• Title, Summary, Keyword: 간이정신진단검사

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Psychological Characteristics in Oral Malodor Patients (구취 환자의 심리학적 특징에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Ryeul;Kim, Hyung-Suk;Kim, Young-Ku
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.225-241
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    • 2001
  • 구취에 대한 환자의 주관적 감각은 다양한 심리학적 요소들에 의하여 영향을 받을 가능성이 있다. 본 연구에서는 구취 환자의 심리학적 특징을 살펴보기 위하여, 구취를 주소로 내원한 환자 446명과 일반적인 치과 치료를 위하여 내원한 환자 63명을 대상으로 간이정신진단검사 (SCL-90-R), 구취 설문검사, 구취 측정 검사를 시행하여 분석한 결과 아래와 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 남성 구취 환자와 여성 구취 환자의 연령분포는 통계학적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다 (p<0.001). 남성에서는 20대, 30대, 40대에 고르게 분포한 반면, 여성에서는 20대와 30대에 집중되어 분포하였다. 2. 구취의 인식 유형은 남녀간에 통계학적으로 유의한 차이를 보였다 (p<0.01). 구취 인식 유형 중 타인에 의한 지적이나 타인의 행동으로 인한 추측 없이 스스로 구취를 인지하는 유형은 여성 구취 환자에서만 관찰되었다. 3. 구취 환자는 대조군에 비하여 강박증, 불안, 적대감, 전체심도지수에서 높은 수치를 보였다 (p<0.05). 4. 여성 구취 환자는 남성 구취 환자에 비하여 강박증(p<0.05), 불안 (p<0.05), 편집증 (p<0.001)에서 높은 수치를 보였다. 5. 남성 구취 환자에서는 표출증상합계를 (p<0.05) 제외한 모든 간이정신진단검사 항목에서 고농도 VSC군과 저농도 VSC군간에 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았다. 여성 구취 환자에서는 저농도 VSC군이 신체화를 제외한 모든 간이정신진단검사 항목에서 고농도 VSC군에 비하여 높은 수치를 보였다 (p<0.05). 6. 여성 구취 환자에서 주관적 구취심도는 강박증, 대인예민성, 불안, 적대감, 공포불안, 전체심도지수, 표출증상심도지수 들과 유의한 상관관계를 보였고 (p<0.05), 주관적 구취불편감은 모든 간이정신진단검사 항목들과 유의한 상관관계를 보였다 (p<0.05).

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Psychological Characteristics Related to Subjective Satisfaction Level of Oral Malodor Treatment Outcome (구취 환자의 주관적 치료 만족도와 인성적 특성의 상관관계에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Min-Wook;Han, Song;Kim, Young-Ku
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.387-396
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    • 1999
  • 구취를 주소로 내원한 환자 중 구취의 치료 후 객관적인 구취의 감소가 인정되는 데도 불구하고, 계속해서 구취를 호소하며 만족해 하지 못하는 환자들의 심리적 특성을 알아보고자 하였다. 구취를 주소로 서울대학교 치과병원 구강진단과 구취클리닉에 내원하여 검사 및 치료를 시행한 환자 중, 치료 전 객관적 구취의 소견을 보였으나, 치료 후 할리미터 수치의 객관적인 감소를 보이는 40명의 구취 환자를 대상으로 하였다. 치료 전, 모든 환자들은 자신의 주관적 구취 심도 및 그로 인한 불편감 정도를 표시하였고, 간이정신진단검사 (SCL-90-R)를 시행하였으며 할리미터를 이용하여 구강내 휘발성황화합물의 농도를 측정하였다. 치료 후, 구강내 휘발성황화합물의 농도, 주관적 구취 심도 및 불편감 정도를 재측정하였다. 주관적 구취 심도의 감소 정도에 따라 환자들을 두 군으로 분류하여 할리미터 수치와 불편감 정도 및 간이정신진단검사항목을 비교, 분석하였다; A군-주관적 구취 심도가 평균값 이상으로 감소한 환자군; B군-주관적 구취 심도가 평균값 이하로 감소한 환자군. 1. 치료 전후 모두에서 주관적 구취 심도와 휘발성황화합물 농도 사이에는 유의한 상관관계가 없었으며 주관적 구취 심도의 감소 정도 또한 휘발성황화합물의 감소 정도와 상관관계가 없었다. 2. 치료 전 휘발성황화합물의 농도는 치료 후 휘발성황화합물의 감소치와 유의한 상관관계를 보였다 (p < 0.01). 3.구취로 인한 불편감 정도는 주관적 구취 심도와 유의한 상관관계를 보였으며 (p < 0.01), 치료 후 A군에서는 유의하게 감소 (p < 0.01) 하였으나, B군에서는 유의한 감소를 보이지 않았다. 4. B군은 A군에 비하여 간이정신진단검사 항목 중 대인예민성과 우울증의 항목에서 유의하게 높은 수치를 보였다 (p < 0.05).

