• Title, Summary, Keyword: $TiO_2$

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The Fabrication and Characteristic for Narrow-band Pass Color-filter Deposited by Ti3O5/SiO2 Multilayer (Ti3O5/SiO2 다층박막를 이용한 협대역 칼라투과필터 제작 및 특성연구)

  • Park, Moon-Chan;Ko, Kyun-Chae;Lee, Wha-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.357-362
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The narrow-band pass color-filters with a 500 nm central wavelength and 12 nm FWHM using $Ti_3O_5/SiO_2$ mutilayer were fabricated, and their characteristics and structures were studied. Methods: the optical constants, n and k, of the $Ti_3O_5$ and $SiO_2$ thin films were obtained from the transmittances of their thin film. The narrow-band pass color-filters were designed with these optical constants and the AR coating of the filter was also designed. $Ti_3O_5/SiO_2$ multilayer filters were made by electron beam evaporation apparatus and the transmittaces of the filters were measured by spectrophotometer. the number of layers and the thicknesses of filters were calculated from the cross section of filters by SEM image and the composition of filters was analysed by XPS analysis. Results: The optimization of AR coating for the narrow-band pass color-filter was [air$|SiO_2(90)|Ti_3O_5(36)|SiO_2(5)|Ti_3O_5(73)|SiO_2(30)|Ti_3O_5(15)|$ glass], and the optimization of filter layer for the color filter was [air$|SiO_2(192)|Ti_3O_5(64)|SiO_2(102)|Ti_3O_5(66)|SiO_2(112)|Ti_3O_5(74)|SiO_2(120)|Ti_3O_5(68)|SiO_2(123)|Ti_3O_5(80)|SiO_2(109)|Ti_3O_5(70)|SiO_2(105)|Ti_3O_5(62)|SiO_2(99)|Ti_3O_5(63)|SiO_2(98)|Ti_3O_5(51)|SiO_2(60)|Ti_3O_5(42)|SiO_2(113)|Ti_3O_5(88)|SiO_2(116)|Ti_3O_5(68)|SiO_2(89)|Ti_3O_5(49)|SiO_2(77)|Ti_3O_5(48)|SiO_2(84)|Ti_3O_5(51)|SiO_2(85)|Ti_3O_5(48)|SiO_2(59)|Ti_3O_5(34)|SiO_2(71)|Ti_3O_5(44)|SiO_2(65)|Ti_3O_5(45)|SiO_2(81)|Ti_3O_5(52)|SiO_2(88)|$ glass]. It was known that the color-filters fabricated by the simulation data were composed of 41 layers by SEM image and the top layer of filters was $SiO_2$ layer and the filters were composed of $SiO_2$/$Ti_3O_5$ multilayer by XPS analysis. It was also known that the mixed thin film of TiO2 and $Ti_3O_5$ was made during the deposition of the $Ti_3O_5$ material. Conclusions: The narrow-band pass color-filters with a 500 nm central wavelength and 12 nm FWHM using $Ti_3O_5/SiO_2$ mutilayer of 41 layer were fabricated, and it was known that the mixed form of TiO2 and $Ti_3O_5$ thin film was made during the deposition of the $Ti_3O_5$ material.

Prediction of the optical properties of $TiO_2$/Ag/$TiO_2$ films using transfer matrix and comparisions with real transmittance measured on the sputter-deposited films (Transfer Matrix를 사용하여 예측한 $TiO_2$/Ag/$TiO_2$ 박막의 광학적 성질 및 스퍼터 증착된 박막과의 특성 비교)

  • Kim, Jin-Il;Kim, Jin-Hyeon;Kim, Yeong-Hwan;O, Tae-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.140-148
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    • 1995
  • Optical properties of $TiO_{2}$. Ag filrns and $TiO_{2}/Ag/TiO_{2}$ multilayer filrns with different thickness were predicted using the transfer matrix, and these results were compared with real transmittance curves of the sputterdeposited films. With the complex refractive indices, it was possible to predict transmittance characteristics which were close to real data for $TiO_{2}$ and Ag films. Due to the diffusion and agglomeration of Ag during $TiO_{2}$ deposition, optical properties of the sputterdeposited $TiO_{2}/Ag/TiO_{2}$ films were found to be very different from the transmittance curves predicted using the transfer matrix. Using deposition of 4nm-thick or 6nm-thick TI layers as a diffusion barrier, however, the transmittance curves of $TiO_{2}/Ti/Ag/Ti/TiO_{2}$ five-layer films became similar to ones predicted for $TiO_{2}/Ag/TiO_{2}$ threeiayer films.

