• Title, Summary, Keyword: 가교화

Search Result 344, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

Physiochemical Properties of Dual-Modified (Hydroxypropylated and Cross-linked) Rice Starches (하이드록시프로필화 후 가교화시킨 복합변성 쌀 전분의 이화학적 특성)

  • Choi, Hyun-Wook;Kim, Sang-Kab;Choi, Sung-Won;Kim, Chang-Nam;Yoo, Seung-Seok;Kim, Byung-Yong;Baik, Moo-Yeol
    • Food Engineering Progress
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.332-337
    • /
    • 2011
  • Physicochemical properties of hydroxypropylated and cross-linked (HPCL) rice starch were investigated. Dual modification of rice starch was carried out by hydroxypropylation using propylene oxide (2, 6, and 12%) and then crosslinking using phosphorus oxychloride (0.005% and 0.02%). Swelling power of dual-modified rice starch increased at lower temperature (60$^{\circ}C$) than that of native rice starch (70$^{\circ}C$). HPCL rice starch showed slightly lower solubility (1.6-6.1%) than native rice starch (2.2-13.8%). Solubility and swelling power tended to gradually increase with increasing phosphorus oxychloride contents. RVA pasting temperature (66.2-70.8$^{\circ}C$) and peak viscosity (160.6- 171.1 RVU) of HPCL rice starch were lower than that of those of native starch (71.3$^{\circ}C$, 190.4 RVU) and decreased with increasing propylene oxide concentration. DSC thermal transitions of HPCL rice starches shifted to lower temperature and show less amylopectin melting enthalpy (11.8-9.8 J/g) than that of native rice starch (11.9 J/g). Overall, physicohemical properties of HPCL rice starches were highly dependent on hydroxypropylation rather than crosslinking.

Magnetorheological Elastomer Based on Reactive Blend of Maleic Anhydride Grafted Chloroprene Rubber and Epoxidized Natural Rubber (말레무수물로 개질된 클로로프렌 고무와 에폭시화 천연고무의 반응 블렌드에 기초한 자기유변 탄성체)

  • Choi, Jinyoung;Chung, Kyungho
    • Elastomers and Composites
    • /
    • v.49 no.4
    • /
    • pp.267-274
    • /
    • 2014
  • Self vulcanizable blend system for magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) has been studied by dispersing magneto responsible particle (MRP) on elastomeric matrix. Chloroprene rubber was modified with maleic anhydride (MAH) using heat and pressure which is called dynamic maleation process. The optimum graft ratio of MAH was found at 10 phr contents and reaction temperature of $100^{\circ}C$. This could be confirmed by FT-IR analysis. Epoxided natural rubber (ENR) was blended with modified CR-g-MAH for self vulcanization. The optimum amounts of ENR was 30 wt% in terms of scorch time and curing rate. MRE was manufactured by electromagnetic equipment and orientation of MRE was confirmed by SEM. Finally, it was found that the tensile strength of anisotropic-MRE was higher than that of isotropic-MRE and the hardness was reverse.

Chitosan을 이용한 수종약물의 서방화에 관한 연구

  • 서성훈;김길수;김동현;박경옥;장미경;김태호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
    • /
    • /
    • pp.104-104
    • /
    • 1993
  • 시방성 제제에 대한 연구는 주로 제제학적 수단에 의한 약효의 지속화로서 제제설계상 제형개발 및 투여제형에서의 약물방출 조절로 체내의 유효 혈중농도를 유지한다. 이에 약물 방출 조절용 물질의 하나로서 체내 분해가 가능하고 독성이 없는 생체 고분자인 Chitosan이 약물방출 담체로서 양호함에 착안하여 약물의 서방화를 기하고자 본 실험에 착수 하였다. 모델 약물로서는 sulfamethoxazole, acetaminophen, sylimarin을 사용하여 chitosan gel 과 혼합비를 달리하여 고형 문산체를 조제하고 이것을 formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, 1acetaldehyde, butylaldehyde 4종의 aldehyde를 사용하여 농도에 따른 가교화가 in vitro에서의 약물용출에 미치는 영향을 검토하였으며, 또한 위장을 거쳐 소화효소 또는 장내미생물 효소에 의한 chitosan 분해로 약물 방출의 촉진을 실험한바 지견을 얻었기에 보고한다.

  • PDF

Preparation of Humidity Sensor Using Novel Photocurable Sulfonated Polyimide Polyelectrolyte and their Properties (광가교성 Sulfonated Polyimide 전해질 고분자를 이용한 습도센서의 제조 및 특성 분석)

  • Lim, Dong-In;Gong, Myoung-Seon
    • Polymer Korea
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.486-493
    • /
    • 2012
  • Photocurable sulfonated polyimide (SPI) polyelectrolyte containing chalcone group was prepared and fabricated on an alumina electrode pretreated with chalcone-containing silane-coupling agent. SPI films with bis(tetramethyl)ammonium 2,2'-benzidinedisulfonate ($Me_4N$-BDS)/4,4'-diaminochalcone (DAC)/pyromellitic dianhydride (PA)= 90/10/100 possessed very linear response(Y = -0.04528X+7.69446, $R^2=0.99675$) and showed resistance changing from 4.48 to $2.1k{\Omega}$ between 20 and 95 %RH. The response time for absorption and desorption measurements between 33 and 94 %RH% was about 79 s, which affirmed the high efficiency of crosslinked SPI film for rapid detection of humidity. A negative temperature coefficient showing $-0.49%RH/^{\circ}C$ was found and proper temperature compensation should be considered in future applications. Moreover, pretreatment of the substrates with chalcone-containing silane-coupling agent was performed to improve the water durability and the stability of the humidity sensors at a high humidity and a high temperature and long-term stability for 480 h. The crosslinked SPI films anchored to electrode substrate could be a promising material for the fabrication of efficient humidity sensors with superior characteristics compared to the commercially available sensors.

