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A Study on the Effect of Accident-Proneness Prospect by Health Conditions in Children (유아의 건강도에 따른 사고경향예지도에 관한 연구)

  • 방주영
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.90-116
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for the children so as to avoid any accidents and to improve their health through a sound and safe living environment with safety education established through more systematic methods. For the study, the methods used include the questionnaires for collecting data which are distributed among 273 children from 3 to 6 years old. They live in three districts of Seoul (Kangnam and Kangbuk), Kyeonggido (Munsan and Ilsan) and Incheon. The children's general characteristics are investigated and the relationship between the accident-proneness prospects and their results are analyzed assuming that children's health is expected to have an effect on their safety. The findings of the study are as follows: 1. The accident-proneness prospect (for the living safety) has significant difference in sleeping habits and physically weak conditions(p<0.05). 2. The accident-proneness prospect (for the traffic safety) has no significant difference in accordance with the children's health condition. 3. Children's reasoning power has no significant difference in accordance with their health condition. 4. Children's movement speed non-significantly differs in accordance with their health condition. 5. Children's movement stability has a significant difference in accordance with their health conditions such as history of mild disease(p<0.05) and physical work capacity(p<0.05). 6. Children's attention power has no significant difference in accordance with their health condition. 7. Children's characteristic activities show a significant difference in accordance with their health history of mild disease(p<0.05). mental health(p<0.05). eating habits(p<0.05) and others (i.e. auditory abnormality and skin desease)(p<0.05). 8. General assessment of the APP test has no significant difference in accordance with their health condition. 9. The health conditions are a significant difference in the history of mild disease in accordance with sex(p<0.05) and whole family members(p<0.001). Also there are shown significant differences. in accordance with sex(p<0.05). in physical work capacity(p<0.05). Eye sight, blood circulation and skin condition show significant differences in accordance with residence(p<0.05) and whole family members(p<0.01). and the condition of eating habits appeared significant in accordance with age(p<0.05). Also, sleeping habits and physically weak conditions shows significant differences in accordance with age(p<0.001) and housing pattern(p<0.01), and others (i.e. auditory abnormality and skin desease) show significant differences in accordance with residence (p<0.001).

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A Comparative Study regarding Health Condition and Work Stress of Nurses Working in Cancer Ward and General Ward (암병동간호사와 일반병동간호사의 건강상태와 직무스트레스 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sook
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2001
  • The health of a nurse is very important because her mental and physical health can influence toward nursing patients directly, Especially, Cancer patients are growing annually. Also, terminal cancer patients' nursing and dead place are increasingly using hospital and the period of nursing for cancer patients are increasing. Nursing for cancer patients are different with acute disease. Therefore, I analysed comparing nurses' health working in cancer and general ward so that nurses working at cancer ward could be developed as a professional nurse, and I wanted to establish the foundation of nursing administration and reasonable manpower management to supply good quality of nursing to patients. In my research, I selected 117 nurses working in cancer ward and 134 nurses working in general word to analyse the stress rate and nurse's health comparing nurses working in general ward and cancer ward. The survey was conducted of nurses working in cancer ward nurses in 2 university hospitals, nurses working in a cancer hospital, and general ward nurses working in 3 public hospital. Also, the data was collected from Sep. 13, 2001 to Sep. 28, 2001. As health measuring tool, I used Cornell Medical Index(CMI) which are developed to fit Koreans by Ko Ungrin and Park Hang-bas (1980) using Cornell Medical Services which were designed by Weiser, Brosman, Mittelman, Wechler, Wolff in Cornell University(1945). As working stress measuring tool, I used Questionaries which were designed by Kim Mae-ja and Ku Mi-ok(1984) and then developed by Bae In-sook(1996). For managing the data, I used frequency, percentage, ${\chi}^2$ verification, t-test, and F-test (ANOVA). And in the case of significant data(p<.05). I did Duncan's test for post verification. The mutual relation between health condition and working stress rate have been conducted using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. Followings are the results of my research. 1. Two groups showed significant differency at age after testing homogeneous character between two groups (${\chi}^2$ =9.919, p=.007). 2. Comparing two group's health condition, cancer ward(average 19.35${\pm}$18.34) were higher than general ward(14.42${\pm}$10.59) and showed statistical significant differency(p=.009). And, comparing two group's mental condition, cancer ward(9.00${\pm}$9.79) were higher than general ward(7.13${\pm}$6.35) and statistically no differency. 3. After comparing two group's working stress rate, the rate of cancer ward nurse's working stress(3.36${\pm}$.50) is higher than general ward nurse (3.32${\pm}$.48). There are no significant differency. However, in the detailed verification test, there were significant differency at inappropriate compensation (t=3.254, p=.001) and medication issue (t=2.170, p=.031). 4. After comparing health condition at general points, physical health condition showed significant differency at age(p=.020), the number of children (p=.015), religion (p=.015), position(p=.005), career(p=.008), working satisfaction(p=.003), activity after office hour(p=.045); and mental health condition showed significant differency at position(p=.010), career (p=.017), working satisfaction (p=.003). 5. After comparing the working stress rate according to general points, there were significant differency at working satisfaction (F=5.285, p=.006), predicted nursing(F=3.822, p=.023). 6. At the relation of health condition and working stress rate between two groups. physical and mental condition showed significant relation with working stress rate. i.e, if a nurse's health condition is not good, she are feeling much more stress than others. After considering all the factors in my research, I found that the health condition and stress rate of cancer ward nurses is much higher than general ward nurses. Considering that cancer ward nurses is necessary to care for increasing cancer patients with mental and physical nursing, the less stress for cancer ward nurses is very important to develop nursing quality and working efficiency by keeping good health condition, specializing cancer ward nurses. Therefore, we need following studies to find the factors which are effecting to cancer ward nurses' health and specialization. Also, we need to improve managing working condition to decrease working stress by improving working condition.

