ nano-colloid. The surface of a mirror-polished specimen was coated with $SiO_2$ nano-colloid, and cracks were healed when the specimen was treated at a temperature of 1273 K for 1 h in air. Wear specimen experiments were conducted after heat treatments for 10 min at 1073, 1273, and 1573 K. The heat-treated surface that was coated with the $SiO_2$ nano-colloid was slightly rougher than the noncoated surface. The oxidation state of the surface according to the heat treatment temperature showed no correlation with the surface roughness. Moreover, the friction coefficient, wear loss, and bending strength were not related to the surface roughness. $Si_3N_4$ exhibited an abrasive wear behavior when SKD11 was used as an opponent material. The friction coefficient was proportional to the wear loss, and the bending strength was inversely proportional to the friction coefficient and wear loss. The friction coefficient and wear loss increased with increasing amounts of the $SiO_2$ nanocolloid. In addition, the friction coefficient was slightly increased by increasing the heat treatment temperature.

Tribology of Si3N4 Ceramics Depending on Amount of Added SiO2 Nanocolloid (SiO2 나노 콜로이드 첨가량에 따른 질화규소의 트라이볼러지)

  • Nam, Ki-Woo;Chung, Young-Kyu;Hwang, Seok-Hwan;Kim, Jong-Soon;Moon, Chang-Kwon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.267-272
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    • 2011
  • We analyzed the wear characterization of $Si_3N_4$ ceramics according to the amount of added $SiO_2$ nanocolloid. The test specimen was prepared by hot-press sintering at 35 MPa and 2123 K in an $N_2$ gas atmosphere for 1 h. A wear test was performed with a block-on-ring tester, and the test conditions were as follows: (1) the ring with a diameter of 35 mm had a rotational speed of 50 rpm; (2) the load was 9.8 N; and (3) the temperature was $25^{\circ}C$. The test results show that $Si_3N_4$ ceramics have a friction coefficient of about 1.0 and a wear loss of about 0.02 mm. Of the specimens used this study, the test specimen with 1.3 wt% of added $SiO_2$ nanocolloid has the best wear resistance because it has the lowest friction coefficient and the smallest wear loss. This specimen also has the highest Vickers hardness and bending strength. In this study, the friction coefficient is inversely proportional to the hardness and bending strength.

Nano-Sized Mullite(3Al2O3.42SiO2) Colloids Fabricated by Spray Combustion Synthesis (SCS) Technique (분무연소합성(SCS)법에 의한 나노크기 물라이트(3Al2O3.42SiO2) 콜로이드 제조)

  • Lee, Sang-Jin;Jun, Byung-Sei
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 2004
  • Nano-sized mullite (3Al$_2$O$_3$$.$2SiO$_2$) colloids were prepared by use of the spray combustion method. For combustion reaction, Al(NO$_3$)$_3$$.$9$H_2O$, and CH$_{6}$N$_4$O were used as an oxidizer and a fuel respectively, and then colloidal silica was also added as 2SiO$_2$source for mullite. The temperature of the reaction chamber was kept at 80$0^{\circ}C$ to initiate the ignition of droplets of the mixed precursors. For preventing droplet coagulation, the droplet number concentration was reduced using the metal screen filter, and the residence time of aerosol was kept at 2.5 seconds for laminar flow. The synthesized colloidal particles had an uniform spherical shape with 130 nanometer size and the crystalline phase showed the mullite with stoichiometry in the observations of XRD and TEM.

Fabrication and Self-assembly of SiO2 nanopowder (SiO2 나노분말의 제조와 자기 조립)

  • 김명순;신동찬;이범규
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.241-241
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    • 2003
  • 실리카 나노 분말의 제조공정과 얻어진 나노분말의 자기조립 현상에 대하여 연구하였다. 나노분말은 TEOS(Tetraethylorthosilicate)를 이용하여 Stober process로 단분산 콜로이드 SiO2를 제조하였다. 다양한 응용을 위해서 좁은 입도분포를 가지면서도 다양한 크기를 가지는 분말을 제조하고자 TEOS, NH4OH, 에탄올, 증류수 등의 절대량과 몰비를 변화시키면서 나노분말을 제조하였다. 실험조건에 대한 입도분포와 평균 입자크기의 변화는 핵생성 이론으로 설명될 수 있었다. 얻어진 나노분말을 이용하여 dipcoating과 electron plating방법으로 단층 혹은 여러층의 박막을 형성하였다. 자기배열에 기초한 두 가지 증착방법에서 박막층에 미치는 변수들의 영향을 주로 electorn plating 방법에 대하여 고찰하였다.