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Microwave Dielectric Properties of CaTiO$_3$and CaTiO$_3$-TiO$_2$Ceramics (CaTiO$_3$및 CaTiO$_3$-TiO$_2$세라믹스의 마이크로파 유전특성)

  • 홍석경;윤중락;김경용
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.1102-1107
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    • 1993
  • Microwave dielectric properties of CaTiO3 and CaTiO3-TiO2 ceramics for the composition range between 40 and 50 mol% CaO in CaO-TiO2 binary system were investigated. CaTiO3 ceramics with50 mol% CaO showed the dielectric constant (e,) of 178, the temperature coefficient of resonant frequency(c,) of+1000 ppm/'c and the qualify factor Q of 2760 (f0=2.7 GHz ). Dielectric constant and temperature coefficient of resonant frequency of ceramics with dual phases of CaTiO3 and TiO2 decreased gradually from those of CaTiO3 as the CaO content decreased. Q value and density were found to have minimum at the composition of 47 mol% CaO. The degradation of Q value and density in dual phase ceramics seems to be caused by the large pores at grain boundaries and/or within grains remained after rapid growth of CaTiO3 grains as TiO2 Phase decreased.

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A Study of the Synthesis and the Properties on Microwave Dielectric Material of BaO-Pr$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$ and BaO-(Nd,Pr)$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$ System (BaO-Pr$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$계 및 BaO-(Nd,Pr)$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$계 마이크로파 유전체의 합성 및 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이용석;이재원;성학제;김준수;이병하
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.775-782
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    • 1998
  • This experiment is third study concerning BaO-{{{{ { { Pr}_{ 2} O}_{3 } }}-{{{{ { TiO}_{2 } }} (Ln=Sm, Nd, Pr, La..) system which is known to show a high dielectric constant and Q value in microwave dielectric materials. The process of cry-stallization and the microwave dielectric properties of the specimens sintered at 1220-140$0^{\circ}C$ for 2 hr was investigated in the BaO-(Na,{{{{ { { Pr})_{2 }O }_{3 } }}-{{{{ { TiO}_{2 } }} as well as BaO-{{{{ { { Pr}_{ 2} O}_{3 } }}-{{{{ { TiO}_{2 } }} system. The single phase BaPr2Ti5O14 and Ba(Nd,{{{{ { { Pr})_{2 }O }_{3 } }}Ti5O14 was finally formed from the Pr2Ti2O7 (Nd, Pr)2Ti2O7 as a secondary phase in the BaO-{{{{ { { Pr}_{ 2} O}_{3 } }}-{{{{ { TiO}_{2 } }} and BaO-(Nd, {{{{ { { Pr})_{2 }O }_{3 } }}-{{{{ { TiO}_{2 } }} system respectively The dielectric constant of the specimens sint-ered at 1280~131$0^{\circ}C$ showed the maximum value as 105(BaO-{{{{ { { Pr}_{ 2} O}_{3 } }}-{{{{ { TiO}_{2 } }} system) and 88 (BaO-(Nd,{{{{ { { Pr})_{2 }O }_{3 } }}-{{{{ { TiO}_{2 } }} system) and the Q values of them showed higher value than 1800 which are due to the maximum den-sity. However the dielectric properties of the specimens sintered at higher temperature than 131$0^{\circ}C$ were reduced due to the increases of pore which were resulted from the sudden grain growth.

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Synthesis of CeO2/TiO2 core-shell Nanoparticles (CeO2/TiO2 코어-쉘 나노입자의 합성)

  • Mun, Young Gil;Park, Chang Woo;Kim, Sang Hern
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.746-755
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    • 2017
  • In this study, $CeO_2/TiO_2$ nanoparticle with structure of core and shell was synthesized by growing $TiO_2$ onto the surface of $CeO_2$ according to hydrolysis of $Ti(SO_4)_2$. Reaction time, temperature, concentration of $CeO_2$ slurry, pH control of $Ti(SO_4)_2$ were optimized about synthesis of $CeO_2/TiO_2$ core-shell nanoparticle. It was found that optimal mole ratio range of $CeO_2:TiO_2$ was 1:0.2~1.1, the optimal concentration of $CeO_2$ slurry was 1 %, and the optimal reaction temperature was $50^{\circ}C$. The optimal concentration of $CeO_2$ slurry could be increased up to 10 % by adjusting the pH of $Ti(SO_4)_2$ to 1 using $NH_4OH$ and adding to $CeO_2$ slurry. If reaction was carried at $80^{\circ}C$ or higher, the separated $TiO_2$ particles were obtained instead of $CeO_2/TiO_2$ core-shell nanoparticles. The optimal reaction temperature was $50^{\circ}C$ at which good shaped core-shell structure of $CeO_2/TiO_2$ was obtained.