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A MONOID OVER WHICH ALL CYCLIC FLAT RIGHT S-ACTS SATISFY CONDITION (E)

  • L. Moon, Eun-Ho
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.26 no.1_2
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    • pp.395-400
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    • 2008
  • Although the properties of flatness and condition (E) for Sacts over a monoid S are incomparable, Liu([10]) showed that necessary and sufficient condition for a monoid S over which all left S-acts that satisfy condition (E) are flat is the regularity of S. But the problem of describing a monoid over which all cyclic flat left S-acts satisfy condition (E) is still open. Thus the purpose of this paper is to characterize monoids over which all cyclic flat right S-acts satisfy condition (E).

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ON THE JUMP NUMBER OF SPLITS OF ORDERED SETS

  • Jung, Hyung-Chan;Lee, Jeh-Gwon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.685-690
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, we consider the jump number of the split P[S] of a subset S ordered set P. $For\ x\in\ P,\ we\ show\ that\ s(P)\leq\ s(P[x]\leq\ s(P)+2$ and give a necessary and sufficient condition for which s(P[x])=s(P).

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EXISTENCE OF WEAK SOLUTIONS TO A CLASS OF SCHRÖDINGER TYPE EQUATIONS INVOLVING THE FRACTIONAL p-LAPLACIAN IN ℝN

  • Kim, Jae-Myoung;Kim, Yun-Ho;Lee, Jongrak
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.6
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    • pp.1529-1560
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    • 2019
  • We are concerned with the following elliptic equations: $$(-{\Delta})^s_pu+V (x){\mid}u{\mid}^{p-2}u={\lambda}g(x,u){\text{ in }}{\mathbb{R}}^N$$, where $(-{\Delta})_p^s$ is the fractional p-Laplacian operator with 0 < s < 1 < p < $+{\infty}$, sp < N, the potential function $V:{\mathbb{R}}^N{\rightarrow}(0,{\infty})$ is a continuous potential function, and $g:{\mathbb{R}}^N{\times}{\mathbb{R}}{\rightarrow}{\mathbb{R}}$ satisfies a $Carath{\acute{e}}odory$ condition. We show the existence of at least one weak solution for the problem above without the Ambrosetti and Rabinowitz condition. Moreover, we give a positive interval of the parameter ${\lambda}$ for which the problem admits at least one nontrivial weak solution when the nonlinearity g has the subcritical growth condition.

UNIFORM Lp-CONTINUITY OF THE SOLUTION OF STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

  • Kim, Young-Ho
    • Journal of applied mathematics & informatics
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    • v.31 no.3_4
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    • pp.491-498
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    • 2013
  • This note is concerned with the uniform $L^p$-continuity of solution for the stochastic differential equations under Lipschitz condition and linear growth condition. Furthermore, uniform $L^p$-continuity of the solution for the stochastic functional differential equation is given.

Effect of Temperature, Time and pH on the Extraction of Protein in a Chrysalis of Silk Worm. (누에 번데기의 단백질 추출에 관한 연구)

  • 조철형;차월석;차월석
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.65-68
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    • 1989
  • In order to determin the optimum extraction condition for protein in a Chrysalis of Silk Worm, Temperature, Time, and pH variation were conducted in the extraction. N.S.I. and nitrogen contents of the extracts in this condition were identified by Kjeldaha method and a C.H.N. corder. The results were as follows; Crude protein and crude fat contents in the extracts were 23.34% and 15.61%, respectively. N.S.I. values with respect to the temperature variation were 6.7% at 6$0^{\circ}C$, 7.94% at 8$0^{\circ}C$ and 8.67% at 10$0^{\circ}C$ in the condition of pH 4, 1 hr. N.S.I. values in pH variation were 7.94% at pH4, 8.99% at pH6, 9.70% at pH8, 10.19% at pH 10 and 12.16% at pH 12 in the condition of 8$0^{\circ}C$, 1hr. N.S.I. values in extraction time variation were 8.67% in 1hr, 9.23% in 2hr and 9.76% in 3hr in the condition of 10$0^{\circ}C$, pH 4. The tendency of N.S.I. variation in this extration condition was reconfirmed also by a C.H.N. corder.