Functional Finishing of Cotton Fabrics by Treatment with Chitosan (키토산 처리에 의한 면직물의 기능화가공)

  • 신윤숙;유동일;오경화;민경혜;장정인
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.103-112
    • /
    • 1998
  • Cotton fabric was treated with chitosan by pad-dry(-cure) method to impart antimicrobial properties. Four chitosans of different degree of deacetylation (DAC: 65~95%) with similar molecular weight(MW: ca. 50, 000) and one chitosan oligomer(MW 1, 800, DAC 86%) were used. In order to improve the durability to laundering of antimicrobial activity for the fabrics treated with chitosan oligomer, crosslinker or binder was included in the finishing formulation. Antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus vulgaris was evaluated by the Shake Flask Method. The treated fabrics were laundered up to 20 times according to AATCC Test Method 60-1986 or JIS 0217-104 and antimicrobial activity of the laundered fabrics was evaluated. The antimicrobial activity was increased with the increase of concentration and degree of deacetylation of chitosan. And the cured fabrics showed better durability to laundering than the not-cured fabrics according to AATCC Test Method 60-1986. Crosslinker and binder decreased antimicrobial according of the fabrics treated with chitosan oligomer and were not effective to improve the durability to laundering according to JIS 0217-104. (Korean J Human Ecology 1(1) : 103~112, 1998)

  • PDF

Synthesis of aluminum contained polycarbosilane and preparation of Si-Al-C-O nanocomposite fiber (Aluminum이 첨가된 polycarbosilane 합성 및 Si-Al-C-O 나노복합섬유 제조)

  • 신동근;류도형;김영희;김형래;정영근
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.240-240
    • /
    • 2003
  • SiC 섬유의 고온강도를 향상시키기 위한 소결조제로 boron, aluminum 등을 사용할 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 폴리카보실란에 aluminum precursor를 첨가한 후 중합반응을 거쳐 Al-contained polycarbosilane을 합성하였다. 합성된 Al-contained polycarbosilane을 용융방사하여 섬유화 하고 열분해 공정을 통해 Si-Al-C-O 나노복합 섬유를 제조하였다. 먼저 aluminum butoxide와 polycarbosilane(commercial)을 200m1 xylene에 용해시켜 14$0^{\circ}C$에서 1시간 동안 reflux하였다. evaporator를 이용하여 xylene를 제거한 후 autoclave에서 25$0^{\circ}C$/30$0^{\circ}C$ 중합과정을 통해 가교결합 시켰다 이와 같이 합성된 시료는 ICP분석을 통해 aluminum 함량을 확인하였고 FT-IR(Fig.1) 및 GPC분석(Fig.2)으로부터 화학구조 및 분자량변화를 확인하였다. aluminum 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 Si-H/Si-$CH_3$의 결합크기의 비가 감소하였으며 이로부터 aluminum butoxide와 polycarbosilane의 가교결합이 이루어진 것으로 보이며 중합 후 분자량의 증가 또한 가교결합에 의한 결과로 사료된다 열무게감량(TGA) 측정 결과는 40$0^{\circ}C$부터 유기리간드의 분해가 일어나며 80$0^{\circ}C$이상에서 세라믹화 과정이 완료되었음을 알 수 있었다 또한 aluminum 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 세라믹 수율도 증가하였음을 확인하였다. 합성된 aluminum-contained polycarbosilane은 20$0^{\circ}C$에서 1시간 동안 불융화과정을 거쳐 환원 및 진공 분위기에서 고온 열처리하였으며 이로부터 얻어진 시료에 대해 XRD분석을 수행하였다. SEM과 TEM을 이용하여 미세구조를 관찰하였다.

  • PDF

Use and Evaluation of Lignin as Ion Exchangers (이온교환체로서 리그닌의 이용과 평가)

  • Ads, Essam.N.;Nada, A.M.A.;El-Masry, A.M.
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.55 no.1
    • /
    • pp.86-91
    • /
    • 2011
  • Modified lignins were prepared. Soda and peroxy lignins were precipitated from black liquor produced from bagasse pulping with soda and peroxyacid pulping process. The precipitated lignins were hydrolyzed using 10% HCl. Different functional groups were also incorporated into lignin by carboxylation and phosphorylation reactions. Moreover crosslinking of these lignins were carried out using epichlorohydrin. Characterization of the modified lignins and lignins derivative were carried out using Infrared spectroscopy. Thermal analysis of these compounds were also carried out using TGA and DTA techniques. Efficiency of sorption of metal ions by the modified lignin was also investigated. It was found that, the peroxylignin and its derivatives show higher efficiency toward metal ions uptake than the soda lignin.

The Study of Preparation of Dioxygen Bridged Palladium Complexes Having Amine Ligands (아민을 리간드로 갖는 산소가교 팔라듐 착화합물의 합성에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Pyung-Jin
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.64-71
    • /
    • 1992
  • New type dioxygen bridged complexes of palladium were prepared by using $KO_2$ as a source of superoxide ion($O_2{^-}$). The method is completely different from the traditional one which has adopted the oxidative addition of molecular oxygen to prepare the dioxygen complexes. This reaction proceeds via nucleophilic displacement followed by electron transfer reaction. Three new type dioxygen complexes of palladium having amine ligands were prepared and characterized by the application of the reaction of $O_2{^-}$.

  • PDF