Microwave Dielectric Properties of the $(1-x)Mg_4Ta_2O_9-x(TiO_2,\;CaTiO_3,\;SrTiO_3)$ Ceramics ($(1-x)Mg_4Ta_2O_9-x(TiO_2,\;CaTiO_3,\;SrTiO_3)$ 세라믹스의 마이크로파 유전 특성)

  • Kim, Jae-Sik;Choi, Eui-Sun;Bae, Seon-Gi;Lee, Young-Hie
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.55 no.7
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    • pp.344-348
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    • 2006
  • The effect of x on microwave dielectric properties of the $(1-x)Mg_4Ta_2O_9-x(TiO_2,\;CaTiO_3,\;SrTiO_3)$ ceramics for microwave components were investigated. All spcecimens prepared by the conventional mixed oxied method and sintered at $1450^{\circ}C$. Microwave dielectric properties of the $(1-x)Mg_4Ta_2O_9-xTiO_2$ ceramics were influenced by $MgTi_2O_5$ phase. Also the microwave dielectric properties of the $(1-x)Mg_4Ta_2O_9-x(TiO_2,\;CaTiO_3,\;SrTiO_3)$ ceramics were dominated with an addition of $CaTiO_3\;and\;SrTiO_3$. The dielectric constant $(\varepsilon_r)$, quality factor $(Q{\times}f_r)$ and temperature coefficient of the resonant frequency $(TCRF,\;\tau_f)$ of the $(1-x)Mg_4Ta_2O_9-x(TiO_2,\;CaTiO_3,\;SrTiO_3)$ ceramics were $12.96\sim70.98,\;5,132\sim186,410GHZ$ and $-35.82\sim+75.96ppm/^{\circ}C$, respectively, and depend on x and addition materials.

A Study of the synthesis and the properties on microwave dielectric material of BaO--$Nd_2O_3$-$TiO_2$and BaO-(Sm, $ND)_2O_3$-$TiO_2$ system (BaO-$Nd_2O_3$-$TiO_2$계 및 BaO-(Sm, $ND)_2O_3$-$TiO_2$계 마이크로파 유전체의 합성 및 제특성에 관한 연구)

  • 이용석;김준수;이병하
    • Electrical & Electronic Materials
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.819-829
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    • 1997
  • The microwave dielectric materials of the BaO-Nd$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$and BaO-(Sm, Nd)$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$system were synthesized by conventional ceramic processing and sintered 1220 to 140$0^{\circ}C$ for 2 hours respectively. Their crystallization and dielectric properties were examined. In the BaO-Nd$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$ and BaO-(Sm, Nd)$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$system. Nd$_2$Ti$_2$O$_{7}$ and (Sm, Nd)$_2$Ti$_2$O$_{7}$ were observed as a second phase respectively. The maximum relative dielectric constant were 79,99 for the BaO-Nd$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$system and 105.07 for the BaO-(Sm,Nd)$_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$system and their Q-value were over 2000 at 3GHz.GHz.

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Self-cleaning Properties of TiO2-SiO2-In2O3 Nanocomposite Thin Film

  • Eshaghi, Akbar;Eshaghi, Ameneh
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.11
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    • pp.3991-3995
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    • 2011
  • $TiO_2-SiO_2-In_2O_3$ nanocomposite thin film was deposited on the glass substrates using a dip coating technique. The morphology, surface composition, surface hydroxyl groups, photocatalytic activity and hydrophilic properties of the thin film were investigated by AFM, XPS, methyl orange decoloring rate and water contact angle measurements. The hydroxyl content for $TiO_2$, $TiO_2-SiO_2$ and $TiO_2-SiO_2-In_2O_3$ nanocomposite films was calculated to be 11.6, 17.1 and 20.7%, respectively. $TiO_2-SiO_2-In_2O_3$ film turned superhydrophilic after 180-min irradiation with respect to pure $TiO_2$ and $TiO_2-SiO_2$ thin films. The photocatalytic decomposition of methyl orange for $TiO_2$, $TiO_2-SiO_2$ and $TiO_2-SiO_2-In_2O_3$ thin films was measured as 38.19, 58.71 and 68.02%, respectively. The results indicated that $SiO_2$ and $In_2O_3$ had a significant effect on the hydrophilic, photocatalytic and self-cleaning properties of $TiO_2$ thin film.