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Factors Influencing Middle-aged Women's Depression (중년여성의 우울 영향요인)

  • Jun, So-Ja;Lee, Sun-Mi;Kim, Su-A;Kim, Hee-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.266-276
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study purposed to supply basic data for nursing intervention plan for middle-aged women healthcare and for finding solutions to nursing problems through understanding middle-aged women's depression, and to examine whether middle-aged women's depression is related with self-concept, self-efficacy, physical condition and social support. Method: The subjects were 200 middle-aged women aged between 35 and 60 and living in Daejon city and K city in Chungcheongnam-do, and the questionnaire survey was conducted from the 15th of August to the 18th of September in 2003 using a structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA. Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. Result: Middle- aged women's depression was found to be in a negative correlation at a statistically significant level with self-concept (r=-.679, p=0.000), self-efficacy(r=-.489, p= 0.000), physical condition(r=-.650, p=0.000) and social support(r=-.526, p=0.000). The most significant variables of middle-aged women's depression was self-concept(46.2%). Combining with physical condition(13.2%) and self-efficacy(0.9%), the three variables together explained 60.3% of middle-aged women's depression. Conclusion: The results show that middle-aged women's depression is closely related with self-concept, self-efficacy and physical condition. Thus this study suggests that the goal of nursing intervention for middle-aged women to overcome depression should be to help them to have positive self-concept, high self-efficacy and sound physical condition.

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The Relationship between Health Condition, Health Concept and Health Promoting Behavior in College Women (여대생의 건강상태, 건강개념과 건강증진행위간의 관계)

  • Park, Hye-Sook;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.218-232
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    • 2000
  • This study was done in order to analyze the relationship between Health condition, Health concept and Health promoting behavior in College Women. The subjects were 275 students from a college in Kyungbuk. The instruments used for this study were made of General characteristics (8 items), Health condition (3 item), Health concept (20 items) and Health promoting behaviors (40 items). The data were analyzed by SPSS/PC+ program using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Stepwise Regression. The results of this study were as follows. 1. The mean score of the Health promoting behavior was 2.3604. Among the subcategories, the highest degree of performance was interpersonal support (2.9133). 2. Health condition, Heath concept and Health promoting behavior according to general characteristics were as follows. 1)Perceived health condition had statistically significant differences according to board & lodging and living together (p=.040, p=.027). 2)Health concept had a statistically significant differences according to religion (p=.006). 3)Health promoting behavior had statistically significant differences according to age(p=.005). 4)Among the subcategory of Health promoting behavior, statistically significant differences were founded between nutrition and age / board & lodging (p=.004, p=.040), between self actualization and age(p=.006), between health responsibility and age/social economic status(p=.013, p=.000). 5. Correlations of Health condition, Health concept and Health promoting behavior were as follows. 1) BMI was positively correlated with perceived health status(r=.145, p=.015). 2)Health concept was positively correlated with BMI(r=.136, p=.032), perceived health condition(r=.148, p=.015), health promoting behavior (r=.316, p=.000). 6. Correlations of Health condition, Health concept and subcategories of Health promoting behavior were as follows. 1) Perceived health status was positively correlated nutrition (r=.168, p=.006). 2) Health concept was positively correlated with nutrition, stress management, self actualization and interpersonal relationship (r=.153 p=.011, r=.217 p=.000, r=.354 p=.000, r=.193 p=.001). 7. Health concept explained 10.1% of the variance for Health promoting behaviors.

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A Comparative Study on Nutritional Knowledges and Dietary Behaviors of Children in Elementary School by School Lunch Program in Won-Ju Province (원주지역 초등학교 아동의 영양지식과 식생활 태도에 관한 연구 -급식학교와 비급식학교 아동의 비교-)

  • 원향례;오혜숙
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 1997
  • This study was to investigate the children's understanding level of nutritional knowledge and the degree of knowledge application into the actual living not only in the with-lunch school but also in the without lunch school. Having expected their obtaining of nutritional knowledge and practical applicating, we compared the with-lunch school children's understanding level of nutritional knowledge, dietary attitude, and completeness of diet life with those of without-lunch school children. In addition to this, we surveyed healthiness, Physical condition, and BMI (Body Mass Index) and compared these factors. The results are as follows. 1. Almost all of the children were standard in physical condition, however they recognized themselves fatty than normal. Mealtime consumption(p<0.05), BMI(p<0.05), and diet attitude points(p<0.001) showed significant difference in the children who regarded the themselves healthy. 2. High correlation was observed between parent's physical shape and mealtime consumption (p<0.05), quantity of eating food (p<0.001), children's BMI(p<0.001) and diet attitude(p<0.05) respectively. 3. The points of itemised nutritional knowledge test was different in accordance with the children's year grade (p<0.05), children's understanding level of health and physical condition(p<0.05), parent's physical shape (p<0.05), and mother's education level(p<0.05) respectively. The points of nutritional knowledge test in both schools showed no difference except the item of vitamin.

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