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Transports of Ferrihydrite Colloids in Packed Quartz Sand Media (석영모래 속에서의 Ferrihydrite 콜로이드 이동)

  • Kim, Seok-Hwi;Gu, Baohua;Lee, Jae-Hoon;Wang, Wei;Park, Ki-Hoon;Kim, Kang-Joo
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2006
  • Transports of heterogeneously charged particles were investigated based on column experiments. Synthesized mono-dispersed ferrihydrite (${\sim}100nm$) and amorphous $SiO_2\;({\sim}40nm\;and\;{\sim}80nm)$ particles, of which surfaces are oppositely charged under pH < 9.0 (ferrihydrite, positive; amorphous silica, negative), were used. $177{\sim}250{\mu}m$ quartz sand was used as a stationary matrix. The results show that even favorable particles (i.e., ferrihydrite) can show a conservative transport through the oppositely charged media (i.e., quartz) when they coexist with humic acid or with much greater number of oppositely charged particles. These results imply that transports of both negatively and positively charged contaminants may be possible at the same time under a condition of heterogeneous colloidal system.

Investigation of Convective Heat Transfer Characteristics of Aqueous SiO2 Nanofluids under Laminar Flow Conditions (층류유동 조건에서 SiO2 나노유체의 대류 열전달 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Hyun-Ah;Park, Ji-Hyun;Jeong, Rag-Gyo;Kang, Seok-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2016
  • The effect of the migration of nanoparticles near the wall of a channel on the convective heat transfer in a laminar flow of $SiO_2$ nanoparticle suspensions (nanofluids) under constant wall heat flux boundary conditions was numerically and experimentally investigated in this study. The dynamic thermal conductivity of the aqueous $SiO_2$ nanofluids was measured using T-type thermocouples attached to the outer surface of a stainless steel circular tube (with a length of 1 m and diameter of 1.75 mm). The nanofluids used in this study were synthesized by dispersing $SiO_2$ spherical nanoparticles with a diameter of 24 nm in de-ionized water (DIW). The enhancement of the thermal conductivity of the nanofluids (e.g., an increase of up to 7.9 %) was demonstrated by comparing the temperature profiles in the flow of the nanofluids with that in the flow of the basefluids (i.e., DIW). However, this trend was not demonstrated in the computational analysis, because the numerical models were based on continuum assumptions and flow features involving nanoparticles in a stable colloidal solution. Thus, to explore the non-continuum effects, such as the modification of the morphology caused by nanoparticle-wall interactions on the heat exchanging surfaces (e.g., the isolated and dispersed precipitation of the nanoparticles), additional experiments were performed using DIW right after the measurements using the nanofluids.

Characterization of Crack Healing of Si3N4 Ceramic Structures According to Crack Length and Coating Methods (균열 길이와 코팅방법에 따른 Si3N4의 균열 치유 특성)

  • Nam, Ki-Woo;Moon, Chang-Kwon;Park, Sang-Hyun;Eun, Kyung-Ki;Kim, Jong-Soon
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.11
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    • pp.1715-1720
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we analyzed the crack-healing characteristics of specimens; different crack lengths and coating methods of $Si_3N_4$ ceramic structures with long cracks were analyzed. Cracks with lengths of about $100-500\;{\mu}m$ were obtained using a Vickers indenter for a load of 24.5-98 N. In the case of a crack obtained by applying a load of 24.5 N, the crack-healed specimen with $SiO_2$ nanocolloid coating exhibited the highest bending strength, which was higher than that of a smooth specimen by 140%, but the bending strength of a crack-healed specimen that had a $SiO_2$ nanocolloid coating and originally had multiple cracks was lower than that of a smooth specimen. However, when compared to the cracked specimens, the bending strength of most specimens with multiple cracks increased slightly. On the basis of these results, the crack-healing characteristics of $Si_3N_4$ ceramic structures with multiple indentations were studied for different coating methods. The most effective coating method for long-crack specimens was hydrostatic pressure coating.