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Psychological Analysis of BMS Patients through the SCL-90-R (간이정신진단검사를 이용한 구강작열감 환자의 심리학적 분석)

  • Jang, Yong-Seok;Tae, Il-Ho;Ko, Myung-Yun;Ahn, Yong-Woo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2008
  • Personality characteristics of BMS patients were alalyzed psychologically by using the SCL-90-R. 59 BMS patient were subjected at Orofacial pain clinic, Department Of Oral Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital during the period from 2006 to 2007. The control group were subjected at dental clinic during the same period. 1. BMS patients group, Dental new patient group, Adult citizen groups were within normal range. 2. The T-scores of HOS, PHOB,PAR, PSY in BMS patient groups was significantly low. 3. The mean T-scores of male in BMS patients group shows the lowest HOS scale, the mean T-scores of female in BMS patient group shows the lowest PHOB scale. 4. The mean T-scores of female in BMS patients group show higher SOM, O-C, DEP, ANX, PSY scales. 5. As compared with the mean T-scores of acute and chronic group in BMS patients, there was no significant difference of the scales.

A Reliability the Montreal Cognitive Assessment on Cognitive impairment Following Stroke (뇌졸중 환자의 인지손상을 위한 몬트리올인지평가의 신뢰도)

  • Song, Chiang-Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1228-1233
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    • 2013
  • The purposes of this study were to assess the reliability of the Korean version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-K) and Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) and correlation between MoCA-K and MMSE-K to detect cognitive impairment following stroke determined by a neuropsychological battery. Fifty-two chronic stroke patients participated in this study. They divided two group, normal cognitive group (20 patients) with stroke and cognitive impairment group with stroke (32 patients), and research period was from October 2th. to November 30th., 2013. The subjects were measured K-MoCA and K-MMSE. Normal cognitive group showed the moderate reliability in K-MoCA and K-MMSE. Cognitive group showed the more moderate relaibility in K-MoCA and K-MMSE. There was positive correlation as the more score of K-MoCA gain, the more score of K-MMSE showed in both group. The results suggest that both clinical measures are moderately sensitive and proper feasibility to chronic post-stroke cognitive impairment. The both clinical tools suggest to use in research and clinical settings by a neuropshchological battery.

The Physical and Mental Symptoms of Normal Subjects with Mild Life Stress (생활 스트레스가 경미한 일반 성인에서의 신체적 및 정신적 증상 - 종합병원 건강증진센터 내원자들을 대상으로 -)