Synthesis and Properties of $Al_2$$O_3$-$TiO_2$Composites by Wet Method -1. Synthesis of $Al_2$$O_3$-$TiO_2$Composite Powders- (습식법에 의한 $Al_2$$O_3$-$TiO_2$복합체의 합성 및 특성연구 -1. $Al_2$$O_3$-$TiO_2$계 복합분체의 합성(1)-)

  • 류수착;엄지영
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.412-417
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는 습식법으로 수산화 알루미늄과 티타니아를 출발물질로 하여 $Al_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$복합분체를 제조하였으며, 2 mol의 Al(OH)$_3$분말에 대하여 TiO$_2$분말량을 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 wt%로 첨가하여 $Al_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$복합분체의 특성을 조사하였다. 제조된 $Al_2$O$_3$-TiO$_2$계 복합분체는 $700^{\circ}C$~140$0^{\circ}C$까지 하소하여 XRD 분석을 한 결과 100$0^{\circ}C$까지는 TiO$_2$(rutile)상과 η-Al$_2$O$_3$상이 공존하다가 110$0^{\circ}C$부터 130$0^{\circ}C$까지는 η-Al$_2$O$_3$에서 $\alpha$-Al$_2$O$_3$로의 상전이가 일어나서 $\alpha$-Al$_2$O$_3$상과 TiO$_2$(rutile)상이 나타났으며 하소온도 140$0^{\circ}C$, TiO$_2$첨가량이 5 wt%일 때부터 $Al_2$TiO$_{5}$가 생성되기 시작하였다. TiO$_2$첨가량에 따른 비표면적값은 첨가량이 7 wt%까지는 감소하였으나 그 이상 첨가시 증가하였다. 입도분석 결과 평균입경은 15.74~23.21$mu extrm{m}$로서 TiO$_2$첨가량이 3 wt%일 때 가장 작은 값을 가졌으며 TiO$_2$첨가량은 5 wt% 이상부터 점차 감소하였다.

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Photodecomposition of Concentrated Ammonia over Nanometer-sized TiO2, V-TiO2, and Pt/V-TiO2 Photocatalysts

  • Choi, Hyung-Joo;Kim, Jun-Sik;Kang, Mi-Sook
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.581-588
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    • 2007
  • To enhance the photodecomposition of concentrated ammonia into N2, Pt/V-TiO2 photocatalysts were prepared using solvothermal and impregnation methods. Nanometer-sized particles of 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 mol% V-TiO2 were prepared solvothermally, and then impregnated with 1.0 wt% Pt. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) peaks assigned to V2O5 at 30.20 (010) and Pt metal at 39.80 (111) and 46.20 (200) were seen in the 1.0 wt% Pt/ 10.0 mol% V-TiO2. The particle size increased in the order: pure TiO2, V-TiO2 and Pt/V-TiO2 after thermal treatment at 500 °C, while their surface areas were in the reverse order. On X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), the bands assigned to the Ti2p3/2 and Ti2p1/2 of Ti4+-O were seen in all the photocatalysts, and the binding energies increased in the order: TiO2 < Pt/V-TiO2 < V-TiO2. The XPS bands assigned to the V2p3/2 (517.85, 519.35, and 520.55 eV) and V2p1/2 (524.90 eV) in the V3+, V4+ and V5+ oxides appeared over V-TiO2, respectively, while the band shifted to a lower binding energy with Pt impregnation. The Pt components of Pt/ V-TiO2 were identified at 71.60, 73.80, 75.00 and 76.90 eV, which were assigned to metallic Pt 4f7/2, PtO 4f7/2, PtO2 4f7/2, and PtO 4f5/2, respectively. The UV-visible absorption band shifted closer towards the visible region of the spectrum in V-TiO2 than in pure TiO2 and; surprisingly, the Pt/V-TiO2 absorbed at all wavelengths from 200 to 800 nm. The addition of vanadium generated a new acid site in the framework of TiO2, and the medium acidic site increased with Pt impregnation. The NH3 decomposition increased with the amount of vanadium compared to pure TiO2, and was enhanced with Pt impregnation. NH3 decomposition of 100% was attained over 1.0 wt% Pt/1.0 mol% V-TiO2 after 80 min under illumination with 365 nm light, although about 10% of the ammonia was converted into undesirable NO2 and NO. Various intermediates, such as NO2, -NH2, -NH and NO, were also identified in the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectra. From the gas chromatography (GC), FT-IR and GC/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) analyses, partially oxidized NO and NO2 were found to predominate over V-TiO2 and pure TiO2, respectively, while both molecules were reduced over Pt/V-TiO2.