A Study on the Zeta Potential Measurement and the Stability Analysis of Nano Fluids using a Particle Image Processing System (입자 영상 처리 시스템을 이용한 콜로이드 입자의 제타포텐셜 측정 및 나노유체 분산 특성 연구)

  • Lee, J.K.;Kim, S.C.;Kim, H.J.;Lee, C.G.;Ju, C.H.;Lee, L.C.
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.16-22
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    • 2003
  • Zeta potential measurements of colloid particles suspended in a liquid are performed by a Zeta Meter developed. There are many applications of colloid stability in spray technology, paints, wastewater treatment, and pharmaceuticalse. Zeta potentials of charged particles are obtained by measuring the electrophoretic velocities of the particles using video enhanced microscopy and image analysis program. The values of zeta potential of polystyrene latex(PSL), $silica(SiO_2)$M, polyvinylidence difluoride(PVDF), silicon nitride, and alumina particles in deionized (DI) water were measured to be -40.5, -31.9, -25.2, -15.1 and -10.1mV, respectively. The particles having high zeta potential less than -20 mV are stable in DI water, because the double layers of them have strong repulsive forces mutually, and the particles having low zeta potential over -20mV are unstable due to Van Der Waals forces. Silica(>20nm), PSL, aluminum and PVDF particles were found to be stable that would remain separate and well disperse, while silicon nitride and alumina particles were found to be unstable that would gradually agglomerate in DI water.

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은 도핑 효과를 이용한 그래핀 투명 전도성 필름의 전기적 특성 향상

  • Jeong, Sang-Hui;Lee, Su-Il;Kim, Yu-Seok;Song, U-Seok;Kim, Seong-Hwan;Cha, Myeong-Jun;Park, Sang-Eun;Min, Gyeong-Im;Park, Jong-Yun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.566-566
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    • 2012
  • 그래핀(Graphene)은 모든 탄소 동소체의 기본구성 요소로 2 차원 결정구조를 가지며, 양자홀 효과(quantum Hall effect), 뛰어난 열 전도도, 고 탄성, 광학적 투과성 등과 같은 탁월한 물리적 성질을 보이는 물질이다. 이러한 그래핀의 우수한 특성은 전계 효과 트랜지스터(field effect transistor), 화학/바이오 센서, 투명 전극(transparent electrode) 등의 다양한 전자소자를 개발하는 응용 가능하다. 그 중, 그래핀 투명전극의 제조는 가장 응용가능성이 높은 분야이다. 현재 투명전극 물질로는 인듐-주석 산화물(indium tin oxide; ITO)가 널리 이용되고 있으나, 인듐의 고갈로 인한 공급부족 문제 및 고 생산비용, 휘어지지 않는 취성 등의 단점을 지니고 있다. 따라서, 우수한 광학적 투과성과 전기전도성을 지닌 그래핀이 ITO의 대체 물질로서 각광받고 있다.[1-5] 본 연구에서는 그래핀의 투명전도필름의 응용을 위해 면저항을 낮추기 위한 방법으로 화학적 도핑(doping)을 이용하였다. 그래핀은 구리(copper; Cu) 호일을 촉매로 사용하여 열 화학증착법(Thermal Chemical Vapor Deposition)을 이용하여 합성하였다. 합성된 그래핀은 PMMA(Poly(methyl methacrylate)) 전사법을 이용하여 산화실리콘(SiO2) 기판에 전사 후, 염화은(AgCl)과 클로로벤젠(C6H5Cl)으로 만든 콜로이드(colloid) 용액에 디핑(dipping)하여 그래핀에 은 입자를 도핑 하였다. 그 결과, 은 입자 도핑 농도에 따라 면저항이 감소하는 양상을 보였다. 제작된 그래핀 투명전도성 필름의 투과도는 자외선-가시광선-근적외선 분광법(UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy)를 이용하여 측정하였고, 라만 분광법(Raman spectroscopy)을 통해 그래핀 필름의 질적 우수성과 성장 균일도를 조사하였다.

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