  • Chu, Sang-Hee;Ha, Eun-Hye;Lee, Byung-Ook;Jon, Duk-In;Kim, Young-Hyun;Song, Dong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.48-54
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : Aims of the study were to investigate the physical and mental symptom profiles related with perceived life stress in normal populations. Methods: The study subjects were 186 subjects who visited the Health Promotion Center at National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital between July and December, 2000. We measured Life Stress Assessment Scale (LSAS), SCL-90-R (Symptom Check List-90 Revised), and Physical Health Check Questionnaires to evaluate perceived life stress for one year, and physical and mental symptoms. The physical markers related with stress were also measured. According to LSAS scores, we selected two groups from all subjects : Group I (LSAS score with lower 25 percentile) and Group II (LSAS score with higher 75 percentile). Each number of subjects was 46 in Group I and 47 in Group II. We analyzed stasistical significances of study variables between Group I and II. Results : Group II subjects showed higher scores in all subscales of SCL-90-R compared to Group I subjects. Comparing to Group I, Group II subjects complained more physiological symptoms related with anxiety and depression. But there were no statistical differences in the physical markers related stress between two groups. Conclusion: We found that past year-life stress caused various mental and physical symptoms, which didn't develop any physical illness related life stress in normal populations yet.

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Examining Psychometric Properties of the Brief Symptom Inventory(BSI-18) in Korean People with Mental Disorders (정신장애인에 대한 Brief Symptom Inventory-18의 신뢰도와 타당도에 관한 연구)

  • Hoe, Maanse;Lee, Soonhee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.66 no.3
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    • pp.253-276
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine psychometric properties of the BSI-18 in Korean adults with mental disorders. This study examined internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and a factor structure of the BSI. The sample consisted of 180 adults with mental disorders, who enrolled in mental hospitals and in a day hospital. Data was analysed using reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis. Major findings were as follows. The Korean version of the BSI showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability, as well as excellent convergent validity. The original three-factor structure of the BSI-18, proposed by Derogatis, 2001, fitted to the data. These findings indicate that the BSI-18 is a reliable and valid measure as a psychiatric assessment tool and a treatment outcome measure.

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A Study on the Clinical Characteristics of Burning Mouth Syndrome (구강내 작열감 증후군의 임상적 특징에 관한 연구)

  • Jin-Woo Chung;Ki-Yong Hyun;Sung-Woo Lee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.7-23
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    • 1994
  • 구강내 작열감 증후군은 객관적 징후없이 구강점막에 작열감을 나타내는 만성동통장애이다. 다양한 원인요소들이 제시되어 있지만, 이러한 요소들의 관련성에 대해서는 아직 분명하지 않은 실정이다. 그러므로, 이러한 구강내 기능이상의 근본적이고 효과적인 치료를 위해서는 다양한 임상적 관찰과 원인요소의 분석등이 계속 연구 조사되어져야 할 것이다. 저자는 구강내 작열감 증후군의 증상을 호소하는 112명의 환자의 임상적 특징에 대해 조사하고자, 환자군과 대조군에 대해 구강내 작열감 증후군에 관한 설문조사 및 구강검사와 혈액학적 검사를 시행하였으며, 점도계를 사용하여 구강내 작열감 증후군 환자의 자극이 전타액의 점도를 측정하였다. 또한, 환자의 심리적 요인을 파악하고자 간이정신진단검사를 실시한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 구강내 작열감 증후군은 주로 페경기 전후의 여성에서 많이 나타났으며, 호발부위는 혀, 치주 및 치조점막, 구개, 협점막의 순이었다. 2. 구강내 작열감 증후군 환자에게서 대조군 비해 구강건조감, 미각 및 수면장애, 빈혈, 소화기 장애, 두통과 기타 다른 신체불편감의 호소 등이 더 많이 나타났다. 3. 혈액학적 검사결과, 구강내 작열감 증후군 환자중의 26%와 12%에서 각각 혈중 엽산농도와 철분농도의 저하를 나타냇다. 4. 자극시 분비된 전타액의 점도는 40대와 50대이상의 연령군에서 구강내 작열감 증후군 환자가 정상인에 비해 높았다.(p<0.01). 5. 구강내 작열감 증후군 환자군의 간이정신진단검사의 각 증상차원 및 전체지표의 T점수의 평균치는 정상범위내에 있었으며, 신체화(SOD)와 우울 (DEP)차원의 평균치가 가장 높았다.

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Relationship between Job Stress and Mental Health of Caretakers (간병인의 직무스트레스와 정신건강과의 상관관계)

  • Ro, Hyo-Lyun;Kim, Sung-Joong;Lee, Moon-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.297-308
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between job stress and mental health of caretakers by SCL-90-R. This study are to offer basic information for patients the quality of service interventions. The sample for the study consisted of 247 caretakers who work in Busan. The results of this study are as follows: 1) Caretakers' mental health and job stress was not serious level. 2) There was an important factor in job stress, which was suitable pay. 3) Caretakers' job stress was positively related to mental health. There is a statistical correlation between the relationship with mental health and job stress. 4) Caretakers' mental health was affected by job stress level. Therefore, We need training and program that focuses on management job stress in caretakers.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE KOREAN FORM OF LEYTON OBSESSIONAL INVENTORY-CHILD VERSION(LOI-CV) (한국판 아동용 Leyton 강박증 척도의 개발)

  • Lee, Jeong-Seop;Shin, Min-Sup;Hong, Kang-E
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.162-171
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    • 1994
  • Objects : This study was carried out to develop the Korean form of Leyton Obsessional Inventory-Child Version(LOI-CV) designed to assess the obsessive compulsive symptoms in children and adolescents. The LOI-CV was modified into a paper-and-pencil form in order to administer it to group. Methods : We applied the Korean form LOI-CV to 127 elementary, middle and high school children, and retest it to 82 children with 3 weeks interval. Together with LOI-CV, Korean form of SCL-90-R which had been proved its reliability and validity, were administered to the all subjects for examining of concurrent validity. And then we examined whether this scale discriminates between obsessive patients, psychiatric controls and normal controls in the level of obsessive symptoms. Results : Test-retest reliability, internal consistency were very satisfactory. Concurrent validity with SCL-90-R was moderate level. And obsessive patients was scored significantly higher than psychiatric and normal controls in the level of obsessive symptoms. In factor analysis, items are clustered to 5 factors. In the global obsessive symptom, obsessive scores of female elimentary school students were higher than that of male students. Conclusions : These results indicate that the Korean form of LOI-CV is reliable and valid self-rating scale to assess the obsessive-compulsive symptoms in Korean children and adolescents. Author suggests that future research is needed for Korean version standardization study in normal and clinic-refered population.

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Psychological analysis of dental orthodontic patients using SCL-90-R (간이정신진단검사를 이용한 치과교정환자의 심리분석)

  • Ko, Hyo-Jin;Lee, So-Young;Yu, Byeng-Chul
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This research was investigated to evaluate the psychological characteristics and changes of psychological state among dental orthodontic patients. Methods : This cross-sectional questionnaire research was conducted with 230 dental orthodontic patients in Busan from December 23, 2009 to March 6, 2010. The psychological analysis of dental orthodontic treatment patients was performed with Symptom checklist-90-revision(SCL-90-R) considering 5 general characteristics and 2 treatment period related characteristics. Estimated psychological results were changed T-score. Data analysis was performed with descriptive analysis, t-test and ANOVA using SAS(ver 9.1) program. Results : The levels of T-score of SCL-90-R were $43.88{\pm}7.50$ in hostility(HOS), $43.38{\pm}4.64$ in phobic anxiety(PHOB), $43.20{\pm}6.24$ in somatization(SOM), $42.13{\pm}6.71$ in paranoid ideation(PAR), $41.39{\pm}8.16$ in interpersonal sensitive(I-S), $41.01{\pm}7.90$ in obsessive-compulsive(O-C), $40.96{\pm}5.37$ in psychoticism(PSY), $40.96{\pm}5.19$ in anxiety(ANX) and $39.81{\pm}6.80$ in depression(DEP), respectively. The T-score of phobic anxiety in before treatment group was higher than that of treatment groups. The T-score of interpersonal sensitive and paranoid ideation in over 36 months treatment period group were higher than that of other treatment period groups. Conclusions : Phobic anxiety(PHOB), interpersonal sensitive(I-S) and paranoid ideation(PAR) were affected in pre-treatment and long-term treatment dental orthodontic patients. Psychological management methods considering treatment period are needed to improve mental health of dental orthodontic patients.